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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 1994
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 1994
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 1994
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 1994
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 1994
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 1994
Selecting the target year
The Bleaching Effect of Potato Lipoxygenase Isoenzymes on Chlorophyll a
Mun, Jeong Won ; Jo, Sun Yeong ; Seo, Myeong Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 95~95
Effects of Sodium Alginate and Cellulose on Fasting Plasma Lipoprotein Composition and Choelsterol Metabolism in Rats (I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 879~886
This study was carried out to determine, the effects of sodium alginate and cellulose on the plasma lipoportein composition and cholesterol metabolism inrats.Each experimental diet contained 105 sodium alginate and cellulose by weight, respectivley and rats were fed fro 4 weeks. The results obtained were as follows : The feeding of sodium alginate and cellulose decreased total plasma cholesterol slightly . total cholesterol of Chylomicron /VLDL- , LDL-fraction and liver were decreased significantly insodium alginate group. HDL-cholesterol was slightly increased in soidum alginate group. The feeding of sodium alginate significantly lowered plasma , Chylomicron VLDL-, LDL-fraction and liver TG concentrations compared with those fed fiber-free diet . The HMG-CoA reductase activity was not different among diet groups but the lowest activity was observed in sodium alginate group. The feeding of sodium alginate significantly increased fecal cholesterol , TG, and bile acid excretion . In summary , the ingestion of sodium alginate decreased cholesterol and TG concentrations of plasma and liver. This may be explained by the facts that fecal cholesterol, bile acid and TG level were increased significantly in sodium alginate group.
Effects of Sodium Alginate and Cellulose on Postprandial Plasma Lipoprotein and Cholesterol Metabolism in Rats(II)
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 887~893
This study was undertaken to dtermine whether dietary fibers had an effect on postprandial plasma lipoprotein and liver lipid composition in rats. Each experimental diet ocntained 10 % dietary fiber by weight. All animals were sacrificed in postprandial state. Sodium alginate-fed animals has significantly lower plasma cholesterol, VLDL-, LDL-cholesterol, TG, and protein levels than did the fiber-free control group. In addition, liver cholesterol and TG concentrations were the lowest in sodium alginate -fed animals. There was no significant change in HDL-cholesterol levels among experimental groups. Cellulose-fed animals also have lower plasma cholesterol and TG levels than fiber-free controls, but liver TG concentrations were not different from those in fiber-free controls. This study demonstrates that dietary fiber included in the diet of rats is able to alter postprandial lipoportein cholesterol and TG, and that sodium alginate, a soluble fiber, was the most effective in lowering plasma and liver cholesterol and TG.
An Effect of Bromobenzene Treatment on the Liver Damage of Rats Previously Fed Low or High Protein Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 894~898
To evaluate an effect of dietary protein on the liver damage, the bromobenzene was intraperitoneally injected to the rats fed a low or high protein diet and then the liver weight per body weight and serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities were determined to demonstrate the differences in liver damage between the groups fed low or high protein diet. Hepatic aniline hydroxylase (AH), glutthione (GSH) content and glutathione s-transferase(GST) activity were also determined to clarify causes of liver damage between the two groups. Increases of liver weight per body weight and serum ALT activities were higher in brombenzene treated rats fed low protein diet than those fed high protein diet. The increasing rate of hepatic AH activity was higher in bromobenzne-treated rats fed low protein diet than that in those fed high protein diet. Furthermore , hepatic glutathione contents and GST activities in bromobenzene-treated rats were higher in rats fed high protein diet than those fed low protein diet. In case of control group, the heaptic glutathione content and GST activity were also higher in rats fed high protein diet than those fed low protein diet.
