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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 1996
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 1996
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Volume 1, Issue 2 - 00 1996
Selecting the target year
Effects of Pine Needle Extracts on Serum and Liver Lipid Contents in Rats Fed High Fat Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 367~373
The effects of pine needle extracts on serum and liver lipid contents were evaluated in rats. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 329
4 were divided into five groups and fed high fat diets for four weeks. Each group was administered with following pine needle extract: control, water ; WE-3, hot water extract(3% PN) ; WE-6, hot water extract(6% PN) ; AE-3, acetone extract(3% PN) ; AE-6, acetone extract(6% PN). Weight gains were significantly lower in WE-6 group than other groups. But there was no significant difference among other three groups. Intakes of diet and water containing the extract and the weights of liver, kidney, heart and spleen were not significantly different among the groups. The contents of serum and liver triglyceride in the WE-3 group were lower than those of control group. The contents of HDL-cholesterol in serum of the WE-3 group was significantly higher than other groups. The value of risk factor index(RFI) was determined to be low especially in case of WE-3 group. Due to pine needle extract administration, concentration of liver total lipid in WE-3 group was significantly lower than that of the control group. These results suggest that the WE-3 may reduce elevated levels of serum and liver lipid contents in rat fed high fat diet.
Effects of Pine Needle Extracts on Enzyme Activities of Serum and Liver, and Liver Morphology in Rats Fed High Fat Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 374~378
The effects of pine needle extracts on lipid contents and antioxidative enzyme activities in liver of rat were evaluated. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups and fed high fat diets for four weeks. Each group was administered with pine needle extract in the following doses: control, water ; WE-3, hot water extract(3% PN) ; WE-6, hot water extract(6% PN) ; AE-3, acetone extract(3% PN) ; AE-6, acetone extract(6% PN). The results obtained from the experiment were as follows: GOT activities were not significantly different among experimental groups but GPT activities were significantly low in the experimental groups compared to the control group. Liver superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity of pine needle extract administered groups was higher than that of control group. Catalase activities of liver had a similar tendency to SOD activities, but were not significantly different among the groups. Liver TBARS of WE-3 WE and AE-6 groups were slightly lower than those of other groups. Microscopic observation of liver tissue revealed that pine needle extracts increased cellular swelling, which was markedly increased in WE-6 group compared with control group.
Development of the Health Foods Containing the Extract from Pinus strobus Leave
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 379~383
To evaluate the methanol extract from Pinus strobus leave as a possible ingredient of health food, the sensory analysis and an animal experiment were designed using cookie, candy or chewing gum containing the methanol extract. Cookie, candy and chewing gum which contained 0.4%, 0.25% and 0.3% of the methanol extract, respectively, were prepared by Haitai Confectionary CO.. Sensory analysis of the products was evaluated by hedonic scale. Our results indicated that the addition of the methanol extract to the products provides better sensory perception in hedonic score and higher preference number than control, especially in candy and cookie. In the animal experiment, the chickens fed diet containing 10% of the cookie powder for 2 weeks exhibited a reduction of the serum cholesterol level by 18%, compared with the chickens fed basal diet. This result suggested that the methanol extract from P. strobus leave contained a potential ingredient to reduce the concentration of serum cholesterol. Therefore, extract from Pinus strobus leaves can be used as an ingredient of health food.
