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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Effect of Pre-treatment Methods on the Quality of Ginger during Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~6
Fresh gingers, harvested in Seosan, Choongcheongnam-do, were pre-treated by a washing-pasteurizing-drying process, a curing process, and non-treated, respectively. Then they were stored in a lab-scale storage room(12
, >92%RH) to investigate the effect of pre-treatment methods on the quality changes during long-term storage. Weight loss of ginger during storage showed ranges in 0.7∼4.3%, and the weight of gingers pre-treated by washing-drying process showed a tendency to change less than those treated by curing. After storage of 130 days, spoilage rates were about 20% in non-treated, 11% in curing treated, and 12% in washing-drying treated ginger,, showing the effect of pre-treatment. The final rate of sprouting was 13∼15% regardless of treatment methods. The firmness of gingers showed a tendency to decrease in stored ginger for the longer period; however, the values were ranged from 1,200 to 1,400 g/
, that is hard enough to show a marketable quality. The contents of reducing sugar showed a tendency to increase with the lapse of storage time.
Quality Characteristics of Satuma Mandarin According to Harvest Areas in Cheju
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 7~10
Physicochemical properties of Satsuma mandarin(Citrus unshiu Marc. var. miyagawa) harvested in middle of November according to production areas of Cheju were investigated. Peel thickness of citrus fruits was ranged from 2.54mm to 3.13mm, and it was lower on fruits harvested in western areas than those of other areas in Cheju. Soluble solids were ranged from 10.1 to 12.0
Brix, and it was lower on fruits harvested in southern areas. Acid contents of citrus juice were ranged from 1.28% to 1.42%, it was higher on fruits harvested in eastern areas, specific gravity of citrus fruits was ranged between 0.86 and 0.88. Flesh ratio was ranged from 75.1% to 77.6%, it was lower on fruits harvested in southern areas. Soluble solids, acid content and specific gravity harvested in southern areas of below 100m and over 150m sea level altitude were 11.8 and 11.2, 1.43% and 1.40%, 0.87 and 0.9, respectively. Fruits quality harvested in southern areas was better, compared to other harvest areas of Cheju.
Comparison on the Storage Life of Different Large Seed Grapes (tetraploid)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 11~15
Grapes (large seed strains)were treated with fumigation using SO\ulcorner and seal-packaged by PE film, then storage at 0
RH for the test of storage life. The fruits weight loss and abnormal fruits increased with storage. The abnormal fruits were rapidly produced after 80 days, however, these rates of Rubel muscat and Shingyoku were only 8.0 and 8.3%, respectively. After 90 days, the rate of Rubel muscat was 19.1%, resulting in the least rate. Moisture content of Kaiji and Honey black slightly increased and that of other grapes decreased. Soluble solids content and acidity decreased except Shingyoku and Honey black, however, sugar/acid ratio increased with these strains. The external appearances were depressed with storage but sensory test value of Shingyoku, Honey black, Rubel muscat were ranged from 7 to 9, showing good evaluation. The hardness of Honey black after 90 days resulted in the highest value 0.51 and that of Izunishiki and Kaiji were 0.23-0.25, showing the least value.
Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Shelf Life of Pork Loin
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 16~22
Microbial populations (total bacteria, lactic acid bacteria and coliforms), TBA, VBN and POV were investigated for evaluating the shelf life of pork loins gamma-irradiated at doses of 1, 3, 5 and 10 kGy with air-contained and vacuum-packaged methods. The initial microbial populations decreased with gamma irradiation depending upon the dose and microorganisms in the vacuum-packaged samples were inhibited more than those in the air-contained samples. POV, TBA and VBN values were higher in the air-contained samples than in the vacuum-packaged samples. In conclusion, the combination of gamma-irradiation and vacuum-packaging could extend the shelf life of chilled pork loin.
Improvement of Quality Stability of Red Ginseng by Gamma Irradiation
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 23~28
Commercial red ginseng, which was manufactured for the past 6 years, showed a microbial level of 2.0
10\ulcorner to 7.2
10\ulcorner CFU/g of total aerobic bacteria and molds. The moisture content of commercial products was ranged from 13.54 to 17.26%, which were higher than that of the product standard, 14%. Irradiation of red ginseng at 2.5 kGy resulted in the reduction of microorganisms contaminated to below the detectable level. Irradiation prevented mold growth on red ginseng during storage at RH 90% and 25
; molds were found at the 72nd day after storage in 2.5 kGy-irradiated sample, while 41st day in the nonirradiated control. At this point of time, irradiated samples showed an increased level of moisture content required for mold growth, 22.2% in 2.5 kGy group and 21.5% in control group. Based on the above results, microbiological qualities of red ginseng could be effectively improved by the optimum dose of irradiation, which was expected to secure the quality stability of red ginseng during distribution under the high-moistured conditions.
