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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Effects of MA Storage with Fine Holes For Red Chili Pepper and Red Bell Pepper Fruits
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 125~130
The effects of modified atmosphere(MA) storage for fresh red chili pepper and red bell pepper fruits were investigated with storing in polyethylene film with various fine holes. During the storage of the both pepper fruits, the weight loss, color change, mold emergence, and firmness were evaluated. The weight loss of pepper fruits packaged without holes on film was less than 3%, even though it was each 50% and 25% for non packaged red chili pepper and red bell pepper fruits. The rates of mold emergence of red chili pepper and red bell pepper fruits were reached to each 60% and 50% at the end of storage period as stored in film without holes. However, the rate of mold emergence of pepper fruits was lowered when fruits were stored in MA with low relative humidity (70∼80%). The color and firmness of pepper fruits were not much changed when fruits were stored in MA with high humidity.
Changes in Pectin and Pectin Degrading Enzymes Activity during Storage of Kiyomi Tangor Produced in Jeju
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 131~139
Kiyomi tangor(Citus unshiu x sinensis) was stored at 3
and 85% relative humidity, and the changes in firmness, pectin degrading enzymes activity and other physicochemical properties of citrus fruits during storage were investigated. Decay ratio and weight loss during 180 days’ storage were increased gradually to 13.0% and 12.9%, respectively. Firmness of fruits with 2 mm probe was decreased gradually from 808.7 g-force to 406.4 g-force, and moisture of peel and flesh were decreased from 76.5% to from 89.6% to 87.6% during storage, respectively. Exo-polygalacturonase activity of peel after 150 days’ storage were increased gradually to 558.09 units/100g. Pectin methylesterase activity of peel and flesh were increased from 14.7 units/g to 2.3 units/g, and from 9.4 units/ml to 2.7 units/ml at 150days’ storage, respectively. Endo-polygalacturonase activities were not changed notably during storage. Alcohol-insoluble solid(AIS) of peel was not changed notably. During storage of the fruits water soluble pectin(WSP) of peel and flesh were increased from 474.49 mg/100g to 614.29mg/100g, and from 66.91mg/100g to 92.74mg/100g as wet basis, respectively. Hexameta-phosphate soluble pectin(HMP) of peel were decreased from 405.5mg/100g to 270.43mg/100g, hydochloric acid soluble pectin(HSP) of peel was also decreased from 544.02mg/100g to 412.64mg/100g during storage. Total pectin substance(TPS) of peel and flesh were decreased from 1,424.01mg/100g to 1,297.36mg/100g, and from 165.51mg/100g to 171.54mg/100g, respectively. Composition ratio of pectin was in order of WSP > HSP > HMP.
Alined Technology of Rice Complex Center consisted of Bulk Drying, Storage and Processing
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 140~145
Although the drying times of paddies were significantly shortened by the application of higher drying temperatures, the 12, 10 and 8 hours were needed for the reduction of moisture contents from 23.55 to 15% at the temperatures of 45, 50 and 55
, respectively. Milling yields(MY) and rice rates(HRR) were decreased by increasing of the drying temperature. The MY ratios were 75.50, 75.42 and 75.31% and HRR were 93.28, 92.14 and 91.12% in drying temperature of 40, 50 and 55
, respectively. In the milling processes of tough rice with the used of a milling machine equipped with both of abrasive and friction types in a body, the reduction rates of bran and the occurrence of broken rice increased with the pressures at outlet or the recycled passing tines. In the process for humidified friction whitening of rice, it was found that the optimum addition rate of water for the best quality was the 11.2 liters per tone of white rice.
Preparation and Characteristics of Candy using Doraji(Platycodon grandiflorum(Jacq.))
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 146~150
The candy was prepared from starch syrup and sugar added with puree, extract and powder of Doraji, respectively. When three times extracted with 95% ethanol for 12 hours at
and 4 hours at 51
, the extract contents were 22.6%, 25.8% and 25.3%, respectively. L-value of candy which was made of puree and extract of Doraji was lower than that of control. As the content of puree and extract of Doraji is increased, L-value was decreased. In case of added with puree, extract and powder, a and b-values were higher than those of control. Quality of the candy in sensory evaluation was the best when 20% of puree, 2% of extract and 5% of powder were added to the starch syrup and sugar, respectively. The result of preference test with various model, Bokjumony (Korea traditional purse) was the best in eye freel and ellipse was the best in mouth feel. The calories of candy were 2999.6 ㎉/100g in puree 20%, 358.3 ㎉/100g in extract 2% and 352.1 ㎉/100g in powder 5%.
