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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Extraction and Physicochemical Properties of the Pectin in Citron Peel
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 569~573
A pectic substance from citron peel was extracted with different methods to establish the optimum extraction conditions. The extraction yields of pectin with HCl, citrate and tartrate (concentration : 0.1 N, extraction ratio : 1 : 20) were 17.9%, 15.6% and 11.4%, respectively. Six times of 65% ethanol washing step was followed after first ethanol precipitation of acid extract for pure pectin. The degree of esterification (DE) of pectins was in the range of 43.0~47.6% and intrinsic viscosity was in the range of 0.94~2.63 (η
/C (dL/g)). The sugar compositions such as rhamnose, xylose, glucuronic acid, galacturonic acid, galactose and glucose were little different in three kinds of pectins except for the content of arabinose.
Studies on the Thermostability of Myofibrillar Proteins from Fresh Water Fish and Sea Water Fish
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 574~578
Myofibrillar proteins were prepared from red muscle and white muscle of fresh water fish and sea water fish, and their thermostabilities and effect of temperature on the myofibrillar ATPase activities were compared. Differences in temperature dependency of myofibrillar ATPase activities were found between two species. Thermodynamic data for inactivation of myofibrillar proteins, such as D value, Z value,
revealed that thermostabilities of myofibrillar proteins from fresh water fish were higher than those from sea water fish, and that myofibrillar proteins from red muscle were more heat labile than those from white muscle.
Extractive Nitrogenous Constituents and Their Monthly Variation of Fresh Laver Porphyra dentata
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 579~588
In order to investigate the composition and monthly variation of extractive nitrogenous components in the laver Porphyra dentata cultured at the south coast of Korea, the fresh laver was analyzed separately for the amounts of free amino acids, combined amino acids, ATP and its related compounds, and quaternary ammonium basis in fresh laver were measured. The extractive nitrogen contents of fresh laver extracts were 760~870 mg/100g (dry basis). Twenty-seven to thirty-one kinds of free amino acids were detected in the laver extracts and their total amounts were 2,404~3,966 mg/100g (on dry basis). The laver extracts showed rich in free amino acids such as alanine, taurine, glutamic acid, glutamine and aspartic acid. Sixteen to twenty-three kinds of combined amino acids were detected in the extracts and their total amounts were 1,429~2,692 mg/100g (on dry basis). Proline, glutamic acid, glycine, phosphoserine, serine were the amin combined amino acids in the extracts. The amounts of ATP and related compounds were 73.3~94.4 mg/100 g (2.04~4.43
mol/g, on dry basis). Homarine and trigonelline were detected in all specimens but
-butyrobetaine were found in some. Small amounts of trimethylamine were detected in all samples. Free and combined amino acids were occupying almost 90% of extractive nitrogen. Most of free and combined amino acids showed a marked monthly variation with a maximum in January and March, and a minimum in February and April. The fresh laver P. dentata did not differ much from the fresh laver P. yezoensis in qualitative com-position of extractive components, but their contents were generally low level.
The Antioxidant and Nitrite Scavenging Ability of Waste Resource (carb shell, sesame meal, Korean tangrin peal) Extracts
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 589~593
The natural sources extracted from crab shell Korean tagnrine peel, sesame meals were utilized to investigate the effects of extracts on free radical reaction, lipid oxidation and nitrite scavenging ability. The recovery percentage of extracts from waste resources (crab shell, sesame meal, dry korean tangrine peel) were chitosan 11.6%, crude sesamol 2.2% and ascorbic acid 2.8%, respectively. The antioxidants were tended to have a lower TBARS value than those of control. The nitrite scavenging and electron donating ability of crude sesamol were tended to be the most effective extract among all extracts. However, In case of chitosan, the superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity was the most highest, compared to other extracts.
Isolation and Characterization of the Strain Producing Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor from Soy Sauce
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 594~599
This study was attempted to isolate and identify the strain revealing high angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity from various soy fermented foods, i.e. meju, soybean paste and soy sauce. Forty-two strains with morphologically different characteristics were selected and the ACE inhibitory and proteolytic activities were examined. Of the strains tested, SS103 which was isolated from soy sauce showed the highest ACE inhibitory and proteolytic activities and was finally selected for further studies. The SS103 strain showed motility, rod form and ellipsoidal spores. The shape of colonies on the agar media was irregular, mucoidal and surface dull. The strain could grow under aerobic conditions of pH 5~9 and 10~
. Main cellular fatty acid was
iso, which was 33.9%, 18.8% and 16.5%, respectively. Based upon these morphological, biochemical and cultural properties, SS103 was identified as a Bacillus subtilis. Optimum cultural condition of Bacillus subtilis SS103 was pH 8.0,
and 48 hr.48 hr.