Effects of Dietary Lobster Shrimp Chitosan on Lipid Metabolism in Diet-Induced Hyperlipidemic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 384~391
This study was designed to investigate effects of lobster shrimp chitosan on serum and liver lipid levels in rats fed high fat and cholesterol diets. Male Sprague-Dawley rats of 4-weeks old, weighing 70
5g, were fed experimental diets for 3 weeks: basal diet+5% cellulose(group 1), high lipid diet+5% cellulose(group 2, control group), high lipid diet+5% balloon flower root(group 3), high lipid diet+5% cellulose(group 4, high lipid diet+5% lobster shrimp chitosan(group 5). Concentrations of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol, cholesteryl ester, triglyceride, phospholipid in serum and liver were determined. The results obtained were as followes: Serum total cholesterol concentration were significantly reduced in all supplemented group compared with control. HDL-cholesterol concentrations were higher in groups 1, 4, and 5 and the ratios of HDL-cholesterol to total cholesterol concentration were higher in groups 1, 4, while the atherogenic-indices were lower in groups 1, and 4 than control. Concentrations of LDL, LDL-cholesterol and free cholesterol, cholesteryl ester were significantly lower in all supplemented groups than the control group. Concentrations of phospholipid and triglyceride were lower in groups 3, 4, 5, while activities of GPT and GOT were significantly lower in groups 4, 5 than the other group. Concentrations of calcium, magnesium and phosphorous were high in all treatment groups compared to the control group. Liver contents of total cholesterol, free cholesterol and cholesteryl ester were lower in the groups 1, 3, 4, and 5 than in the control group, especially lower in groups 1, and 5. Liver triglyceride and phospholipid concentrations were significantly lower in the groups 1, and 5 than in the other groups. The results from the data suggested that the experimental diet containing 5% lobster shrimp chitosan was effective to reduce the serum and liver lipids.
Effects of Dietary Fibers on Cholesterol Metabolism in Cholesterol-Fed Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 392~398
This study was carried out to determine the effects of sodium alginate and cellulose on the cholesterol metabolism in cholesterol-fed rats. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to three dietary treatments. Rats were fed, ad libitum, diets containing 10% dietary fibers as sodium alginate, cellulose or fiber-free with 1% cholesterol for 4 weeks. The results obtained were as follows: the feeding of sodium alginate with 1% cholesterol induced a significant decrease in plasma cholesterol and TG. The feeding of sodium alginate significantly decreased hepatic total lipids and TG levels, whereas the feeding of sodium alginate significantly increased hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity. The feeding of sodium alginate and cellulose significantly increased fecal cholesterol and bile acid excretion. The excretion of TG in sodium alginate group, however, was two-fold and four-fold increased compared to cellulose and fiber-free group, respectively. As a result of this study, the ingestion of sodium alginate decreased plasma cholesterol and TG concentrations and liver TG concentration. This may be explained by the facts that fecal cholesterol, bile acid and TG level were increased significantly in sodium alginate group. The increased hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity by sodium alginate feeding appears to be corresponded to whole-body cholesterol homeostasis.
Effects of Stearic, Oleic and Elaidic Acid on Cellular Lipids and Their Fatty Acid Composition in Hep-
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 399~405
The effects of stearic(18 : 0, SA), oleic(18 : 1 cis, OA) and elaidic acid(18 : 1 trans, EA) on the cell growth, contents of cellular lipids, and the fatty acid composition of cellular and medium lipids in Hep-G
cells were evaluated. The cells were incubated in serum-free medium containing 25, 50, 100 and 200
M of a fatty acid combined with albumin for 2 days. The fatty acid concentration up to 100
M showed the normal growth, but the cell growth decreased in the presence of 200
M fatty acid. The treatment of cells with 100
