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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
Effects of Packing Materials on the Quality of Grape for Long-Term Market Circulation
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 315~319
In order to study the effect of packing materials on the quality of fares during storage period, grapes (Campbell Early) were packed with different materials such as expendable folystyrene (EPS) box, paper board box, biopaper board box, paper board box + small box, EPS box + (EPS dish + Bio-PE film sealing), md EPS box + (EPS dish + wrap sealing). The fruit weight loss was increased with the storage period by all the treatments. Weight loss was 6.38% lower in the EPS box+ (EPS dish + Bio film sealing) during 15 days of storage and 5.53% lower in EPS box + (EPS dish + wrap sealing) than that in the EPS box. The abnormal fruits were more increased in the sealing packing than in the non-sealing packing since water transpiration was prevented in the sealing treatment. Wilting fruits were also fewer in the sealing packing than that in the non-sealing treatment. The taste and appearance quality were worsened with increasing the storage days, whereas the appearance quality of the grapes in the bio paper board box was better. Hardness was scarecely changed in the EP5 box+ (EPS dish + Bio-PE film sealing) treatment than those by the other treatments. The soluble solid and acidity showed very little change but soluble solid content was more decreased in the sealing packing than that by the non-sealing treatment.
Effects of Blanching and Salting on the Quality of Immatured Soybeans during Frozen Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 320~325
Effects of blanching and salting for the pretreatment during frozen storage condition were investigated and optimized the salting condition on the activities of peroxidase and lipoxygenase, the stability of vitamin C and color, moisture content and hardness in immatured soybean. Before frozen storage, pretreatment processing is necessary to extend the shelf-life of vegetables. Salting condition of 2% for 180min treatment led to maximum inactivation of both lipoxygenase and peroxidase while blanching can more inactivate for lipoxygenase. Salting at 2% for 180min resulted in the highest amount of vitamin C remaining in the immatured soybeans after 6 months storage. The color of the immatured soybeans were severely changed after 6 months storage, while the color of salted soybeans at 3% and 180min treatment was similar to fresh products. Moisture content and hardness were reduced with addition of salt.
Development of Frozen Vegetable Groundnut Product for Year-round Supply
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 326~330
Freeze storage technique is widely used for food processing to keep freshness and quality of the product. This technique was applied to fresh, unshelled groundnut to develop a new type of product which could maintain fresh taste and nutritive values even after several months of storage. The groundnut varieties, Daepungtangkong, Daekwangtangkong and Sindaekwangtangkong were grown at the experimental field of NCES in 1996. Immatured pods or groundnut were harvested around 20 to 3o days before full maturity, washed, and steamed at 100
for 5 min. to stop enzyme activity. After vacuum packing (at -760mmHg for 10 min.) with 0.08mm polyvinyldichloride film, the pods were immediately frozen at -70
for 24h and transfered at -20
for long-term storage. Physico-chemical properties of frozen vegetable groundnut were investigated at 2 months after storage and compared to those of conventionally dried groundnut. After 2 months storage, the thawed kernels were very palatable with softness and fresh taste. Acid value and hardness (measured as the compression force on the probe of a texture analyzer) were much lower in frozen vegetable groundnut than those in the air-dried ones. Presence of free sugars is one of the important factors affecting groundnut taste, and the free sugar contents were considerably decreased in the frozen vegetable groundnut compared to freshly harvested groundnut. But in dried groundnut no free sugar was detected.
Freshness Preserving of Table Grape using Corrugated Paperboard Box Laminated with Functional MA Film
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 331~334
Weight loss of table Grape packed with control(Corrugated paperboard box), LDPE, CE(MA film masterbatched by ceramic powder treated cemical reagent) and FC box(laminated by CE film pouch) at 25 C after 10 days were 5.6%, 0.4%, 0.6%, and 0.7%, respectively. Weight loss of control was 7.29times higher than that of FC box. Total ascorbic acid content(TAA) of table grape after 10 days was 3.42 mg% for control, was 5.33 for LDPE and 5.14mg% for CE, 4.98mg% for FC. TAA of LDPE and CE showed to higher than that of control, especially TAA of FC was 33% higher than that of control. Titratable acid of LDPE and CE was high compare to control, and acidity of FC was 6% higher than that of control. References in overall appearance of LDPE, CE and FC were better than that of control. Corrugated paperboard box(FC) laminated with functional MA film showed to be able to used as packaging box of table grape.
Freshness Preserving of 'Shingo' Pear using Corrugated Paperboard Box Laminated with Functional MA Film
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 335~338
Weight loss of fear packed with corrugated paperboard box(FC) laminated with functional MA film after 60 days storage at 5
was 1.0%, and that of LDPE, CE film was 0.6-0.7%, while that of control(Corrugated Paperboard box) was 2.8%. Total ascorbic acid content of pear ill MA films and FC package was higher than that of control. Titratable acid of control changed 37%, but that of the others packages changed below 27%. Soluble solid content of control changed 27%, while the others changed below 2%. Reference in overall appearence of pear were not found among packaging methods. Corrugated paperboard box(FC) laminated with Functional MA film can be used as packaging material for pear packaging.
