Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 1995
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 1995
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 1995
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 1995
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 1995
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 1995
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Vitamin
Deficiency on Fuel Metabolism in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 487~492
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin B2 deficiency on fuel metabolism in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Thirty rats were fed a vitamin B2 deticient diet(-B2) or a control diet (＋B2) for 2 weeks and then subdivided into 3 groups respectively : base group, one day diabetic group and three day diabetic group. Diabetes of the rats were induced by streptozotocin injection into the tail vein. Glucose, glycogen, protein, alanine, triglyceride and free fatty acid were compared in plasma, liver, skeletal muscle of rats. Also, the total urinary nitrogen and glucose excertion were compared. Compared with ＋B2 rats, the increase of plasm glucose in -B2 rats due to the diabetes tended to be smaller. After diabetes were induced, the levels of plasma protein and alanine was significantly decreased and the urinary nitrogen excretion was significantly increased in -B2 rats. The level of plasma free fatty acid was increased continuously in B2 rats while increased at the first day and decreased at the third day diabetes was induced in ＋B2 rats. These results suggest that vitamin B2 deficiency increase protein catabolism due to the decrease of fatty acid oxidation. Thus, vitamin B2 deficiency in diabetes impair the adaptation of animals to the fuel metabolism and aggravate the body protein wasting which is one of the chronic complications of diabetes.
Association of Blood Pressure with Sodium and Potassium Intake for Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 493~501
To investigate an effect of dietary sodium and potassium on blood pressure, 418 adolescents living in Kangwha area were studied. Two measurements were taken on each blood pressure(diastolic, systolic) and the average of the two readings was used in the analysis. Sodium and potassium intake were estimated by the determination of those electrolytes in 24hr urine. Not only dietary factors but also physical growth factors such as weight, height, arm-circumference and skinfold-thickness were induced in the stepwise multiple regression analysis to indentify the relative importance between the factors. The variation of blood pressure both in systolic and diastolic in both sexes was inconsistent with the levels of sodium and potassium intake. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the physical growth were more influential than nutrient factor. It suggested that hypertension risk factors observed form the adults, may not be identical with that of the growing aged population. After control of the physical growth, there was no significant variation observed by the level of sodium and potassium intake on blood pressure. In summary, the results indicate that growth has been more influential than dietary factor on blood pressure for growing aged population.
The Effect of Dry Edible Leaves Feeding on Serum Lipids of Hypercholesterolemic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 502~509
In other to investigate the hypolipidemic effect of dry edible leaves on serum lipids, four kinds of powdered leaves(persimmom, mulberry, perilla, and soy bean) were added to experimental diets at the levels of 5%(w/w). The diets were fed to 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 4 weeks and weighing 60
5g, for 3 weeks. Food intake was the largest in Group 1(control), with 5% of cellulose powder, while food efficiency was the highest in Group 2(persimmon). Total cholesterol level in serum was lower in Group 5(soybean) and Group 4(perilla) than the other groups. In comparison with Group 1, HDL-cholesterol level was very high in Group 4 and atherogenic index was low in Groups 4 and 5. Free cholesterol level was the highest in Group 2, and was the lowest in Group 1. Both LDL and LDL-cholesterol levels were the lowest in Group 1, while they were very high in Groups 2 and 3(mulberry). Triglyceride level was the lowest in Group 4, and the highest in Group 1. Except Group 3, all groups had lower phospholipid level than Group 1. Compared with Group 1, calcium level in serum was low in Groups 3, 4 and 5, magenesium level was low in Groups 2, 3 and 5, phosphate level was high in Group 4, and iron level was exceptionally low in Groups 4 and 5. In conclusion, Group 4(perilla) and Group 5 (soybean) showed a favorable effect in atherogenic index and serum levels of various lipids.