The Degree of Lipid Oxidation of Rat Liver Fed Peroxidized Lipid and Its Effects on Anti-Oxidative System
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 899~907
Accumulation of peroxidized lipid, fed or injected in the body of rats was investigated and the effect of peroxidized lipid on the antioxidative system was studied also. Three groups each having six of Sprague-dawley rats were raised for 8 weeks. the peroxide value(POV) of diet fed to the control and the peroxidized group was 5.47 and 22.14meq/kg , respectively. Injected group was given the control diet and peroxidized linoleic acid(POV 31.81meq/kg) was injected into the peritoneal area three times a week. The POV, MDA, and protein carbonyl values of the peroxidized and the injected group (experimental groups) were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of the control group. Cu, Zn-SOD and M-SOD activity of the experimentla groups increased 1.6 times that of control group at 4 th week. and decreased by 60% of their activityafter 8 weeks of feeding (p<0.05) . Catalase activity, glutathione and Vt, E contents of the experimental groups were significantly lower (p<0.05) than those of the control group during 8 weeks. The accumulation of peroxidcized lipid in liver were ovserved both in the fed or the injected group. The increased of enzyme activity of the experimental group during 4 weeks suggests ianadaptation of antioxidative system to get rid of the peroxidized lipid. Decrease of enzyme activity and glutathione observed as the peroxidized lipid lipid accumulation proceeded further, however, seems to indicate the oxdiative damage of enzyme and protein . Determination of the protein carbonyl content may be used as a method for measuring the oxidative damaging effect of peroxidized lipid.
Effects of Garlic Juice on Toxicity of Mercury in Rat
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 908~915
It was attempted to observe the antidotic effects of garlic on mercury intoxicated rat model in vivo. The experimental model group consists of garlic juice treated group (G), garlic juice-mercury treated group(MG), mercury treated group (M), and control group (basal diet), The garlic juice of 2% to the daily diet by weight was administered orally to G and MG groups, The single dose of 2.5mgHG/Kg per week was given orally to M and MG groups. the study was carried out for 4 weeks. The results of experiment were as follows. For the group of Mg, and the weight increasing rate was improved to about 30% compared to that of group M. Furthermore a general tonic efficay of garlic was observed in G group in term of increased weight gain rate (bout 15%) than control. In the biochemical studies of rat blood garlic showed effects on lowering the abnormally elevated GPT, GOT, uric acid creatinine value, and especially in lowering the BUN value of Hg treated rat that was selectively elevated in the case of impared renal function such as acute gromerulonephritis caused by Hg intoxication. In the analytical studies blood and renal Hg contents. HG group showed lower value (0.3, 0.33ppm) than that of M group (0.46, 0.51 ppm) Significant difference in reducing Hg level due to the antidotic effect of garlic was observed. In conclusion, it was revealed out from this research, the main principles of garlic, nonprotein sulfur amino acid (alliin) and sulfur compounds (allicin and diallyl disulfides) seem to almost certainly have an antidotic effect on mercury intoxication of rat in vivo.
Antimutagenic Effects of the Juice and Boiling Water Extract of houttuynia cordata Thunb
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 916~921
The inhibitory effects of the juice and boiling water extract of Houttuyina cordata Thunb., which has been known as a traditional folk antitumor agent, on the genotxicity induced by mutagens were investigated . For this purpose, Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100, and the transheterozygous (mwh/+) third larvae of Drosophila melanogaster were used. The juice of fresh H. cordata 9JHC) and boiling H. cordata extract (BHC) showed antimutagenicities toared alfatoxin B₁ in S. typhimurium TA 98 and TA100. The JHC's inhibitory effect increased by 76% to 98% as the adding concentrations increased, and the BHC had a 86-97% inhibitory effect. however, in the case of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), the JHC's inhibitory effect was 52-60% irrespectively of its concentrations and the BHC had a low inhibitory effect. The JHC and BHC slightly reduced the somatic chromosomal mutagenicity by MNNG in the wing hair spot test system (mwh/+) of D. melanogaster, which suggests that they can inhibit gene mutation , deletion and mitotic chromosomal recomgination.