Development of Calibration Model for Firmness Evaluation of Apple Fruit using Near-infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~36
Using Fuji apple fruits cultivated in Kyungpook prefecture, the calibration model for firmness evaluation of fruits by near infrared(NIR) reflectance spectroscopy was developed, and the various influence factors such as instrument variety, measuring method, sample group, apple peel and selection of firmness point were investigated. Spectra of sample were recorded in wavelength range of 1100∼2500nm using NIR spectrometer (InfraAlyzer 500), and data were analyzed by stepwise multiple linear regression of IDAS program. The accuracy of calibration model was the highest when using sample group with wide range, and the firmness mean values obtained in graph by texture analyser(TA) were used as standard data. Chemometrics models were developed using a calibration set of 324 samples and an independent validation set of 216 samples to evaluate the predictive ability of the models. The correlation coefficients and standard error of prediction were 0.84 and 0.094kg, respectively. Using developed calibration model, it was possible to monitor the firmness change of fruits during storage frequently. Time, which was reached to firmness high value in graph by TA, is possible to use as new parameter for freshness of fruit surface during storage.
Equilibrium Moisture Content of Shiitake Mushroom(Lentinus edodes)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 37~42
The equilibrium moisture content(EMC) of Shiitake mushroom is and important factor because it has a close relationship to storage and drying problems. The determination of the EMC for Shiitake mushroom was made in atmospheres of various constant humidities at four different constant temperatures and the fitting of the five selected EMC models were performed with the experimental EMC data. The desorption equilibrium moisture contents for Shiitake mushroom were increased as the temperature was decreased and the relative humidity was increased. The significant difference of the equilibrium moisture content was appeared between the cap and the stipe of Shiitake mushroom. The Henderson-Thompson model was fitter than the others with the experimental data.
Antimicrobial Packaging Films for the preservation of Harvested Grapes
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 43~47
To develop a wrapping film, which suppresses the microbial decay through the storage and distribute of greenhouse fresh produce, the antimicrobial packaging films were made and applied to the preservation of grapes(Campbell early). For the purpose the films were made by adding 1% grapefruit seed extract(GFSE) to LDPE film(Control). Graps were separately wrapped with packaging films in the state of closely-adhered packaging as well as modified atmosphere packaging(MAP). The wrapped grapes were stored at 5
for 65 days and then the colony count of contaminated microorganims, decay ration of grapes, the gas component within the packages and chemical qualities were investigated. The antimicrobial film packaging showed the efficient results to suppress microbial growth as compared with control. The total number of containated microorganisms were decreased gradually through all the storage period. In the closely-adhered packaging and MAP the decay ratios of grapes was 31% and 19%, indivisually. After the storage period of 65 days, the interior gas components of MAP were 4.5% of O2 and 17.6% of CO2, which were efficient for the storage of grapes. In addition, no negative effects in sweetness and acidities occurred.
Effect of Irradiation on the Quality of Mixed Mountain Edible Herb Drinks
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 48~54
The effect of irradiation of heat treatment either alone or in combination on the shelf-life of mixed mountain edible herb drinks (MMEHD) was investigated during storage. The MMEHD made from fresh Spuriopinella bracycarpar, Ligularia fischeri and Aster scaber was gamma -irradiated at doses of 0.1 kGy to 1 kGy. Microbial population, color change, vitamin C content, and sensory quality were evaluated during storage at 4, 25 and 35oC. Heated MMEHD induced the growth of total counts, mold and yeast as compared to the non-heated MMEHD. While some reduction in the microbial growth was observed in 1kGy-irradiated groups of both with or without heating. In both groups, L and b values decreased, but a value increased during storage. Also, heating drinks showed increased L and b values and reduced a value, compared to the non-heating drinks. Non-heated drinks showed 82% loss of vitamin C, whereas 25% loss of vitamin C was occurred in the irradiated drinks during storage at 4oC for 4days. In the meanwhile, non-irradiated heating drinks showed 99% loss of vitamin C, but irradiated heating drinks showed 58-65% reduction of vitamin C. Non-irradiated drinks without heating showed more bright color than irradiated ones, but irradiated drinks showed more enhanced brightness during storage. Also, irradiated drinks showed better falvor, sensory quality, and overall acceptability than non-irradiated drinks.
