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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Conformational Changes of Garlic (Allium sativum) Protein, Allivin
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 723~727
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.723
Conformational changes of allivin, a major allergen protein in garlic, by gamma irradiation were observed. Allium solution (3.0 mg/mL in 0.01 M PBS, pH 7.4) and raw garlic were irradiated in a gamma irradiation facility to be absorbed with doses of 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0 kGy. After irradiation, a half of irradiated allivin solution was filtered through 0.22
filtration kit. UV spectrum and SDS-PAGE were used for observing the conformational changes of allivin by gamma irradiation. Turbidity of allivin solution was increased by optical observation, and the result was validated by the increase of absorbance at 660 m. Turbidity of irradiated and filtered allivin solution significantly (p<0.05) decreased, and the concentration of soluble protein in the solution decreased by increase of the dose. Aggregation among allivin molecules was observed by SDS-PAGE, but irradiated and filtered samples showed decrease of allivin with reducing aggregation trend. SDS-PAGE profiles of irradiated raw garlic were not different. Results indicate that gamma irradiation can decrease the allivin in solution state which may impact on allergenic reaction of garlic.
Physicochemical and Sensory Qualities of Commercial Sikhes
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 728~732
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.728
To assess the quality of commercial sikhes, we compared physicochemical and sensory characteristics of commercial sikhe with home-made one. Six different brands and home-made sikhes were analysed for physicochemical (sugar content, acidity, color, viscosity, transparancy, texture of rice) and sensory characteristics (7-point scoring test,18 experienced panel members). Commercial sikhes (6 different companies) exhibited lower sugar content (11.6～12.5
Brix) and viscosity (5.33～9.33 cP) than home-made one, whereas higher pH (5.93 ～6.87), transparency (9.1～46.5% at 558 m), Hunter L, a and b values. In the texture of rice, commercial sikhe showed higher hardness, springiness and chewiness than those of home-made one in. Sensory evaluation showed that malt and rice content, tex-ture and color of rice, and over-all preference for commercial sikhe was significantly lower than those for home-made one (p<0.05). Especially, the scores of over-all preference for 3 commercial sikhes (2.7～3.6) were much lower than that of home-made one (5.7).
Cooking Characteristics of Rice Coated with Prickly Pear Water Extracts
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 733~737
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.733
Cooking characteristics of rice uncoated and coated with prickly pear water extracts (4% v/w for rice) were investigated. Prickly pear contained 83.22 mg% of
-aminoadipic acid and 75.61 mg% of tyrosine as major free amino acids. After cooking, the coated rice contained 1.66 mg% of
-aminoadipic acid which was not found in the uncoated rice. The free amino acid composition of the coated rice revealed significantly higher contents (about 2.0 to 4.2 times) of arginine, histidine, leucine, lysine and tyrosine compared with those of the uncoated rice. The major minerals in the prickly pear were Ca, K and Mg accounting for 95% of the total minerals present. After cooking, the mineral contents in the coated rice were higher by 10～45% than those in the uncoated rice. The coated rice showed lower hardness, gumminess and brittleness, and higher cohesiveness than the uncoated rice. In sensory evaluation, there were no differences in sweet taste, and overall and color acceptability between the uncoated and coated rice. However, tile coated rice showed higher scores for savory and sticky taste than the uncoated rice.
Effects of Sweet Persimmon Powder on the Characteristics of Bread
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 738~742
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.738
To develop sweet persimmon bread, the proper ratio of the sweet persimmon powder substituted for strong flour was decided. When 5%,10%,15% and 20% of sweet persimmon powder was substituted as much amount of strong How, the ratio of moisture absorption and loaf volume decreased while its weight increased. The contents of vitamin A,9-carotene and vitamin C increased as the substitute ratio of sweet persimmon powder increased. In color values, as sweet persimmon powder was added more, L and b values decreased and a value increased in the crust while in the crumb bread L value decreased and a, b values increased. In the sensory evaluation, the bread added with 10% persimmon powder was preferred to control in flavor, texture and overall acceptability but not in appearance.
Effect of Paecilomyces japonica and Cordyceps militaris Powder on Quality Characteristics of Bread
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 743~748
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.743
Paecilomyces japonica and Cordyceps militaris were added to the materials for DongChungHaCho bread, and sensory and mechanical test were performed. Both control and 2% DongChungHaCho added group were acceptable in taste, mouthfeel and odor. Paecilomyces japonica added groups showed higher moisture and volume than control, and Cordyceps militaris stoups showed lower moisture and volume. DongChungHaCho added groups showed lower lightness than control.2% Paecilomyces japonim added group showed similar tendency to control, and it showed the best estimate especially in acceptance, moisture and volume. The optimal addition ratios of DongChungHaCho were evaluated by concentrations of 2% to 4% Paecilomyces japonim and of 2% Cordyceps militaris.
Effects of Green Tea Powder on Dough Rheology and Gelatinization Characteristics
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 749~753
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.749
The effects of green tea powder (GTP) on the rheological properties of dough and gelatinization characteristics were evaluated by farinograph, extensograph, amylograph and DSC. The flours used were high strength flour (HF: 12.5% protein) and blend of 50% high strength flour and 50% low strength flour (HLF: 10.5% protein). As the amount of GTP increased, water absorption, development time and weakness of the dough decreased for both flours, but dough stability increased only for HLF; the extension of the dough decreased but the resistance to extension increased. The pasting temperature increased and maximum viscosity decreased. On the other hand, with the addition of green tea extract to the wheat starch, transition onset temperature, transition peak temper-ature and enthalpy decreased, demonstrating that catechins in green tea facilitate the starch crystal melting.
