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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Trace Metal Contents in Fishes and Shellfishes and Their Safety Evaluatins
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 549~554
This study was carried out to estimate the contents of trace metals in the fishes and shellfishes available on Korean markets. The maples were digested with acids, then analyzed by ICP (INductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometer) and AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrometer) for the contents of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn). The contents of mercury (Hg) were determined using a mercury analyzer. The contents of trace metals [minimum~ maximum (mean), mg/kg] in fishes were as follows; Hg;0.004~0.500(0.082), Pb;N.D.~ 1.87 (0.29), Cd;N.D. ~0.094 (0.020), As;0.01~5045 (0.84), Cu;0.04~3.74 (0.66), Mn; N.D. ~7.56 (0.57), Zn;0.92~18.33(6.03). Those contents in shellfishes were as follows (mg/kg); Hg;N.D.~0.221 (0.029), Pb;0.01~1.51 (0.38), Cd;0.02~1.93 (0.51), As;0.18~3.07 study showed that trace metal contents in both fishes and shellfishes on our markets of lead, cadmium and mercury from fishes and shellfishes takes about 1~13% of PTWI(Provisional Tolerable Weekly Intakes) that FAO/WHO Joint Food Additive and Contaminants Committee has set to evaluate their safeties.
Analysis of Anthocyanin Pigments from Purple-Fleshed Sweet Potato (Jami)
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 555~560
Anthocyanin pigments of purple-fleshed sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) were extracted with methanol containing 1% HCL and purified with Amberlite IRC-50 cation exchange resin column chromatography. ndividual pigments were isolated by paper chromatography. Among the four bands obtained by paper chromatography, three major bands were identified to be pure pigments by HPLC system. Two pigments were identified through the analysis of acyl moiety, sugar moiety, alkaline degradation products of aglycone, Rf value of paper chromatogram and retention time of HPLC. The anthocyanin pigments of purple-fleshed weet potato seemed to be composed of peonidin-3-diglucoside-5-glucoside acylated with caffeic or ferulic acids.
The Effect of Far Infrared Ray-Vacuum Drying on the Quality Changes of Pimpinella bracycarpa
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 561~567
This study was conducted to determine the effect of far infrared-vacuum drying on the quality changes of Pimpinella bracycarpa, such as drying efficiency (weight loss), color differences, browning degrees, rehydration and sensory evaluation. Wehn Pimpinella bracycarpa was dried for designated time at 5
, drying time of far infrared-vacuum drying was decreased more than 17% compared to that of infrared drying. The color changes increased as drying temperature increased and far infrared-vacuum drying made less color changes than infrared drying. Also, the total microbial counts and the number of yeast and mold were gradually reduced as drying temperature increased and drying time was longer, but there was no significant differences in microbial changes among drying methods. The rehydration rates of Pimpinella bracycarpa increased as drying temperature increased and was better at far infrared-vacuum drying than infrared drying. Also, according to the sensory evaluation after rehydration of Pimpinella bracycarpa, the hihger scores were obtained at lower temperature and far infrared-vacuum drying, especially the color was obtained much hihger score in the far infrared-vacuum drying than infrared drying. Thus, the results showed that drying efficiency and stability of rehydration and color changes was increased and the quality deterioration of Pimpinella bracycarpa could be minimized by using far infrared-vacuum drying.
Formation of Oxidative Cleavage from Phytofluene by Autoxidation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 568~574
Phytofluene was subjected to ozonolysis in ice-cold dichloromethane. The ozonolysis products were fractionated with a silica column and the carbonyl fraction was analyzed by ODS-HPLC with a photodiode array detector. Phytofluene was solubilized in 5% tween 40, and then oxidized by incubating under dim yellow light at 37
, 24 hr with continuous shaking. Carbonyl compound and acidic compound were produced. In comparison with autoxidation and ozonolysis, each compound showed the same retention time and UV-vis spectra were identical to the reference cleavage products prepared by ozeonolysis of phytofluene. Absorption spectrum of acidic compound was similar to that of standard 4,5-didehydrogeranyl geranyl acid which is known to possess biological activity. Thus, eccentric cleavage of phytofluene was confirmed to occur in vitro under oxidation condition.
