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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Processing and MAP(modified atmosphere packaging) Storage of Fresh-cut Apples using CA Stored Apples
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 351~356
To develop and extend the shelf-life of vitamin C enriched fresh-cut apples using CA stored Fuji apples, dipping in 10% L-ascorbic acid and packaging with 0.03 mm LDPE, 0.04 mm PP and 0.08 mm Nylon/PE film(N
displacement) were carried out. The changes of gas concentrations in the packaging and quality attributes of fresh-cut apples were examined during storage at 10
. The concentrations of O
was maintained lower in Nylon/PE film than the other film, the level of O
was in the range of 1∼3%. The increase of C
concentrations in Nylon/PE film bag was more suppressed than the others. The vitamin C content of fresh-cut apples was enriched by dipping in L-ascorbic acid solution up to 241 mg
100 g-1 f.w., and the loss or that content was retarded differently by the package conditions of lower O
level during storage. Browning in fresh-cut apples was shown after 6 days of storage in LDPE and PP film. but it was not shown by 14 days of storage in Nylon/PE film. Spoilage and off odor in fresh-cut apples were not detected up to 14 days of storage in Nylon/PE film. The results indicated that the vitamin C enriched fresh-cut apples can be processed from the long-term CA stored apples, and maintaining high quality of the products ill be possible in cases of the application of sealing packaging after O
removal with film having low O
Modified Atmosphere Packaging of ‘Tsugaru’Apple(Malus domestica Borkh) for Distribution
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 357~364
Modified atmosphere packaging(MAP) technology was applied to ‘Tsugaru’apple (Malus domestica Borkh) in order to extend the shelf-life of apples during distribution. ‘Tsugaru’apples were packed with the PE film of 40
thickness(40LD), the PE film modified by the addition of 5% (w/w) zeolite (40CK), and the PE film bags containing the ethylene absorbent (40LP). Quality indices of ‘Tsugaru’apples during storage at 10
were measured in terms of weight loss, soluble solids content, pH, titratable acidity, flesh firmness, peel color and sensory properties. Oxygen, carbon dioxide and ethylene concentration in the film bags changed rapidly at the early stage of storage. Weight loss of the control increased up to 3.0% after 60 days storage while those of the packed apples remained less than 0.6%. No significant differences in soluble solids content and titratable acidity could be found in all the treatments, but significant differences in pH between the control and the packed apples. Higher firmness was kept in 40LD and 40LD than other treatments during storage. Color of the peel changed rapidly in control but slowly in 40LD and 40LP. ‘Tsugaru’apples Packed with Packaging films showed a good visual and sensory quality. Results suggest that packaging treatment with LDPE of 40
thickness and ethylene absorbent can be used for extending the shelf-life of ‘Tsugaru’apples during distribution.
Freshness Prolongation 'Tsugaru' Apple by Pressure Cooling
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 365~370
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of precooling in the prolongation of freshness of Tsugaru apple. Tsugaru apple was precooled to 1
by the pressure cooler and stored at 1
. Precooling time was required about 5 to 6 hours for Tsugaru apple that filled in the plastic container and faster than that in the carton. The respiration rate was decreased with the reduction of the product temperature by precooling. Tsugaru apple could store about 9 days and 35 days at room temperature and 1
Effect of Pressure Cooling for Quality of 'Tsugaru' Apple during Storage at different Temperatures
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 371~375
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of precooling on the qualify of Tsugaru apple. Tsugaru apple, filled in plastic container and carton, was precooled by pressure cooler and stored at 1
. At 25
, Hunter a-value was not shown the difference significantly and Hunter b-value was increased more than a-value during l month. However, Hunter a and b-value was not increased so much at 1
. Hardness and toatal acidity was decreased during storage and precooled apple was less decreased than non precooled. Free sugars in Tsugaru apple was consisted of 7.07% fructose, 2.85% glucose, and 2.53% sucrose. Free sugars were decreased during storage at 25
, also, the precooling inhibited those decomposition.