Isolation and Characterization of Pretense Producing Bacteria from Soil
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 754~759
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.754
In order to develope a new pretense applicable to industries, a bacterium which produces a remarkable amount of extracellular pretense were isolated from soil. About 10 bacterial strains producing pretense were isolated from samples of soil, and strain PANH765 showed the highest activity of pretense production among them. The strain was identified as Bacillus subtilis according to the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology based on its morphological, cultural and physiological characteristics. B. subtilis PANH765 showed the maximal production of pro-tease in the medium containing 2.0% glucose, 1.0% yeast extract, 0.2% ammonium nitrate, 0.02% ferrous sulfate and 0.02% dipotassium hydrogen phosphate. Under the optimal condition with temperature of 3
, initial pH of 7.0 and shaking speed of 150 rpm, the pretense production reached a maximum level with 36 hr cultivation (6.34 U).
Effect of Fructoolingosaccharide and Chlorella Powder on Kimchi Fermentation
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 760~764
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.760
Effects of fructooligosaccharide (1%, w/w) and chlorella powder (0.01% and 0.02%, w/w) on kimchi fermentation were studied. The values of pH and total acidity of kimchi containing fructooligosaccharide or chlorella powder were changed slowly compared to those for the kimchi sample containing 1% sugar during fermentation at 4
. Growth of lactic acid bacteria was also inhibited by addition of fructooligosaccharide or chlorella powder. Futhermore, addition of 1% fructooligosaccharide and 0.02% chlorella powder showed synergic inhibitory effects against decrease of pH, increase of acidity and lactic acid bacteria growth. Color values of L, a and b were higher in kimhi with fructooligosaccharide at early stage of fermentation. In sensory evaluation including color, sour taste, crispness and overall quality, kimchi containing both 1% fructooligosaccharide and 0.02% chlorella powder
Effects of Fermentation to Improve Hygienic Quality of Powdered Raw Grains and Vegetables Raw Grains and Vegetables Using Lactobacillus sp. Isolated from Kimchi
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 765~769
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.765
Improvement of hygienic quality of powdered raw grains and vegetables by fermentation was investigated. Luc-tobacillus sp. isolated from kimchi was used as a starter. The cell counts of coliform group and SS enteric bacteria on the SS agar plate in raw grains and vegetables were 2.3
103 cfu/mL and 8.6
cfu/mL, respectively. The starlet, Lactobacillu sp., reached 10
cfu/mL after 48 hr in fermentation. At that time, the coliform group and enteric bacteria on the SS agar plate were gradually inactivated and eliminated after 60 hr of fermentation. During the fermentation process, pH of the suspension was lowered and acidity increased. Antimicrobial activity of the acidic supernatant of fermented raw grains and vegetal]les against the E. coli sp. and Salmonella sp. was higher than that of lactic acid solution or neutralized supernatant. Therefore, it was considered that antimicrobial effect of the fermented raw grains and vegetal]les might be accelerated by tile synergic effect of acid and bacteriocin, and liquid fermentation of powdered raw grains and vegetables will be effective for inactivation of hygienic microorganisms.
Characterization of Materials for Retort Processing in Oyster Porridge
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 770~774
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.770
The effect of mixing ratio of materials and their retort processing conditions on the physical properties and preference of oyster porridge were investigated. Rice gave adequate viscosity (about 800 cp) to the porridge as it was used 10～12% level and half of it was ground. Potato starch, waxy corn starch, and Perfectamyl AC showed small variation in viscosity unrelated to the temperature, that was a good condition for high quality porridge. Especially, waxy corn starch had a good property for retort porridge because its viscosity was maintained high during the processing and decreased to preferable one after processing. Purity CSC, modified starch gave gum-like texture and didn't cause water-separation much after freezing and thawing treatment of the porridge. Therefore, it was good for enhancing the physical property of the porridge as a co-additive of waxy corn starch when it was used at quarter level of waxy corn starch. Xanthan gum increased dispersibility of materials and it was useful for stabilizing physical quality of the porridge without affecting preference when it was used below 0.2% concentration. As a result, the optimal material-mixing ratio was determined as rice 10% (50% of it was ground), waxy corn starch 1.5%, Purity CSC 0.5%, xmthan gum 0.2%, salt 0.3%, and water 87.5%. Oyster's porridge, retort processed with this recipe, showed stable physical property after 6 month storage at room temperature.
Transport Properties of Aromatic Amino Acids by Amino Acid Transporter TAT1
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 775~781
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.775
The T-type amino acid transporter 1 (TATI) is a Na
-independent amino acid transporter which selectively trans- ports aromatic amino acids subserving the amino acid transport system T. To understand the transport properties of aromatic amino acids by human TAT1 (hTATl ), we have examined the hTATl -mediated aromatic amino acid transports using a Xenopus laeuis oocyte expression system. When expressed in Xenopin laeuis oocytes, hTATl induced L- [
C]tryptophan transport which was not dependent on Na
in the medium. Uptake was time-dependent and exhibited a linear dependence on incubation time up to 30 min. The L- (
C)tryptophan uptake was highly inhibited by L-isomers of tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine, whereas other L-amino acids did not inhibit hTATl -mediated L- (
C)tryptophan uptake. The hTATl induced the relatively low-affinity transport of aromatic amino acids such as L- (
C)tryptophan, L- (
C)tyrosine and L- (
C)phenylalanine (Km values: 450～750
M), consistent with the properties of classical amino acid transport system T. The L- (
C)tryptophan uptake did not show any remarkable pH dependence within the pH range of 5.5 to 8.5. The time-dependent efflux of L- (
C)tryptophan was detected from the oocytes expressing hTATl, which was not affected by the presence or absence of L-tryptophan in the extracellular medium, indicating that hTATl-mediated transport is due to the facilitated diffusion. Expression of hTATl in Xenopu laevis oocytes induced the transport of tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine, indicating that hTATl is a transporter subserving system T These results suggest that hTATl has essential roles in the absorption of aromatic amino acids from epithelial cells to the blood stream. Hecause hTATl is proposed to be crucial to the efficient absorption of aromatic amino acids from intestine and kidney, its defect such as blue diaper syndrome could be involved in the disruption of aromatic amino acid transport.ort.