Changes in Quality Characteristics of Traditional Kochujang Prepared with Apple and Persimmon during Fermentation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 575~581
Quality characteristics of kochujang prepared with appleand persimmon were investigated during 14 weeks of fermentation. The water activity decreased slightly during fermentation and was higher in kochujang (I) prepared with apple than in kochujang (II) prepared with presimmon. The reducing sugar contents increased from 10.95% in kochujang (I) and 10.30% in kochujang (II) to 16.68, 19.14% after 10 weeks of fermentation, respectively. The free sugar contents in kochujang (I) were maltose 10.55, glucose 8.47 and fructose, 3.02% after 12 weeks of fermentation. The free sugar content in kochujang (II) were maltose 10.55, glucose 21.65, glucose 8.71 and fructose 2.98 after 6 weeks of fermentation. The major free sugar in kochujang (I) and (II) was maltose. The organic acids detected in kochujangs were citric, malic, lactic and oxalic acids. The contents of citric acid and malic acid were higher than other acids in both kochujangs. The contents of total free amino acids were 187.59~420.94 mg% in kochujang (I) and 154.67~316.93 mg% in kochujang (II). The contents of aspartic acid, proline and glutamic acid were high in kochujang (I) and (II).
The Flavor Components of Korean Cnidium officinale Makino
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 582~585
This study was performed to identify the flavor compnenets of Korean Cnidium officinale M.. The extraction of the flavor compounds of Cnidium officinale M. was accomplished by a simultaneous distillation and extraction method using a Likens and Nickerson's extraction apparatus. The concentrated extract was analyzed and identified by gas chromatography and GC-mass spectrometry. The change of the 림팩 contents in each samples was determined in terms of two different storage conditions. The flavor contents of sample at low temperature storage were higher than those at room temperature storage, and increased until storage period of 70 days. The major components of Cnidium officinale M. were terpene compounds including α-pinene, β -selinene, γ-selinene, and phthalides including butylidenephthalide, cnidilide, neocnidilide, senkyunolide A, ligustilide, which are believed to contribute to the characteristic flavor of the Cnidium officinale M.. Especially, great amount of cnidilide and ligustilide was shown in sample of low temperature storage.
Effect of Hydrocolloids on Physicochemical, Textural and Seneory properties of Pork Patties
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 586~591
This study was conducted to investigate the effect on quality of low fat pork patties containing various hydrocoloids such as sodium alginate, carboxymethy1 cellulose (CMC) and zanthan gum. Moisture contents of raw, cooked and reheated patties of control patty (20% fat) were lower than those of the hydrocolloids-added patties, and fat content patties was higher than other patties. Colors of raw and reheated patties were not different among four kinds of patties, but L-value of cooked patty adding sodium alginate and b-value of control patty were low significantly in comparison with other patties. Cooking and final yield of hydrocolloids-added patties was high significantly in comparison with control patty. Fat retention of cooked control patty was lower than hydrocolloids-added patties, and fat retentions of retention four kinds of patties were 89.7~93.1%. Hardness of cooked and reheated patties adding xanthan gum was low significantly in comparison with other patties, and chewiness was high in theorder of control patty, CMC, sodium alginate and xanthan gum. In case of water holding capacity, cooked and reheated hydrocolloids-added patties, and juiciness was superior in the order of xanthan gum, sodium alginate, CMC and control patty. On the whole, textural and sensory characteristics of patties containing hydrocolloids were superior to control patty.
Effects of Sepiae os Addition on the Quality of Kimchi durong Fermentation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 592~596
This study was carried out investigate the effect of sepiae as on the kimchi ferentation. Quality indices were pH, titratable acidity, reducing sugar content, microbial counts, and redness kimchi juice. Sepiae as retarded the decreasing rate of pH and the increasing rate of titratable acidity in kimchi during fermentation at 1
, and the effect was more conspicouous at 1.5% than at 0.5%. Kimchi added with 1.5% sepiae as maintained a similar pH and titratable acidity after 5 days. Microbial counts of total and lactic bacteria were higher in sepiae os added kimchi than control control. Regardless of the of sepoae os, the redness of kimchi juice was gradually increased during storage.
volatile Flavor Components in Various Varieties of Apple (Molus pumila M.)