Application of Immunoassay for the Detection of Gamma-Irradiated Shrimp
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 600~604
Immunoassay was used to study the detection method of irradiated shrimp. Sandwich ELISA was formatted with monoclonal antibody (Ab) (M-IgG) and polyclonal Abs (P-IgG) and polyclonal Abs (P-IgG) individually produced against brown shrimp tropomyosin (TPM) as an antigen. When M-IgG was used as a coating Ab to capture TPM, and P-IgG were used as reaction Ab against captured TPM could be detected in the range of 12.5 to 50
/mL. Detected concentrations of TPM from irradiated shrimp decreased dose-dependently, and the concentration of Ag by combination of irradiation with heating or freezing treatments also decreased. This results suggests the possibility for Sandwich ELISA, one of immunological analyses, to be applied for detecting irradiated shrimp.
Prevention of Swelling and Quality Improvement of Sunchang Traditional Kochujang by Natural Additives
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 605~610
To suppress the gas forming caused by some yeast in the pack of traditional kochujang prepared at Sunchang area, which is the most severe problem during distribution of commercial products, mustard or horseradish powder as natural preservatives was mixed to the ingredients of kochujang and left for fermentation in clay pot as commercial scale for 180 day. The composition changes including quality and gas formaing in the kochujang containing those additives were monitored physicochemically and organoleptically. The fermented kochujang containing those additives were monitored physicohemically and organoleptically. The fermented kochujang containing 0.6% of horseradish showed lower organic acid content than that of the control but amino type nitrogen content, which is one of the important quality reference of kochujang, was higher in the one containing 0.6% natural preservatives. No color changed in the kochujang containing mustard but L and a value were increased in the kochujang containing horseradish. No difference of free reducing sugars was showed by the addition of those natural preservatives and the addition of 0.6% horseradish to kochujang had completely stopped gas forming during fermentation. The overall quality of the kochujang containing 0.6% horseradish was superior than that of the other treatments.
Quality Changes during Storage of Kochujang Treated with Heat and High Hydrostatic Pressure
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 611~616
Effects of high pressure and thermal pasteurization on the survival of microorganisms and quality changes of kochujang during 120 days of storage at 37
were investigated. Viable cell counts were 1.43
CFU/g in heat-treated, and 1.56
CFU/g in pressure-treated, and decreased up to 3 log cycle, compared with 3.78
CFU/g in the untreated kochujang. Viable cell counts decreased by the storage period at 37
. Viable cell counts decreased up to 2 log cycle from 3.78
CFU/g in the untreated kochujang, 4 log cycle from 1.43
CFU/g in heat-treated after 120 days of storage, while those in pressure-treated were not detected after 90 days from the initial stage of 1.56
CFU/g. pH decreased significantly by the storage time. Titratable acidity increased significantly during storage, and pressure-treated kochujang showed lower values than heat-treated. Amino nitrogen content decreased significantly during storage, and pressure-treated kochujang showed higher values than heat-treated and lower values than the untreated. There were no significant changes in reducing sugar and ethanol content regardless of the treatment condition and the storage period. Hunter L, a and b values decreased significantly during storage. In the untreated kochujang, the changes in color accelerated compared with heat and pressure-treated.
Quality Properties of Fermented Tofu Prepared with Different Molds and Coagulants
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 617~622
Changes of quality properties of fermented tofu prepared with two molds like Actinomucor elegans (AE) and Rhizopus oligosporus (RO) and coagulants (CaCl
and citric acid) were investigated. Moisture and crude protein of fermented tofu were rapidly decreased during fermentation, the contents of crude lipid and crude ash were shown to be slightly increased, ad then total acidity was slowly decreased. The content of reducing sugar of fermented tofu was slowly increased for 7 day of fermentation, but rapidly increased after that time because of rapid hydrolysis of carbohydrate in fermented tofu. The contents of amino and ammonia type nitrogen were quickly increased during fermentation. The highest contents of amino type nitrogen of fermented tofu were found in sample of CaCl
group as a coagulant and RO group as a mold. Contents of minerals in tofu fermented for 14 day were high in order of K>Ca>Mg>Na. Iin conclusion, AE was more effective than RO to enhance the contents of reducing sugar and amino type nitrogen as an indicator of fermentation within 7 day of fermentation, and then RO was more effective than AE after that time. Calcium chloride as a coagulant was more effective than citric acid in tofu fermented with the same strain for 14 day.