Effect of Korean Mistletoe Extract and Lectin on the Preneoplastic Hepatic Lesion and Apoptosis in Experimental Hepatocarcinogenesis
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 782~787
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.782
This study was done to investigate the effects of Korean mistletoe water extract and lectin on the apoptosis and preneoplastic lesion in chemically induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis. To attain the above objectives, weanling Sprague-Dawley male rats were fed modified AIN-76 diets containing 10% corn oil for 9 weeks. One week after feeding starts, rats were intraperitoneally injected twice with a dose of diethylnitrosamine (DEN, 50 mg/kg body weight (BW). Rats were provided with 0.05% phenobarbital (PB) in drinking water from one week after DEN treatment until the end of experiment. During the period of PB treatment, rats were injected with mistletoe extract (100
/kg BW) and lectin (10
/kg BW) twice a week. At the end of 9th week, rats were sacrificed and the formation of hepatic glutathione S-transferase placental form positive (GST-P
) foci, apoptosis, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis related proteins were determined respectively. The formation of GST-P
foci was significantly decreased by mistletoe extract or lectin treatment. Although there was no effect on apoptosis and DNA fragmentation in hepatic tissue by mistletoe extract or lectin treatment, caspase-9 and fas-L were increased. These results suggest that Korean mistletoe extract and lectin have a potential to inhibit hepatocarcinogenesis by increasing apoptosis.sis.
Effects of Low Level of Levan Feeding on Serum Lipids, Adiposity and UCP Expression in Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 788~795
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.788
This study described the effect of levan (9-2,6-linked fructose polymer) feeding on serum lipids, adiposity and uncoupling protein (UCP) expression in growing rats. Levan was synthesized from sucrose using bacterial levansucrase. UCP is a mitochondrial protein that uncouples the respiratory chain from oxidative Phosphorylation and generates heat instead of ATP, thereby increase energy expenditure. We observed that 3% or 5% levan containing diet reduced serum triglyceride levels, visceral and peritoneal fat mass and induced the UCP expression in rats fed high fat diet in previous study. To determine whether the intake of low level of levan may have the hypolipidemic and anti-obesity effect, 4 wk old Sprague Dawley male rats were fed AIN-76A diet for 6 wk, and sub-sequently fed 1% or 2% levan solution for further 5 wk. Intake of 1% levan in liquid form reduced serum triglyceride and serum total cholesterol levels to 50% and 66% of control group, respectively. Although epididymal and peritoneal fat masses were not affected by levan feeding, visceral fat mass was lower in 1% levan group compared to control group. The expression of UCP2 mRNA in brown adipose tissue, skeletal muscle and hypothalamus and UCP3 mRNA in skeletal muscle were not changed by levan feeding, while the UCP2 mRNA in white adipose tissue was up-regulated by levan feeding. In conclusions, intake of low level of levan solution reduced serum triglyceride and total cholesterol, restrained the visceral fat accumulation and increased UCP expression in white adipose tissue in rats. This study suggests that hypolipidemic and anti-obesity effect of levan attributed to anti-lipogenesis and inefficeint energy utilization by up-regulation of UCPs.
Effects of Eucommia ulmoides olivon Ethanol Extract on Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities of Rats Fed High Fat Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 796~801
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.796
To investigate the effects of Ewomia ulmoides olivon extract on the serum and hepatic lipid status and anti-oxidant enzyme activities, male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were given high fat diets and Eucomia ulmoides olivon ethanol extracts for 6 weeks. Rats were divided into (our groups consisting the control (C), Eucomia ulmoides oliuon extract fed group (CE), high fat diet group (CL) and the extract and high fat fed group (CLE). Eucomia ulmoides oliuon ethanol extract lowered total cholesterol, but increased HDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol of the serum compared to the control. On the other hand, the ratio of HDL-cholesterol/total cho-lcsterol (HTR) was increased by 55% (p<0.05). High fat diet significantly increased serum cholesterol contents, but decreased HDL-cholesterol level and HTR (p<0.05). Atherogenic index (AI) of CL group was increased by almost four times of the control (p<0.05). Triglycerides (TG) and phospholipids were also increased by high fat diet. Eucomia ulmoides oliuon ethanol extract decreased the levels of TG (p<0.05) and phospholipids (p<0.05). Although liver antioxidant engyme activities including glutathione sulfur transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase were decreased by high fat diet, those were stimulated by the administration of Eucommia ulmoides olivon ethanol extract.
Dietary Effects of Fiber Produced from G\ulcorneruconocacetobacter hansenii on Digestive Tract and Lipid Metabolism in Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 802~807
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.802
This study was conducted to see effects of dietary bacterial fiber produced by Gluconoucetobacter hansenii on gross structure, and disaccharidase activities of small intestine and body lipid status in rats. Bacterial fiber was prepared by drying and alkali treatment of floating membrane produced IS days after the bacterial culture using coconut juice media. Male Sprague-Dawely rats of 320+10 g were grouped into three and fed 0.5% (w/w) cholesterol diets with three different dietary fibers, i .e. cellulose, and pectin and bacterial fiber, at the level of 2% (w/w). During four-week experimental period, food intakes and body weight gains were not different among three groups. Total lengths and jejunal fragment weights of small intestine did not differ among the three groups but cecal weight was higher in bacterial fiber groups than those of the other two groups. Colon content and fecal dry weight were lower in bacterial fiber group. Sucrase activity of the jejunal mucosa was lower in bacterial fiber group but maltase activity was not different from those of the other two groups. Plasma total cholesterol level was lower and that of HDL-cholesterol higher in pectin group than those of cellulose and bacterial fiber groups, the latter of which did not differ. Both in plasma and liver triglyceride levels were lower in bacterial fiber group than cellulose and pectin groups, and liver cholesterol level was lower in pectin group. Relative liver weights and Plasma activities of GOT md GPT were not different among three groups. It is concluded that bacterial fiber used in the present study had hypotriglyceridemic effect that help improve lipid status in the body.
