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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Kwang Duk Moon
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Physicochemical Properties of Satsuma Mandarin according to Harvest Year
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~6
Physicochemical properties of early cultivar of Satsuma mandarin(Citrus unshiu Marc. var. miyagawa) according to harvesting year during 1990 to 1995 were investigated. Climatic conditions of every year affected the quality of citrus fruits. Compared to other harvesting years, flesh ratio and soluble solids were higher, but acid content was lower on citrus fruits produced in 1994, as for good climatic conditions during growth of fruits. Especially, acid content of fruits produced in 1993 was higher, compared to those of years, as for low mean temperature and high rainfalls. Fruit weight, peel thickness and soluble solids had a good linear correlation to fruits size, but acid content and flesh ratio had not correlation derived from difference of individual fruits. From the climatic data, the prediction of fruit quality would be possible in some degree before harvest. It seemed recommend to ably the flexibe method by harvesting year for the quality stanardization of citrus fruit.
Effect of Storage Temperature and Humidity on the Quality Stability of Chestnuts
Gwon, Jung-Ho ; Choe, Jong-Uk ; Byeon, Myeong-U ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 7~12
Chestnuts(Castanea cretana, Eunki) were used for quality evaluations from the physiological and physicochemical points of view during storage under different temperatures and relative humidities for 8 months. Quality criteria included spouting, rotting, weight loss, and the changes in moisture, total sugar, reducing sugar, and total vitamin C of the stored sample. Sprouts(roots) were developed in about 2 months in all stored samples which had been mixed with sawdust(50% moisture) and stored under the conditions of 2∼25
and 62∼95% RH. The sprout development was more significant in the storage temperature of Pit(9
5% RH, PT)and room(16
10% RH, RT) than low(3
5% RH, LT)and ambient(14
5% RH, AT). The rates of rotting and weight loss were appreciable in the order of PT, AT, RT and LT, and those of LT were 1∼2%. The use of wet sawdusts resulted in the increase of moisture contents in stored samples, thereby causing the rotting phenomena. Some chemical components of stored samples were found liable to the changes according to storage conditions, that is; total sugars showed a decreasing tendency along with a temporary increase during storage, and both reducing sugar and vitamin C were similarly accumulated in the samples stored at low temperature conditions. The results indicated that long-term storage of chestnuts will be possible in either cases of the application of low temperature following sprout-inhibition treatment or the use of lower temperature than 0
to suppress its sprouting during storage.
Antimicrobial Activities of Korean Medicinal Herb Extracts for Preserving Greenhouse Fresh Produce
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 13~21
Korean medicinal herb extracts(KMHE) were applied to the preservation of greenhouse produce in order to prove their effectiveness. KMHE showed remarkable antimicrobial effects against Bacillus cereus, Peudomonas syringae, and Corynebacterium xerosis causing the postharvest decay of greenhouse produce. Among KMHE the extracts of Rheum palmatum L. and Coptis chinensis Franch most obviously inhibited the growth of microorganims causing the Postharvest decay of greenhouse produce, which destroyed to undetectable levels when treated with more than 500ppm of KMHE. The activities of KMHE were stable in the wide spectrum of pH and temperature. Direct visualization of microbial cells by using both transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope showed microbial cell membrane the function of which was destroyed by treating with the dilute solutions of KMHE. This change of cellular membrane permeability could be identified in the experiment that O-nitrophenyl-
-D-galactopyranoside(ONPG), the artificial substrate of
-galactosidase, was hydrolyzed in the presence of KMHE, indicating that the membrane was perturbed by KMHE.