Storage Life Comparison of late Maturing Medium Sheridan, Tano Red and Muscat Bailey A Seed Grapes
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 376~379
In an attempt to test the storage life of late maturing-medium grapes, Sheridan, Tano Red and Muscat Bailey A cultivated widely in Korea, were selected as test samples. These grapes were treated with SO2 gas and packed with polyethylene film, then stored at 0
under 90% RH. Total weight decreased with the storage days and the loss extent of Sheridan was the least. Abnormal grapes increased along with the storage days and occurred rapidly after 90% days. After 135 days, these were produced as the following order. Sheridan < Muscat Bailey A < Tano Red. The external appearances were deteriorated with the storage days. After 135 days, these indices of Sheridan, Muscat Bailey A and Tano Red wen 6.3, 5.0 and 1.7, respectively, showing the most satisfactory result from Sheridn. Water content decreased along with the storage days. The soluble solids content and the proportionality of sugar to acids increased with the storage days, however the titratable acidity decreased. Considering these results, the storage lifes were excellent by the order Sheridan, Muscat Bailey A and Tano Red.
Comparison of Fruit Quality of Various Astringent Persimmon Cultivars during Storage in Atmosphere Controlled with High
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 380~385
Four cultivar of astringent persimmon(Diospyros kaki L. Cheongdobansi, Sagkoksi, Gojongsi, and Hachiya) were evaluated for quality during 160 days storage in condition of air, 12%CO
, and 16%CO
. In the fruits of Cheongdobansi, Sagkoksi, and Gojongsi cultivar, the soluble solids content did not change significantly during storage among treatment, but in the fruits of Hachiya cultivar it decreased during storage in the codition of high CO
concentration. Fruits of Cheongdobansi and Sagkoksi, which were stored in higher CO
concentration, had firmer hardness, less weight loss and decay, showed greater rentention of initial peel color, maintained best qulity than air-stored fruit, but had high tannin contents. And it was necessory to remove astringency for edible fruits.
Effects of Different Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Concentration on the Quality of Oriental Melon during CA Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 386~391
Oriental melon was stored in controlled atmospheres(5, 10 or 15% CO
in combination with 3 or 10% O
) and air as control, and was analyzed half monthly during a 45-day storage for various quality Parameters. Oriental melon which stored in CA condition was lower in weight loss and decay rate than that stored in air. There was no significant difference in firmness by CO
concentration during a month of storage. Fruits stored in 10% CO
showed higher level of soluble solids, Vitamin C content and L value than other condition. And also comparatively lower endogenous ethanol accumulation and better state of quality was observed in that condition.
Changes in the Quality of Astringent Persimmon during Removal of Astringency by Carbon Dioxide
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 392~397
The quality changes during the removal of astringecy by CO
gas at 2
of three varieties of persimmons named 'Tonewase', 'Chungdobanshi' and 'Sagokshi' were examined. Astringency index and tannin content showed rapid decrease at 20
and gradual decrease at 2
. All was edible 2days from the removal of astringency at 20
, while 'Tonewase' and 'Sagokshi' were edible on 6days and 'Chungdobanshi' on 10days after treatment at 2
. Soluble solid contents was decreased a little(1∼3%) during the removal of astringency. Hardness was decreased slowly but, kept over 1.0kg/
5mm till edible period in all varieties at 2
. The hardness of 'Chungdobanshi' was kept well after the removal of astringency at 2
. No noticeable color changes in all varieties during treatment. Injury fruits were noticeable in only 'Tonewase' after the removal of astringency treatment at 2
Changes in Quality of Soft Persimmon during Freezing and Defrosting
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 398~401
This study was conducted to investigate the changes in qualities of soft persimmon by freezing and defrosting. Testing varieties were Sangjudungsi and Chunsdobansi that were cultivated on Sangju and Chungdo regions, chief cultivation of astringent persimmon in Kyongbuk province. Dropping time to 40 degrees below zero of the flesh was 10∼20 minutes longer in Chungdobansi than that in Sangiudungsi. Freezing temperature of astringent persimmon was 2∼3 degrees below zero. Occurence rates of cracked fruit during freezing storage were 24.5% in Sangjudungsi and 15.5% in Chungdobansi. Defrosting of Sangjudungsi and Chungdobansi took 150 minutes and 120 minutes at 5
, respectively. L values of chromaticity were some lower after defrosting than that of frozen soft persimmon, and a and b values decreased during defrosting rapidly. Soluble solid contents of frozen soft persimmon almost didn't change during freezing, that is, harvesting, softening, frosting and defrosting steps. Defrosting completion time to core part took 4 hours and 30 minutes in Sangjudungsi and 4 hours and 20 minutes in Chungdobansi at ordinary temperature (10.9∼14.8
A Study on Distribution and Packaging Status of Korean Cut Flowers
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 402~405
Pusan, Kwanagju, Yangjae Floriculture Auction Market to packaging and distribution status of cut flowers in Korean markets from October, 1997 to Feburuary, 1998 this study was surveyed. In case of packaging, the inner packaging materials was used almost used news papers and polyethylene films, the outer box was double wall corrugated paperboard box. Plastic container box was a few. The using shape of box was A-1 type, bending materials was PP film and OPP tape. There was whole sale and retail in all Korean markets in case of distribution. The distribution route was three, the one was farmers through consignments in Seoul to consummers, it was 42% of total distribution volume. The other was auction market in Yangjae, the distribution volume was 18%. The last was distributed in farmers and provincial markets by the dealers, the volume was 40%. All farmers and officers want to applicate the standard regulation of packaging box, but dealers were not.
