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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Kwang Duk Moon
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Changes of Quality Characteristics on the Cherry Tomatoes during the CA(Controlled Atmosphere) Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 239~245
The CA(Controlled Atmosphere) storage of cherry tomatoes were carried out under seven gas compositions including air. The weight loss of cherry tomatoes progressively increased with storage time. In the case of cherry tomatoes stored under CA conditions, increment of weight loss was reduced. However, cherry tomatoes (in air) tut about 15% weight at the end of storage. In CA stored cherry tomatoes lost about 10% weight at the same time. General trend was a decrease in titratable acidity with storage time. In air md 6.4% O
, 4.2% CO
, titratable acidity was lower than that in other storage conditions. During storage of cherry tomatoes, soluble solids increased till 8 days of storage, and then decreased. Stored cherry tomatoes in air and 6.4% O
have lower values. Lycopene contents of cherry tomatoes with 6% O
storage condition increased and cherry tomatoes with 1% O
and 3% O
maintained s initial contents. In air, flesh firmness decrease till 8 days, and then increase. At 1% O
ethanol contents were ten times to that of other experimental conditions. Air and 6% O
condition had lowest value for the ethanol content. In changes of organic acid and citric acid decreased slowly during storage, malic acid in air and below 3% O
was disappeared at 8 days. Above 4% O
concentration malic acid contents were maintained till 16 days. In over all acceptability, air and 6.4% O
condition took a good score from the panel. Quality of stored cherry tomatoes was not edible condition in 1% O
. CA storage cherry tomatoes took a good score in firmness and juiciness where as control received good score in color and sweetness. This result was explained that in air ad 6.4% O
stored cherry tomato was ripened and full color development, but in CA was break stage because of suppressed ripening.
Changes of the Characteristics of ′Kurakatawase′ and ′Mibaek′ Peaches during Storage Period
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 246~251
This study was conducted to investigate the change of qualities of peaches by different packing types and humidity during storage period. The weight loss ratios of 'Kulakatawase' and 'Mibaek' by non-packing were about 6.8% and 4.9% for 4 days storage at room temperature, respectively whereas, the peaches by packing with 30㎛ LDPE were less than 1% for 25 days storage at low temperature and high humidity(95
3%). The firmness values of the peaches were not decreased during storage at low temperature compared to the firmness values of the peaches during storage at room temperature. Little difference of total acidity and soluble solids of the peaches was during storage at low temperature. The contents of fructose and glucose in peaches were increased slightly after storage for 25 days but that of sucrose was decreased slightly. When peaches were stored at low temperature(0∼2
) and high humidity(95
3%) after packing with 30㎛ LDPE or 25㎛ perforated polyolefin film 'Kurakatawase ' and 'Mibaek' were able to storage for 20 and 25days, respectively.
Changes in the Quality of Sweet Persimmon Fruits with Packaging Methods during Low Temperature Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 252~257
This studies were carried out to investigate the physical properties and quality of sweet persimmon fruits which packaged with polyethylene for improvement of quality and storage. The fruits which packed 5 fruits a pack by 0.06mm PE film was maintained freshness during 120 days of storage, but those which packaged a fruit was maintained freshens during 150 days of storage, and quality of fruits was excellent during storage. It was more excellent quality of fruits packaged 5 fruits a pack with 0.08 and 0.10mm PE film than quality of those packaged by 0.06mm PE film. Hardness of fruits were decreased during storage, and the color of fruits was changed. But the fruits which packaged each with 0.08mm PE film was maitained freshens during 180 days of storage, and the quality of fruits was excellent during storage. The hardness and color of fruits were net changed during storage.
Effects of Storage Gas Concentrations on the Qualities of Garlic(Allium sativum L.) Bulb during CA Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 258~263
This experiment was conducted to measure the physiological qualities and the chemical compositions of garlic bulb (Allium sativum L) stored in air and controlled atmosphere at 0
for 4months. There were no significant differences in physiological qualities such as soluble solid, dry weight and firmness by O
concentrations during 4 months of storage. The surface color of garlic cloves changed toward more dark direction in Hunter color surface with storage. CA storage inhibited the sprout growth by 50% and had no significant difference in root growth. Garlic stored in CA showed lower level of pungency, especially CA of low oxygen concentration (1%) showed the lowest level of pyruvate. Garlic stored in high CO
concentration(20%) showed the lowest level of fructan concentrations and the highest free sugar concentrations.