Effects of Resistant Starches on the Characteristics of Sponge Cakes
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 623~629
This study was investigated the quality characteristics of sponge cakes which were prepared b replacing 30% of flour with raw starch and resistant starches, such as, 4 cycled autoclaved-cooled RS 3 maize starch(RS 3), cross-linked RS 4 maize starch (RS 4) was superior to control cake( 100% flour cake). Addition of starches except RS 3 made crust and crumb color lighter and decreased hardness. Especially, cake containing RS 4 had the softest texture. For the adhesiveness and cohesiveness, cake containing RS 4 showed the least changes during 5 storage days. In DSC measurement, cakes containing RS 4 and ARS 4 showed high enthalpy in despite of low hardness. Sensory evaluation showed that cakes containing RS 4 and ARS 4 were significantly moist and soft compared to others. Overall acceptability of cakes containing starch, RS 4 and ARS 4 were evaluated excellent. Therefore, it can be suggested that RS 4 and ARS 4 can be added to the sponge cake for the quality improvement and functional element.
Utilization of Chitosan to Improve the Quality of Processed Milk
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 630~634
The effect of chitosan on the quality of processed milk was investigated to minimize the microbial spoilage occurred by contaminant bacteria and yeast. Yeast and bacteria isolated from commercial processed milk were identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pseudomonas fluoresence by Api 20C and 20E Aux kit, respectively. The growth of isolated yeast and bacteria inhibited in YM broth and TSB containing 0.03% chitosan at
for 24hour, respectively. Viable cells of processed milk artificially contaminated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pseudomonas fluoresence were reduced about 2~3 l
cycle by addition of 0.03% chitosan pH, acidity and total bacteria were changed from after storage for 10 day at
, 7 day at 1
and 1day at
in chitosan no added processed milk during storage for 15day. But, The change of physico-chemical and microbiological charcteristics could not observe in 0.3% chitosan added processed milk during storage 15 day at
, respectively. The sensory quality of processed milk with 0.3% chitosan was different significantly from control in taste, texture and overall acceptability(p<0.05).
Development of Sausage Using National Resource By-Product
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 635~640
These studies were carried out to develop sausage using extracts from waste resources. The changes of pH and moisture contents were tended to be a similar to control, respectively ranged in pH 6.0~6.4 and 62~60% in moisture content. However, the water holding capacity of sausage added with chitosan and sesamol gradually were tended to be a little high, compared to control. The treatments using natural resource by-product revealed a low TBARS value, compared to control. This means that sausage added with natural by-product seem to be extend its shelf-life during storage. At the same time, the TBARS values were very similar to sausage added with 0.5% potassium sorbate. The residual nitrite contents of sausage added with natural resource by-product were tended to be a little lower than that of control. As storage time goes by, the nitrite contents of sausage product gradually were a little more decreased during storage at 3
than those of storage at 1
. The lightness of sausage color gradually were a little more decreased during storage at 3
than those of storage at 1
. The redness of sausage added with chitosan were a little highter, compared to control Sensory test suggested that the changes of sausage color, flavor, texture and taste were tended to be decreased gradually. In conclusion, sausage added with natural resource by-product was effective on the basis of the reduction in residual nitrite content and lipid oxidation.
Preparation and Characteristics of Whelk Internal Organ Jeotgal with the Addition of Fruit Juice
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 641~645
To utilize the by-products from whelk processing, whelk internal organ jeotgal was manufactured by adding pineapple and kiwifruit juices containing bromelain and actinidin, respectively. The protease activities of pineapple and kiwifruit juices were 52 and 248 unit/mL, respectively. 1 kg ground whelk internal organ was immersed to 12.5% salt concentration and then the 20, 50, or 100 mL of fruit juice were added in it. the quality of products fermented for up to 70 day at 1
was observed. Jeotgal wit pineapple juice showed lower pH and higher amino nitrogen content than with kiwifruit juice on 70 day of fermentation. the total nitrogen contents was the highest on 30 day of fermentation and stable thereafter. Although total numbers of microorganism were increased as fermentation progressed, there were no correlations among the juices or its adding amounts. It was thought that interactions between kinds of natural microflora and the proteases from fruit juices, and other constituents in jeotgal affected total nitrogen content of jeotgal and the growth rate of natural microorganisms. Of the all jeotgals in this study, no coliform was found It is suggested that the preparation of jeotgal with pineapple or kiwifruit juice is effective aspect of safety and quality.
The Effect of Daucus carota L. Extracts on the Fluidity of Phospholid Liposomes
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 646~650
In this study, we investigated the thermotropic behavior of Daucus carota L. (DCS) extracts in phosphatidylcholine(PC) liposomes using high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry (nano-DSC). We used dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers which made most stable liposomes among the other phosphatidylcholine. The sample DCS was extracted and fractionated to four different types, hexane(DCSMH), ethylacetate (DCSMEA), butanol (DCSMB) and aqueous(DCSMA) fractions. Compared to the other fractions of Daucus carota L., the DCSMH and DCSMEA fractions markedly affected the thermotropic properties of DPPC liposomes, broadened and shifted the thermograms of transition to lower temperatures. The incorporation of DCSMH and DCSMEA in DPPC liposomes were preferentially located in the hydrophobic core of DPPC bilayers, where it reduced the lipid packing orderness (cooperative unit) in the gel state compared to it in the liquid-crystalline state. These results suggest that the activities of the Daucus carota L. extracts to enhance the fluidity of the liposomal membrane have implication in their biological activities.