Paperboard Box Laminated with Functional MA Film for Freshness Extension of Squash(Cucurbita moschata)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 406~410
Squash(Cucurbita moschata) during 7 days of storage at 2
were packed with functional MA film laminated in corrugated paperboard box(FC), LDPE pouches and control, and weight loss, firmness, chlorophill contents, vitamin C and marketability was erluated. Weight loss of control was 5.8% after 7 days, and 30LD, 50LD was 0.4%, and FC was 1.2%. Firmness of FC, 30LD and 50LD was higher than that of control. Chlorophill content of squash between control and FC box was 46.43 and 53.66
/ml, that of FC box was 15.6% higher than control. Total ascorbic acid cpntent(TAA) of squash packed with control and FC box were 28.11 and 35.65mg%, TAA of squash packed with FC box was 26.8% higher than that of control. Marketability of squash packed with FC box was better than that of control.
Quality Characteristics of Gamma-Irradiated Chickens
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 411~416
This research was conducted to investigate changes in quality characteristics of gamma-irradiated chickens during storage at different temperature and periods. In heme pigment(myoglobin) content, metmyoglobin content of chicken stored at 5
was not affected by gamma irradiation but slightly increased with the increase in storage period. All samples stored at -20
were no different in heme pigment content between nonirradiated and irradiated samples and slightly decreased as the freezing storage period increased. The SDS electrophoresis patterns were not significantly different between nonirradiated and irradiated samples. All samples stored in at 5
showed a prominent breakdown of molecular weights ranging from 97,000 to 116,000 Daltons after 8 weeks' storage. TBA values increased according to the increment of irradiation dose level and storage period at both temperatures, 5
. However, The acid value decreased with increasing irradiation dose level. In the VBN value, nonirradiated chickens were four times higher than that of 7 kGy-irradiated one.
Changes in Quality of Crown Daisy and Kale Washed with Cooled Electrolyzed Acid Water during Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 417~423
Quality changes of crown daisy and kale were investigated during storage at 10
after washing with cooled electrolyzed acid water at 3 times in 2 min. Total count and coliform count of crown daisy and kale after immersion in electrolyzed acid water were decreased to 1/130 and 1/1,170 of non-immersed crown daisy and to l/870 and l/470 of non-immersed kale. However total count and coliform count were increased to the similar levels of non-immesed and tap water immersed one after 6 days of storage. Weight loss of crown daisy and ka1e were lower than others for 3 days of storage but higher than that of one after that time. Decay rate of crown daisy and kale immersed electrolyzed acid water showed lower than that of non-immersed and tap water immersed one for 6 days. In case of kale, rupture strength was higher than others at just after immersion and showed similar values after initial storage period. Color value of both crown daisy and kale showed high L, b and low a value in the order of electrolyzed acid water, tap water and non-treatment. Chlorophyll content of crown daisy and kale were lower than those of others just after immersion in electrolyzed acid water, but showed rapid reduction in the order of non-treatment. tap water and electrolyzed acid water after 6 days. Overall organoleptic properties of crown daisy and kale in immersion electrolyzed acid water were higher than those of others.