A Study on the Post-harvest Physiology of Citrus unshiu Marc. Var. okitsu, During Transportation
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 339~341
The changes of freshness from the several transportation methods and the effect of low temperature transportation for Satsuma Mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc. Var. okitsu) fruit were investigated to get informations on keeping freshess and good taste. There were 695 lower in fresh weight, 1.91mg lower in vitamin C and 20% higher in sugar acid rate for citrus fruit after room temperature (17
) transportation than low temperature transportation (5
), respectively. The loss of freshness md tasting was caused by the weight loss of citrus fruit because the sugar acid rate was increased in room temperature (from 16.11 to 21.75). Therefore, it is desirable for citrus fruit to transport in low temperature to keep high quality and freshness.
Changes of the Cell Wall Structures during Maturation of Jujube Fruits
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 342~345
This study was investigated to the structure of cell wall during maturation for the research of softening of jujube fruits. Cell was hardly combined with each other untill turning stage, but middle lamella of cell wall was splited at mature stage and was observed splited cell. The middle lamella of cell wall was not observed at green mature stage, but was observed at turning stage. Cell wall was degraded at mature stage. It was observed mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum et. at in jujube fruit of green mature stage, but cytoplasm and organelle was attached on cell wall as vacuole was grown up after turning stage.
Changes in the Physical Characteristics and Components of the Jujube Fruits by Drying Methods
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 346~349
This study was investigated to changes of texture, color and chemical properties in jujube fruits which dried by sun and hot air instrument. Weight and moisture contents were the lowest in jujube fruits dried by sun thin those of others. The ratio of water uptake was the highest in jujube fruits dried by hot air drying than those of others. The hardness and rate of rotting of dried jujube fruits were the highest in sun (Dying than those of others. The browning of jujube fruits dried by sun was higher than that of jujube fruits dried by other methods. Ash content was the highest in sun dried fruits than those of others, and content of vitamin C was the lowest in nm dried fruits than those of others.
Changes on the Cell Wall Components of Jujube Fruits during Drying
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 350~354
This paper was investigated to changes of cell components during drying for studies on the softening of jujube fruits. The contents of alcohol-insoluble material, cell wall and water-soluble material were not changed at 6 days of drying, but alcohol-insoluble materials and cell wall were decreased at 9 days of drying, however water-soluble materials were increased. Pectin and hemicellulose were not changed at 6 days of drying. Pectin and alkali-soluble hemicellulose were remarkable decreased at 9 days of drying, but acid-soluble hemicellulose was increased. Water-soluble pectin was not changed at 6 days of drying, but increased at 9 days of drying. EDTA-soluble and insoluble pectin were decreased after 6 days of drying. The non-cellulosic neutral sugars were not changed at 6 days of drying. The contents of arabinose, galactose and total neutral suger were decreased at 9 days of drying.
Packaging and Storage of kimchi with Polyethylene Film Contained Raw Ore
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 355~362
Polyethylene films contained 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40% of raw-ore powder(PERO) were prepared. The characteristics feature of the film and the powder were investigated in order to use packaging material for kimchi quality. Kimchi was packaged in the PERO bass md stored at 10
. The kimchi was examined for a pH, acidity, number of total microbe and lactic acid bacteria, E. coli, color values and sensory evaluation. The ore powder at 20
produced infrared rays at 800-1100nm. The growth of E. coli md Staphylococcus aureus was extremely inhibited in the EMB and nutrient broth containing 10% of raw-ore powder but, that of lactobacillus plantarum and Leuconostoc mesenteriodes was slightly promoted in MRS broth containing 1%. The ripening by pH and acidity was slightly accelerated in kimchi in PERO bag(PERO-kimchi) compared to control kimchi but the maintenance of ripened-kimchi taste was prolonged in PERO-kimchi. The number of lactic acid bacteria of PERO-kimchi was more numerous than that of contol sample but that of E. coli wag exremely legs. The color L* values of PERO-kimchi was lower than control but a* and b* values were higher. Sensory evaluation of PERO-kimchi was higher score than control sample in crispness and overall taste about 10 to 20% of raw-ore contents for kimchi-packaging material was desirable.