Effect of Psyllium Husk, Pectin and Cellulose on the Lipid Concentrations and Hemobiochemical Enzymes in Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 808~813
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.808
This study investigated the effects of different kinds of dietary fibers, cellulose, psyllium husk, pectin and the Psyllium husk Plus Pectin, on the lipid concentration and hernobiochemical enzyme activity in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The experimental groups were divided into four groups : the cellulose group, the psyllium husk group, the pectin group and the psyllium husk Plus Pectin group. Dietary fiber was supplemented at 10% (w/w) levels in the diet. Body weight gain, food intake and relative tissue seight were not significantly different among the dietary groups. Concentrations of triglyceride and phospholipid of serum in the psyllium husk and the pectin groups were significantly lower than those of the cellulose and the psyllium husk plus pectin groups. Concentration of total cholesterol of serum in the psyllium husk plus pectin group was lower than other dietary groups. However, concentrations of triglyceride and phospholipid of liver in the psyllium husk and the pectin groups were significantly higher than those of the cellulose and the psyllium husk plus pectin groups. The hemobiochemical Parameters, total protein, albumin, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase and blood urea nitrogen in serum of the psyllium husk group were lower than other dietary groups. These results showed that dietary psyllium husk could have lowering effects on serum triglyceride concentration without any side effect of hemobiochemical enzyme activity in rats.
Effects of Kimchi Solvent Fractions on Accumulation of Lipids in Heart, Kidney and Lung of Rabbit Fed High Cholesterol Diet
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 814~818
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.814
The effects of dichloromethane (CH
), ethylacetate (EtOAc) or water (
) fraction of Korean cabbage kimhi on accumulation of lipids in the heart, kidney and lung of rabbit fed 1% cholesterol diet for 16 weeks were studied. The amount of kimhi fraction added to the 100 g of diet was 8.3 mg of CHaC12.5.6 W of EtOAc, and 221.9 mg of
, which are equivalent to 5% of freeze-dried kimhi added to the diet. Each group had 6 rabbits and rabbit was housed individually. Cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations of three organs were noticeably decreased due to these solvent fractions of kimhi but for phospholipid and total lipids, only CH
fraction group showed decreasing effects. In the heart, compared to the control, cholesterol concentrations for CE
, EtOAc, and H2O fraction group were decreased by 42 (P<0.05),21 (P<0.05), and 8%, respectively, and triglyceride for these groups were decreased by 29 (p<0.05),4, and 11%, respectively. In kidney, cholesterol concentration for CH
, EtOAc, and H2O fraction group were decreased by 23, 12, and 11%, respectively (p<0.05) and triglyceride concentration for CH
and H2O fraction groups were significantly decreased by 51 and 21%, respectively (p<0.05). In lung, cholesterol concentrations for CItCIB, EtOAc, and H2O fraction groups were decreased by 37,20, and 22%, respectively (p<0.05) and triglyceride concentration of these groups were significantly decreased by 39, 28, and 28%, respectively (p<0.05). And phospholipid and total lipid of CH
fraction group were significantly decreased by 33 and 34% respectively (p<0.05). Among three organs the cholesterol content of lung was the highest followed kidney and heart. For triglyceride, heart, kidney and lung is in the order of showing the highest concentration. The phospholipid concentration was not significantly different among three organs. According to these results, we may conclude that CH
, fraction of kimhi might have the most active component, which decreases cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid and total lipids concentrations in heart, kidney, and lung of rabbit fed high cholesterol diet.
Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Sea Tangle Extracts on the Excretion of Neutral Steroids and Bile Acid in Diabetic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 819~825
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.819
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of sea tangle extracts on the excretion of neutral steroids and bile acid in diabetic rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on AIN-76 based experimental diets containing methanol extracts (2%, w/w) or water extracts (4%, w/w) of sea tangle for 4 weeks. And then they were induced to be diabetic by receiving streptozotocin (45 mg/kg BW) intramuscularly. The dried fecal weight was increased significantly in water extracts group compared with control group. The fecal content of cholesterol was higher in extracts groups of sea tangle than in control group. But there was no significant difference in fecal excretion of cholesterol between methanol and water extracts groups. The fecal excretion of coprostanol was increased significantly in water extracts group compared with the control group. The fecal excretion of bile acid was increased significantly in sea tangle extracts groups compared to the control group. These data suggest that dietary supplementation of sea tangle extracts might reduce the incidence of atherosclerosis through increasing the excretion of neutral steroids.
Effects of YK-209 Mulberry Leaves on HMG-CoA Reductase and Lipid Composition of Liver in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 826~833
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.826
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of YK-209 mulberry leaves on HMG-CoA reductase activity and lipid composition of liver in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 100
10 B were randomly assigned as a normal group and four STZ-induced diabetic groups according to the level of dietary mulberry leaves supplement. The experimental diets were fed ad libidum, so that diabetes was experimentally induced by intravenous injection of STZ 55 mg/kg of body weight after feeding for 3 weeks. Animals were sacrificed on the 9th day of diabetic states. The levels of serum triglyceride, total-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in DM group were higher than mulberry leaves supplemented groups and normal group, but those of the mulberry leaves supplemented groups were significantly decreased to normal level. In contrast, the leavels of serum HDL-cholesterol in DM group was significantly reduced than that of normal group, but mulberry leaves supplemented groups were increased to normal level. Atherogenic index in DM group was higher about 3 fold than the normal group but the DM-0.1Y and DM-0.2Y groups were maintained the normal level. Contents of total lipid and triglyceride of liver in DM group were significantly lower than that of normal group, but the mulberry Leaves supplemented groups increased than that of DM group. The contents of hepatic cholesterol in DM group was 160% higher than that of normal group, but the mulberry leaves supplementation groups maintained the normal level. The activity of hepatic 3-hydroxy -3-methylglutaryl Coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase in DM group was 43% lower than that of normal group, but had no significant difference between DM-0.1Y, DM-0.2Y and normal groups. In conclusion, YK-209 mulberry loaves has improving effect of the lipid metabolism in STZ-induced diabetic rats through hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity, and the change of lipids contents in serum and liver.