The Effect of Gel Layer Formation on Fouling Characteristics in Ultrafiltration of Peach Juice
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 424~428
The performance of a 30K polysulfone membrane for clarification of depectinized peach juice was studied Ultrafiltration of peach juice could minimize to loss of flavor and many compounds and was expected to effectively remove precipitation and suspended solid. The results showed that permeate flux increased with the increase of operating pressure and temperature. The permeate flux declined continuously as the process time increased. The values of soluble solid and titratable acidity of permeate were decreased or were at the same level, the turbidity was largely decreased. Total resistance decreased with lower temperature and lower pressure.
Preparation and Characteristics of Chestnut Mooks
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 429~434
This study was undertaken to investigate preparation possibility of chestnut mooks added chestnut shell. Three types of chesetnut starches which were flesh starch(FS), inside shell containing starch(ISS), and shell containing starch(SCS) and acorn starch(AS) as control were used to preparation of mook. The crude tannin contents of chestnut starches was about 25% of that in acorn starch. In the textural properies, hardness of mooks was increased in proportion to the increasing concentration of starches. Hardness md cohesiveness of mooks with chesnut starches were higher than those of acorn starch. Color properties of mooks with OSS were similar to that of AS. Sensory evaluation by 9-point method indicated that the nooks with ISS had greater intensities in all investigation items. The total scores were higher in order of ISS, AS, FS and SCS. The mook with ISS had homogeneous and porous structure by SEM.
Effect of Pre-treatment Methods on the Quality Improvement of Persimmon Leaf Tea
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 435~441
This study was carried out to sensory evaluation of persimmon leaf by roasting and steaming. The good sensory evaluation of persimmon leaf tea of cutting after different steamed times was shown in 3 minutes and 5 minutes steamed tea. Taste sensory score was increased in proportion to increasing of soluble solid and extraction yield and the increasing of color sensory score had relation to increasing of color value. The best sensory score was in roasted persimmon leaf tea of 5 minutes roasting in persimmon leaf tea of cutting after steaming of 3 minutes and 5 minutes. The best sensory score was shown in 3 minutes steamed in 5 minutes roasted which was culled after different steaming times. The total sensory non of roasted tea was influenced from preprocessing and total sensory score of roasted tea was higher than Just steamed tea. According to above result, the sensory score of roasted tea was more higher than steamed tea and the highest score was in 5 minutes roasted tea which was cutted after 3 minutes steamed.
Preparation and Characteristics of Curd Yogurt from Milk Added with Purple Sweet Potato
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 442~447
A curd yogurt was prepared by fermenting milk added with skim milk powder and purple sweet potato by culture of 5 types of lactic acid bacteria(Lactobacillus delbruekii sub. sp. lactis, Streptococcus lactis, acidity, number of viable cell, stability of purple sweet potato's pigment and keeping qualify. Among the organisms tested, the acid production and number of viable cell by the culture of L bulgaricus remarkably increased for the first 12 hem which showed 1.04
9/ CFU/mL in number of viable cell and 4.22 In pH where as fermentation by the culture of B. bifidum was slow. After 36 hours of incubation which showed 3.3
8/ CFU/mL in number of viable cell and 5.1 in pH. In stabilities of purple sweet potato anthocyanin pigment n fermentation, yogurt by B. bifidum was found to be most stable followed by Leuc. lactis, L. delbruekii sub. sp. lactis, L bulgaricus, but yogurt by St. lactis was not stable. When curd yogurt added with Purple sweet Potato was kept at 2∼3
for 14 day, its keeping quality(pH, titratable acidity, number of viable cell) was relative good except product by L. bulgaricus was found to be decreased most of viable cell. After 2 weeks of keeping, pigment of yogurt was decreased by B. bifidum, stable by L. delbruekii sub. sp. lactis.
Processing of Radish Juice by Mixed Culture with lactic Acid Bacteria
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 448~455
The starters, 0.3% of Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus fermentum, were added in radish juice to process the radish juice by single and mixed cultures. The radish Juice was fermented for 7 days at 25
, 20 days at 15
, and 36 days at 5
. When fermented at 25
, the number of lactic acid bacteria in the juice made with mixed culture was higher than that of the single culture. But, juice fermented at low temperatures (15∼5
), the addition of starters was not effective, although there were some differences by inoculation strains. Although there was a little differences by inoculation strains, the content of nonvolatile organic acid and L-ascorbic acid were found more in the juice inoculated with lactic acid bacteria than the juice not inoculated. When the single and mixed cultures at the optimal maturity were tested, the significant difference was found at 5% level except the yeasty and moldy smell and the unripe taste. According to the preference test, the mixed-cultured radish juice incubated at 25
with Lactobacillus brevis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides were evaluated superior to commercial Dongchimi. As a result, taste and quality of radish juice was improved by addition of starters.
