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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Effect of Packaging Material and Storage Temperature on the Quality of Tomato and Plum Fruits
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 135~141
To examine the quality changes of tomato and plum fruits during storage under various storage conditions, the rate of weight loss, pH change, titratable acidity, Hunter a value, firmness, and anthocyanin content were determined during storage. Tomato and plum fruits were stored at 4
. Tomato fruits were packaged with high density polyethylene film (HDPE) and polyvinylidene chloride film (PVDC), and plum fruits were packaged with HDPE. Tomato fruits packaged with PVDC and plum fruits packaged with HDPE at 4
were the most desirable in terms of weight loss. Titratable acidity of tomato fruits decreased with increasing storage time regardless of temperature and packaging method. Hunter a value of tomato fruits stored at 25
increased regardless of packaging method, while it was not changed for tomato fruits stored at 4
. Firmness of plum fruits stored at 25
significantly decreased during storage and anthocyanin content increased. Microbial numbers of tomato fruits increased during storage, but its rate was retarded during storage when tomato fruits were packaged with HDPE and stored at 4
. These results suggest that cold chain system and appropriate packaging could maintain the quality and prolong the shelf life of fresh produce.
Development of the Seasoning Oil for Replacing Red Pepper Seed Oil : Manufacturing of Red Pepper Seasoning Oil
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 142~147
To develop the red pepper seasoning oil(RPSO), corn oil was used as the base oil. For generating hot taste and color, oleoresin capsicum and oleoresin paprika were mixed to base oil (SSO1). Then, for generating black red color, natural black pigment that is extracted from gardenia and kaoliang was added SSO1 to prepare SSO2. To magnify the hot taste, extract of red pepper, phosphoric salt and emulsifier (monogly 20) were. then added to SSO2 to prepare SSO3. This SSO3 was very similar to real red pepper seed oil as a color and taste, but its hot flavor was not enough. To resolve this problem, we mixed about 5% of another oil(SSO4), which was mingled and roasted red pepper powder with corn oil, to SSO3. In terms of above experiment, RPSO was obtained.
Optimization on Pretreatment and Granule Tea Recipe of Polygonatum sibiricum Delar
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 148~153
The organoleptic properties of granule tea was optimized for granulation of Polygonatum sibiricum Delar(Dunggulle) tea for exclusion of scorched smell and increase of consumption. The length of 2 mm was suitable to cutting size of Dunggulle for preparation of the roasted Dunggulle. The optimum sensory conditions for aroma of Dunggulle granule tea showing 7.85 organoleptic score were 80.61% in ratio of Dunggulle extracts to total extracts, 12.77% in content of total extracts and 37.33% in rate of glucose to total sugar. The highest score of overall palatability was 5.96 at 61.11% in rate of Dunggulle extracts to total extracts, 13.79% in content of total extracts, and 60.92% in rate of glucose to total sugar.
Development of Functional Misutkaru Drink Added with Several Medicinal Herbs Extracts
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 154~159
In order to develop of health-oriented convenience foods for rice consumption, functional Misutkaru drink was made by adding several medicinal herbs extracts to fundamental Misutkaru based cereal powder(rice, barley and soybean). Fundamental Misutkaru drink was prepared with the ratio of cereal mixed rice(5g), barley(5g) and soybean(5g) on water (100 mL) and several medicinal herbs extracts. Liriopis Tuber(50%), Omija(15%), Ginseng(10%) and Jujube(25%) were mixed to fundamental Misutkaru as functional Misutkaru. And then it was extracted to added water of 10times during 36hrs at 75
. For instant Misutkaru drink of health-oriented convenience foods, mixture of them was made with fundamental Misutkaru drink(80%), extract of several medicinal herbs(20%), and it's sensory score was high. Autoclaved functional Misutkaru drink for long storage period was changed rheological type badly. Overall acceptability and storage period of nonautoclaved functional Misutkaru drink to added extract of several medicinal herbs was higher than fundamental Misutkaru drink.
