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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Kwang Duk Moon
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Collagen Powder from Skate (Raja Kenojei) Skins
Shon, Jin-Han ; Eun, Jong-Bang ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 435~443
Physicochemical and functional properties of collage from skate skin (Raja Kenojei) are examined depending on pH and NaCl concentration in the medium. The solubility decreased as NaCl concentration increased but, turbidity increased as concentration of collagen increased. Oil-holding capacity and water-holding capacity were similar to other fish skin collagens. Emulsion activity, creaming stability, and viscosity were lowest at where pH levels were isoelectric point regions of collagens. However, the higher pH values at 7.0-9.0 caused increasing foam expansion, foam viscosity, and gel strength. These results indicated that collagen from skate skin could be used as a functional ingredient for food and industrial applications.
Effects of Salting and Packaging on the Quality of Dombaeki (Shark Meat) during Storage
Lee, Hye-Lim ; Park, Hyo-Jin ; Lee, Shin-Ho ; Youn, Kwang-Sup ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 444~450
We investigated the quality of Dombaeki (shark meat) treated without salting (NS), with salting (S), air-packed (A), and vacuum-packed (V), during storage at
. We explored water holding capacity, elasticity, total bacterial counts, pH, titratable acidity level, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) value, and drip loss. Water holding capacity and elasticity values were better when salting and vacuum-packaging were employed than when samples were not salted and were packaged in air. The total bacterial counts in SV meat were significantly lower than in other samples. The pH of all samples increased slowly during storage, and the pH values of NSA samples were significantly higher than the pH values of other samples. The VBN level and drip loss of SV meat were the lowest of all samples during storage. The results show that salted vacuum-packed meat was of better quality than that stored without salting, and air-packed, regardless of storage temperature.
Quality Changes in Pulp-containing Apple Juice upon Addition of Vitamin C
Park, Nan-Young ; Kim, Jae-Hhoa ; Seo, Ji-Hyung ; Woo, Sang-Cheul ; Jeong, Yong-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 451~456
We investigated changes in the quality of pulp-containing apple juice, during storage, after addition of various amounts of vitamin C, which was stable over time. Neither sugar content nor acidity level varied when vitamin C was added. The pH was slightly lower (pH 4.29-4.30) in juice with added vitamin C than in unsupplemented juice (pH 4.40). The L and b color values fell as vitamin C content rose and the storage period was extended. In sensory evaluation tests, taste and overall acceptability were higher for juice to which vitamin C had been added to 0.02% (w/v) than for unsupplemented juice. Vitamin C levels fell less during storage at
than at higher temperatures. The alcohol-soluble color (ASC) value fell as the amount of added vitamin C rose, and tended to be lower when juice was stored at
. In summary, apple juice containing pulp was optimally stored at
after addition of 0.02% (w/v) vitamin C
Development and Quality Characteristics of Lotus Root Jeonggwa Admixed with Omija (the Medicinal Herb Schizandra chinensis Baillon) Extract during Storage
Kwon, Hoo-Ja ; Choi, Mi-Ae ; Park, Chan-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 457~465
We sought to develop lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) root Jeonggwa as a health food. Jeonggwa was mixed with 0-8% (w/w) Omija water extract and stored at
for 12 weeks. Quality characteristics during storage were investigated. The pH of Jeonggwa fell, and the acidity level rose, as increasing amounts of Omija water extract were added. The moisture content of Jeonggwa rose from 7-8% to 14-17% within 2 weeks of storage at
, and was maintained at that level to the end of storage. Total viable bacterial cells in Jeonggwa were initially 2.4~3.2 log CFU/g, and increased in number during storage, but never exceeded 4 log CFU/g. The shelf life of Jeonggwa was extended when Omija extract was added. The lightness (L), redness (a). and yellowness (b) of Jeonggwa during storage at
were highest in control samples and the values fell with increasing Omija extract concentration (p<0.001). Mechanical evaluation Jeonggwa showed that various tested parameters fell during storage at
. The hardness and strength of Jeonggwa were significantly reduced as the Omija extract concentration rose (p<0.05). In sensory evaluation tests, the acceptability of Jeonggwa was optimal when 2~4% (w/w) Omija extract was added.