Kimchi Quality Affected by the Addition of Acetic Acid Solution Containing Calcium
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 151~156
Acetic acid solution containing calcium (AC) was added to kimchi seasonings by 10% and 205, and heat treatment at 70
for 15 min was also tried, respectively. Kimchi with treated seasonings was investigated for the quality during fermentation at 10
. Heat treatment with 20% AC showed a retarded decrease pH than others on 10 days, but there was no great difference after 14 days. Higher titratable acidity was revealed in kimchi with AC during the fermentation. Total microbial lead and lactic acid bacterial count were generally lower in kimchi with AC. Reducing sugar content was maximum for all samples on 5 days, and then decreased thereafter. Redness of control kimchi was steadily increased during fermentation, but was lower than those of other treatments.
Optimization for Hot water Extraction Condition of Liriope spicata Tuber Using Response Surface Methodology
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 157~163
Optimal conditions for hot water extraction of Liriope spicata tuber were investigated with changes in solvent ratio(2∼6 fold) and heating time(1∼5 hr) by response surface methodology. The content of extractable solids increased with an increased in solvent ratio, and the highest content showed at heating time of 3 hr. The content of total steroid saponin increased with a decrease in solvent ratio, and increased with an increase in heating time at increasing the solvent ratio. The content of non-reducing sugar containing oligosaccharides at a lower solvent ratio didn’t show changes depending on heating time, while that at a higher ration decreased with an increase in heating time. Optimal extraction conditions using hot water as the limited conditions of 15∼18% extractable solids, 1.5∼2.0% total steroid saponin, 6∼8% reducing sugar, 6∼7% non-reducing sugar and 13∼15 brix were 3 hrs of heating time and 4 fold of solvent ratio.
Quality Changes of Minimally Processed Lotus Root (Nelumbo nucifera) with Browning Inhibitors
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 164~168
Minimally processed lotus root was stored at 4
followed by dipping in distilled water, 3% ascorbic acid, 1% citric acid, 1% acetic acid, 1% EDTA, 2% lactic acid and 3% malic acid. The weight loss, color, soluble solids, pH, vitamin C and sensory characteristic were measured during storage period. The rate of weight loss decreased in the minimally processed lotus root. ΔL was changed slightly after 1 week storage and 1% acetic acid and 1% EDTA especially retarded a little retardation in browning during storage. Soluble solids was changed slightly, but decreased after 2 week storage in lotus root treated with 2% lactic acid and 3% malic acid. pH increased but vitamin C decreased during storage. The organoleptic quality of lotus root treated 1% EDTA showed the best by sensory evaluation.
Preparation of Fig Jam and its Quality Characteristics
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 169~174
Chemical analysis and optimum preparation conditions for fig jam were investigated. Soluble solids, acid content and vitamin C of fig was 12.20。Brix, 0.14% and 2.27 mg/100g, respectively. Carbohydrate in fig juice was consisted of 54.43% glucose and 44.53% fructose. Potassium content of fig was 178.0 mg/100g. Moisture content and total sugar of fig fruit was 88.35% and 9.47%. In preparation of fig jam, the addition of 0.2% Citrus natsudaidai juice and 0.5% C. lemon juice as acid source was the best in regard with color and flavor determined by sensory evaluation. The ratio of sucrose : honey : oligo sugar(70:20:10) was also the best in addition of sugar source 60%(w/w) in total. Fig jam prepared in this experiment was better than that of commercial products in sensory evaluation, and microbial growth of this product was not recognized for one month at 30
Quality Characteristics of Bread Prepared with the Addition of Persimmon Peel Powder
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 175~180
The quality characteristics of bread prepared with the addition of dried persimmon peel powder(PPP) were investigated. Visco-elastic characteristics of dough and texture of bread added PPP was examined by rapid visco-analyzer and texture analyzer. The maximum viscosity of the dough with PPP was lower than that of control at 90
. Final viscosity after cooling to 50
, viscosity of control increased to 134 B.U., but that of the dough with PPP showed 13∼37 B.U. As more PPP was added, gluten formation and mixing time dough were longer. Adhesiveness, springness, cohesiveness and chewiness gradually increased as PPP content increased, while the hardness decreased. Lightness value decreased but redness and yellowness values increased with the addition of PPP, especially, the bread made by 15% PPP treatment showed dark brown color. In sensory evaluation of bread, score of color decreased significantly as more PPP was added but overall acceptability was not significant different(p<0.05) between control and 5% PPP treatment. It is considered that the addition of 5% was appropriate for bread making with PPP.