Studies on Quality Maintenance of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Using Modified Atmosphere Packaging
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 23~28
The objective of this study was to investigate the methods of quality maintenance using modified atmosphere packaging with various quality preservatives at ambient and low temperatures. Ethylene(<1.0ppm) accumulated during modified atmosphere storage of Chinese cabbage using polyethylene film(60
) caused quality deterioration such as yellowing and abscission. The addition of potassium permanganate reduced ethylene level and thus extended storage life of l00% at 20
and 140% at 0
. To establish the storage conditions of minimally processed sit and vegetables, the experiment was conducted with various quality preservatives and packaging materials. Ceramic film(Zeolite 7%, 60
) showed increasing storage life of 50%, reducing total microbial counts of 50% and keeping high appearance quality of minimally processed pears stored at 20
. Minimally processed Chinese cabbage treated with l% CaCl2 at 20
, and 1% CaCl2 and 1% NaCl at 0
has a longer storage life of 90% with good maketable quality. Treatment of 1% NaCl for cut Asian penis appeared increased storage life of 100%, decreased cut surface browning and the best overall acceptability by a sensory panel
Effects of Calcium and Galactose on the Ethylene Production of Persimmon Fruits
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 29~34
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of calcium and galactose treatments on ethylene productions in persimmon fruits for the study on the study of persimmon fruits. Ethylene was producted in green mature persimmon fruits treated with water, calcium and galactose after 24hrs of treatment. Ethylene productions of persimmon fiuits treated with galactose was very higher than those of persimmon fruits treated with water and calcium after 72hrs of treatment. Ethylene productions of persimmon fruits teated with water and calcium were similarly to that of persimmon fruit tested with calcium. The treatment of glucose was not effected on ethylene production of persiommn fruits. The ACC contents and ACC synthase activity in persimmon fruit treated with galactose were higher than those of other groups after 72hrs of storage, but the ACC contents and ACC synthase activity of persimmon fruits treated with calcium were lower than those of control and persimmon fruits treated with water.
The Relationship among Flesh Browning, Membrane Permeability, and Fatty Acid Composition in Fuyu Persimmon Fruits
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 35~39
The cell membrane properties in relation to flesh browning of Fuyu persimmon fruits during CA storage were studied. Compared to intact fruits, the flesh tissue of browned fruits showed higher rate of electrolyte leakage, indicating incresed membrane permeability. It could be assumed that the increased membrane permeability results in 1eakage of phenolic compounds from vacuole and their oxidation by contacting with PPO, inducing finally the development of flesh browning. In addition, lower content of fatty acids and higher saturation rate of them were found in browned fruits. In conculusion, it was suggested that the inhibited fatty acid metabolism and fatty acid saturation during CA storage cause membrane Permeability to increase.
Studies on the Quality Changes of Mixed Fruit and Vegetable Juices as Influenced by Processing Conditions during Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 41~47
Physicochemical properties and microbiological quality chanties were investigated on mixed fruit and vegetable juices (apple, carrot and cucumber) stored at 4
without pasteurization(NT), with light piasteurization (LP; 66
, 10 sec) and with full pasteurization(FP; 90
, 60 sec). Effects of ultrafiltration (UF) on the changes during storage were also examined. pH, viscosity, a-value and b-value remained relatively constant and all samples revealed Newtonian characterisitics. Total acidity and turbidity tended to increase slightly; however, total vitamin C content and L-value slowly decreased during storage up to about 2 months. During the first 4 weeks storage, soluble solids content slowly increased and then decreased. Mold and Yeast and Bacteria were not detected in LP, UP and UF treated samples during storage studied; however, E. coli were detected after 24 days storage. No distinctive storage effects were found among samples prepared; however, ultrafiltration had a considerable effect on the color and soluble solids content of mixed fruit and vegetable juice.
The Effects of Water Extracts from Thyme(Thymus vulgaris L.) and Tarragon (Artemisia dracuncculus L.) on Shelf-life and Quality of Kimchi
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 49~56
The effects of the water extracts from thyme(TM) and tarragon(TG) on shelf-life and quality of kimchi were investigated by measuring the changes in pH, acidity, number of total microorganisms, number of Lactobacillii and Leuconostoc during fermentation at 1
, and were tested for antimicrobial activities against Lactobacillus plantarum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides. TM and TG were extracted with water, ethyl ether, ethyl acetate and ethanol. Water, ethyl ether, ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts of TM showed antimicrobial activities against Lactobacillus plantarum and did not observed against Leuconostoc mesenteroides. On the other hand, water, ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts of TG showed antimicrobial activities against Leuconostoc mesenteroides and did not observed against Lactobacillus plantarum. The decrease of pH and the increase of acidity showed lower in kimchi prepared by adding water extracts from TM than in products from TG. The number of total microorganisms were also detected less in the kimchi prepared by adding water extracts from TM. And, the properties of barkless of kimchi measured instrumentally were higher for kimchi prepared by adding water extracts from TM, also maintaining good crispness. The optimal addition amounts of both TM and TG for good overall and spicy taste of kimchi were 0.03%. The results suggested the possible use of the extracts of TM and TG can be successfully used for the quality and extension of shelf-life of kimchi.
