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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 1994
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 1994
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 1994
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 1994
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 1994
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 1994
Selecting the target year
Effects of Dietary Levels of Vitamin A on Lipid Composition and Zn Contents in Zn-deficient Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~6
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary levels of vitamin A on the lipid composition in rats fed Zn-deficient diets. Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed 5 experimental diets for 7 weeks. Rats were fed Zn-and vitamin A-deficient diet or the same diets supplemented with various levels of vitamin. A liver total lipid, cholesterol and triglycerides contents tended to decrease in Zn-deficient rats, but the supplementation of excess vitamin A enhanced those contents. Plasma cholesterol content was significantly higher in feeding Zn-deficient and excess vitamin A diet. Plasma triglyceride and phospolipid contents were higher in Zn-deficient groups, but not influenced by dietary levels of vitamin. A . Plasma HDL-cholesterol content was not changed by Zn-deficient diets. Plasma alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly reduced in Zn-deficient groups. Zinc contents of plasma and liver were influenced by the dietary level of zinc, but not changed by supplementation of vitamin
Effects of Dietary Irons Supplementation on
Acid Dehydratase Activity and Detoxification of the Pb-administered Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 7~12
This study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary iron supplementationon
acid dehydratase (DALAD) activity and liver damage of the lead(Pb)-administered rats. The iron (Fe) supplement levels were 100 ppm(Fe100) and 500ppm(Fe500) and the Pb-exposed rats were given 2, 000ppm-Pb in drinking water, while control rats were given neigher iron nor lead. Hematocrit was lower in the Pb, Fe100 -Pb, Fe500-Pb group than in the control, but was not affected by the Pb adminstration when the rats fed the Fe supplementation diet. DALAD activity were reduced by Pb added but, were higher in the Fe500-Pb group than in the Fe100 -Pb group. No significant difference was found in serum Pb content due to Pb administration and Fe supplementation. The liver Pb contentwas higher in the Fe supplementation group than in the Pb-group. Level of serum FE was lower in the Pb added groups than in the control group. Liver Fe contents were increased with Pb administration and higher in the Fe supplement groups than in the Pb-group. Levels of serum and liver copper was decreased with the Fe supplementation. Aminotransferase activity of serum and liver were increased in the Pb group.
The Effects of Dietary Protein and Caffeine Consumption Levels on Calcium Phosphorus, Sodium and Potassium Metabolism in the Rats of Different Ages
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 13~22
This study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary protein and caffeine consumption levels on Ca, P, Na and K metabolism. One hundred twenty rats were divided into twelve groups according to age, protein level and caffeine consumption such as group(120-130g young rat, 250-300g adult rat) , dietary protein group (20% normal protein , 85 low protein) , caffeine consumption group(0, 3.5mg, 7.0mg). Low protein diet containing high caffeine levels caffeine levels increased calcium, phosphorus, sodium and potassium contents of urine and fecal in rats. Young rat has higher level of calcium, phosphorus , sodium and potassium than adult rat. In the serum, calcium contents were not affected by age, dietary protein levels and caffeine consumption . However, phosphorus, sodium and potassium contents of serum in adult rat were higher than young rat. In the liver, potassium decreased with decreasing dietary protein levels. In the kidney, calcium , phosphorus and potassium contents were not different by age group, dietary protein levels and caffeine consumption , but sodium content was significantly reduced in the adult rat.