The Effects of High Concentration of Ascorbic Acid on the Growth of 3T6 Fibroblasts
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 651~656
Ascorbic acid(AsA) is unevenly distributed throughout all body cells and fluids. Multiactivities of AsA in many biological systems and in various scientific fields were reported. In this study we aimed to clarify the inhibitory action of high concentration of AsA on the cell growth in 3T6 fibroblasts. The cells wee exposed to AsA at various concentration. It showed that 3T6 fibroblasts wee dead by the medium which contained AsA at the concentration higher than 0.5 mM. AsA caused hydrogen peroxide (
) generation in a concentration dependent manner. These results suggested that the
was formed in the medium by AsA and acted as a cytotoxic gent. Moreover, it is supposed that hydroxyl radical (.OH) induced from
also acetd as actively cytotoxic agent. This lethal effect of AsA causing the cell death was inhibited by the addition of catalase in the medium. Therefore, addition of AsA at the normal concentrations stimulate cell growth, but excess concentrations of AsA induce cell death.
The Effect of Isoflavone Supplementation on Bone Metabolism in Ovariectomized SD Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 657~661
Osteoporosis that is associated with ovarian hormone deficiency following menopause (postmenopausal osteoporosis) is by far the most common cause of age-related bone loss. Isoflavone has been reported as a natural substance that possibly minimizes bone loss in postmenopausal women. This study was conducted to investigate the preventing, treating effects of isoflavone on bone loss in ovariectomized rats. 120 Sprague Dawley rats of 13 week-old were devided into 2 groups, a treatment group and prevention group. Each group was consisted of six subgroups; control (CON), sham operated (SH) or ovariectomized (OVX) and isoflavone supplemented goups: OVX+0.25mg isoflavone/kg diet (OL), OVX+0.8mg isoflavone/kg diet(OM) and OVX+2.5mg isoflavone/kg diet(OH). to study the preventing effects of isoflavone on bone loss, OL, OM and OH groups were fed with isoflavone from 4 days after ovariectomization. Treating effects of isoflavone on bone metabolism were investigated with OL, OM, OH groups supplemented with isoflavone from 8 weeks after ovariectomization. Isoflavone supplementation continued for 8 weeks. At 8 weeks after ovariectomization significant increase in alkaline phosphatase occurred comparing with CON and SH group. By isoflavone supplementation from 4 days after ovariectomy alkaline phosphatase and urinary hydroxyproline were lowered and bone mineral density, bone strength of the femur and tibia and bone dry weight were slightly enhanced with no significant difference. Isoflavone supplemented group at the level of 0.8mg/kg diet (OM group) had significantly lower serum alkaline phosphatase, urinary hydroxyproline, and higher strength of femur than OVX group. Groups with isoflavone supplementation fro 8 weeks after ovariectomy had lower level of serum alkaline phosphatase, urinary hydroxyproline than OVX group. Bone mineral density, bone dry weight and bone strength of the femur and tibia were slightly enhanced by isoflavone supplementation. However there was no significanct difference between OVS ad isoflavone supplementation groups. The results suggest that isoflavone might have potential role for preventing postmenopausal bone loss. Isoflavone supplementation at early stage of postemenopause may be beneficial to age-related bone health.
Some Biological Activities and Isoflavone Content of Chungkugjang prepared with Black Beans and Bacillus Strains
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 662~667
Some biological activities and isoflavone (daidzein, genisten) contents were investigated from chungkugjang (CK) fermented with black beans and Bacillus strains at 42
for 72 hr. n antibacterial activity, black bean CK fermented with Bacillus megaterium SMY-212 was higher than that ferment4d with B. subtilis. In both CK the methanol extract fo large black bean CK was more effective than that of small black bean CK was more effective than that of small black bean. Hydrogen-donating activity of methanol extract of chungjugjang (MEC) prepared with large and small black soybean showed to be 76.4 and 75.5%, respectively. Hydrogen-donating activity of MEC prepared with B. subtilis and SMY-212 was slightly highter than that without both strains. MEC of large black bean was higher in nitrite-scavenging activity than that of small black bean, and black bean CKs fermented with B. subtilis and SMY-212 have no difference in nitrite-scavenging activity B. subtilis and SMY-212. MEC of black bean showed strong antioxidative activity against peroxidation of linoleic acid and
-induced peroxidation of rat liver homogenate. MEC of black bean with Bacillus strains was higher in antioxidative activities than that of black bean without Bacillus strains. Contents of isoflavone (daidzein, genistein) were gradually increased during fermentation of CK. The isoflavone content was slightly higher in large black bean CK than in small black bean CK.