Anti-Tumor Effect of Cyclophosphamide, TUbercin-3 , and Picibanil on Sarcoma-180 Bearing Mice
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 922~926
This study was carried out to detemrine the efficacy of combined treatment of cyclophosphamide with tubericin-3 and or picibanil. One hundred sixty sarcoma-180 bearing mice were divided eight groups. Each group received saline, tubercin-3, picibanil , and cyclophosphamide along and/or received cyclophosphamide with tubercin-3 , with picibanil or with both tubercin-3 and picinanil, respectively.Average surviving time of each group of animals was as follows ; control was 10.9days, tubercin-3 was 15.1 days. picibanil was 12.6 days, and cylophosphamide was 17.9 days, In combined therapyy that cylophosphamide injected with tubercin-3 , the surviving time was 26.8 days an din the case of other therapy that cyclophosphamide injected with tubercin-3, the surviving time was 26.8 days an din the case of other therapy that cyclophosphamide injected with picibanil, the surviving time was 21.9 day and cyclophosphamide treated with both turbercin03 and picibanil, the surviving time was found to be 18.2 days, conclusively , the therapeutic potentiation seemed to be extended when combined tretment of the chemotherapeutics cyclophosphamide with either one of immunotherapeutics tubericin-3 or picibanil was tried, Combinatin of tubercin-3 and picibanil showed to be atagonistic each other. Yield of ascites fluid were determined 7 days after injectino of sarcoma-180 ascites tumor cells. Adminitration of cyclophosphamide, tubercin-3 , and picibanil alone and their various combinations reduced the yield of ascites fluid except for picibanil group.
Drug Resistance Profiles of Salmonella sp. and Shigella sp. Isolated from Diarrheal Patients in Pusan, Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 927~932
A total of 34 Salmonella sp. an d25 Shigella sp. were isolated from 311 patients with diarrhea. The isolation rates of Salmonella sp. ad Shigella sp. were 10.9% and 8%, respectively. The serogroups of 34 Salmonella sp. were in order of group D(50%), group B(38.25), group E(8.8%) and group C 92, 9%0. the serogroups of 25 Shigella sp. were group D(96%) and group B(4%). Seasonal distribution of isolated Salmonella sp. and Shigella sp. were shown the most high at July, 17.65% and 64%, respectively. Age group distribution of isolated Salmonella sp. and Shigella sp. were shown the most high at twenties and thirties (23.5%), and teens(76%), respectively. The Salmonella isolates were resistant in order of prevalence use of streptomycin(SM) (100%), erythromycin (EM) and movobiocin (NB)(90.6%), penicillin G(PG) (65.6%) and cephalexin (CPX)(46.9%). the isolates of Shigella sp. were resistant in order of prevalence use of EM (95.8%), NB(91.7%), SM(87.5%). Eighteen kinds of resistant patterns of Salmonella ioslates were detected. The multiple resistance patterns of Shigella isolates were mostly SM, EM, NB type (79.2%). The minimum inhibitory concentration of Salmonella sp. and Shigella sp. and Shigella sp. isolated from patients with diarrhea were tabulated.
Changes in Amino Acid Composition of Some Fish Meat By Heating Conditions
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 933~938
A study was amino acid contents by heating conditions of mackerel, pacific saury , yellow croaker, and brown sole investigated. In fresh fishes, total amino acid contents showed higher amount in brown sole and yellow croaker, than those of pacific saury and mackerel. The amino acid contents among the tested samples were higher Glx , leucine, lysine and arginine in order. During heating of samples the amino acid contents decreased. There appeared to be a proportional relationship of the heating temperature to decrease of amino acid. The amino acid contents of steamed samples significantly decreased than those of others. During warming and rewarming samples after storage at 4
for 24 hours , amino acid contents slightly decreased.
Changes of ORganic Acid Contents on Heating Conditions of Fishes
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 939~944
The change of major organic acid contents were examined in mackerel, pacific yellow croaker and brown sole on heating conditions. The organic acid contents of mackerel were the higher that the others. The content of lactic acid was the highest in all samples commonly and that of succinic acid was second level and these organic acids were over 95% of total organic acid. The content of
acid was higher acid content was greater with higher heating temperature. Decreasing of organic acid content was higher at steamed and first heating than warmed and rewarmed.