Effects of Feeding the Mixture of Linseed and Sunflower Seed Oil on the Lipid Components of Serum in Dietary Hyperlipidemic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 23~30
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the feeding mixture of linseed oil, rich in n-3 PUFA and the sunflower seed oil, rich in n-6 PUFA on the lipid metabolism in the dietary hyperlipidemic rats. After male Sprague-Dawley rats were induced hyperlipidemia by feeding the diet containing lard, butter and cholesterol for 3 weeks, then they were fed with the diet containing lard 3.0 % and butter 12.0% for control, the mixture in different proportion of both linseed oil and sunflower seed oil and antihyperlipidemic drugs for 2 weeks. Analysis of the lipid component of the serum showed following results. Concentration of total cholesterol in serum was significantly lower in the other groups except group 2 (lard 3.0 % + olive oil 12.0%) than in the control group , especially in groups 3 (cholestyramine 2.0%) and 5 (lard 3.0% + linseed oil 12.0%). HDL-C and the ratio of HDL-C to total cholesterol concentration were higher in groups 1, 3, 5 and 9 (lard 3.0% + sunflower seed oil 12.0%) , while the atherosclerotic index was low in groups3, 5. Concentrations of free cholesterol and choesteryl ester in serum were significantly lower in the other groups except group 2 than in the control group, especially lower in grop 5. Concentration of LDL was significantly higher in group 2 while it was remarkably lower in groups 3 and 5, while those of triglyceride in groups in 3 and 4 (lipraroid) were significantly higher than in the control groups. From the data on concentration of total choelsterol , HDL-cholesterol, LDL, phospholipid and triglyceride in serum, the results suggested that the feeding mixed with 3.0% lard and 12.0% linseed oil or 2.0% cholestyramine were most effective for the improvement of the serum lipids.
Effects of Feeding the Mixture of Linseed and Sunflower Seed Oil on the Fatty Acid Composition of Serum Lipoprotein in Dietary Hyperlipidemic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 31~37
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the feeding mixture of linseed oil, rich in n-3 PUFA and the sunflower seed oil, rich in n-6 PUFA on the lipid metabolism in the dietary hyperlipidemic rats. After male Sprague-Dawley rats were induced hyperlipidemia by feeding the diet containing lard, butter and cholesterol for 3 weeks, then they were fed with the diet containing lard 3 .0% and butter 12.0% for control, the mixture in different proportion of both linseed oil and sunflower seed oil and antihyperlipidemic drugs for 2 weeks. Analysis of the fatty acid composition of the serum lipoprotein fractions showed following results. In the fatty acid composition of serum lipoprotein , the proportion of C18:2 was dominant in all fractions, C20:5 in LDL and HDL fraction and C22:6 in chylomicron fraction. The ratio of n-3P/n-6P tended to increase gradually as it of the test lipid increased in groups 5 to 9 group and was affected by the fatty acid composition of the test lipids.
Effects of Krill and Cadmium on Lipid Composition of Plasma in Cholesterol-Fed Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 38~43
To investigate the effects of krill and cadmium on lipid composition of plasma in cholesterol-fed rats, male Sprague-Dawley rats were raised for 4 weeks with 8 experimental diets. The cholesterol,
, phospholipid and triglyceride concentration of plasma in rats fed krill diets containing below 5%9w/w) krill were not significant differences in comparison with those of control diet. The ingestion of cadmium caused a significant increase in free cholesterol 91.6-fold), triglyceride 91.6-fold),
(1.4-fold) and total cholesterol (1.3-fold) level, and then HDL-cholesterol concentration of cadmium diet was 1.6-fold lower than that of control diet. The krill supplement of cadmium diet rather resulted in a increase in total cholesterol, free cholesterol,
and triglyceride concentration of plasma.
Anticarcinogenic Effect of Garlic Juice on Hamster Buccal Pouch
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 44~47
Anticarcinogenic effects of garlic juice were studied in hamsters exposed to 9,10-dimethyl-1, 2-benzan-thracene in their buccal pouches. The distribution of nodule quantity and size was recorded among different groups of hamster. The results show that nodule formation was suppressed in hamsters which were fed with garlic juice compared to hamsters which were not. The average nodule volume was 81.10㎣ for hamsters fed with 3% garlic juice and 181.26㎣ for hamsters without garlic in their diet after 90 days of treatment.
Infant Feeding Practices in Kwangju Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 48~54
The survey on feeding practice in 202 infants in Kwangju area was undertaken from April to May, 1993. The incidence of breast feeding was 35.6% of the interviewed mothers while 35.1% of infants were formula fed. Baby's sex, birth order, birth weight and mother's educational level did not affect the infant's feeding method of the respondents , but family's monthly income affect it significantly(p<0.05). Initiating time f weaning in infants was 4.83 month. Fruits and fruit juice, infant's most favorite food were the first food introduced to infants. Cereal's were offered frequently as infant foods while animal protein source and vegetables were lesser used 52.8% of mothers purchased commercially prepared infant food , while 33.2% of them did not use it at all. Depending on mother's educational level, mother got information on weaning with the aid of different education materials. The respondents were most interested in the way how to prepare weaning food. It might be suggested that development of effective nutrition education technique specific to the different groups of mothers should be focused.