Effect of Long Term Buchu (Chinese chives) Diet on Antioxidative System of ICR Mice
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 834~839
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.834
To evaluate the antioxidative and antiaging effects of buchu in vivo system, 2% or 5% buchu diets were fed to ICR mice for 13 months and lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, activities of antioxidative enzymes and total glutathione content on liver were measured. Hepatic TBARS contents did not show differences among diet groups, while buchu diet suppressed the protein oxidation significantly. SOD activities of control diet group decreased slowly after 7 month but buchu diet increased its activities steeply for first 3 month and continued to increase twice or three times higher than control diet during 13 month. While GSH-Px activities of control diet group were increased slightly with age, buchu diet increased its activities twice or three times higher than control. While catalase activities of control diet group were almost not changed with age, buchu diet increased its activities in both 2% and 5% diet groups. Total hepatic glutathione contents were gradually increased with age, while buchu diets In-creased its contents remarkably. According to this study, many antioxidative materials and sulfides compounds containing buchu seems to protect antioxidative systems on ICR mice.
Hypoglycemic and Antioxidant Effect of Dietary Hamcho Powder in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 840~846
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.840
Male Sprague-Bawler rats were blocked into four groups which were normal rats fed control diet (NC) diabetic rats fed control diet (DC), normal rats fed Hamcho powder diet (NH), and diabetic rats fed Hamcho powder diet (DH). Diabetes was induced by single injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg B.W. i.p.). The animals were fed ad libitum for 5 weeks. Malondialdehyde (MDA), glucose 6-phosphtase (Gspase), glutathione S-transferase (GST) glutathione Peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione reductase (GR) activities were measured in the homogenates of liver and kidney, and total lipid, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in the blood serum. Food and water intakes were markedly higher in diabetic groups than those of normal groups and were not significantly decreased by Hamcho powder supplementation, But, FER (Feed efficiency ratio) of DH Brood was higher than that of U group. Total cholesterol level of DH group was decreased in the second and third week, and the weekly change of blood sugar was also decreased in the 5th week. Dietary Hamcho intake showed 41.2% of hypoglycemic effect in diabetics rats. Levels of total lipid and triglycerides of DH group were lower than those of DC group. Hepatic GR activity of DH group was higher than those of other groups. However, renal GR activity was lower than those of other groups. Hepatic G6Pase activity was significantly high in DH group and reduced by Hamcho powder supplementation. GST was reduced by Hancho diet in diabetic rats. In conclusion Hamcho supplementation decreased serum lipid and glucose concentration in STZ-induced diabetic rats and this effects of Hamcho might exert antidiabetic effect of Hamcho powder diet.
A Web-based Internet Program for Nutritional Assessment and Diet Prescription by Renal Diseases
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 847~885
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.847
The purpose of this study was to develop a web-based internet program for nutritional assessment and diet Prescription by renal diseases. Renal diseases were classified by nephrotic syndrome, renal failure, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The system consisted of five parts according to their functions and contents. The first part is to assess the general health status such as body weight, obesity index, basal metabolic rate and total energy requirement by the input of age, sex, height, weight and degree of activity. The second part was designed to investigate dietary history of patient, that is, to find out his inappropriate dietary habit and give him some suggestions for appropriate dietary behavior by investigating his dietary history. This part also offers the diet and nutrition management by personal status with renal disease, and the information for food selection, snacks, convenience foods, dine-out, behavioral modification, cooking methods, food exchange lists and terms. The third part is evaluating their energy and nutrients intake by comparing with recommended dietary allowance for Koreans or standardized data for patient with renal disease. In this part, it is also analyzing energy and nutrients of food consumed by food group and meals, and evaluating the status of nutrient intake. The fort]1 one, a major part of the system, is implementing the diet and menu planning by using food exchange lists. This Part Provides the patient with menus lists and I day menu suitable to his weight, activity and the status of renal disease. The fifth part is providing information on energy and nutrients of foods and drinks, and top 20 foods classified by nutrients. These results are finally displayed as tabular forms and graphical forms on the computer screen.
A Study of Disease Prevalence According to Green Tea Consumption
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 856~861
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.856
It has been reported in animal and human studies that green tea shows a health protective characteristics. In the present study, we investigated the disease prevalence according to chronic green tea consumption in 92 subjects (mean age: 59.548.9, men: 41, women: 51) living in green tea cultivation village. The consumption of green tea and other life-style characteristics were ascertained by a questionnaire. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the period of green tea consumption (0, < 10 year, and
10 year). For green tea consumption groups, most of the subjects have been drinking green tea in order to protect disease and recognized the effects of green tea as detoxification of alcohol and smoking, protection of cold or release from fatigue. There were no significant differences in drinking and smoking, physical activity, and a cold prevalence among the groups. Green tea consumption was associated with lower levels of prevalence of tooth decay as well as the osteoporosis. The score of dietary habits was higher by increasing green tea consumption period (p<0.05). Consequently, chronic green tea consumption can be considerably effective in health promotion.
A Study of Serum Lipid Levels, Blood Sugar, Blood Pressure of Buddhist nuns in Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians (I) - Based on BMI, WHR, %BF-
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 862~870
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.862
The purpose of this study is to verify the relation between vegetarian diet and the risk factors of cardiovascular disease. The subjects of the study were 127 Buddhist nuns (age:23～79y) from Oonmoon Temple in Choungdo District Gyeongsang Bookdoo Province and 118 Buddhist nuns practicing Zen meditation at Soodeok Temple in Yeosan District Chongcheong namdoo Province. For control subjects, 235 healthy female adults (age:23～79y) were selected. They were the teachers, the nurses of the hospital of Gyeongsang National university and the housekeepers living in chinju Gyeongsang Namdoo Province. The period of this study was from October 1996 to February 1997. The contents were consisted of food consumption survey, anthropometric measurement, estimating amount of energy expenditure, physical activity and clinical examination. Results were summarized as follows: The mean ages of the subjects were 44.2y for vegetarians and 40.5y for non-vegetarians, respectively. average body mass index (BMI) of vegetarians and non-vegetarians were 22.47 adn 21.08, WHR 0.85 and 0.84, percentage of body fat 28.79 and 26.55 respectively. The average duration of vegetarian diet of the vegetarians was 13.16 years. Levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, atherogenic index (AI), diastolic blood pressure, blood sugar and HDL-cholesterol of non-vegetarians were significantly higher (p<0.01) than those of vegetarians, but ration of HDLcholesterol/total-cholesterol was lower in non-vegetarians. In both of subjects, BMI, WHR, RBW, %BF had sig-nificant positive correlations with triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and AI. BMI, WHR had sig-nificant positive correlation with systolic blood pressure. BMI, WHR had significant negative correlation with HDL-cholesterol. In summary, vegetable diet can contribute to lowering serum lipid level, atherogenic index (AI),systolic blood pressure, blood sugar.