Treatment of Obese Women with Low Calorie Diet, Aerobic Exercise and Behavior Modificaiton
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 510~516
A multidisciplinary weight control program was conducted for obese women. The major components of the program included low calorie diet therapy, exercise, behavior modification and nutritional education and counseling. Sixteen healthy volunteers in excess of body fat, above 30%, were enrolled in the group support program. But 5 person were dropped out in the 2nd week of treatment. During the 1st week of group orientation, individual cause of obesity was assessed through a computer program including survey of dietary intake, activity, eating habits and life styles. During the 5 weeks of treatment, 4.8kg of average weight loss was accomplished using a following program ; low calorie diet(1200kcal/day with all essential nutrients), low impact aerobic exercise(50~60% of
, 1 hour/day in a group, 3~5 days/week), behavior modification of individual life styles and eating habits causing obesity and nutritional education concerning nutrition, role of exercise such as brisk walking, importance of slow eating in regular meal pattern and internal motivation for weight reduction, health risk of obesity and rapid weight loss, weight recycling and yo-yo syndrome, etc. Nutritional conseling was conducted 3 times per week with checking self-records of foods, activity, emotional state and tiredness. Before and immediately after 5 weeks of treatment, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride were measured and comparied with paired t-test. After 5 weeks of treatment, body weight, body mass index, body fat and circumferences of waist, upper arm and hip were significantly decreased. Also LDL-cholesterol was significantly decreased after obesity treatment.
The Effect of Plantaginis Semen on Serum and Hepatic Lipid Metabolism in Fed High and Low Fat Diets
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 517~522
The present study has been undertaken to investigate the effect of plantaginis semen extract on lipid composition and activities of several enzymes in lard administrated rats. Forth male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain with average weight of 130
10g were divided into four groups[basal diet(BD)], basal＋plantaginis semen(BP), basal＋lard(BL) and basal＋plantaginis semen＋lard(BLP). Lard administrated groups showed increase in weight gain and that of BLP group significantly increased. Feed intake showed no significant differences with lard administration. The weights of liver, kidney and heart of the rat were not affected by plantagins semen and lard administration. Serum and liver triglyceride and cholesterol contents significantly increased compared to BD group but significantly decreased by the addition of plantaginis semen extract(BLP group). Serum and liver phsophlipids decreased in lard administrated group but effectively restored by administration of plantaginis semen extract. HDL-cholesterol content significantly decreased in lard-fed group and somewhat increased in plantaginis semen extract group. Serum aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase activities significantly increased in lard fed group but addition of plntginis semen extract significantly decreased the enzyme activities compared with that of lard administrated group.
Anti-hyperlipidemic Effect of Phragmites communis and Its Active Principles
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 523~529
Administration of an MeOH extract of Pharagmites communis on hyperlipidemic rats produced a significant decrease in blood triglyceride. The fatty acid mixtures,
-sitosterol and its glucoside, p-coumaric acid, vanilic acid, ferulic acid, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde and sucrose were isolated. Sterol and p-coumaric acid were shown to be effective in reducing the elevated level of triglyceride. The wet weight and the level of triglyceride in epididymal adipose tissue increase following administration of the methanol extract in rats fed the purified diets at the 1% level for 4 weeks. This results suggest that the methanol extract may accelerate the accumulation of lipid in adipose tissue.
The Effect of Hot Taste Preference on Dietary Intake and Level of Serum
-Carotene Concentration in Korean Female College Students
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 530~536
A study was performed to assess dietary intake and serum levels of
-carotene and the influence of preference for hot taste on
-carotene intake in Korean female college students. Daily intake of
-carotene was estimated with a questionnaire composed of food item of high
-carotene contents and the average daily intake level was 4089
. The major sources of
-carotene included carrot, pumpkin, spinach, tomatoes and red pepper powder. 14
10% of total dietary
-carotene intake was from foods containing red pepper powder. The average amount of red pepper powder added to bean sprout soupr were 0.32
0.34g. Subjects preferring hot taste added significantly larger amount of red pepper powder(p<0.05) than those not preferring hot taste. Subjects of the lowest quartile of
-carotene intake level showed the lowest precentage of subjects preferring hot taste. The average serum
-carotene concentration was 36.5
/dl and large variation in the amount among the subject has been observed. The level of dietary
-carotene intake and serum
-carotene concentration of Korean female college students were not significantly correlated but both were higher than levels in reports from western countries. These results indicate that
-carotene intake levels of the subjects are adequate and the preference for hot taste affects
-carotene intake significantly.