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 597~605
This study was investigated to compare the volatile flavor components in fuji, tsugaru, hongro and jonathan (Malus pumila M.). In the results of analyzing the volatie components of four varieties apples with GC-FID and GC/MS, 100, 68, 85 and 94 volatiles were identified in fuji, tsugaru, hongro and jonathan apples, respectively. Hexanal, butanol, (E)-2-hexenal, hexanol,3-methy-1-butanol, ethy1actate, ethyl butyrate, 2-methybutyl acetate and hexy1 acetate were major flavor components in the four varieties of apple, though there were several differences in composition of colatiles.
Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA Analysis of Listeria Species Isolated from Foods in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 606~614
This study was carried out for comparing Listeria strains developing genetic markers for Listeroa strains using Listeria sp. genetic markers using Randomly Amlymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis method. Five of RAPD promers (OPA-01, OP-26-01, OP-26-02, OPB-01, OP-26-10) showed the distinctive polymorphism among Kisteria sp. isolated from domestic foods. RAPD-PCR with five arbitrary primers produced 76 DNA polymorphism. Among them, OPA-01 and OP-26-01 primers produced about 1.5kb and 0.7 kb amplified DNA fragments for all the Listeric relationships of Listeria sp. using NTSYS program were grouped into 7 clusters and showed 0.54 to 0.93 similarity among strains. Especially, No. 3 and No. 20 isolates showed the genetically most similar relationship by 0.94, and No. 7 and No. 24, or No. 7 and N0. 45 isolates showed the least similarty by 0.54 From these results, RAPD analysis method deemed to be successfully applied the classification and genetic analysis for Listeria sp. isolates.
Changes in the Conrent of Chlorophylls and Their Derivatives in Brined Korean Cabbages Added with Ingredients during Sorage
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 615~623
The brine Korea cabbage (BKC) with various ingredients was stored at 5
for 13 days to examine the changes in pH, total acidity, ascorbic, and cholrophylls. Decrease in pH and increase in total acidity in the BKC stored at 15
were greater than in the BKC stored at 5
, indicating these changes are closely related to the storage temperature. The effect of ingredints was various; garlic, red pepper powder, and fermented anchovy juice accelerated the decrease in pH and increase in total acidity; mustard powder and leaf mustard suppressed their changes and freen onion and ginger had no effect. At both temperatures, ascorbic acid was remained at high level in the BKC with leaf mustard, but it was maintained at lowest level in the BKC with ferented anchovy juice. Degradation od chlorophylls was slow in the BKC with leaf mustard, which maintained the high level os ascorbic acid during storage. Meanwhilr the degradation of chlorophylls or production of pheophytin and pheophorbide was cinsistent with the production of acid. These results suggset that degradation of chlorophylls in a BKC was positively correlated with ascorbic acid content and the acid produced during storage.
Effects of Hinokitiol Extract of Tunja orientalis on Shelf-life of Bread
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 624~628
Effects of hinokitiol extract Tunja orientalis [5 g/leaf (0.603 mg as hinokitiol), 50 g/leaf (6.03 mg as hinokitiol) and 10 g/prop distillation extract (1.378 mg as hinokitiol)] on shelf-life of bread were investigated. The contents of hinokitiol of leaf and prop and prop in tunja orientalis were 12.06 mg/100g and 13.78 mg/100 g. Added hinokitiol extract of Tunja orientalis on bread inhibited the growth of bacteria and fungi, and the more hinokitiol extract of Tunja orientalis was add, the higher degree of inhibition of those was observed. Results of sensory evaluation showed that there was no significant differ in each treatment and control (no add hinokitiol extract). These results suggest that the shelf-life of bread was extended by hinokitiol extract of Tunja orientalis.
Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Changes of Chemical Compounds in the Processing of Fermented Shrimp with Law Salt
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 629~634
The effects of gamma irradiation on changes of chemical compounds of fermented shromp with low salt were studied. The shirmp was salted NaCl concentration of 10%, 15% and 20%, and irradiated at 0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0kGy. Amino nitrogen (AN), volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), trimethylamine (TMA) and neutral protease acivity were examined during ferentation at 15
. A sample with 30% salt concontration was also prepared as a control. The initial contents of AAN, VBN, TMA and protease acitivity were not affected by gamma irradiation. The contents of AN, VBN and TMA were incteased with fermentation period. But, the more increased NaCl concentrations and the higher irradiation dose, the loss increased content of chemical compounds and protease activity were found. Protease was increased until 4~5 weeks and then decreased gradually. The results showed that the chemical compounds and protease activity of salted abd fermeted shrimp prepared with 15% NaCl contentration and 10 kGy irradiation dose, or 20% and 5 kGy or higher were maintained the appropriate level of quality up to 10 weeks of storage compared with the control.