Effect of Natural Antimicrobial Agent Dipping and Antimicrobial Packaging Films on the Keeping Quality of Green Chilli Peppers
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 264~268
Two antimicrobial extracts of Rheum palmatum L. and Coptis chinesis France root as well as grapefruit seed extract(GFSE) were applied to dipping treatment for green chilli peppers, which were then packed in low density polyethylene(LDPE) films incorporated with 1% antimicrobial extracts and stored 10
. Dipping and packaging treatments suppressed the growth of putrefactive microorganisms and the duly ratio of green chilli peppers. In addition, the loss ratio of ascorbic acid content and their weight during the storage was lower with treated green chilli peppers. Consequently, the combined method of dipping and packaging in antimicrobial agents turned out to be superior to dipping treatment or film-packaging in the view point of decay ratio and the keeping qualities of green chilli peppers.
Effect of Storage Temperature and Humidity on the Quality of Apples and Pears harvested in Gyeongnam, Korea
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 269~273
Apples and pears for investigating the optimal storage conditions were purchased from the farmhouse located in Hadong-Goon and Geochang-Goon Gyeongnam just before the beginning of this experiment. Apples and pears were, stored under 70%(storage temperature : 25
) and 90%(5
) of relative humidity, respectively and their qualities in microbial counts, decay ratio, surface color difference and chemical attributes were monitored during the storage period. Apples and pears stored under 70% of relative humidity showed the minimal change in weight lass, decrease ratio of ascorbic acid content, surface color difference and degrees contaminated by putrefactive microorganisms. As the results of this experiment, apples and pears stored under 90% of relative humidity showed the optimal storage conditions for maintaining their freshness.
Effect of Antimicrobial Packaging System on the Freshness-preserving of Zucchinis
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 274~278
The antimicrobial extracts of Rheum palmatum and Coptis chinensis root as well as grapefruit seed extract were applied to dipping treatment for keeping qualities of zucchinis, respectively, which were then packed in low density polyethylene films incorporated with 1% antimicrobial extracts and stored at 10
. Dipping and packaging in the antimicrobial agents suppressed the growth of putrefactive microorganisms and the decay ratio of zucchinis. In addition, the loss ratio of ascorbic acid content of zucchinis and their weight were decreased during the storage of zucchinis. Consequently, the combined method of dipping and packaging in antimicmbial agents tumid out to be superior to dipping treatment or film-packaging in the view point of decay ratio and the quality control of zucchinis.
Effect of Chitosan and Calcium Treatments on the Quality of Satsuma Mandarin during Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 279~285
The effect of chitosan and cacium treatment on the quality of satsuma mandarin(Citrus unshiu Marc. var. miyagawa) during storage were investigated. Citrus fruits treated with 2000-folds diluted iminoctadime-triacetate solution or 1.5% chitosan with 0.5% CaCl
solution were stored at 4
3% relative humidity, and room temperature without humidity control. Decay ratio of chitosan and calcium treated fruits were lower than the ones with no treatment from the mid of February. Also, citrus fruits treated with chitosan and calcium treated less in weight loss, that seems it was derived from restraining of fruits' transpiration. Soluble solids were maintained higher level in chitosan and calcium treated fruits than with no treatment during the storage. Acid contents were decreased gradually lower in cold storage than in room temperature storage, and there was not showed consistent trend among treatments. 26 kinds of free amino acids among 45 standards such as glutamic acid, threonine, serine, alanine γ-amino buryric acid, aspragine and etc were detected in Citrus unshiu Marc. var. miyagawa. As the storage time was prolonged, free amino acid was disappeared more or less, and the deccreasing extent was less in 4
than in room temperature storage.
Absorbent in the PE Film Bag and Styrofoam Box during the Ginger Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 286~290
Ginger was stored in the 0.05mm and 0.08mm of PE film bags and the styrofoam box. During the ginger storage, weight losses in the PE film bags were effectively supressed than in the control bag, and storage was better in the 0.08mm PE film bag while the spoilage of ginger was higher than in 0.05mm bag. The effective storage temperature was 10
at which was no scouting during the storage. And the perforation in the PE film bag helped the healthy ginger ratio. Single perforation of 6an diameter was good for 0.05mm film and three for 0.08mm film. When CO
absorbent was added into the film bag, the spoilage and mold occurence was lowered. In the styrofoam box, the healthy ginger ratio also increased by incorporating the absorbents, but there were no great differences between activated charcoal and calcium hydroxide.