Effect of Methionine on Heart Lipid Peroxidation in Rat with Alcohol Administration
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 537~541
This study was designed to investigate the effects of methionine(Met) on the activities of heart lipid peroxidation related enzymes in ethanol administrated rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on diets containing one of the three levels of Met(0%, 0.3%, 0.9% of kg diet) and ethanol(2.5g/kg of body weight) was administrated as 25v/v% ethanol to ethanol treated groups orally. The rats were sacrificed after 5 and 10 weeks of feeding. Xanthine oxidase(XO) and catalase activities increased with ethanol administration and those activities were higher n Met excessive and deficiency group than those of Met normal group at 5 and 10 weeks dieting. Superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity in heart decreased significantly in Met deficiency and Met excessive group as compared to that of control. Glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) activity in heart significantly decreased in Met deficiency group as compared to that of Met excessive and normal group. Glutathione S-transferase(GST) activity of heart tissue significantly increased by ethanol administration. Glutathione(GSH) content in heart decreased with ethanol administration and shwoed no significant differences with Met levels. Ethanol administration increased the content of lipid peroxide(LPO).
Intake/Balance Estimation of Zinc in Korean High School Girls
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 542~549
This study was conducted to obtain accurate data on intake, excretion, apparent digestibility and balance of zinc which Korean take in habitually. This study applied to the seven high school girls from 15 to 16 years old. Their food intake, feces and urine were collected and intake and excretion of zinc in them were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The measurement continued for four weeks while they maintained their normal living pattern and body weight. Each girl's daily intake and excretion of zinc were measured and apparent digestibility and balance were also studied. Each girl's daily mean intake, fecal excretion and apparent digestibility of zinc were
, respectively. The urinary excretion of zinc was
and showed the positive balance of
The Prevalence of Obesity and Nutrition Status in Regular Exercising Men
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 550~555
This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of obesity and the concerns with omega 3 fatty acid intakes in 100 men do regular exercising. Most subjects were 23~66 years old whose average height and weight were 170.0
0.5cm and 68.2
0.8kg, respectively. Prevalence of obesity was 7%, 41% and 41% by criteria of Bioelectrical impedance analysis, Skin fold thickness and Body mass index, respectively. According to this survey, 75% of the subjects prefered vegetable oil to animal fat, 55% of them prefered seaweeds to shellfishes and 76% of them prefered natural foods to processed foods for good health. 61% of the interviewed subjects had the experience of eating perilla oil and 49% of them chose the Mackeral that had contained omega 3 fatty acids. The reason that seaweeds were good for health was rather high vitamin and mineral content than low fat.
-Amylase Inhibitor from Naked Barley in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 556~562
-amylase inhibitor from naked barley was purified by DEAE-cellulose, Concanavalin-A sepharose and superose 6 column chromatography, and confirmed by capillary electrophoresis. The purified
-amylase inhibitor showed a single band of 29KD in molecular weight when estimated by the SDS-PAGE. Its purity was increased by 12-fold as compared to its crude extract, and its specific activity was found to be 336.7units/mg. The major amino acids of the
-amylase inhibitor from naked barley was appeared to be glutamic acid, asparitic acid and arginine. The inhibitor from naked barley was glycoproteins and carbohydrate content of inhibitor was 1.0%.
Purification and Enzymatic Characteristics of Myrosinase from Korea Cabbage
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 563~569
Myrosinase from Korean cabbage(Bogdoli) was purified and its enzymatic properties were investigated. Myrosinase from the Korean cabbage was purified by DEAE Bio-Gel Sepharose, Concanavalin-A, and Mono-Q column chromatography and exhibited a 55KD molecular weight with a single band on the gel of SDS-PAGE. The enzyme was purified about 21-fold compared to its crude enzyme and a specific activity of purified enzyme was 15, 120units/mg. Optimum pH of the myrosinase was 7.0 in both phosphate and Tris-HCl buffer solutions, the enzyme was stable at pH 6.5~7.0. Optimum temperature of enzyme was 37~38
. The enzyme activity was significantly inhibited by Cu2+ and Hg2+, but enhanced by ascorbic acid, resulting in a maximum activity at 1mM ascorbic acid. Among the ascorbic acid analogues, dehydro-ascorbic acid did not affect, whereas others showed a little effect on the enzyme activity, but less than ascorbic acid itself. Reducing agents such as 2-mercaptoethanol and dithiothreitol had no effect on the enzyme activity, but the enzyme activity was enhanced when 2-mercaptoethanol was mixed with ascorbic acid.