Effects of Organic Mulches on the Quality of "Niitaka" Pear Trees and Fruit
Wu, Xiu-Yu ; Kim, Wol-Soo ; Choi, Hyun-Suk ; Jo, Jung-An ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 466~470
We investigated the effects of organic mulches on the tree and fruit qualities of "Niitaka" (Pyrus pyriforia) pear trees. Trees grown with rice straw mulch had significantly greater potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and calcium (Ca) concentrations in leaves compared with control trees and those mulched using bark or polyethylene, but the concentrations were below the recommended levels for these nutrients in pear leaves. Bark mulch increased fruit firmness and soluble solid (SS) levels, compared with rice straw mulch. The fruit of trees grown with bark mulch had a higher ratio of SS to total acidity in fresh fruit, and the fruit was dark red in color. The K and Ca concentrations were highest in fruit grown on trees mulched with rice straw and bark, respectively, and competition between the levels of these cations was evident in fresh fruit. Bark and rice straw mulches increased overall fruit quality, and reduced fruit stone size, whereas a polyethylene mulch, devoid of organic material, resulted in a fruit stone size similar to that of the control.
Quality Characteristics of Smoked Dombaeki (Shark Meat)
Park, Hyo-Jin ; Park, La-Yeong ; Yoon, Kwang-Sup ; Lee, Shin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 471~477
We explored the effects of curing and smoking conditions on the shelf life of Dombaeki (shark meat). Dombaeki cured for 12 h in an aqueous solution containing (per 100 ml) salt 5.6 g, sugar 14 g, and garlic powder 0.6 g, showed the best sensory quality among various samples cured for 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 or 24 hours. The optimum conditions for preparation of smoked Dombaeki (SD) were drying at
for 30 min, followed by cooking at
for 30 min and smoking at
for 40 min, as judged by sensory evaluation of taste, color, flavor, texture, and overall acceptability. The volatile basic nitrogen content of air- or vacuum-packed unsmoked Dombaeki (NSD) was above 20 mg% after storage for either 12 days or 5 weeks. However, the nitrogen contents of air- and vacuum-packed SD were less than 20 mg% after either 21 days or 10 weeks of storage at
. The DPPH free radical-scavenging ability of SD (73.9%) was significantly higher than that of unsmoked meat (4.54%). The total polyphenol content of SD (745.6 g/g) was about 4-fold greater than that of unsmoked meat (179.5 g/g).The viable bacterial count of air- or vacuum-packed unsmoked meat was over
after storage for either 12 days or 5 weeks. However, air- or vacuum-packed SD had counts under
at all storage times tested. Changes in coliform bacterial levels paralleled those of total viable cells. The sensory quality (taste, color, flavor, appearance, texture, and overall acceptability) of SD was significantly better than that of NSD.
Quality Evaluation of Ginger Dried using a Molecular Press Dehydration Method or Employing a Dehydration Liquid
Lee, Hyun-Suk ; Kim, Byeong-Sam ; Cha, Hwan-Soo ; Kwon, Ki-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 478~486
The qualities of ginger prepared by an MPD (molecular press dehydration) method using maltodextrin, or dried using reused dehydration liquid, or prepared by freeze-drying or hot-air drying, were compared in terms of approximate overall composition, color, water absorption index, water solubility index, total sugar level, reducing sugar concentration, antioxidant activity, and gingerol content. The approximate composition of ginger prepared by the MPD method was lower in overall biochemical content than were those of gingers prepared using other methods. Ginger prepared by the MPD method retained the original ginger color. The water absorption and solubility index of ginger prepared by the MPD method (using maltodextrin) were better than those of gingers dried using other methods. The total sugar content did not change noticeably upon processing. The reducing sugar content of ginger prepared by hot-air drying was low. The antioxidant activity of ginger prepared by the MPD method was higher than that of freeze-dried and hot air-dried ginger samples, with values lower than those of BHA (3(2)-t-Butyl-4-hydroxyanisole) and BHT (2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol). The gingerol content of ginger prepared by the freeze-drying method was higher than that of gingers prepared by other methods. However, ginger constituents were present in the dehydration liquid used in the MPD method. The results indicate that both the MPD method (using maltodextrin) and the use of reused dehydration liquid are efficient methods by which ginger can be dried.