Hepatic Oxygen Free Radical and Alcolhol Metabolizing Enzyme Activities in Rats Fed Diets Supplemented with Lycium chinense Ethanol Extract
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 668~672
To investigate the oxygen free radical and alcohol metabolizing system in liver of rats fed diets with 30% ethanol extract of Lycium chinense (LCEE), Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 225~235g have been fed a diet supplemented with 2% or 4% LCEE for a month. The rats fed LCEE supplemented diets gained less body weight compared with the control, and had no remarkable changes of liver function. In rats fed 2% LCEE supplemented diet, hepatic cytochrome P450 contents appeared to be increased, but catalase (204.88
nmoles/mg protein/min), and superoxide dismutase (13.18
0.74 Unit/mg protein) activities were significantly increased compared with control 120.28
nmoles/mg protein/min and 10.49
0.80 Units/mg protein). There was no difference in hepatic glutathione content, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione-S-transferase ctivities between the rats fed LCEE suplemented diets and the control diet. On the other hand, hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase activity were not changed by LCEE feeding, but hepatic aldehyde dehydrogenase activities were significantly increased in rats fed both 2 and 4% LCEE diets(5.01
0.21 and 4.47
moles NADPH/mg protein/min) compared with control (3.28
moles NADPH/mg protein/min) and its Vmax value was 1.9 fold increased in rats fed 2% LCEE and 1.5 fold in those fed 4% LCEE compared with control. In conclusion, it is likely that rats receiving a diet supplemented with LCEE may have the oxygen free radicals and alcohol detoxication potential.
Effects of Ethylacetate Fraction of Onion on Lipid Metabolism in High Cholesterol-Fed Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 673~678
To investigate effects of ethylacetate fraction of onion(EFO) on serum lipid metabolism in rats fed high cholesterol diet, four groups of Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing about 100 g were given a high cholesterol diet of 1% cholesterol and 0.25% sodium cholate and EFO containing three concentrations (1%, 3% and 10%), respectively for 6 weeks. growth rate of the hypercholesterolemic group (control group) was higher than the normal group, whereas the groups given EFO showed a decreasing trends, compared with the control group, especially the most excellent effect in 10% of EFO, but any differences were not found between groups in feed efficiency ratio. Serum concentrations of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were lower, whereas HDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly higher in EFO suplemented-grups than control group in dose dependent manner. EFO increased HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio and lowered atherogenic index. Free cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations were not decreased significantly with in 6 weeks, but cholesteryl ester concentration was significantly decreased in EFO suplemented groups than control group, and in case of serum phospholipid concentration, EFO was not showed significantly effect, but it gradually increased the level, compared with the control group. Therefore, it might be expected that ethylacetate fraction of onion is believed to be a possible protective or curative effects for the fatty liver and hyperlipidemia-induced by a high cholesterol diet.
Effect of Plant Extracts on the Activity of Alcohol Dehydrogenase and the Antioxidation in Alcohol-treated Rat Hepatocyte
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 679~683
This study was purposed to compare the activity of alcohol dehydrogenase and antioxidative effects of several plant extracts in the alcohol-treated rat liver. Sprague-Dawley rat weighing about 200 g were divided into the following 6 groups : normal, alcohol group and 4 different plant extracts administrated groups(Soybean sprout, Pine needle, Lentinus edodes, acanthopanacis cortex). Each plant extract was administrated orally by 200mg/kg b.w./day for 8 days before the alcohol treatment (5 g of 30% alcohol /kg b.w. by i.p.injection). All rats were sacrificed at 90 min after the alcohol treatment. The alcohol concentrations in serum of Soybean sprout and pine needle group were significantly lower than the Lentinus edodes and Acanthopanacis cortex group. The activity of alcohol dehydrogenase in the hepatic cytosol of Soybean sprout and Pine needle group was also significantly higher than the alcohol and the other groups However, the activity of catalase seemed not to be affected, although the extract groups showed slightly higher activities of catalase than the alcohol group. These results may indicate that the extracts of Soybean sprout and Pine needle were relatvely effective on the alcohol degradation. the activity of blutathione-peroxidase and lipid peroxidaton of all of the extract groups were significantly lower than the activity of alcohol group. These results can suggest that all of the use plant extracts more or less have an antioxidative effect on the alcohol-induced oxidation and especially, extracts of Soybean sprout and Pine needle have an stimulating effect on the alcohol absorption and degradation.