A Study on the Relationship between Dietary Intakes and the Obesity of Middle School Studients in Seoul
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 55~61
The study was designed to investigate the relationship between dietary intakes and the obesity of 400 students who were the third grade in middle school in some areas of Seoul. The survey conducted from March 3 to 13 , 1993. The results obtained were summarized as follows :The average height and weight of surveyed subject were similar to that of standard ( the third grade students in middle school in Seoul, 1991) . Compared to the standard weight/height ratio, subject who belonged to overweight and obese group were 16.4% of male students, 16.1% of female students respectively. Female subjects showed higher ratio than male subjects in skipping meals, frequency of snack per day and concern about a dieting . In case of subjects who belonged to weight /height ratio was high, their speed of dining was fast and they have more concern about a dieting. Compared to the amount of the nutritional intakes of RDA, calcium intakes of male and female subjects were deficient. Especially iron intakes of female subjects were deficient. In takes of Calorie (p<0.01) protein(p<0.05) and fat 9p<0.01) of obese group were higher those of non-obese group. Obese group showed good appetite and overeating also . Correlation analysis showed that obese group seemed to the closely associated with relative body weight of parents, family income, frequency of meals per day, frequency of meals per day, frequency of snack per day, speed of dining and overeating .
Effect of Blanching Condition on the Chemical Compositon of the Spinach Grown in Winter Greenhouse
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 62~67
Spinach has been grown in the bare soil, but nowadays it is generally grown in the greenhouse through four seasons. The kind of spinach is variable and the taste, and nutritive composition of the spinach may be different. In this research, the effect of blanching condition on the chemical composition of winter greenhouse grown spinach was investigated. The mean chemical composition of raw spinach was 3.0% of crude protein, 0.5% of crude fat, 1.0% of crude ash, 12.88mg% of vitamin C, 46.38mg% of phosphorus, 37.95mg% of calcium and 710mg% of oxalic acid. Incresing the balancing time and water volume, the chemical composition contained in spinach was decreased, and especially decreasing range of the oxalic acid was large. When 1% of salt was added, vitamin C was increased.
EPA, DHA and Tocopherol Contents in Fish Oil Products and Fishes
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 68~72
Six brands of encapsulated fishoil products and five fishes were analyzed for their contents of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA 20 :5 n-3) , docosahexaenoic acid(DHA 22: 6 n-3) and tocopherols. In both of the fish oil products and the fishes, major fatty acids were palmitic acid, oleic acid, eicosapentaeoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid and fatty acid compositions were also similar pattern each other. EPA showed variable amounts from 19.2 to 50.3% in the oil products whereas DHA were 13.2% to 28.3% inthe fishes. Tocopherols were studied in relation to the oxidative stability of fish products no relation was observed. However the amount of tocopherols in fish oil proudcts were higher than that of fishes. Contents of EPA, DHA and tocopherols in encapsulated fishoil products oil products were variable comparing with manufactures' claimed contents.
Effect of Reducing Sugar Content in Chines Cabbage on Kimchi Fermentation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 73~77
This study was conducted to investigate and make comparison between treatment which was reduced the reducing sugar content from Chinese cabbage using salting and desalting processes prior to Kimchi fermentation , and control for the effect of reducing sugar content on Kimchi fermentation at
. In the early stage of Kimchi fermentation , the amount of reducing sugar (5.7mg/ml) in treatment was much smaller than that (15.1mg/ml) in control. Reducing sugar content of treatment decreased drastically during the first two days and then levelled off . Whereas, that of control dropped significantly up to the first four days of fermentation. pHs of treatment and control decreased significantly during the first two days and then showed gentle slopes. Acidities of treatment and control were increased continuously during the entire range of fermentation . The acidity of control reached to 0.75% in 3 days of fermentation, while that of treatment was shown after 6 days. Hardnesses of treatment and control using a puncture test were almost constant and the hardness value of treatment was higher than that of control during whole fermentation period. The total bacteria and lactic acid bacteria counts increased drastically during the first day of fermentation and the increase of total bacteria counts was mainly caused by that of lactic acid bacteria counts.