Separation and Enzymological Characteristics of Polygalacturonase by Aspergillus sp.
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 570~577
Aspergillus sp. SB-2704 was selected for its strong polygalacturonase activity among various strain of mold found in soil. It was found that production of polygalacturonase reached to maximum when the wheat bran medium containing 1% polypepton, 1% glucose, and 0.2% FeSO4 were cultured for 3 days at 35
. Polygalacturonase was purified 20.90 fold from Aspergillus SB-2704. The purification procedures include ammonium sulfate treatment, gel filtration on Sephdex G-150 and DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography. Yield of the enzyme purification was 4.34%. Purified enzyme was confirmed as a single band by the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. When the purified enzyme was applied to SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the molecular weight was estimated to be 36,000. The optimum pH for the enzyme activity was 5.5 and optimum temperature was 5
. The enzyme is stable in acidic condition. The activity of purified enzyme was inhibited by Pb2+, Hg2+ and Ba2+, whereas activated by Cu2+, Mn2+, Mg2+ and Fe2+. The activity of polygalacturonase was inhibited by the treament wit maleic anhydride, iodine, and EDTA. The result indicate the possible involvement of histidine and metal ion at active site.
Seasonal Variation of Flavonoid Contents in the Leaves of Cedrela sinensis
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 578~581
The seasonal variation of two flavonoid, quercitrin and afzelin, in the leaves of Cedrela sinensis A. Juss. from May until November was investigated by high performance liquid chromatography. Separation by reversed phase chromatography on
column was achieved by isocratic elution. The concentration of quercitrin was 5.81% (w/w) in May and high in July(8.89%, w/w), August(7.94%, w/w), and decreased from September to November. The content of another flavonoid, afzelin was 0.06% (w/w) in May and highest in June (0.12%, w/w), and was reduced from July.
Effect of Culture Tempertature and Nutritional Components on the Production of Ethanol Using Pyrus serotina by Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 4124
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 582~586
The effects of cultural temperature and nutritional components on the production of ethanol using juice of Pyrus serotina as the substrate for Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 4124 were studied. After anaerobic cultivation in 5L flask of a defined pear juice at 2
, ethanol concentration of 11.5%(v/v) could be obtained. The addition of a small amount of K2S2O5 was essential for the successful production of ethanol. Ethanol concentration could be further enhanced by supplementing a small of various complex nitrogen sources. When 0.05% of yeast extract and 0.05% of (NH4)2HPO4 were added to a defined medium, ethanol concentration obtained after 7 day cultivation at 2
Purification and Characterization of Hemagglutinating Protein from Rhizome of Alisma orientale
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 587~593
Lectin was purified by using
, DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography and Sephadex G-150 column chromatography from Alismatis Rhizoma(AR). The specific activity of AR lectin was 50, 441units/mg, and purification folds were 114. The AR lectin agglutinated human erythrocytes of all types(A, B, O, AB). The molecular weight of AR lectin was estimated about 90, 500 daltons by gel filtration and each subunits were 42,000, 27,000 and 22,500 daltons on SDS-PAGE respectively. The hemagglutinating activity of the lectin was inhibited by sialic acid, glucose, ribose, galactose, sucrose, and lactose. It was also inhibited by cations such as
Physicochemical and Textural Properties of Chestnut Starches
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 594~600
To efficiently utilize not only fresh chestnut(FC) but also wormy chestnut(WC), four types of chestnut starches which were fresh chestnut starch(FCS), fresh chestnut crude starch(FCCS), wormy crude starch(WCS) and wormy chestnut crude starch(WCCS) were extracted. Amylose content of FCS(46.5%) and water binding capacity of FCCS(103.0%) were higher than those of othe three, respectively. Swelling powers of all sample starches increased rapidly from 6
. Solubilities showed the same pattern as the swelling powers. In the textural properteis investigated with IUTM(instron universal testing machine), hardnesses and elasticties of chestnut starches were 50~58I.U. and 14~16I.U., respectively. The results of textural evaluations showed that it was possible to prepare chestnut mook with FCS, FCCS and WCS.