Effects of Coriandrum sativum L. on Lipid Contents in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 684~691
This study was designed to investigate the effects of Coriandrum sativum L. on lipid metabolism in nondiaetic and stretozotocin-induced diabetic.Thirty two mael Sprague-Dawley rats weighting 108
13 g were divided into four groups as follow: control (C), leaf(L), seed (S) and root (R) groups. For four weeks of experimental periods, the C group were fed basal diet and the L, S and R groups were fed Coriandru sativum L. diets containing 5% dried leaf, seed and root of Coriandrum sativum L, respectively. diet intakes, weight gain and food efficiency were not significantly different among the four groups. The liver and heart weights of L, s and R groups were significantly different amount the control group. The levels of plasma insulin was significantly increased but the plasma glucose levels was not decreased in all Coriandrum group. The levels of plasma lipids was not significantly different among the four groups. the levels of plasma total cholesterol was significantly decreased in R groups. The levels of plasma and liver TBARS values were significantly decreased in R groups. The levels of plasma vitamin E were tendency to decrease in all coriandum groups. These results indicate feeding diet with coriander did not show the hypolipidemic effect but show the antioxidative effect.
Antimicrobial Activity of Coriandoer (Coriandrum sativum L.) Extract
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 692~696
To develop natural food preservatives, ethanol and water extracts were prepared from the coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and antimicrobial activities were examined against 10 microorganisms which were food borne pathogens and/or food poisoning microorganisms and food-related bacteria and yeasts. Ethanol extract exhibited antimicrobial activities for the microorganisms tested, but not on lactic acid bacteria and yeast. Especially, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus were as low as 0.25mg/mL. antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract was not destroyed by the heating at 121
for 15min and not affected by pH. The ethanol extract of coriander exhibiting high antimicrobial activities was fractionated in the order of hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate and butanol fractions to test antimicrobial activity. The highest antimicrobial activity adjust bacteria tested was found in the ethylacetate fraction.
Anti-carcinogenic Effects of Korean Mistletoe Extract and Lectin in Experimental Hepatocarcinogenesis
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 697~702
This study was done to investigate effects of Korean mistletoe extract and lectin on serum GOT, GPT and
-L-fucosidase activities and the preneoplastic lesion in chemically induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis. To attain the above objectives weanling Sprangue-Dawley male rats were fed modified AIN-76 diets containing 10% corn oil for 9 weeks. One week after feeding rats were intraperitonealy injected twice with a dose of diethylnitrosamine (DEN, 50 mg/kg body weight(BW)) and were provided 0.05% phenobarbita (PB) with drinking water from one week after DEN treatment until the end of experiment. For the same period as PB treatment, rats were injected mistletoe extract (10
/kg BW European mistletoe, 10
/kg BW and 100
/kg BW Korean mistletoe) and lectin(1 ng/kg BW, 10 ng/kg BW) twice a week. At the end of 9th week rats were sacrificed and the formation of hepatic glutthione S-transferase placental form positive (GST-P+) foci serum GOT, GPT and
-L-fucosidase activities were determined. By treatment of mistletoe extract or lectin there were no significant effects on serum GOP, GPT and
-L-fucosidase activities whereas those activities showed a tendency to increase by DEN treatment. The formation of GST-P+ foci was significantly decreased by mistletoe extract or lectin treatment especially in group of 100
/kg BW Korean mistletoe. These results suggest that Korean mistletoe extract and lectin have a possibility to inhibit hepatocarcinogenesis of animals.
Effects of Perilla Oil on the Levels of Plasma Lipids and Other Biochemical Paramaters in Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 703~709
To compare the hypolipidemic effects of perilla oil with different kinds of dietary fat and oil forty eight 20 days old male Wistar rats were fed one of the following diets for 4 weeks: basal diet for control containing 9.4 w/w% corn oil(CO), 9.4 w/w% beef tallow (BO), 9.4 w/w% perilla oil(PO) and 4.7 w/w% beef tallow plus 4.7% perilla oil(BP). The amount of diet consumed and body weight gain rate were not significantly different among the four dietary groups. The levels of plasma triglyceride and total cholesterol in PO group were significantly lower than those of BO and BP groups. PO group also had significantly lower LDL-cholesterol in BP group were than other groups. The levels of plasma triglyceride tatal-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in BP group were significantly lower than those in BO group by 9.2%, 10.3% and 18.6% respectively. Plasma glutamic oxaloacetic transferase and alkaline phosphatase activities and uric acid levels in PO group were significantly higher than other groups and were somewhat beyond the normal levels. These findings showed that perilla oil with hypolicpidemic effects could have some adverse effects on hepatic and other organic functions in rats.