M of a fatty acid for two days significantly(p<0.05) increased the cellular triglyceride(TG) content in all fatty acid groups compared to control, but TG contents was not significantly different among all treatment group, but total cholesterol(TC) was the highest level in EA group. The level of free cholesterol(FC) and cholesteryl ester(CE) was similar to those of TC in all fatty acid treated group. The cellular phospholipid(PL) contents were similar between the control and all fatty acid groups. The treatment of cells with SA has no notable effects on the fatty acid composition of TG, CE and PL. The OA treatment caused significant increases in CE(51.2%) and PL(29.8%), but not in TG. The EA treatment resulted in 10.1, 10.7 and 7.8% of
content in cellular TG, CE, and PL. The TG, CE and PL of medium were relatively similar between SA and OA groups. In EA treated group, TG, CE and PL of medium contained 17.0%, 0.7% and 5.6% of
Differences between Estimated and Analyzed Contents of Sodium and Potassium in the Salt-Restricted Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 406~414
This study was undertaken to evaluate estimated and analyzed contents of sodium and potassium in the salt-restricted diet using "Food exchange sheet fro control of protein, sodium and potassium" for renal disease patients. Average food intake per day in the salt-restricted diet was 2, 241.2
68.4g, and water content of meals per day was 2, 082.7
144.3g including 297.7
91.1g of metabolic water from protein, fat and carbohydrate. Fried food showed higher weight change than that of the other kinds of food during cooking. Estimated and analyzed content of sodium were 656.4
195.3mg, respectively ; those of potassium were 2, 198.3
37.3mg, 2, 142.3
162.4mg, respectively. Fried squid showed the lowest content of analyzed sodium and potassium compared with the estimated contents. The highest content of sodium was honeyed juice with apple, whereas the highest content of potassium was Mulkimchi. There was also no significant differences between analyzed and estimated content of sodium, as in case of potassium(p<0.05). Side dish and main dish made great contribution to sodium contents and the side dish and dessert were major source for potassium.potassium.
Evaluation of Necessity of Clinical Nutrition Education in the Medical School Curriculum
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 415~422
This study was conducted to evaluate the necessity of clinical nutrition education in the medical school curriculum. One hundred and eighty five medical school students, residents, nurses, and forty undergraduate students majoring in food science and nutrition were involved in this study. The survey included questions about nutritional knowledge, necessity of nutrition counseling, necessity of clinical nutrition and nutritional attitudes. The nutritional knowledge scores of the subjects in medical school and residents were significantly lower than those of the students majoring in food science and nutrition. Subjects of 91.3% strongly agreed to the necessity of nutrition counseling for patients ; 78.9% agreed that the present nutrition education in medical schools was inadequate. Most subjects (94.1%) agreed that clinical nutrition was an important field in the treatment of diseases. The medical profession is facing the challenges of the 1990s with the shift to outpatient care and preventative services. Clinical nutrition is an essential element in the process of curriculum change. The nutrition educator will be expected to take a leading role in integrating clinical nutrition into medical school curriculum.
The Study of the Relationship between Food Habits and Bone State in the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 423~432
To investigate the effect of food habits on the bone state of the senior citizens, two groups were tested: one(111 senior citizens) was healthy ordinary senior citizens over 65 years old and the other(51 senior citizens) was patients distinguished as having osteoporosis. The present dietary intake was estimated by a 24-hr recall method, and individual history. For the data analysis, percentages and frequencies were calculated and χ²-test was undertaken to test the relation among values. The following results were obtained: patient group with osteoporosis was less in height and weight than the group of ordinary senior citizens(160.33cm, 59.99kg). It was much less than the average Korean senior citizens(158cm, 54.9kg). Food appetite in the group of patient was worse than that of ordinary senior citizens group. According to their dietary history(58.8%), the food intake pattern was most of vegetables(62.0%). Eventhough they haven't been intaken milk after recognizing of their osteoporosis(74.5%). Most of them didn't improve their food habits to help Ca metabolism. Also they have depress of their life(50%). All subjects certainly took insufficient energy, Ca, protein from their diets. Moreover the major source of Ca were vegetables, seaweeds and legumes.