Spectrophotometric and High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Assay of Chondroitin Sulfate in Edible Snail, Achatina Fulica Bowdich
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 945~949
Chondroitin sulfate (Chs) contents in edible snail , Achatina fulica Bowdich , andits processed meat extracts were determined by high-performance liquid chormatogrpahy(HPLC) and spectrophotometric method. Spectrophotometric method was based on the precipitation of acriflavine by ChS, and HPLC method was based on the detection of two unsaturated disaccharides, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-3-O-(
Di-4S) and 2-acetamido-2deoxy-3-O-(
-D-gluco-4-eepyranosyluronic acid)-6-O-sulfo-D-galactose (
야-6S) librated from ChS byenzymeatic digestion with chondroitinase ABc. the ratio of 125
mol of sodium hydroxide to mg of ChS and 8
of reaction temperature were proper for alkaline hydrolysis to remove protein residue form ChS. In assay preparation for HPLC ethod, the iptimum concentration of the enzyme chondroitinase ABc was 0.15 unit per 50
of ChS at a fixed reaction time (30 min) and pH 8.0 using Tris buffer. ChS content in edible snail was 177.6mg% by spectrophotometric method and 153.5mg% by HPLC method and those in the processed meat extract was 71.3mg% by spectrometric method ad 62.8mg% by HPLC method, respectively.
Free Sugars, Amino Acids, Organic Acids, and Minerals of the Fruits of Paper Mulberry (Broussonetia Kazinoki Siebold)
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 950~953
This study was carried out to investigate the proximate composition , free sugars,amino acids, organic acid, minerals and extracted color of the fruit of paper mulberry (Broussonetia Kazinoki Siebold) . the proximate compositins were 6.1% of moisture, 15.9% of crude protein, 28.5% of crude fat, 8.9% of crude ash and 40.6% of carbohydrates in the fruit of paper mulberry. Free sugars showed low content as 0.1% of glucose , 0.1% of sucrose, 0.1% of fructose and 0.01% of sorbitol, respectively. In amino acid composition of the fruit of paper mulberry, glycine was the highest in the content, followed by methionine, aspartic acid and alanine, The ratio of essential /total mino acids was 0.43 . The richestmineral contained in the fruit of paper mulberry was Ca and followed by K and Mg. Optical density (490-500nm) of the extracted color with 50% ehtanol and 80 % ethanol were 0.75 and 0.30 , respectively.
The Bleaching Effect of Potato Lipoxygenase Isoenzymes on Chlorophyll a
Mun, Jeong Won ; Jo, Sun Yeong ; Seo, Myeong Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 954~958
The bleaching effect of chlorophyll a by two lipoxygenase isoenzymes (LOX-1, LOX-2) isolated from potato tuber(variety DEinma ) was studied. In the presence of LOX-1 or LOX0-2 with linoleic acid chlorophyll a bleaching occurred during two isoenzymes-mediated oxidation of linoleic acid. Chlorophyll a bleaching porceeded with decreasing in the formation of conjugated dienes form linoleic acidyb LOX-1 and LOX-2 . In the presence of chlorophyll a, LOX-2 showed a markable decrease inproduction of conjugated dienes from linoleic acid and a higher chlorophyll a bleaching activity. compared with LOX-1. These results suggest chlorophyll-bleaching reaction required intermediates formed during the peroxidation of linoleic acid by lipoxygenase isoenzymes, thus preventing formation of conjugated dienes.
Screening for Potato Lipoxygenase-1 Inhibitor in Unused MArine Resources by the Polarographic Method
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 959~963
To detect bioactive compounds present in unused marine resources, the screening for the 5-lipoxygenase inhitors in Asterina pectinifera, Halocynthia roretzi skin, Nototodarus sloani ink, Anthocidaris crassispina skin, SArgassum horneri, Agarum cribrosum, Odonthalia corymbifera and Desmarestia ligulata was carried out. THe ether and acetone extracts of Sargassum horneri had the strongest antioxygnic activityon lipid oxidation by potato lipoxygenase-1 (one of 5-lipoygenase) among the tested marine samples and their
were 0.3 and 1.1g/ml, respectively. The ether and acetone extracts of Asterina pectinifera, the acetone extracts of Halocynthia roretizi, and the acetone extracts of Nototodarus sloani ink had strong inhibitory activity and their
were 72.5, 65, 13.3 and
, respectively. In addition, the
of the acetone extracts of Agarum cribrosum and Desmarestia ligulata, and the ether extracts of Desmarestia ligulata were 15.5, 35 and
, respectively. The nonpolar solvent (ether, acetone) extracts of tested marine organism had more antioxigenic effect against 5-lipoxygenase than the polar solvent(water) extracts.