Effects of Dietary Oligosaccharide on the Blood Glucose and Serum Lipid Composition in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 710~716
This study was conducted to examine the effects of dietary oligosaccharide on the blood glucose and serum lipid composition in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 150
10g were randomly assigned to one normal and four STZ-induced diabetic groups. Diabetic groups were classified to basal diet(DM group) 10% xylooligosaccharide diet(DM-XO group) 10% isomaltooligosaccharide(DM-IMO group) and 10% fructooligosaccharide (DM-FO). Diabetes was experimentally induced by intravenous injection of 50 mg/kg of body weight of STZ in citrate buffer (pH 4.3) after feeding of experimental diets for 4 weeks. The rats were fed with experimental diet for further 4 weeks in diabetic state. The oligosaccharide diets were not effected on the body weight food intakes and food efficiency ratio. The oligosaccharide diets were also not effected on the body weight food intakes and food efficiency ratio. The oligosaccharide diets were also not effected on the weights of liver kidney and small intestine but the weight of cecum was significantly increased on the groups of xylooligosaccharide and isomaltooligosaccharide diet. The levels of oral glucose tolerance test was more effectively improved by DM-XO group. The levels of blood glucose were markedly lower in oligosaccharide supplemented groups than that of DM group. The levels of blood glucose were markedly lower in oligosaccharide supplemented groups than that of DM group. Activities of two intestinal enzymes such as lactase and sucrase in DM-XO and DM-FO groups were lower than that of DM group while activity of maltase was lower only in DM-XO in DM-FO groups than that of DM-group respectively. The levels of serum triglyceride in DM-XO group were lower than that of DM-group respectively. The levels of serum triglyceride in DM-XO groups were lower than that of DM group however was no significant differences among the oligosaccharide groups. These results suggest that dietary oligosaccharide may act as functional food to be capable of improving carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in diabetic rats.
Chemical Compositions and Physiological Activities of Doraji(Platycodon grandiflorum)
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 717~720
Chemical compositions and physiological activities of Platycodon grandiflorum roots grown for 4 and 24 years were investigated. Chemical compositions of P. grandiflorum roots grown for 24 years were moisture 82.7%, crude protein 1.6%, crude lipid 2.1% crude ash 0.7%. total sugar 6.0% total dietary fiber 2.3% crude saponin 3.4mg% and ascorbic acid 3.0 mg%. Contents of each components in 24 years old roots were higher than that in 4 years old roots and the most abundant mineral was potassium being 879.9mg/kg. Physiological activities of solvent extract from P. grandiflorum roots grown for 4 and 24 years were high in order of ethanol methanol and water extract. The electron-donating abilities and nitrite-scavenging effect of solvent extract of 24 years were high in order of ethanol methanol and water extract. The electron-donating abilities and nitrite-scavenging effect of solvent extract of 24 years old roots were higher than those of 4 years of old roots in the range of 10~40% respectively.
Comparison of Physiological Activity in Different Parts of Dolsan Leaf Mustard
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 721~725
Physiological activity in different parts of Dolsan leaf mustard (DLM) was investigated. To determine the physiological activity, DLM was crushed filtered centrifuged and then the supernatant was used as a sample. of 1%, 3% and 6%. By adding of improved root juice(20th day) with the concentration of 6% the cytotoxicity against HepG2 was the highest about 78.2%. And antioxidative effects in different parts of DLM was measured by using the DPPH method. Antioxidative effects was higher in all leaves than other parts. In particular antioxidative effects was the highest in leaves of traditional DLM at the 20th day of growth about 80.4%. In leaves of improved DLM at the 60th growth angiotensin-I converting enzyme inhibitory effect was the highest about 94.0%. Consequently there was not significant difference of physiological activity between improved and traditional DLM. However the cytotoxicity against HepG2 was the highest in roots of DLM. And the antioxidative and the ACE inhibitory effect in leaves of DLM were higher than those of other parts.
Antioxidative Activity of Solvent Fraction and Isolation of ANtioxidative Compound from Chestnut Husk
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 726~731
To enhance the utilization of chestnut husk discarded in the processing company antioxidative activities and compounds were investigated. Antioxidative activities of solvent fractions from chestnut husk were examined by benzoic acid hydroxylation method ferric thiocyanate method and DPPH test. Ethyl acetate fraction showed strong antioxidative activities comparable to BHA. Active compounds were isolated and purified from ethyl acetate fraction by Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and preparative HPLC. A major active compound gallic acid was identified by
C-NMR. The phenolic acid contents was analyzed by GC and ellagic acid (172.22 mg%) and gallic acid (107.39 mg%) were major phenolic acid of chestnut husk.