preparation of Sauce from Enzymatic Hydrolysates of Cod Frame Protein
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 635~641
In order to utilize the protein source from a fish proessing by-product, cod was hydrolyzed with various enzymes such as tuna pyloric caeca crude enzyme (TPCCE), a-chymotrypsin, trypsin, papain and pronase E. The TPCCE hydrolysate acquired the highest sensory properties on taste, odor and color. The resultant cod rfame protein hydrolysate (CFPH) which was hydrolyzed with TPCCE, was separated through a series of ultrafiltration membranes with molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) of 30, 10, 5 and 1 kDa, and four types of permeates in cluding 30 K (permeate from 30 kDa membrane), 10 K (permeate from 10 kDa membrane), 5 K (permeate from 5 kDa membrane) and 1 K (permeate from 1 kDa membrane) were obtained. The natural sauces were prepared with 30 K, 10 K, 5 K and 1 K hydrolysate, and the sauce prepared with 1 K hydrolysate was the best score in sensory evaluations. In addition the mixed sauce prepared with 1 K hydrolysate and commercial soy sauce was similar to commercial sauce in sensory properties. These results suggest that the mixed sauce would be utilized as the substitute of acid-hydrolysis sauce.
Quality Properties of Fish Paste Prepared with Refined Dietary Fiber from Ascidian (Halocynthia roretzi) Tunic
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 642~646
Fish paste was prepared to enhance physiological functions by adding 2.5, 5 and 10% dietary fiber isolated from ascidian (halocynthia roretzi) tunic. Hardness, adhesiveness, gumminess, chewiness and shear force of the fish paste were increased with addition of the dietary fiber. Water activity and Hunter's color values of the fish paste were not significantly changed by addition of the dietary fiber. Results of sensory evaluation indicated that no difference was observed in color, texture and overall acceptance (p<0.05). However, the fish paste with 5% dietary fiber scored the highest and was generally preferred by sensory panels.
Monitoring of Maillard Reaction Characteristics under Various Roasting Conditions of Polygonatum odoratum Root
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 647~654
Response surface methodology (RSM) was used for monitoring the changes in browning reaction and organoleptic quality of roasted Polygonatum roots under various of roasting conditions. Total free sugar decreased up to 13
, but increased above 13
. The amounts of total free amino acids decreased in proportional to the roasting temperature and time. Theronine, glycine and serine decreased by about 91~94% under the roasting conditions. Browning color intensity of water extracts increased with the roasting time up to around 18 min, but decreased over 18 min. The optimum conditions based on overall palatability of the roasted Polygonatum roots were 13
and 15 to 25 min. Organoleptic qualities of the roasted samples showed higher correlations with the changes in free amino acids.
Effects of Electron Beam Irradiation on the Quality of Kochujang Powder
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 655~662
Electron beam (EB) irradiation was applied to study microbial decontamination effects for kochujang powder by determining their microbiological and physicochemical qualities over gamma ray (GR) irradiation. The samples showed a high microbial population, such as 105~106 CFU/g of total aerobic bacteria, negative of yeasts & molds and coliforms. Total bacterial counts were decreased by 1~2 log cycles with EB irradiation at 5~7.5 kGy, and 10 kGy irradiation was enough to improve the microbiological quality by reducing populations to below 104CFU/g, which was similar to gamma energy. Such doses were effective for controlling the microbial growth in stored samples during storage for 4 months at room temperature. Decimal reduction doses (D10 value) on initial bacterial populations were 2.88~3.02 kGy in EB and 3.57~3.59 kGy in GR, which were influenced by initial populations and energy types applied. Based upon the above results, 7.5~10 kGy irradiation caused negligible changes in Hunter's color, capsaicin, fatty acid composition and organoleptic qualities. Considering the quality changes resulting from subsequent storage, such as a decrease in capsanthin content and an increase in TBA value in the samples, it is recommendable to irradiate kochujang powder at 7.5~10 kGy when used for food processing.