Effects of Gas-absorbent on the Storage of Kimchi
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 363~367
Kimchi attached gas-absorbent and unattached one were stored at 20
, examined for the storage effects by measuring changes of pH, acidity, CO
contents, total microbe and lactic acid bacteria. pH of kimchi attached KOH is higher than that of the others during storage. Acidity of kimchi attached KOH is lower than that of the others during storage. The CO
contents of kimchi used KOH as Bas-absorbent is 1.5 mg% at 6 days, after it's value is constant during storage. And the CO
content of kimchi attached gas-absorbent is lower than that of kimchi unattached gas-absorbent. Total microbe number of kimchi unattached gas-absorbent, treated Ca(OH)
and treated KOH are the highest value at 6, 6 and 8 days, respectively. Lactic acid bacteria number of kimchi is increased during storage and that of kimchi attached gas-absorbent is higher than that of kimchi unattached gas-absorbent.
Effects of Steeping and Washing on Physicochemical Properties of Acorn Flour
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 368~373
The effects of steeping and washing were investigated in the physicochemical properties of acorn flour. The contents of crude protein, ash and total phenol of acm flour were gradually decreased with the steeping days and washing times. However, the contents of crude fat and dietary fiber were little different. The more steeping days and/or washing times became large, the more the color of acorn flour became light. Swelling power was enhanced by increasing of steeping days and washing times but solubility was some decreased Water binding capacity was decreased and intrinsic viscosity was increased with the increased steeping days and washing times. Washing times were more influential than steeping days to those changes.
The quality Comparison of Uncleaned Rice Vinegar by Two Stages Fermentation with Commercial Uncleaned Rice Vinegar
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 374~379
A vinegar was prepared from uncleaned rice by two step fermentation, alcohol fermentation followed by acetic acid fermentation. The contents of alcohol reached to 10.8% during the alcohol fermentation of uncleaned rice with nuruk, and acidity reached to 5.78% during the acetic acid fermentation. Acidity and pH of vinegar of two step fermentation were higher than those of commercial vinegars. 'L' value(Light) of the vinegar was lower, 'a' and 'b' value were higher than those of commercial vinegars. The contents of acetic acid, malic acid, citirc acid and tartaric acid were hish in organic acid of vinegars. The content of each ofganic acid in vinegars was remarkably different. The content of free amino acids was 2199.7
/ml in the vinegar produced by two step fermentation which is higher than that of others.
Antibacterial Activity of Ethanol Extract of Pine Needle against Pathogenic Bacteria
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 380~385
The sensitivity of various pathogenic bacteria(Aeromonas hydrophila, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus 196E, Salmonella typhimurium) to the ethanol extract of pine needle was tested. Tryptic soy broth containing 0-2%(w/v) of the ethanol extract of pine needle was inoculated with 10
6/ CFU/ml of pathogenic bacteria and incubated at 35
for 48 hours. Gram positive bacteria(L. monocytogenes and S. aureus 196E) and 1 Gram negative bacteria(A. hydrophila) were more sensitive than E. coli O157:H7 and S. typhimurium in the ethanol extract of Pine needle. Gram negative bacteria(E. coli O157:H7 and S. typhimurium) were not inhibited at 1% and they were slightly inhibited at 2% ethanol extract of pine needle. S. aureus was the highest sensitivity, followed by A. hydrophila, L. monocytogenes E. coli O157:H7 in that order. S. typhimurium was the most resistant to the ethanol extract of pine needle.
Effects of Culture Conditions on the Antimutagenic Activity of Lactobacillus plantarum KLAB21 against 4-Nitro-O-Phenylenediamine (NPD)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 386~391
Lactobacillus plantarum KLAB21 isolated from kimchi has been shown to produce antimutagenic subtance(s) into the culture medium using Salmonella typhimurium TA100 and S. typhimurium TA98 (Rhee and Park, Korean J. Appl. Microbiol.. Biotechnol., 1999, in press). In this study, the effects of culture conditions were investigated to maximize the production of antimutagenic substance(s) against 4-nitro-O-phenylenediamine(NPD) by the strain KLAB21. Glucose(255) as a carbon source and yeast extract or bactopeptone(1%) as a nitrogen source showed the highest production of the antimutagenic substance(s). Optimal initial pH of the culture medium, culture temperature and shaking speed for the antimutagenic substance(s) production were pH 7.0, 37
and 150rpm, respectively. Under the optimal conditions, the antimutagenic activity of L. plantarum KLAB21 culture supernatant against NPD on Salmonella typhimurium TA100 and S. typhimurium TA98 were 73.95% and 59.74%, respectively.
An Study on the Consumer Perception for Open Shelf-life Dating Method of the Packaged Foods
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 5, issue 4, 1998, Pages 392~395
This study was to reveal consumer attitudes about open shelf-life dating method of the packaged foods. Consumers consider that open shelf-life dating to the packaged foods gives good information to choose the products to buy, but also confusion with unclear open shelf-life dating marked on the package. For the perishable foods, consumers tended to get more attention to the open shelf-life dates. Consumers prefer the dating method of edible periods better than sellable periods to the packaged foods. The female consumers consider that open shelf-life dating is more important to buy the packaged foods than male consumers do.