Extending Shelf-life of Rice Cake Using Coating Agent Containing Soy Protein Isolate
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 181~186
The objective of this study is to determine the effect of soy protein isolate (SPI) film coating on the color, firmness, viscosity and weight loss of Rice Cake stored at 15, 20 and
(RH 50%) for 30 days. Raw materials mixed with SPI and cocoa powder (10:0, 7:3, 5:5, 3:7, w/w) were prepared. After adding sugar and shortening to raw materials, the mixture were refined to 25 micron of particle size. Coating of Rice Cake were carried out at
. SPI coated Rice Cake had higher internal and external firmness comparing to the control at
. SPI coated Rice Cake showed smooth surface morphology and had 0.71-1.01 mm of thickness. SPI coated Rice Cake showed less weight loss for 30 days compared to controls. SPI coating solution was successfully coated on Rice Cake and extended shelf-life over 15 days at room temperature.
Characteristics of Proteins in Italian Millet, Sorghum and Common Meillet
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 187~192
Amino acid composition of proteins in Italian millet, Common millet and sorghum were invstigated by HCI hydrolysis method. The optimum condition was obtained by hydrolysis at 110
for 24hr. As major amino acids from protein hydrolyzate, the content of tyosine, arginine and phebylalanine were 7.06%, 6.79% and 6.44%, respectively. The content of glutamic acid in Common millet, Italian millet and Sorghum were 5.73%, 5.64% and 5.46%, respectively. Glycine content was about 2.93% in three samples. Contents of crude protein and pure protein in Italian millet, Common millet and sorghum were determined by micro-kjeldahl method. Crude protein contents were slightly higher than that of pure protein. Protein content of sorghum was higher than those of Italian millet and Common millet. For SDS-PAGE analysis, Italian millet showed more soluble proteins including 50kDa, 30kDa and smaller proteins than other cereals. In particular, Common millet and Sorghum only solubilized proteins less than 15kDa.
Genotoxicological Safety of Gamma Irradiated Salted and Fermented Shrimp
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 193~198
Gamma irradiation at 20 kGy was apploed to salted and fermented shrimps to evaluate its possible genotoxicity. The genotoxicity of irradiated salted and fermented shrimps was evaluated by Salmonella typhimurium reversion assay, chromosomal aberration test and in vivo micronucleus assay. The results were negative in the bacterial reversion assay with S. typhimurium TA98, TA100. No mutagenicity was detected in the assay both with and without metabolic activation. In chromosomal aberration tests with CHL cells and in vivo mouse micronucleus assay, no significant difference in the incidences of chromosomal aberration and micronuclei was observed between nonirradiated and 20 kGy-irradiated salted and fermented shrimps. These results indicate that salted and fermented shrimps irradiated at 20 kGy did not show any genotoxic effects under these experimental conditions.
Characteristics of Red Mold Isolated from Traditional Meju
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 199~205
Red mold was isolated from meju prepared by traditional mtehod and characterized. The isolated red mold grew well on potato dextrose agar medium, In microscopic observation, it had a septum in mycelium and ellipsoidal spore. Optimal temperature and pH for growth were 30
and 6.0, respectively. Enzyme activities such as protease, a-amylase and glucoamulase in ted mold were lower than those in Aspergillus oryzae. A competitive growth between red mold and Asp. oryzae was greatly affecten by cultivation temperature. The growth of isolated red mold on meju was predominant at below 30
as compared with Asp. oryzae.