Processings of Intermediate Flavoring Substance from Low-Utilized Longfinned Squid
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 663~668
To develop natural intermediate flavoring substances, optimal processing conditions and qualities for two stage enzyme hydrolysate (TSEH) from low-utilized small longfinned squid were investigated. The optimal conditions for TSEH method were found as digestion with Alcalase (0.2% w/w-sample, pH 8.0) at 55
3 hours at the 1st stage and with Neutrase (exo-peptidase, 0.2% w/w-sample, pH 6.0) at 45
for 2~3 hours at the 2nd stage. Among the method of water extract, autolytic extract and various kinds yields, transparency and organoleptic taste. From the results of chemical experiments and sensory evaluation, longfinned squid TSEH is flavorable as the natural intermediate taste-active substances for fisheries products such as soup base, squid-taste pasty and snacks.
The Effect of Puerariae thubergiana Bentham Extract on Brain Tissue in Alcohol-Treated Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 669~675
This study investigated the effect of Puerariae Flos (PF; flower of Puerariae plant) and Puerariae Radix (PR; root of Puerariae plant) water extracts on the activities on the activities of ethanol-metabolizing enzymes and free radical generating/scavenging enzymes of brain in ethanol-treated rats. Five groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered ethanol (25%, v/v) 5 g/kg body weight/day, and sacrificed 5 weeks post treatment. PF and PR water extracts were supplemented in a diet based on 1.2g (I) or 2.4 g (II) raw PF or PR/kg body weight/day. Alcohol dehydrogenase activity of brain was significantly lowered in PF of PR groups, whereas aldehyde dehydrogenase activity was significantly higher in PR groups than those of control and PF groups. Cytochrome P-450 content, aminopyrine D-methylase and aniline hydroxylase activities were decreased in both PF and PR groups compared to control group. Aldehyde oxidase and xanthine oxidase activities tended to decrease by Puerariae plant extract supplemented goups and degree of decrease predominated in PRI. Superoxide dismutase and glutathione S-transferase activities were increased in PF or PR groups, whereas glutathione peroxidase and catalase activities were significantly decrased by Puerariae plant extracts supplement. These results indicated that supplementation of PF or PR lowers free radical generating enzymes activities. It was suggested that the activities of ethanol metabolizing emzymes and antioxidant enzymes in brain can be enhanced by PF or PR supplement in ethanol-treated rats.
Effect of Dandelion Leaf Extracts on Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed High Cholesterol Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 676~682
The effect of dandelion leaf extracts on lipid metabolism was investigated in high cholesterol-fed rats. Four groups of rats were given a high cholesterol diet containing 10g cholesterol/kg and 2.5 g sodium cholate/kg for 6 weeks. The control group received without dandelion leaf extracts and the other three groups received with one of dandelion leaf extracts (water, ethyl acetate, ether), respectively. Weight gain and feed intake were significantly higher in water group than control group. Serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, cholesteryl ester, chylomicron and VLDL-cholesterol concentratins were lower, whereas HDL-cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations were significantly higher in dandelion leaf extract supplemented-groups than control group. Dandelion extract increased HDL-C/total-C ratio and lowered atherogenic index. Hepatic triglyceride, total cholesterol, free cholesterol and cholesteryl ester concentrations lowered in dandelion leaf extract groups compared to control group. Especially, hepatic triglyceride and free cholesterol levels were lower in ethyl acetate extract group than in water and ether extract groups. Dandelion leaf extract supplements did not affect hepatic phospholipid cencentration. Hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity was significantly lower in water extract group than the others. ACAT activity was significantly decreased by dandelion extract supplements.