Purification and Properties of Thermostable L-Lactate Dehydrogenase Produced by Escherichia Coli
Song, Jae-Young ; Kim, Kyoug-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 964~972
The 4.3-kb gene coding for L-lactate dehydrogenase of Bacillus stearothermophilus has been subcloned and expressed in E. coli cells. The enzyme was purified 200-fold with 25% yield by heat treatment , DEAE-Sephadex, and NAD++ -Sepharose CL-4B affinity chromatography followed by gel filtration through Sephadex G-200 . The molecular weight of the purfied enzyme was estimated to be about 35, 000 and 140, 000 on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and gel filtration, respectively. indicating that the enzyme is composed of four identical subunits. THe enzyme for pyruvate reduction and lactate oxdiation was stable at 60 and 75
for 30 min, and the optimal temperatures for both reactions were 60 and 7
, respectively. The enzyme had an optimal pH at 5.5 and 8.5 in pyruvate reduction and lactate oxidation, respectively. The pH stability of enzyme of pyruvate reduction was table between pH 5 and 7. more than 90% of enzyme activity was lost at 1mM FeSO4 and p-chloromercuribonzoate. The maximal activation of the enzyme was obtained with 0.8mM fructose 1, 6-bisphosphate.
Studies on the Characteristics of the Soybean Protein Cogaulating Enzyme from Microorganism and the Soy Cheese-Like Food (Curd)
Pyo, Byoung-Sik ; Oh, Young-Jun ; Park, Yang-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 973~979
Microorganisms, including the strain IJ-3 isolated from soil, were found to secrete an extracellular soybean protein coagulating enzyme and the strain, IJ-3 was identified as Genus Bacillus according to the Bergey's manual . The enzyme coagulated protein in soymilk , thus forming a curd at pHs 5.8-6.4 and at 55-75℃. The optimum temperature for soybean protein coagulating activity was 65-75℃ and the enzyme was stable at temperature below 50℃ and was found to be stable with about 60-100% of the original activity at a with pH ranges(pH6-7). The molecular weight of enzyme was estimated to be 28,000 by SDS-PAGE. The curd formed with the enzyme from Bacilus sp. IJ-3 has a smooth texture, and a mild taste without any bitterness or a beany flavor.
The Quality of Doenjang (Soybean Paste) Manufactured with Bacillus brevis
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 980~985
We investigated the quality of soybean paste(Doenjang) fermented by BAcillus brevis. The results obtained were as follows : soybean paste fermented by Bacillus brevis had alkaline pH and yellow ochre color. Dextrinizing activity was about 98 D.P. unit from 5th to 25th day of fermentation at 3
and after that day somewhat decreased . Saccharifying activity was respectively 6.1, 7.2, 6.8, 6.4 S.P. unit on 5, 15, 25 and 35th day of fermentation. Protease activity suddenly increased after 15th day of fermentation and was 250, 275, 299 unit on15, 25, 35 th day of fermentation , respectively. The most abundant free amino acid was found to be glutamic acid (561.8mg%) in soybean paste fermented by Bacillus brevis. In case of free sugar and non-volatile organic acid, fructose and oxalic acid showed highest content of 10.25mg% on 25th day and 12.20mg% on 15th day. The contents of free amino acids, free sugars, organic acids in soybean paste fermented by B.brevis were most abundant after 25 days of fermentation and this results were similar to that of traditional soybean paste. The odor of soybean paste fermented by Bacillus brevis was improved to be a nice soybean paste odor on 25th day of fermentation. However, sensory evaluation value of the taste of it decreased after 10 th day of fermentation.