A Study of Serum Lipid Levels, Blood Sugar, Blood Pressure of Vegetarian Buddhist Nuns and Non-Vegetarian Female Adults (II) - Based on Favored Salty Taste -
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 871~876
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.871
This study was conducted to verify the relation between relation between vegetarian diet and the serum lipid levels, blood sugar and blood pressure from October 1996 to February 1997. The vegetarians subjects were 245 Buddhist nuns (age:23～79 yrs) and control subjects consisted of 235 healthy female adults (age: 23～70 yrs) selected from the teachers, the nurses and the housekeepers living in Chinju Gyeongsang Nam-do. The contents included anthropometric measurement, questionnaires about eating behavior score and preference for taste and biochemical characteristics of the blood. The results were summarized as follows. The average duration of vegetarian diet of the vegetarians was 13.1 years. Vegetarians prefer to a pepper, a sweet and a acidic in the right order but that non-vegetarians prefer to a sweet, a acidic and pepper in the right order. Both groups of less than a decade and more than two decade of vegetarian diet prefer to a pepper, sweet, a acidic, a bitter, a salty and a lily, and a 10～20 yr group with vegetarian diet was fond of a pepper, a bitter, a acidic, a sweet, and a oily, in the right order. This seems to be ascribable to a difference in the health knowledge and interest. Vegetarians and non-vegetarians who said that they were fond of salty were 38.8% and 52.8%, medium was 33.9% and 33.6%, and not salty was 27.3% and 13.6%. Eating behavior score of vegetarians and non-vegetarians were 25.1 and 23.1 respectively. Eating behavior scores of vegetarians were significantly higher than those of non-vegetarians (p<0.05). Eating behavior scores of the group with more than a decade of vegetarian diet were significantly higher than those of the group with less than a decade of vegetarian diet. Levels of serum total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and AI of the salty group were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those of not salty group. Levels of serum triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, blood sugar had no significant relation with preference of salty. Blood pressure was not related with preference of salty, but that of those who prefer a salty tended to be high. This study also reveals that the preference of a salty was significant influence on serum total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and AI, but the vegetarians did not prefer salty and have a good eating behavior. Consequently, vegetarian diet can be considerably effective in reducing the level of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease.
A Study on Nutritional Status of the Long-lived Elderly People in Kyungnam
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 877~884
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.877
This study was carried out to examine nutrients intake and food preference in 100 elderly people aged over 85 years residing in Namhae-gun Kyungnam. Mean daily energy intake and Korean recommended dietary allowances (RDA) percent were 1547.6
452.7 kcal and 91.5%, respectively. Mean daily intakes of protein (63.1
28.2 g), iron (16.7
11.2 mg), vitamin Bi (1.0410.4 mg) and vitamin C (97.0
45.3 mg) were higher than RDA. The intakes of calcium (418.1
189.7 mg) and vitamin B2 (0.94
0.5 mg) were shown to be 58.4% and 78.4% of the RDA. Females had higher intakes of energy and most other nutrients than males. Major food source of energy and protein intakes was rice and cereals, and that of lipid intake was meat, fish, egg and beans. Cooked rice, all kind of vegetables, fish, yogurt and sugars were preferred to the subjects. The most preferred taste was sweet.
Comparison of Nutritional Composition in Korean Rices
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 885~892
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.885
The purpose of this research was to prove the excellency of unpolished (brown) rice with respect to nutritional composition and to compare chemical composition among six varieties of rice. Some nutritional composition in the Polished (well -milled) rice and unpolished (brown) rice of the six typical Korean varieties (Chucheong, Hwasung, Odae, Ilmi, Dongjin, Ilpum) were determined. Most of nutrients in the brown rice were much greater than those in the milled rice and there was significant difference among rice varieties in some chemical compositions. The major minerals of milled rices were Ca, 6～15 mg%;P, 91～125mg%;Fe, 0.3～1.2mg%; Na, 10～14mg%;K, 106～205 mg%; Zn, 1.0～1.8mg%; and Mg, 32～58 mg%. The mineral contents of brown rices wre Ca, 4～11mg%;P, 92～286mg%;Fe, 1.3～1.9mg%;Na, 12～15mg%;K, 243～320mg%;Zn, 1.5～2.3mg%;Mg, 112～140mg%. Major fatty acids in six rice varieties were linoleic acid, oleic acid and palmitic acid, which comprised of about 93% of total fatty acid. Amino acid analysis showed that aspartic acid, glutamic acid, arginine and leucine were major amino acids, whereas histidine, threonine and tryptophan were minor ones of rice. Most ammo acid contents was higher in Ilmi than the other varieties. The contents of vitamin in brown rices were considerably higher than those in well-milled rice. There was not significant difference in total dietary fiber among rice varieties : 1.1～1.2% for milled rice,3.2～3.5% for brown rice.