Nutrition Components in Different Parts of Korean Loquat(Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 57~63
To furnish basic data about the utilization of Korean loquat as flood, this experiment was conducted. Nutritional components in leaves, fruit excluded seed, flesh and seed of Korean loquat were analyzed as follows : moisture 48.7%, 87.8%, 88.3% and 59.5% ; total sugar 1.57%, 7.21%, 7.36% and 2.41% ; crude protein 5.23%, 1.61%, 1.44% and 4.31% in each portion, respectively. The highest mineral contents of loquat leaves, fruit excluded seed, flesh and seed were Ca 2,458ppm, K 661ppm, 654ppm and 1,528ppm, and water soluble vitamins such as ascorbic acid, thiamin and pyridoxine were confirmed in different pares of Korean loquat, the contents of those were high thiamin 5.86mg% in leaves and ascorbic acid 1.l0mg%, 1.26mg% and 4.90mg% in fruit excluded seed flesh and seed, respectively. The contents of free sugars were high sucrose 0.87%, glucose 0.62%, 0.6475 and rhamnose 0.20%, and major organic acid were detected oxalic acid 1,693.70mg%, malic acid 201.70mg%, 207.60mg% and citric acid 55.70mg% in each portion, respectively. Free amino acid were identified 21, 14, 14 and 16 kinds of leaves, fruit excluded seed, flesh and seed, respectively and their contents in each portion were highest glutamic acid 280.22mg%, proline 35.l0mg%, glutamic acid 56.96mg% and sarcosine 230.24mg%, respectively. Volatile components were identified 25 and 11 kinds of leaves and flesh and their contents were highest d-nerolidol 28.70ppm, hexadecanoic acid 16.67ppm, respectively.
Effects of Various Reagents on Textural Properties of Soy Protein Gel
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 65~71
The changes in gel characteristics of soy protein as a result of various reagents that alter specific interactions which affect the formation and textural properties of gels, were studied. The reagents were added to 15% soy protein solutions prior to heat treatment. The gels were not formed with urea, indicating that hydrogen bonds significantly contributed to the formation and hardness of soy protein gel. Hydrophobic interactions and disulfide bonds compensated for hydrogen bonds and the contributions of electrostatic interactions to gel hardness are relatively insignificant. The farce primarily responsible for gel cohesiveness appeared to be disulfide bonds, because a significant decrease in cohesiveness was found only with the presence of N-ethylmaleimide. Adhesiveness decreased only with the addition of urea, and thus the contribution of hydrogen bonding to adhesiveness of gel could be concluded to be resent. However, adhesiveness was suggested to be interpreted not only wile molecular forces involved in gel formation but also with hydration properties of protein.
Shelf-Life of Soybean Curd Prepared with Ozone-treated Soybeans
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 73~80
Shelf-life of soybean curd prepared with ozone-treated soybeans investigated on pH, acidity, sour taste, slime formation during storage at 3
. Total Plate counts of raw soybeans showed about log 7.0 CFU/g before ozone treatment. The sterilization efficiency of raw soybeans showed the most effective in 0.5ppm of aqueous ozone treatment at 4
for 90 minutes. Raw soybeans were treated with ozone by different methods; (1) Ozone treatment for 90 + 90 minutes (first 3.5~5 hours and later 8.5~10 hours) of 10 hours during soaking in aqueous solutions at 4
(OW). (2) Ozone treatment by exposure first to 30ppm of gaseous ozone for 90 minutes and then allied to OW method (GO+OW). The log reduction of raw soybeans treated by OW and GO+OW methods showed 3.72 and 4.15, respectively. Soybean curd prepared with OW and GO+OW-treated soybeans kept the shelf-life of 4 and 5.5 days at 3
, respectively, but, that without ozone treatment spoiled at me day.