The Relationship between Serum Cholesterol Level and Dietary Intake in Obese Children
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 433~440
To assess the relationship between serum cholesterol level and dietary intake in obese children, 50 subjects were selected as an obese group and 50 subjects as a normal group depending upon body mass index. Fasting blood samples were obtained and analyzed for serum total cholesterol(TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDLC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDLC) and triglyceride(TG). The dietary intake and information on dietary behavior and family environment were obtained by questionaire using 24 hour dietary recall method for 2-consecutive days. The concentrations of TC, LDLC, HDLC and TG of obese group were estimated to be 193.3mg/dl, 122.5mg/dl, 53.7mg/dl and 86.0mg/dl, respectively. The obese group showed higher TC, LDLC, TG level(p<0.001) and lower HDLC level(p<0.001) than normal group. Food intakes in obese group were similar to those of normal group except meats & fishes(P<0.01), milk & dairy products, fruits(p<0.05), and green & yellow vegetables(p<0.001). Nutrient intakes in obese group exceeded Korean recommended dietary allowance for the corresponding ages. Saturated fatty acid(p<0.05) and cholesterol(p<0.001) intakes in obese group were higher than those of normal group. In correlation analysis, meats & fishes, eggs and milk & dairy products intakes were positively related to serum TC, LDLC and TG ; on the contrary, green & yellow vegetables and fruits intakes were negatively related to serum TC, LDLC and TG ; but positively to HDLC. Obesity index, serum cholesterol level, cholesterol and saturated fatty acid intake were positively correlated with parent's obesity index, frequency of snack per day, eating rate and late snack.
Factors Affecting the Photooxidative Stability of Soymilk
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 441~452
The effects of chlorophyll, tocopherols(
-tocopherol), carotenoids (
-carotene and lutein), light sources, light intensities and strage temperatures on the photooxidative stability of soymilk were studied by measuring TBA value and depleted headspace oxygen(DHO) of soymilk. The samples were stored in the light storage box for 6 days and evaluated for the photooxidative stabilities. As the concentrations of chlorophyll increased, TBA value and DHO of the sample increased significantly(p<0.05), indicating chlorophyll acting as a photosensitizer. However, as the concentrations of tocopherols (
-tocopherol) and carotenoids (
-carotene and lutein) increased, TBA values and DHO of the samples decreased significantly(p<0.05). The light screening effects of carotenoids on DHO in the samples were not significantly different from the control at p>0.05. Therefore, there was no light screening effects of carotenoids on the oxidative stability of soymilk. The results indicate that tocopherols and carotenoids reduce the photooxidative stability of soymilk.
-Tocopherol was the most effective in photosensitized oxidation followed by
-tocopherols in the order of increasing stability.
-Carotene was significantly(p<0.05) more effective than lutein in minimizing the chlorophyll-sensitized photooxidation of soymilk. Visible light was more effective than UV light in decreasing the photooxidative stability of soymilk. Therefore, photooxidation of soymilk containing chlorophyll is mainly due to photosensitized oxidation rather than photolysis reaction. As the intensities of fluorescence light increased, TBA values and DHO of the samples increased significantly at P<0.05. However, as the storage temperatures increased, TBA values and DHO of soymilk did not change significantly at p>0.05.
Changes in Quality of Soybean Curd Residue as Affected by Different Drying Methods
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 453~459
This study was carried out to determine the changes in quality during the drying process and the optimum drying condition for utilizing soybean curd residue. The quality criteria for soybean curd residue were acid value, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and microbial concentration. The acid values of soybean curd residue were 7.5, 4.5 and 5.9 KOH mg/g upon 12 hour drying with open-air sun, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast, respectively. The numbers of total aerobic bacteria and molds increased remarkably during drying with open-air sunlight, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast except for hot air blast. Among different drying methods, the hot air blast drying(1kg of sample) was the most effective methods, which completed in three hours. Also, the drying method demonstrated a typical drying curve ; settling down, constant rate drying and falling rate drying period were shown within one hour, from one and three hours and after three hours, respectively. Moreover, there was significant variation in the constant drying period for the quality of soybean curd residue.
Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Anchovy Added Kimchi
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 460~469
This study was intended to observe the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of anchovy added kimchi during fermentation at 4
for 4 weeks. Salting of Chinese cabbage for 10 hours at 10% brine solution was turned out to be appropriate organoleptically for kimchi preparation. Salt content of all kimchies prepared in this study was below 2%. The changes of pH and acidity during fermentation was slow in raw anchovy added kimchi compared to other kimchies. The content of vitamin C was not changed significantly through the fermentation period, whereas the content of reducing sugar was increased at the early stage of fermentation and subsequently decreased as fermentation proceeded. The number of lactic acid bacteria was the highest in raw anchovy added kimchi. The content of calcium and phosphorus were higher in anchovy powder added kimchi and raw anchovy added kimchi than control. In the early stage of fermentation, the major pigments of kimchi were the chlorophyll and carotenoid, but in the later stage of fermentation, the color of Chinese cabbage became greenish brown as chlorophyll was converted to pheophytin. In sensory evaluation test, raw anchovy added kimchi received high score at the early stage of fermentation and anchovy powder added kimchi at the late stage of fermentation, respectively.
The Changes of Pectic Substances and Enzyme Activity, Texture, Microstructure of Anchovy Added Kimchi
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 470~477
This study was intended to observe the changes of pectic substances and enzyme activities, texture, microstructure of anchovy added kimchi during fermentation for 4 weeks at 4
. Content of alcohol insoluble solid(AIS) and HCl soluble pectin(HClSP) were decreased, whereas content of hot water soluble pectin(HWSP) was increased during fermentation. Content of HClSP was higher and HWSP was lower in anchovy added kimchi than control. Activity of pectinesterase(PE) was decreased, whereas activity of polygalacturonase(PG) was increased during fermentation. In anchovy added kimchi, PG activity was lower than control. Changes in microstructure of Chinese cabbage and kimchi during fermentation was lower than control. Changes in microstructure of Chinese cabbage and kimchi during fermentation was observed ; in the raw cabbage, parenchyma cells, intercellular space and middle lamella were clearly shown. But in salted cabbage, middle lamella became separated. In the late stage of fermentation, parenchyma cell walls were wrinkled and collapsed. Puncture forces of kimchi were decreased, whereas cutting forces of kimchi were increased as fermentation proceeded. The firmness was slightly higher in anchovy added kimchi than control at the late stage fermentation, which may be explained by the PG activity.
The Aroma Components of Green Tea, the Products of Mt. Chiri Garden
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 478~483
The aroma components of Korean green tea in the south western part of Mt. Chiri prepared by the traditional method from native variety were analyzed using GC and GC-MS. The patterns on GC chromatograms of the three samples from the flushes plucked in early spring were similar, though they are prepared by different producers in the area of Hadong-kun, Kyung sang nam-do. A total of 51 aroma compounds were identified in all samples. Main component in the aroma compounds of these teas were geraniol, benzyl alcohol, 2-phenylethanol,
-ionone, benzyl cyanide and linalool oxides. The aroma components of green teas manufactured by the different plucking periods were also compared. The amounts of geraniol, typical rose floral aroma were particularly decreased in the final plucking period. The amounts of pyrazines and furfuryl alcohol, typical roasted aroma and nutty aroma were slightly increased in later plucking period.
Physicochemical Quality of Boiled-Dried Anchovies during Post-Irradiation Period
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 484~490
Physicochemical changes were determined for the boiled-dried anchovies packaged in a laminated film(nylon 15
) and stored for one year at ambient and cooling(5~1
) temperatures after gamma irradiation. Lipophilic and hydrophilic browning pigments increased with storage time particularly at ambient temperature, even though initial 5 kGy irradiation did not affect the formation of pigments significantly. This results were confirmed by the instrumental color determinations, Hunter color L, a, b and ΔE. With respect to changes in relative fatty acid compositions, storage period and temperature were more influential factors than gamma irradiation. Irradiation at 5 kGy induced insignificant changes in the total flavor profiles of stored anchovies, which were mainly composed of n-dodecanal(26.7%), n-pentadecane(22.2%), n-octanal(4.9%) and 2-pentylfuran(3.4%).