Quality Assessment of Yakju Brewed with Conventional Nuruk
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 78~89
To evaluate of quality of Yakju brewed with different types of fermenters(Nuruk) and brewed by a method described in Sallymkyungjae, blucoamylase and protease and protease activities of Nuruk were measured, and proximate composition , coloring degree, acetaldehyde , alcohol , , fusel oils , amino acid content , mineral content and sugar composition of Yakju samples were also determined. It was foung that the lower the pH, the lower the glucoamylase acitvity in Nuruk samples A to E . In A, B, D and H, protease activity washigher at ph 5.5 than at pH 5.0 . Yakju sampels 1 to 5 during fermentation , total acidity and amino acid content were high at the first step and were getting lower gradually at the second step. In Yakju samples 6 to 11 , ethanol content was high in 6b, 7b, 8a, 8b and 11b. At the second step, residual sugar content was getting higher gradually in 7 a, 11 a and 11b. The coloring degree of Yakju wasinfluenced by not only color of Nuruk but also Fe content in Yakju . Of the Yakju examined , only 9a and 9b contained acetaldehyde in trace amounts. Thanol content was the highest in 8a and 8b. Fusel oil content was high in 8a and 8b. In samples 6 to 9 , aspartic acid content was higher in treatment a than treatment a than treatment b, but tyrosine , histidine and proline contents were higher in treatment a than treatment b. The levels of frucose, melibiose, sorbitol, and arabinose in Yakju brewed from unsteamed rice were higher than in Yakju brewed from steamed rice. K content was the lowest in 9a and 9b. Na content was higher in treatment a than in treatment a than in treatment b. In only 6a, Ca/P ratio was more than one.
Effects of Oil and Sugar on SPI-Tofu Characteristics Under Model System
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 90~97
Effect of addition of oil , sucrose, dextrin and oil-sucrose (1 : 1 w/w) mixture on SPI tofu was investigated. The characteristics measured were yield , water holding capacity , textural and organoleptic properties. THe SPI tofufwas prepared by coagulation of soyprotein isolate (SP) suspensino by CaCl
an dGDL , followed by compression . Addition of oil to SPI increased the tofu yield and water holding capacity, particulary for those tofu coagulated by CaCl
. Eventhough dextrin addition decreased the yield, it showed the most improving effect on water holding capacity. The tofu prepared by CaSO
coagulant resulted highest in yield and water holding capacity. Hardness was found to be decreased as the oil, sucrose and dextrin added more and adhesiveness, cohesiveness and guminess were also affected. The sensory evaluation showed the SPI tofu prepared by CaSO
and 10% addition of oil and sucrose mixture to be realtively high in hardness , elasticity and uniformity of the texture.
Effects of the Mixed Coagulants Ratio on SPI-Tofu Characteristics
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 98~103
Some quality characteristics of tofu prepared with soyprotein isolate (SPI) were investigated to study the effects of various ratio of coagulants mixture and addition of oil, sucrose and dextrin. The tofu was prepared by addition of coagulants into the boiled SPI suspension and compression. The results showed that the mixed coagulants of CaCl
-GDL(50 :50) and CaSO
-GDL(25 :75) resulted the highest volume yield of 4.23g/g SPI among the various ratios of CaCl
-GDL and CaSO
-GDL. The water holding capacity(WHC) expressed as the area of water absorbed on filter paper was relatively high for those tofu coagulation with CaCl
-GDL(75 : 25) and CaSO
-GDL(75 : 25). Addition of sucrose or oil-sucrose (1 : 1) decreased the yield wihle WHC was improved. Their addition also caused less hard and cohesive tofu which was coagulated by CaCl
-GDL(75 : 25) and CaSO
-GDL(75 : 25).