Quality Characteristics of White Breads Containing Various Levels of Acanthopanax senticosus Extracts
Lee, Seon-Ho ; Bae, Jong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 487~493
This study was conducted to evaluate quality characteristics of white breads with Acanthopanax senticosus extract(ASE) (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%). Addition of ASE significantly decreased L-value, and increased a and b-values. Compared with the control bread, specific volume of bread added with ASE was increased. The cohesiveness, springiness and gumminess of the breads added with ASE were higher than those of the control group. Also, a sensory evaluation was carried out in terms of acceptability(color, flavor, taste, texture and overall acceptability). Taken together, the 50% treatment ranked the highest evaluation values, as compared to other treaments. Accordingly, to improve the quality of bread, it is recommendable to add ASE to the 50% level in substitution for water in making a loaf of bread. After all, this study was to confirm the possibility of ASE's utilization as natural materials containing the functional substance.
Effects of gamma irradiation on the microbiological and general quality characteristics of fresh yam juice
Song, Hyun-Pa ; Kim, Bok-Duck ; Shin, Eun-Hye ; Song, Du-Sup ; Lee, Hyun-Ja ; Kim, Dong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 494~499
Pasteurization by radiation was performed to improve the microbiological quality of fresh yam juice. Samples were irradiated at doses of up to 5 kGy and microbiological, physicochemical, and sensory qualities were investigated during storage at 5oC for 8 days. Total aerobic bacterial, coliform bacterial, and yeast and mold counts in pre-irradiation samples were 7.09, 6.91, and 3.42 log CFU/g, respectively. Total aerobic bacterial and coliform counts fell significantly, in a dose-dependent manner, after irradiation, and these organisms were completely eliminated after 1 day of storage when 3 kGy or 5 kGy of radiation was applied. Yeast and molds were eliminated by irradiation at 3 kGy. Irradiation reduced sample viscosity. The
value decreased after irradiation, whereas the
value rose. Sensory evaluation testing revealed no significant difference between control samples and those irradiated with 1 kGy, except in color and texture, but sensory scores fell when irradiation of 3 kGy or over was employed, except in the taste domain. The results indicate that gamma irradiation with 1 kGy is effective to ensure the microbiological safety of fresh yam juice, without significant alteration in sensory characteristics, although further work should seek to reduce the detrimental effects of irradiation.
Quality Characteristics of Fermented Mate(ILex paraguarensis) Leaf Tea
Hong, Joo-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 500~506
This study was conducted to compare and analyze the active and general components in mate leaf tea according to degree of fermentation conditions. The contents of tannic acid of hot water extracts from #1 (mate leaf), #2 (Mate leaf after fermentation and roasting), #3 (Mate leaf after Pan-firing), and #4 (Mate leaf after final drying) were decreased according to degree of fermentation conditions. Polyphenol contents of hot water extracts were approximate in #1 and #3, with measurements of 43.45 mg/g and 38.20 mg/g, respectively. Caffeine contents were 6.78 mg/g in #1, 4.30 mg/g in #3, and 3.65 mg/g in #4. In addition, the level of total free amino acid of #1 was higher than that of #2, #3, and #4. Lightness (L) and Redness (a) values increased and yellowness (b) values decreased after fermentation. When sensory tests were conducted, mate leaf tea after fermentation had pleasant taste.