Antioxidant Activity of Grape Seed Ethanol Extract
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 893~898
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.893
To examine the antioxidant activity of grape seed ethanol extract, the antioxidative index (AI) by the active oxygen method (AOM) and peroxide value (POV) of linoleic acids containing the extract at levels of 100, 500, 1000 ppm was measured during storage at 6
for 12 days. When comparing with BHT, the extract at levels of 500 ppm showed similar or better antioxidant activity (AI: 2.25, POV: 57 meq/kg oil) than that (AI: 1.21, POV:58 meq/kg oil ) of BHT at 200 ppm level. The mixture of 500 ppm of the extract and 500 ppm of ascorbic acid showed intense synergistic antioxidant activity (AI: 6.21, POV: 14 meq/kg oil) compared with using 1000 ppm of the extract only (AI: 3.39, POV 43 meq/kg oil). Also to determine the feasibility of using the extract for natural antioxidant, the oxidative stability of roasted peanut and Ramyon was investigated by measuring the POV of crude oils from the samples stored at 60"C for 18 days. The oxidative stability of roasted peanut and Ramyon seemed to be enhanced by treatment with the extract at level of 1000 ppm, especially with the 1 : 1 mixture of extract and ascorbic acid. This study suggested that grape seed ethanol extract could be used as the natural antioxidant for the improvement of overall oxidation stability of fat containing foods.oods.
Antimicrobial Activities of Combined Extract of Aloe vera with Propolis against Oral Pathogens
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 899~904
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.899
Aloe and propolis are extensively used in folk medicine. Ethanol extracts of Aloe vera (AE), ethanol extract of propolis (PE) and waxfree extract of propolis (PW) were prepared to test antimicrobial activities against five oral microorganisms (Streptococcus mutans, Enterococcus faecalis, Enteococcus hirae, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans). Antimicrobial activities were tested by serial broth dilution method and expressed by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). The AE showed relatively weak antimicrobial activities, while both of PE and PW greatly inhibited all microorganisms tested. To investigate the antimicrobial effects of the combined extracts of aloe with propolis, the fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) was determined by checkerboard assay for each strain. The combination of AE with PE or PW resulted in Synergistic effect against oral microorganisms tested (FICI=0.375) except Escherichia coli (FICI=1.0 for PE, FICI=0.75 for PW).
The Effects of Anticarcinogenic Activity of Solanum tuberosum Peel Fractions
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 905~909
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.905
This study was peformed to determine the anticarcinogenic activity of the Solanum tuberosum Peel (SP) on several microorganisms and human cancer cell lines. Among the various solvent fractions of SP, the ethylether Partition layer (SPMEE) showed the strongest antimicrobial activity, ethylacetate partition layer (SPMEA) and butanol partition layer (SPMB) resulted in good antimicrobial activity. We also determined the effect of SP extract and fractions on cytotoxicity, and chemopreventive effect on human cancer cells. The experiment was conducted to determine cytotoxicity of SP partition layers on HepG2, HeLa and MCF-7 cells by MTT assay. Among the various partition layers of SP, SPMEE and SPW were showed the strongest cytotoxic effects on all cancer cell lines. The quinone reductase induced activities of HepG2 cell, the butanol partition layer (SPMB) at a does of 40
/mL was 8.49 times more effective compared to the control value of 1.0. This value was significantly higher than that of previous results using the other materials. Therefore, based on these studies, SP may be developed into a potentially useful antimicrobial and anticarcinogenic agents.
Genotoxicological Safety of Hot Water Extracts of the γ-Irradiated Astragali Radix, Atractylodes Rhizoma, and Cimicifugae Rhizoma in Vitro
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 910~916
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.910
As the utilization of medicinal herbs in food and bio-industry increases, safe hygienic technologies for them are demanded. To consider the possibility of application of radiation technology for this purpose, the genotoxi-cological safety of three r -irradiated medicinal herbs were studied. Astragali Radix, Atractylodes Rhizoma and Cimicifugae Rhizoma were irradiated at 10 kGy, and then were extracted with hot water. The genotoxicity of the extracts was examined in two short-term in vitro tests: (1) Salmonella reversion assay (Ames test) in strains of TA98 and TA100; (2) Micronucleus test in cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The extract was treated at maximum doses of 5 mg/plate in Salmonella reversion assay, and 1 mg/mL in micronucleus test where growth of CHO cells was inhibited by 50%. In Salmonella reversion assay with or without metabolic activation, both ex-tracts of irradiated and non-irradiated herbs showed no significant differences in formation of revertant colonies compared with the negative control. And also in micronucleus test, the incidences of micronucleus in CHO cells cultured with extracts of irradiated herbs were almost same as negative control in less than 3%. These results of two in vitro tests suggest that
-irradiated herbs do not show mutagenicity and cytogenetic toxicity. Further tests of in vivo genotoxicity and chronic toxicity are needed to ascertain the safety of
Inhibitory Mechanism of Blood Coagulation and in vivo Anticoagulant Activities of Polysaccharides Isolated from Codium fragile
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 917~923
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.917
Inhibitory mechanism of the anticoagulant polysaccharide purified from Codium fragile was investigated. The anticoagulant compounds (Cf-30-IV-4-ii, CF-30-IV) prolonged the clotting time at both activated partial thrombo-plastin time (aPTT) and thrombin time (TT). The Inhibition factor assay of instrinsic coagulation pathway in the blood showed that the anticoagulant polysaccharide (CF-30-IV-4-ii) inhibited other factors such as Ⅷ, Ⅸ, Ⅵ and Ⅷ of the coagulation cascade, which did not affect the lupus anticoagulant AB activity. In the thrombin inhibition pattern the CF-30-IV-4-ii did not directly influence the fibrine formation mediated by thrombin but af-fected the anticoagulant activity through the activation of antithrombin III. Base on these result, the anticoaglant polysaccharide (CF-30-IV-4-ii) was considered to inhibit serine pretense involved in the blood coagulation cascade through the enhancing antithrombin III activity. The residual effects of anticoagulant activity and antithrombosis were tested with ICR mice. The anticoagulant polysaccharide (CF-30-W) kept its anticoagulant activitv for 6 hrs with 100% survival at a dose of 150 mg/kg in the antithromboisis test. The anticoagulant effect of CF-30-RF in ex vivo was proportional to the concentration of intravenously injected dose up to 100 mg/kg.