Quality Changes of Radish Juice by Mixed Culture with Lactic Acid Bacteria during Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 456~462
The radish juice inoculated with mixed culture of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus brevis was fermented and stored. Radish juice was heat-treated for 30 min at 65
and 15 min at 80
, and stored for 8 weeks at 25
, and 5
, respectively. When the radish juice was heat-treated, any bacteria were not detected and any quality changes were not occured. On the other hand non-heated radish Juice, pH was decreased and acidity was increased during storage. The turbidity of the heat-treated radish juice was higher than that of the non-heated juice when it stored at 5'E. From the sensory evaluation, the pasteurization condition of 15 min at 80
was not appropriate because the fresh smell of Dongchimi was decreased and the cooked smell was increased. The radish juice stored at 5
without heat-treatment was evaluated to have the best quality. The storage period of the non-heated radish juice was shown to be extended over 8 weeks at 5
Fermentation Process and Physiochemical Characteristics of Yakju(Korean cleared rice wine) with Addition of Ginseng Powder
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 463~468
The characteristics and quality of Yakju with addition of ginseng powder originated in Choongchungdo were evaluated. At result, pH was decreased at the beginning stage of two stages fermentation and then slowly increased. Total acidity were increased in the cases of all (A), (B) and (C) during the fermentation. (A) group used Nuruk, crude enzyme and powder yeast showed the highest pH of 7.08 and total acidity of 0.84 at the 4th day of fermentation. The alcohol contents of B(21.0%) and C(20.4%) used cultured yeast were higher than A(19.0%) used powder yeast at the 4th day of fermentation. Also, inhibition against alcohol fermentation by ginseng powder wasn't showed and amino nitrogen contents were higher in (A) and (C) with addition of crude enzyme. Free sugar were the highest in (A) used both Nuruk and crude enzyme such as glucose of 599.16, maltose of 129.11mg%. Free amino acids were much more in A(580.02mg%) than in B(527.48mg%) and C(538.74mg%). from the sensory evaluation, desirable color and flavor qulity for 40 ages was (A) and (B) which was used Nuruk, and that for 20 ages was (C) which was used crude enzyme. However the best taste and overall preference was (B) for 20 and 40 ages of all. Therefore to produce high quality Yauju and commercialize, studies of fermentation process in Yakju should proceed later.
Chemical Components in Leaf and Fruit Stalk of Hovenia dulcis Thunb.
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 469~474
The chemical components of Hovenia dulcis leaf and fruit stalk naturally growing in Korea, were determined. Crude protein of leaf and total sugar of fruit stalk was 7.30 and 51.64%, respectively. The major mineral components were K, Ca, Mg, Na and Mn in that order. The content of vitamin C was 4.8 mg% for leaf and 3.8 mg% for fruit stalk and that of free sugar was 1.37% of fructose for leaf and 8.83% of sucrose for fruit stalk. The highest organic acid in leaf and fruit stalk was malic acid and its content was 1,715.21 mg% and 439.18 mg%, respectively. The highest component of total amino acids in leaf and fruit stalk was glutamic acid(497.99mg%) and proline(751.78mg%), respectively. The highest lady acid in leaf and fruit stalk was 43.54% of linolenic acid and 23.15% of palmitic acid, respectively. trans-Geraniol(124.36 ppm) and isobutyric acid(292.67 ppm) were predominant volatile compounds in leaf and fruit stalk, respectively.