The Detection of Irradiated Agricultural Commodities by Origins with Photostimulated Luminescence (PSL) Analysis
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 291~295
Photostimulated luminescence (PSL) analysis was applied to determine whether some agricultural commodities of Korean and Chinese origins have been irradiated or not. Cereals (brown rice and buckwheat) and legumes (soybean, peanut, fed bean and mung bean) were exposed to gamma irradiation at 0.5 ∼4 kGy The Korean garlic was irradiated at 0.05 ∼0.5 kGy. Cereals and mung bean were tool applicable to the PSL measurement, showing the intermediate values between the lower (700 photon counts, negative) and the upper threshold values (5,000, positive), however PSL values determined for soybean, peanut, red bean and garlic were suitable for being discriminated between nonirradiated and irradiated samples. There was no significant difference in PSL properties accgrding to the sample origins.
Detection and Extraction Condition of Physiological Functional Compounds from Bran of Heugjinju rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 296~301
Physiological functionalities in various extracts of Heugjinju rice bran were determined and its optimal extraction condition were also investigated Angiotensin-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitory activity, fibrinolytic activity and tyrosinase inhibitory activity were higher in water extracts than those of 80% ethanol and methanol, hexane. Electron donating abilities were 97.8% in hexane extract and 83% in water extracts. ACE inhibitor was maximally extracted from Heugjinju rice bran when it was treated with 20 times of distilled water for 12 h at 20
. Fibrinolytic compound was also maximally extracted by treatment of 10 times of distilled water for 18 h at 20
. Electron donating compound and tyrosinase inhibitor were maximally extracted by treatment of 20 times of hexane and 10 times of distilled water at 20
for 18 h, respectively
Preparation and Characteristics of Kimchi Tablet
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 302~307
In order to prepare kimchi tablet(K7), the kimchi was fermented with crushed materials and lactic acid bacterial starter. The effect of raying methods (hot air-drying : HAD, freeze drying: FD), moulding pressure (100, 150 and 200 kg/cm2) and moulding time (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 min) of kimchi tablet on residual solid, characteristics of filtrate, color, textual properties, hygroscopicity and sensory quality were investigated. No great difference showed in residual solid of the tablet prepared with freeze dried kimchi (FD-KT), but the tablet prepared with hot air-dried kimchi (HAD-KT) decreased markedly with an increase in moulding pressure. Residual solid of FD-KT was lower than that of HAD-KT. The pH and redness for HAD-KT and FD-KT were similar. Total sugar. acidity and lightness of FD-KT as compared with HAD-KT were higher, while higher max, yield, strength and hardness were found for HAD-KT. Color, tactile, flavor, chewing taste, acceptability and hygroscopicity of FD-KT were generally higher than those of HAD-KT. Hygroscopicity of HAD-KT decreased with an increase in moulding pressure in md time, but that of FD-KT increased. Overall qualities of FD-KT and HAD-KT showed best in 200 kg/㎠ of moulding pressure, 3min of moulding time.
Characteristics of Yogurt Prepared with ′Jinpum′ Bean and Sword Bean(Canavalin gladiata)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 308~312
This study was conducted to investigate the characteristics of yogurt prepared with different mixing ratios of 'Jinpum ' bean and sword bean(Canavalin gladiata). The crude protein content of 'Jinpum' bean used raw material was 38.0%, whereas that of sword bean was 27.5%. The pH and sugar content of ferment solution were deceased significantly up to 4 hours after strain inoculation but reduced slowly artier 8 hours. The content of organic acid and lactic ferments were increased. After 20 hours fermentation there was no significant differences between yogurt processed with 100% 'Jinpum' bean and yogurt processed with 95% 'Jinpum' bean and 5% sword bean. The number of lactic acid bacteria in yogurt processed with 95% 'Jinpum' bean and 5% sword bean was increased up to 20 hours but thereafter was decreased rapidly, showing the similar values compared to that of yogurt processed with 100% 'Jinpum' bean. The color values of yogurt processed with 95% 'Jinpum' bean and 5% sword bean artier 20 hours fermentation were similar to that of yogurt processed with 100% 'Jinpum' bean whereas those of yogurt processed with 90% 'Jinpum' bean and 10% sword bean were no little difference before and after fermentation. In the result of sensory test of yogurt prepared with 95% 'Jinpum' bean and 5% sword bean, adding strawberry syrup was more preferred than apple syrup.