Effects of Freezing Pretreatment on Juice Expression and Drying Characteristics of Prunus mume Fruit
Chung, Hun-Sik ; Kim, Han-Soo ; Lee, Young-Guen ; Seong, Jong-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 507~512
The effects of pretreatment by freezing on juice expression and drying characteristics of Prunus mume fruit were investigated. Fresh fruit slices were frozen at
, thawed, and then either pressed (to yield juice) or dried. Fresh fruit slices were used as controls. Both juice yield and drying rate were higher when pre-frozen fruit was tested, compared to fresh fruit. The L and b color values were lower in the juice and dried powder of pre-frozen compared to fresh fruit. The a color value was higher in juice and powder prepared from pre-frozen fruit compared to fresh fruit. There was no significant difference in free sugar or organic acid content between juices and powders from pre-frozen and fresh fruit. None of soluble solid content, titratable acidity, or juice pH was affected by freezing pretreatment. The results suggest that such pretreatment may be useful to increase juice yield and drying rate. However, browning of juice and powder may be elevated.
Moisture Sorption Characteristics and a Prediction Model of Anchovy Powder with Particle Size
Youn, Kwang-Sup ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 513~518
This study was carried out to estimate the moisture sorption characteristics and prediction model of anchovy powders with different particle size as above 80 mesh, 80-60 mesh and 40-60 mesh. The equilibrium moisture content had higher values at lower storage temperatures, and higher water activity. The monolayer moisture content calculated using the GAB equation showed a higher level of significance than that of BET equation. The estimated monolayer moisture content was 0.024-0.052 g
dry solid. The absorption enthalpy was calculated with different particle size and various water activities. It showed that the absorption energy was decreased with increasing water activity but no difference was found on particle size increasement. The fitness of the isotherm curve was shown to be in the order of Khun, Halsey, Caurie and Oswin model. The prediction model equations for the moisture content were established by ln(time), water activity, and temperature, respectively. The model equation will be helpful for future work on drying and storage of anchovy powder.
The Nutrient Composition of Commercial Kwamegi Admixed with Functional Ingredients
Jang, Mi-Soon ; Park, Hee-Yeon ; Byun, Han-Seok ; Park, Jin-Il ; Kim, Yeon-Kye ; Yoon, Na-Young ; Nam, Cheon-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 519~525
Kwamegi, a traditional Korean food, is made from the flesh of Pacific saury (the fish Cololabis saira semi-dried in a cold wind off the sea, and is well known in Korea as a valuable health food. Recently, several functional materials have been developed for supplementation of Kwamegi. Here, we compared and analyzed the nutrient composition, including overall composition and mineral, vitamin, fatty acid, and amino acid levels, of several commercial Kwamegi samples prepared with addition of functional components (unsupplemented Kwamegi, Kwamegi with chitosan, and Kwamegi overlaid with gold leaf). The levels of moisture (26.4-30.8%), crude protein (29.1-32.7%), and crude ash (1.6-1.9%) did not differ greatly among samples. However, the crude lipid content of Kwamegi overlaid with gold leaf (KOGL, 32.2%) was greater than that of untreated Kwamegi (CK, 24.5%) or of Kwamegi with added chitosan (KAC, 22.9%). The levels of vitamin
(1.8-2.0 mg/100 g) and vitamin C (6.6-6.7 mg/100 g) did not differ greatly among Kwamegi samples. However, CK had a higher vitamin A content and a greater vitamin A potency than did KAC or KOGL. The various Kwamegi samples tested contained similar levels of fatty acids and amino acids. In conclusion, no particular differences in nutrient composition were evident when commercial Kwamegi samples supplemented with functional ingredients were tested
Changes in Nutritional Components of Daebong-gam (Diospyros kaki) during Ripening
Jeong, Chang-Ho ; Kwak, Ji-Hyun ; Kim, Ji-Hye ; Choi, Gwi-Nam ; Jeong, Hee-Rok ; Kim, Dae-Ok ; Heo, Ho-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 526~532
Changes in the nutritional components of Daebong-gam (astringent persimmon) fruit were studied during ripening. The pH rose during ripening and total acidity level fell, from pH 5.36 to pH 5.96 and 0.13% to 0.06%, respectively. Total soluble content did not significantly change. Lightness, redness, and yellowness values, as well as ascorbic acid content, decreased during ripening. The levels of moisture, crude protein, and crude fat also decreased, but nitrogen-free content and crude ash level increased. Daebong-gam was rich in K (96.31~239.47 mg/100 g), P (49.10~55.93 mg/100 g), and Na (15.96~18.13 mg/100 g). Fructose and glucose levels were initially high and increased further during ripening. The glucose content was 4.82% in Daebong-gam, 6.73% in Ban-si, and 7.10% Yeon-Si, respectively. Proline, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid were present at high levels in Daebong-gam. The most common fatty acids were palmitic acid and linolenic acid. Succinic acid was the principal organic acid present.