A Study on the Preparation of Boogags by Traditional Methods and Improvement of Preservation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 986~993
As a part of development of traditional foods, mugwort boogag and dry laver boogag were fried insoybean oil, and BHA or tocopherol-added soybean oil. They were wrapped up in opp vinyl film, and preserved at
. During the storage of bobogags, acid value, peroxide value, and TBA value were investigated. Changes of sensory evaluation and texture profile were also examined. Boogags were manufactured by washing the raw materials. drying in the shade, mixing them with glutinous rice flour, and hot-air drying up it to 13 % of moisture contents after dryed it up to 80% of moisture contents on dry table for 23days, in order. These boogags were packaged to manufacture goods with dryed state or fried at
for 10 sec. Acid value, peroxide value, and TBA value of boogags which preserved at
generally appeared lower than at
. As storage time goes by, moisture contents of bobogagas preserved at
increased and its quality were gradually deteriorated. When the boogags were fried in BHA(0.01%) and tocopherol (0.01%) added soybean oil, changes of acid value, peroxide value, TBA value were generally low. During the storage of bobogagas antioxidant effect of BHA was higher than that of tocopherol. Texture was inclined to decrease as storage time goes, by that of boogags preserved at
was a little more satisfactory. Hardness was also high.
The effect of Hot Water-Extract and Flavor Compounds of Mugwort on Microbial Growth
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 994~1000
Hot water extract from mugwort (Artemisia asiatica nakai) leaves and tea inhibited the growth of Bacillus subtilis by adding to the nutrient broth 1.0% and 0.5% concentration, respectively. Among the important compounds that contributing mugwort like flavor to the mugwort leaves and tea were considered, authenic compound of thujone, caryophyllene and farnesol showed bactericidal effect for Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Vibrio paraheaemolyticus, Psudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus when teste by paper disc method ( 8 mm diameter). The mixture of caryophyllene and farnesol was more bactericidal effect for various bacteria than the mixture of thujone, caryophyllene and farnesol was more bactericidal effect for various bacteria that the mixture of thujone, caryophyllene and farnesol or each compounds . Especially, the mixture of caryophyllene and farnesol showed strong bactericidal effect (diameter of inhibition zone>40mm) for Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Enterobacter aerogenes and BAcillus subtilis.
Effects of Solvents and Extracting Condition on the Antimicrobial Activity of Salviae miltiorrhizae Radix (Saliva miltiorrhiza ) Extract
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 1001~1007
In order to develop a natural food preservative, dried salviae miltiorrhizae radix (Salvia miltiorrhiza) was extracted with several solvents, and then antimicrobial activity was investigated. The optimum extracting condition for the antimicrobial sustance from the sample, minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the extracted substance against microorganisms were also examined. Antimicrobial activity of the initial ethanol extract from the sample was the strongest compared to those of other solvent extracts such as n-hexane, acetone, butanol, methanol and water. the optimum extractingcondition for antimicrobial substance from the sample was shaking extraction for 2 hours at room temperature incase that 10 volumes of absolute ethanol was added to crushed Saliva Miltiorrhiza. The ethanol extract had strong growth inhibition activity against Gram-positive Bacteria (MIC, 3.13-50
/ml) such as B. cereus, B, subtilis, L. minocytogenes, S. aureus, Sc. Mutans. Among Grampositive bacteria tested, Bacillus species was the most susceptibile to the extracted substance. The antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract from the sample was weak to Gram -negative bacteria yeasts, for example MIC for Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts was 0.8mg/ml and 0.4-0.8mg/ml , respectively.
Screening on Antimicrobial Activity of Leaf Mustard (Brassica juncea) Extract
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 1008~1013
To develope naatural food preservatives, ethanol and water extracts were prepared from the leaf mustard (Brassica juncea Coss.) and antimicrobial activities were examined against 15 microorganisms which were food borne pathogens and/or food poisioning microorganisms and food-related bacteria and yeasts. Ethanol extract exhibited anitmicrobial activities for the microorganism tested, especially, minimum inhibitory concnetrations exhibited antimicrobial activities for the microorganism tested, especially, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus natto were as low as 10mg/ml. MIC of water extract was 40-60mg/ml for bacteria and yeast. The ethanol extract showed the antimicrobial activity by 3~6 times higher than the water extract. Antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract was not destroyed by the heating at
for 15 min and not affected by pH.