Effects of Salt Concentration on the Rehydration Characteristics of Freeze Dried Mook
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 313~319
In order to produce the high quality rehydrated acorn Mook(Korean tradition gel flood) that enhance acceptability, the optimum condition was investigated for the rehydration process of dried Monk as salt concentration(0, 1, 2%), temperature(20, 70, 80, 90
) and time. The estimation of moisture gain, rehydration efficiency was analyzed statistically. The surface color md seniory evaluation were undertaken to evaluate the rehydrated Mook quality The optimum rehydration time was decided to 15 minutes and it takes 3 minutes for the cooling tilde. The moisture gain increased as the rehydration temperature increase. And the moisture gain and moisture gain rate were higher at 1% salt solution than other concentration. As the rehydration efficiency, surface color and sensory properties of rehydrated Mook, 1% salt treatment was superior.
Fermentation Characteristics of Wine Yeast Strains
Seoktae Jeong ; Nami Goto ; Park, Jonguck ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 320~325
In fermentation characteristics, R2 was suitable for fast start and fermentation, while UCD530 was tool suitable far complete fermentation at 25
. T73 and AC- strains produced much more total acid compared to other strains and it was concerned with producing large amount of succinic acid and acetic acid. OC-2, UCD530, Beaujolais, and BC strains revealed low fermentation efficiency (below 62.0%), but EC1118, RC212, T73 and BM45 strains showed opposit result (above 70.0%). D254 and Wadenswil 27 seemed to have excellent cohesive ability because these two yeast strains made somewhat hard precipitation at the bottom after complete fermentation. T73 and CEG gave higher amounts of acetic acid (above 630 mg/L), while UCD530, W-3 and Beaujolais recorded low concentration (below 200 mg/L). In sulfur dioxide tolerance, preferable culturing temperature and times were 25
and 72 hr respectively. The strains R2, BM45 and L2056 revealed high sulfur dioxide tolerance (above 30mg/L), white 71B, Wadenswil 27 and Beaujolais showed the opposite result (below 5mg/L)
Fermentation Characteristics of Wine Yeast Strains for White Wine Making
Seoktae Jeong ; Nami Goto ; Park, Jonguck ;
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 326~330
The characteristics of used wine yeast strains were as follows, S6U showed low fermentation speed than those of other yeast strains, but this strain fermented completely later. The wine fermented by W-3 was very low contents of total acid, 0.75% and the ones fermented by UCD530 and AC- contained much extract, 3.26 mg/L and 3.22 mg/L respectively. The wine fermented by CEG and CS2 were predominant in yellowness, and EC1118 produced large amount of acetaldehyde, 49.9 mg/L than those of other strains. EC1118 and CY3079 displayed low methylene blue dyeing ratio, below 15%, meaning high alcohol tolerance yeast. UCD530 produced extremely high contents of glycerol, succinate and lactate compared with other strains. These properties revealed that UCD530 was a typical Saccharomyces bayanus species. The main organic acids produced by wine yeasts were pyruvate, lactate, succinate and acetate. The concentration of acetate in experimental wine could be divided into two parts, one group had concentration below 170 mg/L (UCD530, EC1118, AC-, CY3079, W-3), and the other had concentration up to 350 mg/L (S6U, CEG, CS2).
Oxidative Stability of Tallow Heated by Different Frying Conditions
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 331~337
The oxidative stability of tallow heated was studied by different frying condition (temperature 130, 150, and 180
;heating time, each 10hours per day, total 240hrs). Changes of physicochemical parameters such as acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, dielectric constant, content of polar components and polymer, refractive index, smoke point, viscosity and color changes in tallow heated were also measured. Acid value, dielectric constant, refractive index, viscosity, and content of polar component and polymer increased as the tallow was heated longer, whereas iodine value and smoke point decreased and peroxide value was increased and decreased repeatedly. These parameters changed to a greater extent as the heating temperature went up. The color became darkened with the increase of red and yellow values during heating. The decree of coloration was proportional to heating temperature.
Isolation and Identification of Cholesterol Oxidation products in heated tallow by TLC
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 8, issue 3, 2001, Pages 338~344
The oxidative stability of cholesterol in tallow heated at different frying temperatures (130
, and 180
) was studied by identifying cholesterol oxides by thin layer chromatography(TLC). And fatty acid compositions in tallow heated were also measured and compared with cholesterol oxides. Unsaturated fatty acid contents slightly decreased as the heating time increased, whereas saturated fatty acid contents increased This phenomenon became excessive especially by heating to higher temperature. It was found that RF value and spot color of the nonsaponifiable lipids from tallow heated on TLC analysis accorded with the synthetic cholesterol oxides in this experiment. Four kinds of cholesterol oxides were detected in tallow heated for 24 hours at three different temperatures. The oxides were identified as 7-
-hydroxycholesterol, 7-ketocholesterol and cholesterol epoxide. It was found that there was a little difference in oxidative pattern of cholesterol between several heating temperatures.