Overall Composition, and Levels of Fatty Acids, Amino Acids, and Nucleotide-type Compounds in Wild Abalone Haliotis gigantea and Cultured Abalone Haliotis discus hannai
Jang, Mi-Soon ; Jang, Joo-Ri ; Park, Hee-Yeon ; Yoon, Ho-Dong ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 533~540
Overall composition, and fatty acid, amino acid, and nucleotide-type compound levels in wild (Haliotis gigantea) and cultured abalone (Haliotis discus hannai), were investigated. Wild abalone had a higher moisture content than did cultured abalone, but the converse was true for crude protein content. In overall composition, crude lipid level was higher in the viscera than in the meat, with the greatest level,
(w/w), observed in the viscera of wild abalone. The major fatty acids were palmitic acid (16:0), oleic acid (18:1n-9), eicosatrienoic acid (20:3n-3, ETA), eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3, EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA). The omega-3 fatty acid content (EPA and DHA) was higher in wild than in cultured abalone. A total of 17 amino acids were detected in all abalone samples, most of which had high levels of aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, and arginine, and low amounts of cysteine, methionine, and histidine. Glutamic acid was the most abundant of all amino acids. The content of free amino acids was related to taste score. The major free amino acids were taurine, alanine, and arginine, of which taurine was the most abundant, and was present at higher levels in wild compared to cultured abalone. The total contents of nucleotide-related compounds in wild and cultured abalone were 12.93 mg/100g and 30.75 mg/100g, respectively.
Biological Activity of Fresh Juice of Wild-Garlic, Allium victorialis L.
Kwon, Jung-Eun ; Baek, Un-Hak ; Jung, In-Chang ; Sohn, Ho-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 541~546
Wild-garlic (Allium victorialis L.) is a perennial plant found in worldwide and has been considered as a favorite vegetable due to its particular smell and taste. However, the study of biological activity of wild-garlic and the development of processed food are in rudimentary. In this study, we evaluated several biological activities, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, and inhibitory activities against human thrombin,
-glucosidase, of Ulrung wild-garlic. Analysis of the composition showed that Ulrung wild-garlic is nutritive although it is perishable. The color of fresh juice was stably maintained during 10 days-storage at
, but rapidly discolored by heat treatment at
for 1 h. During heat treatment, the contents of total sugar and total polyphenol were decreased to 75% and 50%, respectively, and acidity was increased from 0.069% to 0.111%. In a while, the brix, reducing sugar, and total flavonoids showed minor changes. The fresh juice showed strong DPPH scavenging activity, reducing power and antibacterial and antifungal activity, but the heat-treated juice lost the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. The inhibitory activities against human thrombin and
-glucosidase was negligible in both fresh juice and heat-treated juice. These results suggested that the antioxidant and antimicrobial components in wild-garlic are heat-liable and volatile. Based on our results, we propose non-heat treatment products for processed wild-garlic, for example, fresh juice-added beverage or fermented liquors using wild-garlic.