Chemical Components in Different Parts of Korean Sword Bean(Canavalia gladiata)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 475~480
The chemical components in different parts such as seed, cotyledon, hull, pod, leaf, stem and root of Korean sword bean(Canavalia gladiata) were determined in this study. The contents of total sugar and protein were relatively higher in cotyledon than other parts. The highest mineral component was K, Ca in root and leaf, respectively. In case of organic acids, relatively higher content of oxalic acid(2,556 mg%), citric acid(573 mg%) was found in leaf and pod, respectively. Among free sugars, the contents of sucrose(3.80%), fructose(2.17%) were the highest contents in hull and stem, respectively. The highest component total amino acids in cotyledon and leaf, pod, stem, and root was glutamic acid(592 mg%), glutamic acid(429 mg%), proline(497 mg%), lysine(328 mg%) and arginine(714 mg%), respectively. Among fatty acids in hull and pod, palmitic acid(32.75%, 21.93%) was high in saturated fatty acid fraction, while linoleic acid(39.15%, 43.03%) was high in polyunsaturated fatty acid fraction.
Changes in Chemical Composition of Mume(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc) Fruits during Maturation
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 481~487
This study was determined to change in chemical composition of Mume(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc) fruits during maturation. There were no differences in the soluble solid and moisture content among varieties, but the soluble solid slowly increased with maturing. The pH and ash content were slightly decreased with maturation. The green color of 'Nanko' fruits was maintained for 92days after full bloom at the greeness value of -3.81 Whereas, the chlorophyll content of 'Koume' fruits remarkably decreased and it was not suitable for the processing of immature green Mume fruits. The titratable acidity increased during maturation. The organic acids were mainly composed of malic acid and citric acid. The malic acid was significantly decreased during maturation, whereas citric acid increased. Major free sugars and sugar alcohols were sucrose, glucose, fructose, sorbitol and maltose. Sucrose content increased as the maturity proceeded, whereas glucose and sorbitol were decreased. The total contesnt of free amino acids decreased with maturation and the total free amino acids in the flesh of fruits were occupied by asparagine at the range of 60 to 78%.
Changes in Firmness, Mineral Composition and Pectic Substances of Mume(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc) Fruits during Maturation
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 488~494
The changes in firmness, mineral compositions and pectic substances of Mume(Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc) fruits during maturation were determined. An average weight of the fruits in 92days after full bloom was increased during maturation proceeded up to the range of 212∼232%, as compared with that of 64days. The rate of weight increase of 'Ohshuku' fruits was 257%, and it was highest among four varieties. The ratio of stone to flesh weight was decreased, but the diameter of the flesh of fruits was increased during maturation. The firmness of 'Koume' fruits was rapidly decreased from 78days after full bloom. Three varieties, except 'Koume' fruits, showed similar changes in firmness. Potassium content of fruits was 85%. Calcium and Mg were decreased as the flesh of fruits became plump. The ratios of hydrochloric acid-soluble pectin(HSP) , water-soluble pectin(WSP), sodium hexamethaphosphate-soluble pectin(PSP), and sodium hydroxode-soluble pectin(SSP) contents to the total pectin content of the fruits were 66∼76, 8.4∼19.7, 5.4∼7.5 and 7.1∼8.3%, respectively. The total pectin content was increased up to 71days after full bloom, but it was decreased thereafter. Also, a significant increase of WSP and a decrease of HSP were observed during the softening process of fruits.
Studies on the Nutritional Components of Dandelion(Taraxacum officinale)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 495~499
The free sugars in leaf and root of dandelion were composed of sucrose, glucose and fructose. The contents of total free sugars was higher in root than those in leaf. The oxalic acid, citric acid and malic acid contents of leaf was 45.4, 3.6, 2.7mg/100g-f.w., respectively. And the oxalic acid, citric acid and malic acid contents of root was 34.6, 2.1, 1.6mg/100g-f.w., respectively. Total free organic acid content of leaf was higher than that of root. The major free amino acids of dandelion were aspartic acid, serine, asparagine, glutamic acid, glycine, valine, isoleucine and content of glutamic acid was highest in free amino acids. The contents of vitamin A in leaf and root of dandelion was 135.4 and 34.1
/100g-f.w., respectively. The contents of vitamin C in leaf and root of dandelion was 67.4 and 4.6 mg/100g-f.w., respectively.