Biological Control of Pseudomonas sp. for Erwinia rhapontici Causing Vegetables Root Rot
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 104~109
For Selection of powerful antagonistic bacteria for biological control of soil borne Erwinia rhapontici causing rot of the vegetables and fruit, excellent straints (S43, S62) were selected from rhizopere in vegetables root rot suppressive soil. Selected strains were identified to be Pseudomonas sp. with Apl 20NE kit tests. Optimum culture condition for the maximum production of antagonistic substance was determined , when isolate was cultured in 523 synthetic broth media at pH 7.0 and 30 during 3 days. Antagonistic substance productivity of isolated Pseudomonas sp. (S43, S62) in the fertilizer soil were increased to about 40-50% compared to that in the non fertilizer soil
The Effect of Potato Lipoxygenase on the Farinograph Characteristics of Wheat Flour Dough
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 110~115
To investigate the effect of potato lipoxygenase on the farinograph characteristics of wheat flour dough, composite flours containing enzyme-active potato flor (EPF) and hot-ar dried potato flour(HPF) were used. EPF was made by freeze-drying potato tuber. DPF (denaturated potato flour) was prepared by holding EPF at 8
for 18 hr in a dry oven. The potato flours were added to wheat flour at a level of 10% , respectivley. EPFB (enzyme-active potato flour blends, 90% wheat flour +105 enzyme -active potato flour) containing lipoxygenase activity gave higher farinogram peak time and higher stability values, lower MTI (mixing tolerance index ) and lower weakness values than those of HPFB(hot-air potato flour blends, 90% wheat flour + 10 % hot-air potato flour). Moreover, then lipoxygenase was added to DPFB(denatured potato flour blends , 90% wheat flour + 10% denatured potato flour) at a level of EPFB, it resulted in increasing stability, peak time and decreasing MTI , weakness at a level of EPFB. When the lipoxugenase was added to wheat flour with fumaric acid at alevel of 6.5
10units/g flour, lipoxygenase overcame the deleterious effects that fumaric acid including activated double-bond compounds have at mixing stability. Also the addition of liposxygenase with linoleic acid to defatted wheat flour resulted in the increase in stability and decrease in MTI value compared with those of linoleic acid and defatted wheat flour.
Studies on the Chemical Components and Biological Activities of Edible Plants in Korea(Ⅵ) - Anti-inflammatory and Anlagesic Effects of Cedrela sinensis, Oenanthe javanica and Artemisia princeps var. Orientalis -
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 116~119
The anti-inflammatory and analgesic actions of Cedrela sinensis, Oenanthe javanica and ARtemisia princeps var. orientalis were carried out. The methanolic extract of Artemisia princeps var. orientalis showed the inhibitory effect on carrageenin-induced edema as well as vascular permeability in mice. And we also found the alagesic activity in these plants.
Dietary Fiber Contents and Physical Properties of Wild Vegetables
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 120~124
Nine wind vegetables were analyzed for moisture, ash, crude protein, crude lipid and dietary fiber. Wild vegetables contained 33-53% of dietary fiber on a dry weight basis. Dalle (Allium monanthum) contained 49% total dietary fiber and 22% soluble dietary fiber and dodok(Codonopsis lanceolata) contained 55% total dietary fiber and 21% soluble dietary fiber. Wild 8% more dietary fiber than cultivated one. Water holding capacities of wild vegetables were higher than commercial wheat bran and soy fiber, but lower in oil absorption. When wild dodok and dalle were wet milled by blade grinding before sieving the dietary fiber content in dodok was increased from 55 to 83 % with increasing the dietary fiber content in dalle form 49% to 69%.
A Study on Pigments from Rhodopila globiformis by Acetone Extraction : Stability of Red Pigments
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 125~129
The acetone extracted pigment from the cell mass of Rhodophila globiformis DSM 161 was generally red. In a pH 5-6 condition, the color of pigment was red, while in p/h 7-9 condition it was yellowish red. The pigment was stable at pH range between 6.0-11.0 and below 4
. In the presence of light and oxygen , the pigment was rapidly degraded and became unstable in the presence of metal ions such as Fe3++(1.0
10-3 M), Al3+ (1.0
10-2 M, 1.0
10-3 M) and Zn2+(1.0
10-2 M). But in the presence of Zn2+ (1.0
10-2M). But in the presence of Zn2+ (1.0
10-3 M) it was very stable. Through visible absorption scanning ,it showed five sharp absorption peaks at 358 , 385, 494, 680 ad 748 nm with three shoulder peaks at 410, 466 and 522nm. On the results of TLC analysis , it was shown to be composed of seven color fractions.