Optimization of Osmotic Dehydration for the Manufacturing of Dried Banana
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 55~60
A three variables by three level factorial design and response surface methodology were used to determine optimum conditions for osmotic dehydration of banana. The moisture loss, solid gain, weight loss and reduction of moisture content after osmotic dehydration were increased as temperature, sugar concentration and immersion time increased. The effect of concentration was more significant than those of temperature and time on mass transfer. Color difference and titratable acidity were decreased by higher concentration. Sweetness was increased by increasing sugar concentration, temperature, immersion time during osmotic dehydration. The regression models showed a significant lack of fit (p>0.5) and were highly significant with satisfying values of R2. To optimize osmotic dehydration, based on surface response and contour plots, superimposing the individual contour plots for the response variables. the optimum conditions for this process wire 26
brix and 2 hrs for moisture content, sweetness and color difference are less than 72%, 24 obrix and 10 degree.
Changes in the Components of Dried Jujube Fruit by Drying Methods
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 61~65
This study was carried out to investigate change in the components according to drying methods of jujube. Raw jujube was dried with five methods such as sun-drying, hot-air drying after pretreated with sunlight, blanching, microwave treatment, respectively. The contents of soluble sugar and protein in sun-dried jujube were higher than those of other drying methods. The free sugars of dried jujube were consisted of sucrose, glucose and fructose. And the contents of free sugar was not different by drying methods. The major organic acids of dried jujube were oxalic acid, citric acid and malic acid. The contents of glutamic acid, glycine and alanine were higher than those of other amino acids, and the content of each amino acid was not different by drying methods.
The Qualitative Differences of Persimmon Tannin and the Natural Removal of Astringency
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 66~70
The mechanism of natural removal of astringency and seasonal changes of tannin substance in sweet persimmon(Fuyu) and astrigent persimmon(Chungdo Bansi)were investigated. Tannin productivity of astringent persimmon fruit was higher than that of sweet perimmon fruit during growth. In the reactivity of tannin to acetaldehyde, it was observed that tannin from sweet persimmon have a milder chemical properties than that from astrigent persimmon. The threshold value of astringency on sweet persimmon tannin was higher than that of astrigent persimmon tannin. Tannin substances from sweet persimmon distributed mainly in lower molecular weight range at harvest stage, but those from astrigent persimmon distributed mainly in higher molecular weight range. Therefore, the natural removal of astringency was related to difference of tannin productivity, threshold value of astringency, reactivity and qualitative difference of tanni.
Milling and Rice Flour Properties of Soaking in Water Time on Moisture Content of Rice
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 71~75
Power consumption, mesh size, moisture content, color difference, amylogram of rice flour milled with water soaked rice were compared with that of rice using dry pin mil process. Maximum water absorbance of rice was 35% for 2.5 hr. Power consumption to mill the soaked rice was less than of dry rice by 6.9kW/100Kg. Moisture content of rice flour from the water soaked rice was 2% higher than that of rice flour from dry rice. Population of flour particle was 52.9% of 60 mesh and 32.6% of 60∼80mesh. Gelatinization temperature of rice flour from the water soaked rice was 30C lower than that of rice flour from dry rice. Maximum and minimum viscosity of rice flour from the water soaked rice after boiling were 296 cps and 158 cps, independently. Brightness and whiteness of the rice flour from the water soaked rice were increased upto 10hr soaking and decreased after 17hr soaking. Brightness and whiteness of the rice flour were 96.17 and 96.02, independently.
Milling and Rice Flour Properties of Tempering Condition on Moisture Content of Rice
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 76~80
Power consumption, mesh size, moisture content, color difference, amylogram of rice flour milled with the water soaked rice were compared with that of rice using dry pin mill process. The rice was soaked in 23, 24, 25, 26% of water for 10hr, independently. The more rice had moisture content, the less power consumption was needed. Power consumption to mill the rice soaked in 25% of water was less than that of dry rice by 6.8kW/100Kg. Moisture content of rice flour from the rice soaked with 25% of water was 2% higher than that of rice flour from the rice soaked with 23% of, water. Population of flour particle from the rice soaked with 24-25% of water was 45.7∼46.25 of 60 mesh, 9.7∼10.4% of 80∼100 mesh and 7.7∼8.1% of 100 mesh. Gelatinization temperature of rice flour from the rice soaked with 23% and 24∼25% of water was 65.70C and 64.50C, independently. Temperature of rice flour from the rice soaked with 23% 24∼25% of water sith minimum viscosity was 85.50C and 88.4∼88.70C, independently. Brightness and whiteness of the rice flour from the rice soaked with 24∼25% of water were 95.90∼95.95 and 905.82∼95.94, independently. Brightness and whiteness of the rice flour from the soaked rice were 1.2 and 1.7 higher than that of rice flour from the dry rice, independently.