Cleaning and Storage Effect of Electrolyzed Water Manufactured by Various Electrolytic Diaphragm
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 160~169
This study was carried out to investigate the efficacy of electrolyzed water manufactured with or without diaphragm on sterilization and preservation of cut-celery and shelled raw oyster. In cut-celery, total viable cell count and coliform group in the treatment of electrolyzed water were decreased to about 1/200∼1/1,000 level and about 1/100 level comparing non-treated ones. But moisture content, pH, hardness, vitamin C and residual chlorine content were showed a little difference among treatments up to 10 days at 10
. L and a color values were gradually increased in all treatments, and color differences(
E) were remarkable between treatment and untreatment sample. In overall acceptability, cut-celery treated with electrolyzed water showed somewhat higher score than that of other ones treated with tap water and 100 ppm NaClO solution until 5 days of storage. After 48 hours of storage, it was showed that VBN, total viable cell count and coliform count of shelled raw oyster treated with electrolyzed alkali water produced by non-diaphragm system are lower by about 3 mg%, 1∼2 log cycle and 2 log cycle respectively than that of ones treated with sea water. Total viable cell count of shelled raw oyster just after treatment was lower by about 1 log cycle than that of ones treated with sea water, and any significant increment was not found after 24∼48 hours of storage.
Influence of Preheating on Quality Changes of Fresh-cut Muskmelon
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 170~174
Whole muskmelon was blanched at 50
water for inhibition decline of fresh-cut melon quality from direct heat treatment. The muskmelon, after storage at 5
for 24 hours, was processed to melon cylinders with 2 cm diameter. The changes of color, texture and the quality characteristics such as gas composition. soluble solid content, pH during storage at 5
were measured. Degree of oxygen contents decreased and that of carbon dioxide in melon cylinder increased during storage. Especially, changes of gas composition inside packages appeared high level cor in blanched melon cylinders than non-treatment melons. Blanching with whole fruits at 50
had effects on hardness in melon cylinder. Blanched melon, without regard on branching time, appeared higher hardness value than that of non-blanched melon at 6 days storage. There were slight difference between treatment on melon cylinder color. Degrees of change in soluble solid contents and pH on melon cylinder blanched at 50
for 20minuets were lower than that of other treatments. In consequence, blanching with whole fruit at 50
for 20minuets, before minimal processing, was effective in preserving of texture and quality of melon cylinder during storage.
Chemical Components and Antioxidant Activity of Persimmon (Diospyros Kaki Thunb) Leaves
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 175~181
As a foundational study for notifing excellence of persimmon leaves tea, the chemical component and antioxidant activity were investigated in persimmon leaves from Dungsi, Gabjubaekmok, Weulhasi and Cheongdobansi and green tea leaves. Total sugar contents in all persimmon leaves more higher than that of green tea leaves, and the highest free sugar contained in persimmon and green tea leaves was sucrose. Free sugars present in persimmon and green tea leaves were composed of sucrose, glucose, fructose, maltose and xylose. Sucrose and fructose took more than 70% of total sugar contents. 31∼32 kinds of amino acid were detected in persimmon leaves and 35 kinds in green tea leaves. And total amino acids contained in persimmon leaves were Dungsi, Gabjubaekmok, Weulhasi and Cheongdobansi, respectively 60.40 nmol/
L, 53.21 nmol/
L, 52.29 nmol/
L and 47.58 nmol/
L. Total amino acid contents in green tea leaves was the most abundant of all as 114.72 nmol/
L. The contents of vitamin C in persimmon and green tea leaves were in the range of 0.015∼0.089% and 0.01%, respectively. Vitamin C was significant higher content in the persimmon leaves than in green tea leaves. Caffeine was not detected in all persimmon leaves, but the caffeine content of green tea leaves was 6.63 mg/l00 g. The content of catechin was showed in the orders of Cheongdobansi, Gabjubaekmok, Weulhasi, Dungsi and green tea leaves; 0.35%, 0.34%, 0.24%, 0.18% and 0.07%, respectively. The contents of gallic acid in Dungsi and Gabjubaekmok were 0.32% and 0.20%. That of green tea was 1.41%, it was the highest content in all samples. The content of calcium in Chengdobansi was most abundant in all samples as 3516.14 ppm, it was 4∼5 times as that of green tea leaves. Flavor component pattern among persimmon leaves was similar, but that of green tea leaves was different. The IC50(
g) value of Dungsi, Weulhasi, Gabjubaekmok, Cheongdobansi and green tea were 64.5, 42.0, 47.0, 64.0 and 19.0 respectively.