Genotoxicological Safety of the Gamma-Irradiated Korean Red Ginseng In vitro
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 491~496
This experiment was performed to determine the safety of the Korean red ginseng irradiated with gamma rays with respect to genotoxicity. Ethanol extracts of the 5 and 10 kGy gamma-irradiated red ginseng were examined in two short-term in vitro tests : (1) Salmonella typhimurium reversion assay(Ames test) in strain TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 (2) Micronucleus test in cultured Chinese hamster ovary(CHO) cells. No mutagenicity was detected in the two assays with or without metabolic activation. It was suggested that the Korean red ginseng irradiated with gamma rays did not cause genotoxicity in vitro. Further tests of genotoxicity in vivo, chronic and reproductive toxicity should be carried out to determine whether it is safe to irradiate Korean red ginseng with practical doses of gamma rays.
Chemical Properties and Fatty Acid Composition of Layers of Rice Grain
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 497~503
In order to obtain basic data for the preparation of rice flour, chemical properties of grain layers were compared using Chucheongbyeo and Samgangbyeo, which are Japonica and Tongil type rice, respectively. The amylose contents of L6(center) layer in two different type of rice were the highest among 6 layers of rice grain tested. Reduction in amylose content was observed as the layer reached the surface, resulting in the lowest amylose content in the L0 layer. Amylose contents of L6 layer of Chucheongbyeo and Sangangbyeo were 3 and 2.2 times higher than those of L1 layer, respectively. Crude protein content of the L2 layer was the highest among 6 layers of rice grain tested and 2.2~2.5 times higher than that of whole milled rice. Crude fat content of grain layer was reduced as reaching the center layer. The crude fat contents of L6 layer of grain were 0.21% and 0.25% in Chucheongbyeo and Samgangbyeo, respectively. Most of free and bound lipids in L0 layer of two different rices were 69 : 31 and 79.5 : 20.5, respectively. Bound lipid content of grain layers increased as reaching the center layer. Major fatty acids in free lipids of both cultivars were linoleic acid, oleic acid, and palmitic acid. Linoleic acid content was higher than oleic acid in Chucheongbyeo, but oleic acid content was higher in Samgangbyeo. Palmitic and myristic acid contents of Chucheongbyeo were higher than those of Samgangbyeo, but stearic and linolenic acid contents were lower than those of Samgangbyeo.
Effect of Microwave Reheating on the Quality of Cooked Rice
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 504~512
Changes in quality of cooked rice after microwave reheating were evaluated. Ceramic coated microwave oven reduced a reheating time(1 min). Storage temperature, storage time and microwave reheating did not affect the color value of cooked rice after microwave reheating. Hardness of cooked rice after microwave reheating decreased in frozen storage treatment. Photomicrographs of cross-section of cooked rice after microwave reheating showed restoration of starch. Effect of storage temperature and time were not significant in appearance, aroma, taste and texture of cooked rice after microwave reheating for sensory evaluation test.
Alcohol Fermentation of Ripe Pumpkin(Cucubita moschata Duch.) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 513~518
In order to investigate the characteristics of alcohol fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae, compositions and free sugar content of dried riped pumpkin powder were determined. The proximate compositions of ripe pumpkin powder were as follows: moisture 11.98%, total sugar 62.18%(dried weight basis 70.64%), protein 13.38%, lipid 0.85%, fiber 7.07% and ash 4.54%. The compositions of free sugar in well ripe pumpkin were: glucese 85.36mg/g, fructose 40.68mg/g, sucrose 68.25mg/g, lactose 18.60mg/g and maltose 3.82mg/g. The optimum conditions for alcohol fermentation by S. cerevisiae were as follows; incubation temperature of 3
, initial pH of 6.0, ripe pumpkin powder concentration of 10% and cells inoculation of 1.3
cells/ml liquid medium. Ethanol production under the optimum conditions was 5.95g/100g in liquid medium containing 10% ripe pumpkin powder after 4 days incubation.