The Effects of Thiamin on the Fruiting of Lentinula edodes
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 500~505
The investigation was carried out to identify the active constituent in yeast extract for fruit body formation of Lentinula edodes. The result suggests that free thiamin which is hewn as the active substance for the fruiting of L edodes, was detected but thiamin mono, di, three phosphates were not detected in the yeast extract produced by Difco Co.. Therefore, the thiamin content of the yeast extract was determined, the yeast extract was fractionated to five portion by the post-column fluorescence method. The content of thiamin in yeast extract( 1g) was 0.436mg as thiamin hydrochloride. It was found that 76% of the total thiamin(0.332mg) was contained in fraction II. About 20% of the total thiamin(0.087mg) was present in fraction I, but not in fractions III, IV and V. In accordance with the contents of thiamin in the fractions, the fruit body formation was the highest by the treatment of fraction II(100%) and followed by fraction I (60%), V(50%), III(30%). Thiamin did not influence for the vegetative mycelial growth of L. edodes, but be used for fruit body formation.
Effect of Germanium-132 on the Growth of Lactic Acid Bacteria
Park, Seok-Kyu ; Lee, Sang-Won ; Takafumi Kasumi ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 506~513
The growth of lactic acid bacteria was investigated in liquid broth medium containing organic germanium compound(Ge-132, carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide) in the range of 0.01 to 10mg/ml. Most of all lactic acid bacteria tested were tolerant and could grow better to the high Ge-132 concentration. However, the growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Pediococcus pentosaceus were inhibited in the presence of 10mg/m1 Ge-132. Among 22 strains tested, lactic acid bacteria that were grown to a high degree(about 2 times) by addition of Ge-132 (10mg/ml)were Lactococcus lactis, Lc. cremoris, Lc. diacetilactis, Enterococcus faecium and Streptococcus faecalis. The growth of these strains were markedly accelerated in the culture medium supplemented with 1.omg/ml Ge-132 The optimal concentration of glucose for growth of Lc. lactic was found to be high in medium containing Ge-132 as compared with the case of control. During cultivation viscosity in culture broths of Lc. lactis and Lc. cremoris was rapidly elevated by adding Ge-132 to medium containing high concentration of glucose, and then decreased after incubation of long time. However, in the cultivation of Lc. diacetilactis, E, faecium and S. faecalis, viscosity of culture broths was not increased, even though Ge-132 was shown to be an effective stimulant of growth.
Effect of Organic Gemanium, Oligosaccharide and Starters on Fermentation of Fresh Kimchi Juice
Park, Seok-Kyu ; Seo, Kwon-Il ; Shon, Mi-Yae ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 514~520
Changes in pH, titratable acidity, CO
production, reducing sugar, and lactic acid bacteria of fresh kimchi juice supplemented with combinations of 3 lactic acid bacteria and germanium(Ge)-132 or fructooligosaccharide(FO) during fermentation at 30
were investigated to assess the potential for extending the shelf life and enhancing the functional properties in kimchi. In kimchi juice containing Ge-132, sample(I) (inoculated with a mixture of bacteriocin-producing SNF-13 strain and E. faecium) exhibited that the amounts of organic acid and evolved CO
gas were lower than those of the other starter samples(II-IV). The growth of lactic acid bacteria naturally present in kimchi juice, particularly Lb. plantarum and Leu. mesentroides, may be inhibited due to competition of the isolated SNF-13 strain and E. faecium by Ge-132. During fermentation of kimchi juice containing FO sugar, the contents of organic acid and evolved CO
gas On juice broth with 4 starters were predominantly higher than those of control and Ge-132 groups, and then the growth of lactic acid bacteria originated from kimchi ingredients was thought to be markedly accelerated. Our results indicated that functional properties like the extension of shelf life and increase of biological activity in kimchi were enhanced by adding Ge-132 and bacterium-producing lactic acid bacterium, which were resistant to organic acid and stimulated by Ge-132.
The Status of Production and Processing of Fruits and New Processing Technology
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 6, issue 4, 1999, Pages 521~529
The high influx of imported fruits into Korea is threatening to price and quality competition of domestic fruits. This investigation was conducted to raise price and quality competition of domestic fruits and to develop new products. The scale of production and processing, amount of processing and new processing technology were discussed. The area of cultivation land as well as the rate of processing is decreasing annually, an item of processing is limited to several kinds. Accordingly in this study, the status of production and manufacturing of some fruits and the new processing technologies such as high voltage pulsed electric fields, high hydrostatic pressure, ohmic heating, membrane separation and microwave treatment have investigated to fruit processing. Consequently, the minimal processing technology has to take advantage of various agricultural products in the food industry.