Biological Activity of Ixeris dentata Nakai juice Extracts
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 924~930
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.924
Ixeris dentata extracts exllibited antimicrobial activity against some bacteria and fungi. Also EtOH extracts showed strong antioxidant activity and RC
value was 28
/mL. The inhibitory effect of Ixeris dentata on the mutagenicity in Salmonella and cytotoxicity on cancer cell were studied. Ixeris dentata extracts showed anti-mutagenic effects of 78.83 and 75.96% on B(a)P in S. typhimurium TA98 and Th100, respectively. These extracts showed 78.72% antimutagenicity on TA100 against MNNG. The Ixeris dentata extract with strong antimutagenic activities was further fractionated by hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. Butanol fraction was found to be highest in antimutagenic activity against MNNG than the other fractions. Butanol fraction of Ixreis dentate revealed the highest cytotoxicity against AS49 human lung carcinoma cells in which cell growth was inhibited by 93.75% at 375
/mL. Hexane fraction of ixeris dentate exhibited 68.56% inhibition against MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells at 500
/mL. Hexane fraction of Ixeris dentata exhibited 84.91% inhibition against Hep 3B human hepatocellular carcinoma cells at 500
/mL. From these results, it is considered that Ixeris dentata has strong antimutagenic and anticancer effects in vitro. However, these extracts and fractions did not show any cytotoxic effect against 293 cells.
The Growth Promoting Effect of Enterobacteria Bifidobacterium infantis KCTC 3270 by Combination of Natural Products Bearing hntioxidative Capacity
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 931~938
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.931
The growth of enterobacteria, Bifidobacterium infantis KCTC 3270, was promoted by natural products bearing antioxidative capacity and mixed combinations of two, three and four kinds of them. B. infantis was expressed a good growth by Aurantii nobilis pericarpium majus L., Astragali radix, Epimedii herba, alone, and two mixed combinations of Epimedii herba and Theae folium, Epimedii herba and Crataegi fructus, Epimedii herba and Eucommiae cortex, and three mixed combinations of Theae folium, Epimedii herba and Chelidonium majus L., Theae folium, Epimedii herba and Aurantii nobilis pericarpium, Theae folium, Chelidonium majus L. and Auantii nobilis pericar pium, Theae folium, Chelidonium majus L. and Astragali radix, Theae folium, Aurantii nobilis pericarpium and puerariae radix, Epimedii herba, Chelidonium majus L. and Aurantii nobilis pericarpium, and four mixed com-binations of Theae folium, Chelidonium majus L., Astragali radix and Epimedii herba, and Theae folium, Chelidonium majus L., Astragali radix and Puerariae readix, and Theae folium, Epimedii herba, Aurantii nobilis pericarpium and Puerariae radix, and Theae folium, Chelidonium majus L., Aurantii nobilis pericarpium and Puerariae radix. The best four mixed combination ofr the growth of B. infantis was Theae folium, Chelidonium majus L. Astragali radix and Epimedii herba, which promoted 2.1 times than that of control, and its antioxidative capacity was also 5 times higher, and the ratio of elimination of hydroxyl radical was more than 80% in each dilution rate. As these combinations of natural products might activate some parts of body, they could be applied to pharmaceutical applications, functional foods, antiaging tea, also expected to promote useful bacterial growth for fermentative beverage bearing multifunction.
Probiotic Properties of Enterococcus durans LP44 Isolated from Pigs Feces
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 939~944
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.939
We have screened the microorganisms from pigs feces for the development of probiotics which have acid-and bile-tolerance. Among them, a strain which was identified as Enterococcu durans LP44 was selected. Sixty Duroc
Landrace pigs (6.30
0.04 kg average initial body weight) were used in a 14 days growth assay to determine the effects of Enterococco duran Lf44 culture on growth performance of weaned pigs. Dietary treatments included 1) DF (dry feeding),2) W (wet feeding),3) WF+5ED (wet feeding+5% Enterocucu duran LP44 culture),4) WF+ 10ED (wet feeding +10% Enterococcus durans LP44 culture). For overall periods, average daily gain in pigs fed % diet tended to increase compared to pigs fed DF diet without significant difference. Also, there was no significant difference in gain/feed. At 5 days after the onset of the experiment, pigs fed WF+5ED and WF+10ED diets were significantly increased in dry matter and nitrogen digestibilities compared to pigs fed DF and W diets (p<0.05). At 14 days after the onset of the experiment, pigs fed WF+ 10ED diet were significantly increased in dry matter digestibility compared to pigs fed DF diet (p<0.05). Also, pigs fed WF + 10ED diet were significantly increased in nitrogen digestibility compared to other treatments (p<0.05). In conclusion, supplemental Enterococcus durans LP44 was an effective means of improving ADG and nutrient digestibility.
The Opinion of Food and Nutrition Specialists about the Qualities of Commercial Sikhe
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 31, issue 5, 2002, Pages 945~951
DOI : 10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.5.945
To propose quality improvement for commercial sikhe, we assessed the opinion of Food and Nutrition specialists about the status of utilization, preference and quality of commercial sikhe. Questionaires were hand-delivered to 530 subjects consisted of University students and faculties of Department of Food and Nutrition at 8 cities (Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi, Daejon and Chungnam, Cheongju and Chungbuk, Daegu and Gyeongbuk, Jeonbuk, Gwangju and Jeonnam, Husan and Gyeongnam) in Korea and the complete data of 328 subjects were statistically analyzed using SPSS Program for Window (mean,
, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient). Questionaires were consisted of sociodemographics, frequency and occasion of purchasing, opinion of quality and improvement points and sen-sory characteristics. Occasion of purchasing commercial sikhe is in order of ordinary day> for present> special day. Most subjects answered that commercial sikhe was different from home-made one. The reasons not to per-chase were the most in no preference and the next, in seeming to be different taste from home-made one. Points for further improvement in commercial sikhe were in order of taste> amount and floating of rice >flavor. The correlation coefficients between over-all preference and sensory characteristics showed positively in taste (0.54), texture of rice (0.476), content of malt (0.398).