Sensory Evaluatin and Retrogradation Properties of Chestnut Mook
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 601~605
To efficiently utilize not only fresh chestnut(FC) but also wormy chestnut(WC), four types of chestnut starches which were fresh chestnut starch(FCS), fresh chestnut crude starch(FCCS), wormy crude starch(WCS) and wormy chestnut crude starch(WCCS) were extracted from them, respectively. The mooks were prepared with four types chustnut starches and a acorn crude starch(ACS) as control. Sensory evaluation by five points method indicated that the mooks had noticeable differences in smoothness, taste and fragrance, and no noticeable differences in color and texture. The total scores of mooks for sensory evaluation were higher in order of FCS, FCCS, WCS, ACS. Retrogradation properties for the chestnut mooks prepared by five type starches which were FCS, FCCS, WCS, WCCS and FWCCS(mixing FCCS and WCCS with same weighs) were also investigated with the variation in the starch concentration, storage time and storage temperature by hardness of textural properties. The results indicated that when the mooks which were prepared with starches(all but FWCCS), concentration 8% and 10% were storaged for 7 days at 15
, there were no variations in the qualities (hardness) of the chestnut mooks.
The Acidity, pH, Salt Content and Sensory Scores Change in Oyijangachi Manufacturing
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 606~612
Three different Oyijangachi(Kochujang, Doenjang and Ganjang) have been prepared by traditional method. Cucumbers have been dipped in six different solutions for 48 hrs. After dipping, the cucumbers have been aged in Kochujang, Doenjang and Ganjang for 30 days. The acidity, pH, salt content and sensory evaluation of the cucumbers which were treated by six different solutions has measured. Moisture content of fresh cucumber was 95%, and the moisture content of Kochujang, Doenjang and Ganjang of Oyijangachi was 66.78%, 76.94% and 81.33%, respectively, after 30 days of aging. Protein content fo Kochujang, Doenjang and Ganjang of Oyijangachi increased 57%, 258% and 197%, respectively, after 30 days of aging when they compared with fresh cucumber(control). Initial acidity of Oyijangachi of cucumbers which were treated with solution 1~5 at 0 day were between 0.49 and 0.56 and increased during aging. Initial acidity of Oyijangachi treated with solution 6 was 1.84 which was low because 1% of acetic acid was added and acidity increased during aging. The pH of Kochujang, Doenjang, and Ganjang of Oyijangachi decreased 4.37, 3.98 and 4.61, respectively, after 30 days aging. Salt content of Oyijangachi dipped in various salt solutions increased as the salt content of the solution increased. Salt content of three Oyijangachi increased drastically during 0~5 days of aging and slowly increase between 5~30 days of aging. The taste and smell of Kochujang Oyijangachi were highest as treated wih 12% NaCl solution(treatment 4) and the color was highest when the Oyijangachi was treated with solution 1. The taste, smell and color of Doenjang Oyijangachi were highest as treated with 12% NaCl solution plus CaCl2(treatment 5). It was observed that the firmness of Oyijangachi was generally higher as the cucumber treated.
The Effect of Protein Extraction pH on the Components of Sesame Protein Concentrates
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 613~618
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of extracting pH on the components and color of seasame protein concentrate(SPC). The protein contents of SPC by extracted at pH 2.0, 7.0, 9.0 and 11.0 were 60.57, 67.72, 79.50 and 83.44%, respectively. Most of the phytates were removed in SPC extracted at pH 7.0, 9.0 and 11.0, but the phytate content of SPC extracted at pH 2.0 was about the same as that of defatted sesame flour. The highest decrease of phytate was found in SPC extracted at pH 11.0(94.80%). SPC extracted at pH 2.0 contained the highest amount of Ca, Mg, Fe and Zn than those in other SPC prepared, while highest amount of Cu was found in SPC extracted at pH 11.0. Sodium content was similar among all the SPC prepared. SPC extracted at pH 7.0 resulted in brighter clor, but SPC extracted at pH 11.0 showed a little darker in appearance.