Volatile Aroma Components and Fatty acid in Fruit of Broussonetia Kazinoki Siebold
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 130~136
Voltaile aroma components and fatty acid in fruit of Broussonetia kazinoki siebold were investigated . The experimental results revealed the presence of 41 volatile components . Forty one compounds , including 4 hydrocarbons(2.45), 7 aldehydes (20%), 3 ketones(1.0%), 7 terpenes(18.05), 8 acids (42%), 4 alcohols (4.2%) and 5 phenols (9.85) were identified. The content of crude lipid was 28.5% . Fatty acid composition were mainly consisted of linoleic (91.61%) and followed by oleic(3.525) , palmitic (3.40%), stearic (0.855) and linolenic acid(0.39%)
Inhibitory Action of Maillard Reaction Products Derived from Glucose Amino Acids on the Formation of N-nitrosamine
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 137~142
The present paper was carried out to investigate the inhibition of carcinogenic N-nitrosodimethylamine(NDMA) formation by Maillard reactiion products and nondialyzable melanoidins, obtiane dfrom the glucoseamino acids(Lys, Gly, Arg, His) model systems under different pH conditions(pH 1.2, 4.2 and 6.0). Maillard raction products and nondialyzable melanoidins, produced from the 4 model systems, had a inhibitory action of N-nitrosodimethylamine formation. The inhibitiondegree by the nondialyzable mealanoidins. at pH 1.2 was similar to that at pH 4.2 and that by ascorbic acid at pH 1.2 . Inhibitory action of N-nitrosodimehylamine formation by the reduced Maillard reaction products and nondialyzable melanoidins were lower than that of original samples. Accordingly, it is assumed that the inhibition of N-nitrosodimehtylamine formation of Maillard reaction products is due to their reducing powers.
Isolation and Physicochemical Properties of Carotenoid Pigments from Orange Peels
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 143~149
Carotenoids isolated from orange peels were determined physicocohemical properties with TLC, UV-spectrophotometer and HPLC etc., and the results were as follows . Maximum absorption wavelength of the isolated carotenoids was 415nm when the result was similar to
-carotene as 423nm. Eight spots were obtianed from TLC, and identified lutein, lycopene,
-carotene with HPLC. The effect pH during the storage period of isolate carotenoids, the period when the amount of pigment retention was over 50% in pH 5, 6 and 7 , after 10 days . The amount of pigment retention was lower in control than in treatment of sugars such as fructose, glucose and sorbitol , but sucrose was similar to the control, Isolated carotenoids were stable to ascorbic acid, and the amount of pigment retention was over 70% after 10 days. The amount of pigment retention in the effect oforganic acid was higher in treated citric acid , lactic acid and tartaric acid than in control, but lower in treated maleic acid and succinic acid. Isolated carotenoids were stable at 50
, and the amount of pigment retention was over 50% at 10
Effect of Edible and Medicinal Plants on the Activation of Immune Cells
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 150~155
In order to evaluate the effect of the extracts of eidble and medicinalplant son the activation of immune cells, measurements were made by ELISA and radioimmunoassay on the degree of release for the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and neopterin by the edible and medicinal plants in peripheral blood cells. The results of measurements of TNF in the supernatant cultured liquid showed nothing in t도 control which does not have any edible and medicinal plants. However, measurements of TNF 9pg/ml) in the samples are given as follows : 716.7 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS 1 g/ml), 465.2 Rheum plamatum L.m302.7 Sanguisorba offciinalis L. 818.2 Rubus coreanus M, 328.3 Terminalia chebula R., 426.6 AReca catechu L. 227.0 Eugenia caryophiliata T., 272.9 Ephedra sinica S., 30.1 Caesalpinia sappan L., 474.0 Chaenomeles japonica L., 396.0 Cornus officinalis S.in edible and medicinalplants. ENopterin (n mole/L) value showed below the check point in the control group, however, the values are 11.0 in LPS, and edible and medicinal plants, 5.3 Rheum palmatum L., 11.6 Eugenia caryophiliata T., 5.5 Ephedra sinica S., 4.5 Caesalpinia sappan L., 4.3 Chaenomelees japonica L.3.7 Cornus officinalis S. In order to find m RNA levels of Cytokines increased by edible and medicinal plants, total RNA was separated from mononuclear cells treated 5 hrs with Rubus coreanus M. and then administrated for RT-PCR. The considerable increases of the m RNA of TNF, IL-1
and IL-6 were observed.