Changes in the Antibacterial Activity of Green Tea Extracts in Various pH of Culture Broth against Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhimurium
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 206~212
Water extract of green tea(GTW) and 70% ethanol extract of green tea(GTE) were prepared for the test of antibacterial activity. The sensitivity of Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhimurium to the green tea extracts in various pH of culture broth was tested. Tryptic soy broth(TSB) containing 0∼2%(w/v) of green tea extracts was adjusted to pH 5.0∼7.0 and inoculated with 10
6/ cells/ml of each bacteria. The plate counting method and clear zone test were used to determine inhibitory effect of green tea extracts. Green tea extracts completely inhibited the growth of S. aureus at 0.5% level and bactercidal at 0.5∼1.0% level of GTW and GTE at pH 5.0∼7.0. Green tea extracts were bactercidal to S. typhimurium at 1.5∼2.0% level of GTW and 1.0∼2.0% level of GTE at pH 7.0. Sal. typhimurium was more resistant than S. aureus. in same concentration of green tea extracts at same pH. The resistance of S. aureus and Sal. typhimurium was increased with decreasing pH of culture broth. The morphology of S. aureus cells treated with green tea extracts showed damage of cell wall and cytoplasmic membrane. Severely damaged cells of S. aureus lost electron dense material and cytoplasm. Green tea extracts stimulated autolysis and cell death of S. aureus. This result suggests that green tea extracts can be used as an effective natural antibacterial agent in food.
Effect of Water Extract from Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail Water Extracts on the Cancer Cells and Antioxidative Activity in Cytotoxicity
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 213~216
Chemoprevetive effect of Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail water extract on several tumor cells and Chinese hamster V79 cells were investigated. The water extracts of Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail showed a higher cytotoxicity effect on the human histiocytic leukemia cells(U937) and protective effects against the cytotoxicity of H
. These results suggest that Saururus Chinensis (Lour.) Bail may useful as potential soures of chemopreventive and antioxidative agents.
Effect of Inhibition on Glucosultransferase and Antimicrobial Activity of Polyphenol Fraction of Gallnut and Red Grape Husk
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 217~223
The antimicrobial and glucosyltransferase(GTase) inhibition activity were searched for 30 species of various folk drugs and by products of food industry. Among them, two species, gallnut and red grape husk water extracts, were selected for the powerful antimicrobial and GTase inhibition activity. The polyphenol fractions of gallnut and red grape husk were showed very greater antimicrobial activity on both Gram(+) and (-), B. subtilis and E. coli. The minimum antimicrobial activity of gallnut polyphenol fraction were 1.0mg for B. subtilis and 3,0mg for E. coli. Red grape husk was 2.0mg for B. subtilis and 3.0mg for E coli. The polyphenol fractions of gall nut and red grape husk were showed powerful GTase inhibition activity. The concentrations of these fractions for 80% inhibition of GTase activity were 1.08
-3/mg/㎖ and 1.08
-2/mg/㎖, respectively. The most abundant compound in these fraction seems to be polyphenol derivatives. From these results, we think that the gallnut and the red grape husk polyphenol fraction had more antimicrobial and anti-plaque activities than artificial synthetic preservatives as an economic point of view.
Screening of Biological Activity for Phenolic Fraction from Onion
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 224~230
To develop a material for functional food, the fraction Ⅰ,II and Ⅲ of onion extract were separated by Sephadex LH-20 column. The revealed purification levels of each fraction were 5.2%-6.5%, 12.2%-14.5% and 82.6%-86.7%, respectively. A functional activity test was performed with fraction Ⅲ. The ACE inhibition activity was about 50% at 5mg and about 80% at 10mg. The XOase inhibition activity of Korean Changnyong Daego was 84%, which was the highest. At the experiment of tyrosinase inhibition was detected 21-36% at 10mg. The cholesterol dose in mice blood was as low as low as 79
5(mg/100 mL) after the intake of fraction Ⅲ. Cholestrol dose in liver was decreased to below 50%. The results show that Sephadex LH-20 column method was very useful as a fraction method for the development of functional food material nsing onions.
Antioxidative Activities of Fruit Extracts of Paulownia tomentosa Stued
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 2, 2001, Pages 231~238
The concentrations of total polyohenolic compound from extract of Paulownia tomentosa Stued. were water-soluble extract 7.98%, methanol extract 12.30% and ethanol extract 11.63%. The free radical scavenger activities of three extracts at the levels of 0.5% were higher than that of BHT(butylated hydroxytoluene). In antioxidative activities measured the concentrations of TBARS(thiobabituric acid reactive substances) in tissues microsome induced with Fe
++/ascorbate, the water-soluble extract was errdctively suppressed in liver and spleen. In antioxidative activities determined by thiocyanate method against lipid peroxidation using linoleic acid, the methanol extract showed the higher compared with other extracts, but BHT showed the highest antioxidative activity. These results suggest that fruit extracts of Paulownia tomentosa Stued. showed to have relatively high concentrations of polyphenolic compounds and antioxidative activities.