The Effect on Rats Serum Lipid of Treadmill Exercise and Green Tea Extracts Intake with High Fat Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 683~690
In this research high-fat-diet, which amounts to 40% out of the total calories, is prepared and taken to SD-lined rats for four weeks, and the exercise is taken using treadmill so that two groups are formed; one is for exercise group (E, EG) and the other for non-exercise group (CO,G). In addition the diet-intake-amount and body weight are measured for momparing a green tea extract intake group (EG,G) with a non-intake group (CO,E) and then serum lipid components can be analyzed after four weeks. Considering the total diet amounts for four weeks, Co group has the largest while the EG group does the smallest for the diet-intake-amounts; there is, however, no significant difference among all groups. Both body weight gain and the feed efficiency ratio of the CO group are larger than those of the EG and G group with significant differences (p<0.05). Taking into account the serum lipid components analysis, all of serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride of EG group have smaller values than those of non-exercise groups (CO,G) with significant differences (p<0.05) respectively, while HDL/LDL-cholesterol of EG group does a larger value than that of non-exercise groups with significant difference (p<0.05); these, hence, show efficient results. For the HDL-cholesterol level, there are no significant differences among each group and the ratio TC/HDL-cholesterol of EG group is smaller than that of Co group with a significant difference (p<0.05). Therefore, we can draw conclusions that exercise and green tea extract intake group (EG) has relatively better results than non-exercise groups (CO, G) through serum lipid components results and furthermore the effects of the green tea extracts intake is considered to play a supplementary role for the improvement of the serum lipid components.
Seasonal Food Intake Status of the Long-lived Elderly People in Kyungpook Sung-Ju
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 691~700
The purpose of this study was to estimate food intakes of the long-lived elderly and to obtain the data for establishing dietary guidelines that may be recommended for the general population for the sake of longvity. The subjects of the study were 224 elderly people of age over 85 years living in Kyungpook Sung-Ju area who have no problem in daily living. The food consumption survey was carried out seasonally by the repeated 24-hr recall method for one year. The subject group for this study was composed of 58 males and 166 females, the average age being 87 years old. Food intakes of the winter were more than any other seasons. The mean daily total food intake per capita was 594.4g, 513.5 g (86.4%) from plant foods and 79.3 g(13.3%) from animal foods. The sequence of high intakes of food groups were cereals, vegetables, fruits, fishes, legumes and meats. Boiled white rice, beef soup, soybean paste soup, soybean paste stew, broiled yellow croaker, kimchi, ra myon and broiled noodles were consumed most frequently. In conclusion, the subjects consumed much more plants foods than animal foods and consumed more natural and seasonal foods than processed foods and also showed food habits of eating small meals. Dietary habits of eating small meals containing abundant amount of fresh plant foods might partially contribute to the longevity of the subjects.
Assessment of Nutrients Intake and Evaluation of Nutritional Adequacy of Adults Living in Kyungpook Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 701~711
To provide the baseline information for establishing community based nutritional service system in the context of health promotion, we conducted nutrition survey for 196 adults (male ; 99, female ; 97) in Kyungpook area. Individual food intake was measured by 24-hour recall method, and then diet quality was evaluated by Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) and Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR). Average dietary intake of Ca and Vit A of total subjects were lower than Korean Recommended Dietary Allowances (Ca; 83% of RDA, Vit A; 77% of RDA). On the whole, mean nutrients intake of male subjects were higher than that of female subjects. It also appeared that overall nutrients intake of younger women (20~29 yr) were lower than that of other age group. When we evaluated the nutrients intake of the subjects by INQ, Vit C (=2.39) showed the highest score. Ca (=0.89) and Vit A (=0.84) were revealed to be concerned nutrients in both quantity and quality. There was almost no difference in MAR between men and women (Men ; 0.88, Women ; 0.86). MAR showed significantrly positive correlation with age (p<0.05), meal frequency (p<0.001) and negative correlation with education level (p<0.01) in women, whereas no statistically significant relationship among these variables was observed in men. Age and meal frequency showed significantly positive correlation with most nutrients intakes among women. In conclusion, nutrition education strategies for sound food choice and regular meals need to be developed to improve the nutritional adequacy of female adults in the 20's.
Physiological Characteristics of Anticoagulant Fractions from Eugenia caryophyllata
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 712~718
The alkali extraction of anticoagulant from a clove revealed 3-to 6-fold more effective than hot-water extraction. The highest anticoagulant activity was found with 0.1 N NaOH at 7
. The anticoagulant fractions from a clove, EC-2B and EC-2C were separated by alkali extraction, ethanol precipitation, cetavlon treatment, and ultrafiltration. The anticoagulant activities of these two fractions were, respectively, 6.57 and 8.63 times higher than those extracted with hot-water. As of the sensory evaluation, boiled pork added with EC-2B fraction revealed similar sensory acceptability to raw clove material, while EC-2C fraction had low sensory acceptability due to a mild chemical odor. Antibacterial characteristics against pathogenic microorganism of both fractions were confirmed in the control strain. The inhibitory effect of growth by EC-2B was noticed above 0.016% in S. aureus. Also, EC-2C showed the inhibitory effect at 0.004% in both E. cole and S. aureus control strains.