Preparation of Mook with Sea Mustard and Sea Tangle 1. The Optimum Condition of Sea Mustard and Sea Tangle Mooks
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 156~163
To investigate the optimum conditions of seaweed Mooks prepared with sea mustard (Indaria pinnatifida) and sea tangel(Laminaria japonica), pH, viscosity , yield and jelly strength were studied on the sol and /or gel (Mook ) made from homogenized seaweeds. Solubilization conditions of homogenized seaweeds were heating at
for one hour after mixing homogenized seaweed with 1 %
by 1 ; 1 (v/v) . Gelation conditions were 24 hrs by natural permeation of Ca++ into the sol in three times (v/v) of 1 % CaCl
solution to solubilized seaweed passed through 60 mesh of sieve. There are generally no relationship between viscosity of solubilized seaweed and jelly strength of Mook produced by gelation of the sol in CaCl
solution . Jelly strength of sea mustard Mook was more than 500g/
, yield was 87.5% of the solubilized and filtrated seaweed . Jelly strength and specific gravity of sea tangle Mook were higher those of sea mustard Mook, while its yield was lower than that of sea mustard Mook.
Preparation of Mook with Sea Mustard and Sea Tangle 2. Calcium Contents and Histochemical Changes during Processing Mooks
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 164~169
content and histochemical changes during processing Mooks prepared with sea mustard (Undaria pinnatifida) and sea tangle (Laminaria japonica) were studied.
content of sea mustard Mook during gelation in
solution was not only increased fast, but also decreased fast during soaking in distilled water as comparing with that of sea tangle Mook. Both solubilization of the seaweeds by 1 %
and filtration of solubilized seaweed were decreased the extruding amount of
from Mooks during soaking. The cell walls in sea mustard were likely irregular and ling, but those in sea tangle were regular and round shape. alginic acid was mainly occurred around cell walls. The alginic acid was gradually solubilized depending on heating and alkali treatment. Thus, the fillament cells in sea tangle were cut finely during processing Mook, while those in sea mustard were remained tolerably.
Dietary Lipid and Atherosclerosis
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 1, 1994, Pages 170~179
Atherosclerosis, a multifactorial disease, is closely related to lipid nutrition , Data from well known epidemiological studies including Seven Country , Framinghsam Study and several intervention trials have confirmed that serum cholesterol is the major risk factor and elevation of LDL-cholesterol level is most undesriable. On the basis of results concurring in that dietary saturated fat and cholesterol increase serum cholesterol while polyunsaturated fat decrease it, changes in serum choesterol level have been predicted by regression equations developed by Keys et al. and other investigators. Effects of individual fatty acids on the level of serum cholesterol have been further differentiated by chain length, cis-trans isomers and n-6 vs n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Among them the effect of n-3 fatty acids has been well recogniaed as antiplatelet activity, thus reducing the incidence of atherosclerosis. Role of vitamin E in prevention of atherosclerosis has been evovled from works showing that LDL oxdiation stimulates formation of ateroma and also from epidemiologic studies. Dietary recommendations at present are : (ⅰ) 30 and 10 cal % as upper limit of total and saturated fat intakes, respectively (ⅱ) no more than 300 mg cholesterol/day, (ⅲ) 1-2 g of n-3 fatty acid/day and (ⅳ) some increase RDA of vitamin E which is 8-10 TE.