Isolation and Identification of Anticancer Compounds from Eucommia ulmoides Leaves
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 732~738
This study was attempted to isolate and identify the anticancer compounds from Eucommia ulmoides leaves using a human colon cancer cell line HCT-116. The petroleum ether extracts with anticancer activity was chromatographed on silica gel TLC and finally anticancer compounds was purified by HPLC. Their chemical structures were roughly elucidate by UV-VIS absorption spectral data HPLC elution pattern and FAM/MS spectroscopy. From this study these compounds were suspected to be pheophytin a formed by the removal of
from chlorophyll a and pyropheophytina formed by the removal of acetate group from pheophytin a respectively. To confirm the anticancer effects against HCT-116 cancer cell petroleum ether extract fractions of column chromatography and fractions separated on TLC were tested. All samples tested including the extract of petroleum ether fractions of column chromatograph and three bands (0.13,0.19,0.25) of TLC appeared to inhibit the growth of HCT-116 cancer cell however especially 0.19 and 0.25 fractions separated on TLC plate revealed the strongest effect. These results suggest that chlorophyll derivatives in Eucommia ulmoides may be potential anticancer agents against a human colon cancer cell HCT-116.
A Study on the Evaluation of Nutrient Intake of Middle School Students in Kangneung
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 739~746
To assess the nutrient intakes and diet quality of middle school students living in Kangneung area a dietary survey using th 3-day food record was conducted with 226 subjects. Mean daily energy intake was 2114
502 kcal with 61.6% of energy supplied by carbohydrate 16.4% by protein and 22.0% by fat. As well as insufficiencies in calcium and iron intakes the bioavailability of calcium and iron consumed is considered to low because most of them came from plant origins. For calcium iron vitamin A and vitamin B
the proportions of subjects with intake levels less than 75% of RDA were all over 46%. The mean adequacy ratio(MAR) an index of overall dietary quality was 0.70 for males and 0.73 for females. The indexes of nutritional quality (INQ) were over 1 for most nutrients except 4 nutrients; 0.48 of calcium 0.64 of iron 0.73 of vitamin A and 0.79 of vitamin B
. Nutrient intake levels less than 75% of RDA may be appropriate as a criteria for insufficiency of nutrient intakes. Based on these results it is evident that some of middle school students in Kangneung area did not consume enough nutrients especially calcium iron and vitamin A.
A Study on the Sanitary Status at Various Types of Restaurants in Changwon City
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 747~759
The sanitary status of 264 restaurants was investigated to develop a program of sanitary education at restaurants for improving sanitary levels of restaurant and consumers’ food safety. This investigation was performed through direct interviews on general items and sanitations for employees, facilities, equipments and food treatment. The restaurants are grouped into four different types according to the food served: Korean style food, Japanese style raw fish, roasted ribs, and western style food. It is found that sanitary education for employees are conducted at 66.5% of the total restaurants. The highest percentages are obtained by Korean style food restaurants (83.1%) and the lowest by western style food restaurants (55.6%).Washing facilities for employees are equipped at only 66.8% of the total restaurants. In the personal sanitation, 96.6% of the employees wash their hand after touching a dirty stuff, 77.5% after touching money and 57.1% after using telephone. It is also revealed that during food preparation shoes, overgarments, and caps are worn by 58.5%, 55.5%, and 20.6% of the employees, respectively. 73.5% of the restaurants are equipped with dish storages facilities while only 59.2% of restaurants have sterilizers for dishes. Also, chopping boards are sterilized more than once a week by 74.8% of them and knives everyday by 71.6%, 15.4% of restaurants sterilize their knives only once a week. 56.8% of restaurants check temperatures of the refrigerators and 26.2% of restaurants do not even sterilize the refrigerators. 31.8% of restaurants sterilize the kitchens with sodium hopochlorite after cooking. 93.3% of the restaurants store the raw food and the cooked foods separately. 49.8% of the restaurants refroze thawed food and 19.4% of the restaurants reuse leftovers. The frozen foods are thawed at room temperature by 49.4% of the total restaurants and 66.7% of the roasted rib restaurants.
Physicochemical Properties of Commercial Salrt-Fermented Shrimp
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 30, issue 4, 2001, Pages 760~763
Five commercial salt-fermented shrimps contained 29.8~48.3% of salt 3.5%~7.3% of total nitrogen and 0.3~0.7g/100g of amino-nitrogen respectively. The average peptide length(APL) of five commercial salt-fermented shrimps ranged from 10.1 to 15.0. Sample B and E showed longer APL than the others with the values of 15.0 and 14.4 respectively. Protease activity showed the large differences in five samples from 17 unit to 232 unit ; sample C showed the highest protease activity with 232 unit while sample D and E were relatively lower with 17 unit and 18 unit respectively. The chitinase activities which can hydrolyze chitin the one of components on outer layer of shrimp ranged from 14.4 unit to 171 unit. Sample E had the highest chitinase activity as 171 unit but sample B showed the lowest activity with 14.4 unit. Chitooligosaccharides of five commercial salted-fermented shrimps were consisted of monoglucosamine diglucosamine and triglucosamine.