Physicochemical Properties of Germinated Brown Rice
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 182~188
This study was carried out to investigate nutritional composition and physicochemical properties of waxy(WGR) and nonwaxy(NWGR) germinated brown rice. Amylose contents of WGR(moisture content 15.45 %) and NWGR (moisture content 15.02%) were 4.9% and 17.9%. Reducing sugar of those were 4.91% and 2.28%. The free sugar contents of WGR were glucose 0.42%, sucrose 0.15%, maltose 0.27% and that of NWGR were glucose 0.59%, sucrose 0.50%, maltose 0.24%, respectively. Color value of WGR and NWGR were L=60.30, a=2.12, b=23.52 and L=59.51, a=3.15, b=23.04, respectively. Degree of gelatinization of WGR and NWGR were 7.67%, 5.21% and hardness of WGR and NWGR were 7.53 kg
, 8.93 kg
. Vitamin E contents of those were 271.8
/kg and total dietary fiber contents of those were 4.21%, 3.17%. Total amino acids of brown rice, nonwaxy germinated brown rice and cooked germinated brown rice were 126.8 mg/l00 g, 90.8 mg/l00 g and 106.5 mg/l00 g, respectively. Among amylogram characteristics of WGR and NWGR, initial gelatinization temperature, peak viscosity, breakdown, setback were 42
, 498 B.U., 94 B.U., -48 B.D. and 70
, 212 B.D., 0 B.D., 123 B.D., respectively. Sensory properties of germinated brown rices were affected by color and flavor. Palatability score of WGR that intensity score of color and flavor were lower than that of NWGR showed high.
Quality Properties of Semi-dried Persimmons with Various Drying Methods and Ripeness Degree
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 189~194
This experiment was carried out to compare the quality of semi-dried persimmon according to various drying methods and ripeness degree of persimmons. Most of persimmons were dried naturally there were much opportunities of contamination by impurities, microorganism and discoloration. There were need for developing various drying methods and knowing proper mature degree of persimmons in order to enhance the quality of semi-dried persimmons. Drying time of semi-dried persimmons by hot-air, far infrared ray and dehumid drying could be shorten approximately 11∼12 days, comparing with natural drying. And the loss ratio of natural drying and artifical drying were 7.0% and 0.0%. The moisture content of natural drying and dehumid drying were simillar and the hardness were very low in comparing other drying methods. Average pannel scores in semi-dried persimmons after drying showed that dehumid drying and natural drying were excellent in total prefernce ; 3.9 and 3.4, respectively. Unriped persimmons showed lower moisture content, color values and higher hardness than riped and overriped persimmons. The total preference of riped and overriped fruit were superior than unriped fruit.
Effect of Package Size and Pasteurization Temperature on the Quality of Sous Vide Processed Spinach
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 195~200
Microbial lethal value and nutrient retention of sous vide processed spinach were evaluated with mathematical model prediction and experimental trial for different package sizes and pasteurization temperatures. The package size covers 500 g, 1 kg and 2 kg, while the pasteurization temperature includes 80, 90 and 97
. The basic process scheme consists of filling blanched spinach into barrier plastic film pouch, sealing under vacuum, pasteurization in hot water with over pressure and final cooling to 3
. Pasteurization condition was designed based on attainment of 6 decimal inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes at geometric center of the pouch package by heating cycle, which was determined by general method. Heat penetration property of the package and thermal destruction kinetics were combined to estimate the retention of ascorbic acid and chlorophyll. Smaller packages with shorter pasteurization time gave better nutrient retention, physical and chemical qualities. Larger package size was estimated and confirmed experimentally to give higher pasteurization value at center, lower ascorbic acid and chlorophyll contents caused by longer heat process time. Lower pasteurization temperature with longer process time was predicted to give lower pasteurization value at center and lower ascorbic acid, while chlorophyll content was affected little by the temperature. Experimental trial showed better retention of ascorbic acid and chlorophyll for smaller package and higher pasteurization temperature with shorter heating time. The beneficial effect of smaller package and higher pasteurization temperature was also observed in texture, color retention and drip production.