Effects of Ethanol Extract of Leaf Mustard (Brassica juncea) on the Growth of Microoranisms
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 1014~1019
To develope natural food preservatives, ethanol extract was preapred from the leaf mustard (Brassica juncea Coss) and antimicrobial activities were examined against 12 microorganisms which were food borne pathogens and/or food poisioning microorgaism and food-related bacteria and yeasts. The most active animicrobial concentration of the ethanol extract for most Gram positive microorganisms, Gram negative microorganisms, and lactic bacteria and yeasts was found to be 10, 20 and 40 mg/ml, respectively. when tested by a dose-response manner. Growth of Escherichia coli and STaphylococcus aureus were completely inhibited 4 hours after the addition of more than 20mg/ml of ethanole ethanol extract to the logarithic phase. Scanning electron icrographs of E. coli and Staph, aureus treated with ethanol extrract exhibited morphological changes, including the irregularly contracted cell surface of E. coli and expanded ellipsoidal shape of the Staph. aureus.
Selection and Cultivation of Microorganism Producing Iron Superoxide Dismutase(Fe-SOD)
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 1020~1026
Pseudomonas plycolor was used to investigated the optimal culture condition to examine the various properties of superoxide dismutase (SOD). this SOD was inhibited by
, azide ion, but not by cyanide ion. This result indicates that the enzyme might be a Fe-SOD. The composition of optimal culture medium for the enzyme production was 3% of glycerin, 1% of polypeptone, 0.5% of meat extract, 0.2% of KCI and the initial ph was 9.0 . The cultivation for the enzyme production was carried out in 500ml shaking flask containing 100ml of the optimal medium at
on a reciprocal shaker. The enzyme production reached maximum at 15hrs of cultivation and then declined sharply afterward.
A Study on the Manufacturing of Gig Conserves for Beef Tenderizing
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 1027~1031
A method for the process of making fig conserves to prevent the denaturation of ficin (EC3.422.3) that is a proteolytic enzyme in fig (Fixus carica L. ) has been developed. The suutable composition ratio of materials such as, fig, sugar, citric acid and potassium sorbate, to make fig conserves was 1,000, 600 , 1.0 and 0.67g , respectively. to maintain the ficin activity, it was necessary that these materials were heated on 55
and concentrated in the reduced pressure. At a result of sensory evaluation , meat treated with fig was the softest among samples. Then the treated beef with 55
conserves, sugar and control have been shown the decreased rate respectively. There was significantly different in the effect of tenderness between each group(0.1%) . The nitrogen content of connective tissue was relatively low in the groups of the treated beef with fig and 55
converses sugar and control , which was similar to the order of the ficin activity. This research revealed that the constituent protein of meat muscle was decomposed by ficin and its solubility was relatively higher than before.
Culture Tube Method for the Determination of Total Cholesterol in Egg Yolk Lipid
Ha, Yeong-Lae ; Kim, Jeong-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 23, issue 6, 1994, Pages 1032~1037
A simple, reproducible , and accurate enzymatic method using a cholesterol assay kit was developed to quantify total cholesterol content in egg yolk. Total egg yolk lipid was extracted with hexane : isopropanol(3 : 2, v/v) mixture. Samples containing various amount of the total lipid(0-3mg) in optically identifical culture tubes were reacted for 10 min in a water bath (37
) with the enzyme solution (5ml) from the cholesterol assay kit. Cholesterol content of the reaction mixturesin culture tubes was spectrophotometrically determined by two different ways : (1) using the culture tube as a curvette(designate culture tube method ; CTM) and (2) the quartz cvette containing the reaction mixture transferred from the culture tube (designate standard cvette method, SCM). CTM revealed lower cholesterol content in 0.1-1.0mg lipid sample range that SCM did, but not significant. For more than 2.0mg lipid sample, CTM gave significantly (p<0.01) lower cholesterol content relative to that by SCM, suggesting that SCM give a false positive result from the sample containing more than 2 mg lipid due to the interference of absorbance by lipid dispersed in the reaction solution . Cholesterol content of less than 1.0mg lipid sample by CTM was proportional to the amount of lipid used, but its linear relationship was not seen in more than 2mg lipid sample. Thus, to determine the appropriate lipid amounts (mg) analyzed . A constant level (41
/mg) of cholesterol concentration was observed from the sample containing 0.1-1mg lipid. after which the cholesterol level was dropped to less than 41
/mg. Cholesterol concentration in egg yolk samples quantified by CTM was in accordance with that by GC method. These results suggest that CTM is an useful method for the quantification of cholesterol in egg yolk lipid and other lipids as well.