Preparation and Characterization of Watermelon Wine
Park, Chan-Sung ; Kim, Mi-Lim ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 547~554
We developed watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad) wine to increase the market for the fruit, which is currently sold only in fresh form. The pH of watermelon wine was pH 2.8~3.4, the total acid level 0.48~0.55%, and the soluble solid
alcohol content was 9.5~10.5%. Fermentation of watermelon juice was satisfactory at both 20C and 25C. All of citric acid, malic acid, and oxalic acid were detected in watermelon wine citric acid was the most abundant. All of glucose, fructose, sucrose, and maltose were present in juice, and both fructose and glucose were used in fermentation. Electron-donating ability (EDA) was high, being 80% of the control value when watermelon wine was diluted to
. SOD-like activities were present in both watermelon juice and wine, being 55.2% and 49.2% of control values, respectively. Nitrite-scavenging ability (NSA) was 70.2% and 53.2% of control values in undiluted juice and wine, respectively. Watermelon juice showed higher activation than did wine, but functionality neither fell nor rose after fermentation. In sensory evaluation of wine, the overall score was better than average, at 4.15, thus establishing the commercial potential of watermelon wine.
The Effect of Red Ginseng Extract on Fermentation of Baechu Kimchi
Kim, Hye-Young ; Mo, Eun-Kyoung ; Sung, Chang-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 555~562
To evaluate the effect of red ginseng on kimchi (Korean pickled cabbage) fermentation, baechu kimchi was prepared after supplementation with ginseng extract. The quality characteristics of kimchi prepared with this extract at 0, 0.5, 1, 3 and 5% (all w/w) were investigated during 4 days of fermentation at
. The pH values in samples with ginseng extract were higher than that of the control, and total acidity levels were lower. The lightness (L value) of the control sample was lower than that of kimchi fermented with red ginseng extract. Redness (a value) of supplemented kimchi was higher than that of the control, whereas the yellowness (b value) of kimchi treated with 5% (w/w) extract was higher than that of all other samples. The control sample had the highest b value after 4 days of fermentation. The hardness of all samples fermented with ginseng extract was higher than that of the control. The levels of total viable microbes, and those of lactic acid bacteria and yeast, were remarkably reduced in the presence of ginseng extract. However, the high concentrations of ginseng (3% and 5%, both w/w) reduced acceptability in terms of color, taste, texture, and overall attractiveness. We thus conclude that 0.5-1% (w/w) ginseng extract might be appropriate for supplementation of kimchi.
Characteristics of Wine Fermented from Mulberry Juice
Kim, Kang-Il ; Kim, Mi-Lim ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 17, issue 4, 2010, Pages 563~570
We sought to ferment wine from mulberry (Morus alba) juice. The soluble solid content was
on day 6 of fermentation, and gradually fell later; sugar was not further consumed when
was attained. Alcohol content rose dramatically on day 6 of fermentation, being 4.5% (v/v) at fermentation temperatures of 16C and 18C, 6.5% (v/v) at 20C, and 8.0% (v/v) at 25C, rising further to 10.5~11.5% (v/v) on day 48, at higher culture temperatures. Citric acid, malic acid, and oxalic acid were present in mulberries. The levels of both citric and oxalic acid fell after fermentation, whereas malic acid concentration increased. All of fructose, glucose, maltose, and sucrose were fermented. Electron-donating ability (EDA) was elevated to over 90% of the control value in mulberry juice diluted to 40% (v/v). SOD-like activities in juice and wine were 80.1% and 72.1% of the control value. Nitrite-scavenging abilities (NSAs) were 86.2% and 85.2% of control in undiluted juice and wine, respectively. Mulberry juice had an activation level higher than that of mulberry wine, but functionality neither rose nor fell after fermentation. Insensory evaluation, the overall wine score was better than average, at 5.00, demonstrating the commercial potential of mulberry wine.