Activities of Antioxidation and Alcohol Dehydrogenase Inhibition of Methanol Extracts from Some Medicinal Herbs
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 201~206
The activities of antioxidation and alcohol dehydrogenase in hibitionin methanol extracts of thirty two medical herbs were tested using the method of DPPH activity, nitrite scavenging effect and alcohol dehydrogenase assay in vitro. In DPPH method, Eugenia caryophyllata, Thea sinensis, Paeonia suffruticosa, Alnus japonica showed over 90 % of free radical scavenging activities. The nitrite scavenging ability appeared Zanthoxylum bungeanum, Alnus japonica, Thea sinensis, Hovenia dulcis(cortex) and Illicium verum showed the high value. In connection with in vivo alcohol metabolism, thirteen medicinal herbs were screened for inhibition. As a reasult, we found significant inhibition of ADH by methanolic extracts of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Pueraria thunbergiana(radix), Alnus japonica. These results indicate that the antioxidative effect was strongly related with alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor; Thea sinensis and Alnus japonica.
Antimicrobial Effect of Methanol Extracts from Some Medicinal Herbs and the Content of Phenolic Compounds
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 207~213
Methanol extracts were prepared from 32 medicinal herbs of the extracts were tested their microbial inhibition activities against food borne pathogens and/or food poisoning microorganisms, food-related bacteria and yeast. Methanol extracts of Cinnamomum cassia, Paeonia suffruticosa, Alnus japonica, Eugenio caryophyllata and Illicium verum exhibited antimicrobial activity for the microorganisms tested, except lactic acid bacteria and yeast. Minimum inhibitory concentrations(MIC) were about 5 mg/mL for Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Cell growth of lactic acid bacteria was inhibitied, but greatly on Leuconostoc mesenteroides. The phenolic compound contents were 10.98 mg/g, 10.31 mg/g, 8.55 mg/g and 6.69 mg/g in Thea sinensis, Eugenia caryophyllata, Alnus japonica and Artenisia capillaris, respectively. Antimicrobial activity appeared to be related to phenol compound content in medicinal herbs. The methanol extracts of medicinal herbs could be suitable for the development of a food preservative.
Antioxidative, Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Functional Food Manufactured from Fermented Soybean Extract
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 214~220
This study was carried out to determine the antioxidative, antimutagenic, and anticancer effects of functional food manufactured from fermented soybean(FFMFS) using DPPH free radical donating method, Ames test and cytotoxicity, respectively. FFMFS extracted with ethanol and then further fractionated to n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate(EtOAc), butanol and water, stepwise. Among five fractions, the EtOAc fractions showed highest electron donating activities (31.6
/mL). The inhibition rate of ethanol extract(200
/plate) of FFMFS in the S. typhimurium TA100 strain showed 84.8% against the mutagenesis induced by MNNG. In addition, the suppression of EtOAc fractions with same concentration of FFMFS the S. typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains showed 88.7% and 92.8% inhibition against Trp-P-l, respectively. The cytotoxic effects of FFMFS against the cell lines with human lung carcinoma(A549), human gastric carcinoma(AGS) and human breast adenocarcinoma(MCF-7) were inhibited with the increase of the extract concentration. The treatment of 1.0 mg/mL FFMFS of EtOAc fraction showed strong cytotoxicities of 84.5%, 88.7% and 85.6% against A549, AGS and MCF-7, respectively.
Antimutagenic and Cytotoxic Effects of Allium victorialis Extracts
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 221~226
This study was carried out to determine the antimutagenic and anticancer effects of Allium victoriolis using Ames test and cytotoxicity. Allium victorialis extracted with ethanol and then further fractionated to chloroform, ethyl acetate and water. The inhibition rate of ethanol extract (200
/plate) of Allium victorialis in the Salmonella typhimurium TA100 strain showed 88.2% against the mutagenesis induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG). The suppression ratio against 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide(4NQO) in the Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains showed 76.4% and 83.0%, respectively. The cytotoxicity effects of Allium victorialis extract against the cell lines with human lung carcinoma (A549), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) and human gastric cacinoma (KATOIII) were inhibited with the increase of extract concentration. The treatment of 0.5
/plate Allium victorialis of ethanol extract showed strong cytotoxicities of 74.2%, 71.3% and 67.4% against A549, MCF-7 and KATOIII, respectively.