The Effect of Protein Extraction pH on the Functional Properteis of Seasame Protein Concentrates
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 619~624
Sesame protein concentrate(SPC) was prepared from defatted sesame flour(DSF) at several different pH(2.0, 7.0, 9.0, 11.0) for protein extraction. Some of their functional properties were determined in order to compare the effects of pH during preparation of concentrates. Compared with DSF, nitrogen solubility was markedly improved in all SPC, and SPC extracted at pH 11.0 showed the highest solubility at all pH leaves examined. Fatabsorption was increased in all SPC prepared, but water absorption was decreased as the extraction pH of protein increased. The emulsifying properteis and foaming properties of SPC were remarkably higher than DSF. As the extraction pH of protein was increased, the emulsion activity was also increased, but emulsion stability was decreased. SPC extracted at pH 7.0 showed the highest foaming capacity on the other hand, the highest foaming stability was shown in SPC extracted at pH 2.0. As the protein extraction pH increased, the viscosity of the protein solution was increased. SPC extracted at pH 11.0 showed highest viscosity at all protein concentrations tested.
A Study on the Development Pumpkin-Citron-Honey Drink
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 625~630
This study was conducted to develop pumpkin-citron-honey(PCH) drink. The product is made fro natural ingredients : pumpkin, citron and honey. It does not contain any kind of food additives. It's characteristics and effectiveness are as follows. The product is a water soluble pumpkin(WSP) paste from natural ingredients only. It is easily soluble in water, and becomes a PCH drink with a good taste and a beautiful color. Dried pumpkin powder and dried WSP paste powder contain β-carotene which contents are 1/3 of total carotenoids. The result of sensory evaluation of WSP paste and PCH drink showed good response to number of people.
Processing Conditions of Low-Salt Fermented Squid and Its Flavor Components 2. Effects of Temperature, Salinity and pH on the Growth of Bacteria from Isolated Low Salt Fermented Squid
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 631~635
In order to develop effective manufacturing method and to improve quality of low-salt fermented squid(10% of table salt), we investigated the effects of temperature, salinity and pH on the growth of Staphylococcus xylosus, Micrococcus varians, Pseudomonas diminuta and Pseudomonas D2 isolated from of low-salt fermented squid and the growth characteristics of these bacteria during fermentation were elucidated. All bacteria showed good growth during the process of low-salt fermented squid(pH 6~7 ; concentration of NaCl, 7~10% ; temperature, 7~1
) and their cell numbers increased as fermentation proceeded under the same fermentation condition.
Processing Conditions of Low-Salt Fermented Squid and Its Flavor Components 3. Characterization of Protease Produced by Pseudomonas D2 Isolated from Squid Jeotkal
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 636~641
Proteolytic activities were compared using three species involving in squid jeotkal fermentation and showing positive reaction upon casein test : Pseudomonas D2, Flavovacterium odoratum and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. Pseudomonas D2 produced highest activity of protease at 72h when incubated in our own modified medium(polypeptone, 0.5% ; tryptone, 0.5% ; NaCl, 3% ; pH, 7.5). Thus, this specie was selected for the further study. The growth pattern was coincided with the production of protease. Thus purification of protease was proceeded by ethanol precipitation, sephadex G-100 gel filtration, and DEAE sepharose ion exchange chromatography. The purified protease showed highest activity at pH 7.0 and 5
. The enzyme was very stable over the wide ragnes of the temperature ; even with one hour heat treatment at 7
, the enzyme showed substantial amount of the activity toward casein. In addition, the enzyme was stable over the wide range of pH. Molecular weight of the protease was determined to be 17.4 kD by SDS-PAGE.
Effects of Ingredients on Fermentation of Chinese Cabbage Kimchi
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 24, issue 4, 1995, Pages 642~650
Chinese cabbage kimchi has long been consumed as a traditional fermented food in Korea. Ingredients involved in kimchi preparation, such as red peper, garlic, ginger, green onion, and etc., influence the kimchi fermentation rate differing with kinds and amount of ingredients. In this review article, information on the kinds and amounts of these ingredients used in the extant 75 literature is given together with data for frequency and average amount of each ingredient. In addition, chemical composition, minerals and vitamins, and characteristics of the ingredients are present. Effects of ingredients on kimchi fermentation also are extensively reviewed.