Purification and Characterization of Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor from Porphyra yezoensis
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 719~725
This study focused on the purification and characterization of ACE inhibitor from Porphyra yezoensis. The dried Porphyra yezoensis was ground and hydrolyzed with 2.5 N HCl, followed by neutralization and centrifugation. Then, the subsequential purification of ACE inhibitor was carried out by Amberlite XAD 8, DEAE-Toyopearl 650C, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and reverse phase HPLC with C18 column. The purified ACE inhibitor was peptide which consisted of glycine (24.5%), arginine (56.8%) and proline (18.8%). Also, it showed the competitive inhibition pattern to ACE. The apparent molecular mass of purified peptide was 580 dalton, and an IC50 value of ACE inhibitor was 10.6
Inhibitory Effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza Extract on Growth of Some Cancer Cells
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 726~731
This study was performed to evaluate the antitumor activities of water and ethanol (EtOH) extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza in vitro and in vivo. The proliferation of the human hepatoma (HepG2), rectum cancer (HRT-18) and colon cancer (HT-29) cells was inhibited by administration of extracts in a dose-dependent manner. Particularly, EtOH extract inhibited proliferation of the cells more effectively than water extract did. The morphology of cells induced by EtOH extract was characterized by reduction of cell size and deformatin. Oral administration of the EtOH extract (3 mg/head) to tumor-bearing mice inhibited the tumor (sarcoma-180) growth by 35% and prolonged their survival rate by 61%. The EtOH extract was shown to be nontoxic at 37.5% mg/head/day on the acute toxicity test. These studies suggest that the EtOH extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza may have antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo.
Antioxidant Activity of the Aerial Part of Epimedium koreanum NAKAI
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 732~736
The purpose of this study was to investigate the extraction method of phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities of the aerial part of Epimedium koreanum NAKAI (EKN). The antioxidant activities of EKN were tested with by hydrogen donating ability, inhibition of lipid peroxidation, and inhibition of LDL oxidation. The most suitable conditions for the extraction of phenolic compounds from EKN were to use 60% ethanol by 3 times, and the yield of extract (dry basis) was 22%. In the extraction efficiency of phenolic compounds, 60% ethanol as extracting solvent was superior to water. Sixty% ethanol extract of EKN was found to have an ability of hydrogen donating to DPPH. MDA determination showed the 95% inhibitory effect against linoleic acid oxidation by the addition of 700 ppm EKN extract. Also, about 70% of LDL oxidation was inhibited by the addition of 500 ppm.
Production and Separation of Angiotension Converting Enzyme Inhibitor during Natto Fermentation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 737~742
As functionality investigation of a soybean fermentation food, a angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory peptide was separated during natto fermentation by Bacillus natto and inhibitory effect was investigated. After incubation at each 2
for the 0~72 hr, protein content, protease activity and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition were determined. The protein content and protease activity were increased and reached maximum at 60 hr fermentation with 4
and decreased after the 60 hr fermentation during natto fermentation. The optimum condition for angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors was appeared at fermentation for 60 hr at 4
. Crude extract of natto was partially purified by Amicon membrane YM-3 and Sephadex G-10, G-25 gel filtration, stepwise. The inhibitory rate was increased in a concentration dependent manner, espcially the most potent activity about 74.74% at 1.0 mg peptide content. The most prominent amino acid of the peptide from natto was alanine, followed by phenylalnine, histidine.
Characteristics of Sepiae Os As a Calcium Source
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 29, issue 4, 2000, Pages 743~746
The possiblity of sepiae os as a calcium supplement in food was studied. Elementary contents of sepiae os were as follows; Ca 53.254%, O 26.781%, Na 14.905%, Cl 4.37%, Sr 0.507%, P 0.068% and Si 0.051%, respectively. Most of calcium in sepiae os was present as a form of CaCO3. Sruface area of sepiae os was found as 386 m2/g, and scanning electron micrograph showed sepiae os has multilayer struture. Buffering capacity of sepiae os that of CaCO3. With above results, sepiae os can be used as a calcium supplement in food with good chacterateristics.