Production conditions of Alkaline protease by Bacillus magaterium
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 227~232
Microoganism producing alkaline protease was isolated from Norway's mackerel and identified as Bacillus magaterium by the morphological and physiological characteristics. The optimum culture conditions of this strain for the maximum protease activity were 1.2% galactose, 1.5% NH
, 0.3% MgSO
, pH 8.0 and 48 hrs. at 35
. Thermostable of this protease was stability at 10 to 50
and instability at 60 to 80
Effect of Fermentation Vessel on Quality of Anchovy Soy Sauce
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 233~239
Anchovy soy sauce containing anchovy sauce was ripened in different vessels at 30
for 4 months and measured in physical, chemical, microbiolgical and sensory quality attributes. The used vessels include glass, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), stainless, and onggi (Korean earthenware) with 628 mL. Compared to the other vessels, onggi gave the highest moisture loss, maintained consistently higher microbial counts in total aerobic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria and yeasts, and attained high protease activity in the soy sauce product. Even with high moisture loss the onggi vessel did not produce the higher product salt content than the other vessels because there was salt diffusion outward through the container wall. All of these changes of the product in onggi resulted in lower pH, higher acidity and higher amounts of free amino acids and nucleotides after 4 month period, which was desirable for sensory quality.
Changes of Quality Characteristics in Brewing of Chungju(Sambaekju) Supplemented with Dried Persimmon and Cordyceps sinensis
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 240~245
Chungju(Sambaekju) supplemented with dried persimmon and cordyceps sinensis was prepared and its characteristics were estimated during the brewing. Reducing sugar contents was decreased, ethanol contents was increased in the during fermentation, the final ethanol contents in the first, second and third mash were 5.8%, 11.4% and 16.5%, respectively. Total acidity and amino acidity were increased in the during fermentation. The major organic acid was latic acid, acetic acid, malic acid and succinic acid were a little, and citric acid and tartaric acid were not detected. L-proline(1151.7 mg%) was major in free amino acid. the contents of total and essential amino acid were 11.19% and 217.70 ppm, respectively.
Effect of Short-term High
on Growth of Botrytis cinerea
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 246~249
This study was conducted to evaluate the inhibition efficacy of high CO
atmosphere (35, 60, and 100%
24, 48, and 72 h) on growth of Botrytis cinerea in vitro in order to offer sterilizing method of horticultural crops including peach fruits. Botrytis cinerea was isolated from a naturally infected peach fruits. Growth of the fungus at 25
declined with increased CO
concentration and treatment duration. Especially, 100% CO
provided completely inhibition effect of growth of the fungus for 72 h. After removal of high CO
condition, however, the fungus showed normal growth speed. The growth of fungus at low temperature was completely inhibited temporarily by short-term 100% CO
treatment, but resumed right after transferring to normal atmosphere at 25
Development of a New Commercial Grain Cooler
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 250~256
The objectives of this study were to develop a new commercial grain cooler suited to domestic weather and post-harvesting conditions for paddy, and to evaluate the performance. A prototype grain cooler capable of cooling paddy of 200 tons within 24 hours was developed. The grain cooler was designed to control the refrigeration capacity from 0 to 100% by controlling the capacity of compressor with unloading solenoid valve and by changing the flow rates of hot refrigerant gas flowing into reheater and evaporator from compressor. And a controller with one chip microprocessor was developed to control temperature and relative humidity of cooling air. The maximum cooling capacity of the grain cooler was 35,284㎉/hr at condensing/evaporating pressure of 16.5/3.6 kgf/
. Maximum flow rate of cooling air was 120 ㎥/min at static pressure of 279 mmAq. The total maximum required power was 22.8㎾, and total required energy was saved from 26.7 to 33.3% of maximum power depending on operating conditions. The coefficient of performance of refrigeration devices and total coefficient of performance of the grain cooler were 4.71 and 1.8, respectively.