Isolation of Kaempferol Glycoside from Lindera sericea and Anti-inflammatory Effect
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 519~522
From the leaves of Lindera sericea Bl., kaempferol-3,7-0-di-a-L-rhamnopyranoside was isolated and characterized by spectral data and acid hydrolysis. This compound is reported for the first time from this plant. The content of kaempferol glycoside was high in May and June, and low in the fall. And the methoanolic extract of title plant showed the inhibitory effect on carrageenin-induced edema.
Screening of Medicinal Plants on the Anti-inflammatory Effect and Active Component
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 523~528
The anti-inflammatory effect of the methanolic extracts of some medicinal plants was investigated on the hydrolysis of N-benzoylarginine-p-nitroanilide by trypsin in vitro, the writhing syndrome induced by acetic acid in mice, and the carrageenin-induced paw edema in rats. Among tested medicinal plants, the methanoilc extract of Angelica keiskei, Rosa rugosa and Cudrania tricuspidata showed significant inhibitory effect. And we also found that adenosine, isolated from A. keiskei was identified as one active components.
Effects of some Antibrowning Agent on Onion Juice Concentrate
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 529~534
Using cystine, ascorbic acid and citric acid, retarding and synergistic effect on the browning reaction of onion juice concentrate was evaluated. Cysteine retarded the browning reaction most effectively followed by citric acid ; on the contrary, ascorbic acid accelerated rather than retarded the reaction at the concentration of 0.1%. The retarding effect of cysteine increased abruptly up to concentration of 0.3% and remained unchanged. Citric acid acted more effectively than ascorbic acid in terms of synergism. The browning reaction of onion juice concentrate exhibited activation energies of 62J/mol with cysteine and citric acid as compared to 73J/mol for control.
was determined to be 2.52 and 2.38 for control, 2.2 and 2.09 for treatment in the temperature range of 30~4
The Quality Characteristics of Chinese Cabbage Kimchi around Masan Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 535~538
To investigate the quality characteristics of kimchi around Masan area, home made and commercial kimchi samples were collected from December 1994 to June 1995. The weight of a head of Chinese cabbage was 3.0kg after purchasing and reduced to 2.36kg after salting. Home made kimchi showed a little higher pH and titratable acidity than those of commercial kimchi in winter. Salt concentration of home made kimchi in winter was 3.69%, and higher than that of commercial kimchi. Color of home made kimchi was higher in L, a and b than that of commercial kimchi in winter and spring. The pH of commercial kimchi was lower about 0.3 than that of home made kimchi in spring. Home made kimchi in spring showed about 0.3% higher salt concentration than that of commercial kimchi.
Dietary Fiber and Large Bowel Cancer
Oku, Tsuneyuki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 25, issue 3, 1996, Pages 539~549
Large bowel cancer correlates tightly to dietary factors such as dietary fiber and fat. Dietary fiber prevents the large bowel cancer in different modes of action which depend upon physicochemical and fermentable properties. Water-soluble fiber is fermented easily by intestinal microbes producing short chain fatty acids ; in contrast, water-insoluble fiber occurs effectively more rapid transit time due to greater bulk of gut content, though it is unfermentable. Not only short chain fatty acid is utilized in the proximal and distal colon as primary energy source, but also it lowers pH in the colon to normalize cellular differentiation and helps to stimulate peri staltic movement by acting as an osmotic laxative. In particular, butyric acid may also regulate gene expression and cell growth, though it is an important respiratory fuel for the colonocyte. Since dietary fiber and non-digestible oligosaccharides are the major source of butyric acid, this provides a possible link between dietary fiber and oligosaccharide and prevention of large bowel cancer. But, as with many links between dietary fiber and large bowel cancer, a direct casual association has not been established. In addition, RDA of dietary fiber which is 20~25g/day for adult Japanese, appears to be reasonable for the defecation once daily and the prevention of large bowel cancer.