Antimicrobial Activity of Exracts from Spices on Lactic Acid Bacteria Related to Kimchi Fermentation
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 81~87
Antimicrobial activities of the extracts from spices microorganisms related to kimchi fermentation were investigated. 32 kinds of spices such as allspice, mount, basil, bay leaves, caraway, cardamon, celery, chilli powder, chives, cinnamon, clover, coriander, cumin, dill, fennel, garlic, horseradish, marjorarm, mugwort, mustard, nutmeg, onion, oregano, paprika, parsely, pepper, peppermint, rosemary, sage, tarragon, thyme and tumeric were extracted with water, ethyl ether, ethyl acetate and ethanol. Fractions were tested for antimicrobial activities against Lactobacillus plantarum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides, The extracts of 28 kinds of spices except caraway, cardamon, paprika and tarragon by water extraction, those of 29 kinds except arrowroot, paprika and tarragon by ethyl ether extraction, those of 30 kinds except paprika and tarragon by ethyl acetate extraction, and those of 29 kinds except clover, paprika and tarragon by ethanol extraction showed strong antimicrobial activities against Lactobacillus plantarum. On the other hand, the extracts of 28 kinds of spices except caraway, cardamon, paprika and thyme by water extraction, those of 27 kinds except cardamon, cumin, paprika, tarragon and thyme by ethyl ether extraction, thou of 30 kinds except paprika and thyme by ethyl acetate extraction, and those of 28 kinds except cardamon, cumin, paprika and thyme by ethanol extraction showed strong antimicrobial activities against Leuconostoc mesenteroides
Antibacterial Activity of Edible Plant against Pathogenic Bacteria 1. Antibacterial Activity of Clove against Staphylococcus aureus
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 89~96
The antibacterial activity of clove (Eugenia caryophyllata Thumb) in culture troth against S. aureus was tested at 35, 5, -20, 50, 55 and 60
. Tryptic soy broth(TSB) containing 0∼0.5%(w/v) of clove was inoculated with 105∼107 CFU/ml of S. aureus and incubated at each temperature. The growth of S. aureus occured at 0.1% clove after a prolonged lag period while viable cells of S. aureus decreased more than 2 log cycles at 0.3 and 0.4% clove during 12 hours storage at 35
. During 32 days of refrigerated storage at 5
, survivors of S. aureus were decreased with the progress of time and increasing clove concentration. At the presence of 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4% clove, bacterial cells were dead after 32, 20 and 16 days of refrigerated storage, respectively. During 32 days of frozen storage at -20
, survivors of S. aureus were decreased less than 0.5 log cycle at 0% clove. At the presence of 0.1∼0.4% clove, survivors were decreased 2.5∼3.0 log cycles after 1 day and then decreased 0.4∼0.8 log cycles through the frozen storage. There were small changes in populations of S. aureus in TSB between different concentrations of clove during frozen storage. The D-values of S. aureus at clove 0, 0,2, 0.4% were 28.53, 15.14, 8.9 min at 50
, 18.43, 10.32, 6.74 min at 55
and 12.78, 9.88, 5.72 min at 60
, respectively. The D-values for S. aureus were decreased with the increasing temperature and clove concentration.
Chemistry of Tea Polyphenol in the Processing Method
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 1, 1998, Pages 97~104
The chemical structure of low molecule polyphenol of tea was found as explained. Structure decision of pioanthocyanidin was possible to measure 1,700 molecule, hexamer by chemical basic of polyphenol. At present, structure of high molecule than of that can't be suspected and it is concemed that strong astrigent ccnpound of tea is polymer proanthocyanidin. Mush researches was required in structure decision and isolation of high molecule polyphenol complex. Structure decision will develope at the natural products in the furture.