Safe Storage Period of Paddy under Different Temperature and Moisture Content Conditions
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 257~262
This study was conducted to analyze the quality characteristics depending on moisture contents and storage temperatures of paddy, and to predict safe storage period for paddy. Germination rate, fat acidity and appearance of paddy samples with different moisture contents of 16.1%, 17.7%, 20.6%, and 22.2% stored at different temperature rooms of 10
, and 30
were measured as factors of safe storage period. Germination rate of paddy was decreased with increasing of storage temperature and moisture content. And both fatty acidity of paddy and the ratios of colored and contaminated kernels were increased with increasing of storage temperature and moisture content. Safe storage period was determined based on germination rate, fat acidity and appearance depending on storage time, temperature and moisture content of paddy. Paddy with 16% moisture content could be safely stored for 1.5 years at least at 10
Field Cooling Tests of Paddy Stored in Steel Bins with a Grain Cooler
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 263~268
Two field cooling tests were conducted to evaluate the cooling characteristic of paddy with a prototype grain cooler. The first test was carried out during summer season in a steel bin with 180.3ton of paddy at Sunchon. And the second test was carried out during harvesting season in a steel bin with 272.2ton of paddy at Ulsan. At the first test, initial paddy temperature of 23.6
was dropped to 14
, and initial moisture content of 19.9% was dropped to 19.3% after 52.5 hours of cooling. At the second test, initial paddy temperature of 16.1
dropped to 5.5
after 78.0 hours of cooling. And, at the first test, the average air flow rates of chilled air leaving the grain cooler and penetrating the grain layer were 77.5 ㎥/min and 42.5 ㎥/min, respectively. To prevent leakage of chilled air from plenum chamber of steel bin, which was about 45% of the average air flow rates of chilled air leaving the grain cooler, a proper method was required. The average total power consumption at the first test during summer was 22.1 ㎾ with control of fan damper. At the second test, it was 17.4 ㎾ due to controlling the capacity of compressor with unloading solenoid valve and changing the flow rates of hot refrigerant gas flowing into evaporator and reheater from compressor, resulting in 27% reduction of energy consumption.
Optimization of Drying and Storage System for Paddy Using the Grain Cooler
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 269~275
This study was conducted to develop an optimization model using Box's Complex Algorithm, and to determine optimum operating conditions to minimize costs for the drying and storage system using the grain cooler. To minimize the system operation cost, the optimum moisture contents after the first drying were found to be from 17.2 to 19.8 %. And optimum drying and cooling capacities were obtained. The combination of the dryer and grain cooler was found to be economical, showing enhancement of the drying capacity over 50%, and decrease of drying cost over 10%. When the circulating grain dryers of 6 and 20 ton/batch were used in conjunction with the grain cooler, the cost required for drying and storage system for paddy were 28,464∼33,317won/ton and 20,588∼26,511 won/ton, respectively, which was from 2.6 to 27.3% lower than that of conventional drying and storage system.
Priority Setting for Future Core Technologies in Postharvest Agriculture using the AHP
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 276~281
The study focused on setting priority among future core technologies that were derived by Delphi in agricultural management ＆ information using AHP. Items for the setting priority were decided as 'technology', 'market', and 'public concerns' by council. The future core technologies were divided as four parts by importance and R＆D level. Technologies that are consisted with upper two parts that have high importance were considered in the study. Questionnaires were given to 10 specialists in division of postharvest agriculture. As the results, 'market' was decided as a most important item. The most important technologies number were PⅠ16 in group Ⅰ, and PⅡ12 in group Ⅱ.
Effects of Storage Methods on the Rhizome Quality of Rehmannia glutinosa L.
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 11, issue 2, 2004, Pages 282~285
This experiment was carried out to investigate the cost reduction of rhizome through the stable storage of Jiwhang #1(Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch). The growth characteristics of Jiwhang #1 are different from those of local Rehmannia glutinosa L. varieties in Korea. Various storage methods was introduced and analyzed for 120 days. Among storage methods, changes in mean daily temperature in storage location were the least from 7.2 to 13.8
in underground storage, while those were wide in styrofoam box filled with soil, and changes in mean daily relative humidity were the highest 98.2% in underground storage. As the storage period increased, the rhizome brix and the rate of rhizome loss and spoiled rhizome increased. The brix and loss rate of rhizome were higher in net sack filled with hull and styrofoam box filled with hull, but the rate of spoiled rhizome was the greatest in underground storage among storage methods. As the storage period increased, the hardness of rhizome epidermis increased, while that of rhizome endodermis decreased.