Effects of Freezing and Microwave Heating on the Textural Characteristics of Nonwaxy Rice Flour Gels and Rice Cake(Injolmi)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 81~86
The textural characteristics of nonxaxy rice flour gels and rice cake(Injolmi) with different water contents and additives were evaluated after freezing and microwave heating. As moisture content of rice flour gels increased from 45% to 55%, its hardness and gumminess decreased, but adhesive and cohesiveness had no significant difference. Microwave heating did not markedly affect the texture but frozen storage was very effective to prevent the hardening of products. Hardness of reheated rice gels increased more rapidly in non-packaged sample than in PE wrap film and affected by storage time of 24hrs at 20
. As sugar content of rice flour gels increased from 0% to 10%, its hardness, adhesiveness, and gumminess decreased, while cohesiveness did not change.
Investigation on Powder Production using less Commercial Grapes Resulted from Long-term Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 87~91
In an attempt to test experimental condition of preparing grape powder, grapes having less commercial value was used and tried. With drying method, spray and freeze drying were satisfactory to produce power. Moisture content and odor retention were better by the latter method. Three grape strains stored for 40 days contained more odors than those stored for 5 days. Maltose 90% plus dextrin 10% was suitable for drying support. To increase odror sense, citric acid and vitamin C can be added up to 0.1 and 0.2%, respectively. Considering these conditions, grape complex powder prapared from grape powder 20% comprising drying support, glucose 79.7%, citric acid 0.1%, vitamin C 0.2% with freeze drying was the best by overall evaluation including sensory test. When campbell and neomuscut were mixed by 15:5 or 10:10, sensory evaluation was also ameliorated.
Some Factors of Effect on Formation of Higher Alcohols during Alcoholic Fermentation in Wine
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 92~98
Contents of formed higher alcohols did not change about at 20 ppm of total nitrogen, but the contents were most at 200 ppm of total nitrogen especially in iso-amyl alcohol, and the contents showed decrease above at 400 ppm, greatly. Higher alcohols formation were high content at pH 4.0, but the contents were increase according to the condition of glucose and sucrose much. The formation of higher alcohols showed less in fermented condition of no elimination sample than in eliminated a mineral in each. Contents of higher alcohols were less in eliminated sample of biotine and inositol than in control, but the contents were higher than the others, and the contents showed especially high in eliminated nicotinic acid and thiamine. Higher alcohols formation were most at the content of SO\ulcorner in 20 ppm of them. The formation of higher alcohols showed more in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was form more in higher alcohols than Saccharomyces bayanus of two yeast strains.
Antimicrobial and Antioxidative Activities of Corni Fructus Extracts
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 99~103
Corni Fructus extracts were investigated for antimicrobial and antioxidative activities. In the methanol, ethanol, water extracts from Corni Fructus, antimicrobial activity of the water extract was stronger than the others. Antimicrobial activities were strong against microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli and Escherichia coli O-157, the activity against Escherichia coli O-157 was the strongest of all the microorganisms. The growth of all the microorganisms were completely inhibited to 48 hours in the 150
of culture media. the shape of E. coli O-157 treated with Corni Fructus water extract was expended and its cellular surface was collapsed severely. When Corni Fructus water extract of 200
was treated, hydrogen donating effect was more than 90%, and antioxidative activity using linoleic acid was similar to 0.1% BHT at the concentration of 50
Antimicrobial Activities of Chestnut Flower Extracts(Castanea crenata)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 104~109
Ethyl acetate, methanol, water extract and their fractions from chestnut flower(Castancea crenata) were tested for antimicrobial activities. Yields of prebloomed chestnut flower extracts were 13.84, 12.90 and 1.82% in methanol, water and ethyl acetate, and those of the postbloomed were 13.12, 11.75 and 1.18%, respectively. Methanol extract from the chestnut flower was fractionated by solvents using hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water, yields of those fractions were 0.16, 0.08, 1.94, 4.75 and 6.91% in the prebloomed, and were 0.90, 0.13, 1.40, 3.42 and 7.18% in the postbloomed. In the solvent extracts of water, ethyl acetate and methanol, methanol extract showed the most effective antimicrobial activity, antimicrobial activity of ethyl acetate fraction of methanol extract was stronger than others. Minimum inhibitory concentration of ethyl acetate fractions from the prebloomed showed 100, 140, 100 and 90ppm against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Echerichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium, in fractions from the postbloomed were 140, 140, 100 and 150ppm, respectively. Growth of all the strains was completely inhibited to 30 hours in a 150ppm concentration. E. coli sells treated with ethyl acetate fraction was collapsed severely.
Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Herbs Extracts on Cooling Preservation Foods.
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 110~114
In order to study the natural preservation of food, sixteen kinds of medicinal plants were extracted by 80% methanol and then antimicrobial activity of the extracts was investigated against various kinds of microorganisms. The extracts of medicinal plants showed good effects of antimicrobial activity against bacteria except Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli O-157. Especially, the extracts of Artemisia annua, Aster scaber, Solidago virganrea shower good inhibitory effects on the growth of bacteria to the cooling preservation foods, and Artemisia annua was decreased of the TMA(Trimethylamine) test. the result thus indicate that Artemisia annua, Aster scaber, Solidago fischeri extract inhibitory effects on cooling preservation foods, so that it may be potential as a natural preservatives.
Effect of Pine Needle Extract on Fe ion and Active Oxygen Related Lipid Oxidation in Oil Emulsion
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 115~120
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Pine needle extract on lipid oxidation and free radical reaction in iron sources reacted with active oxygen species. The results were summarized as follow; The pine needle extracts didn`t show a distinct effect on reduction of lipid oxidation if the iron ion didn`t exist in oil emulsion. The pine needle extracts played role as a strong chelating agents to bind iron ion if Ferrous iron(Fe\ulcorner) exist in oil emulsion. Ferric iron(Fe) was lower effect than Ferrous iron(Fe) on free radical reaction in oil emulsion. And also, the Fe\ulcorner reacted with pine needle extract did not show distinct effect on free radical reaction, compared to Fe\ulcorner reacted with pine needle extract. And also, Pine needle extracts reacted with H\ulcornerO\ulcorner were tended to show a low oxygen scavenging ability in case of H\ulcornerO\ulcorner only was existed, compared to those of H\ulcornerO\ulcorner + Fe\ulcorner complex. Pine needle extracts were the most powerful Fe\ulcorner binding agents, compared to other strong synthetic antioxidants such as EDTA and DTPA.
Antioxidant Activity of Flavonoids in Plant Origin Food
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 1, 1999, Pages 121~135
Effective synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxyanisole(BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene(BHT) have been widely used in the food industry, but they are suspected to be toxic and carcinogenic effects. Therefore, the development of safely available natural antioxidants such as ascorbic acid,
-carotene, flavonoids and selenium is essential. In particular, flavonoids, 2-phenyl-benzo-
-pyrones, are polyphenolic compounds that occur ubiquitously in food of plant origin. flavonoids occur in foods generally as O-glycosides with sugars bound usually at the C\ulcorner position. And variations in their heterocyclic ring gibes rise to flavones, flavonols, flavanones, flavanols, catechins, anthocyanidins, chalcone and isoflavones. Vegetables, fruits, and beverages are the main dietary sources of the flavonols, primarily as quercetin, kaempferol, and myricetin and the corresponding flavones, apigenin and luteolin. These flavonoids have biological activity such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, antimutagenic, anticarcimogenic antiallergic and antimicrobial activity effects in vitro and in vivo. Flavonoids posses strong antioxidant activities acting as oxygen radicals scavenger, metal chelators and enzyme inhibitor. The antioxidant activity of flavonoids is determined by their molecular structure and more specially, by the position and degree of hydroxylation of the ring structure. All flavonoids with the 3`, 4`-dihydroxy(ortho-dihydroxy) posses marked antioxidant activity. And antioxidant activity increases with the number of hydroxyl groups substituted on the A-and B-rings. There is as yet no certainty about the effect of the presence of a double bond between C\ulcorner and C\ulcorner on the antioxidant activity of flavonoids.