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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Changes in Quality Characteristics of Cherry Tomato Packaged with Different Films
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 121~125
Cherry tomato was packed with several plastic films, and investigated the quality characteristics such as gas composition, weight loss, microbial load, soluble solid content, total acidity during storage at 12
. Cast polypropylene(CPP), low density polyethylene(LDPE), polyolefin(MPD, PD961) and perforated polyolefin(PY85) were used as packaging film. Oxygen and carbon dioxide concentration inside packages generally showed a stabilized levels after 10 days, but those of CPP and PD961 changed throughout the storage. Weight loss of PY85 was 25.6 % after 20 days, while others maintained around 1.0%. Total microbial count showed a increase pattern similar to yeast and mold, and CPP maintained the highest microbial load after 10 days. MPD retarded the decay of cherry tomato to 5.3%, while others showed above 20% after 20 days.
Effect of Storage Conditions on the Quality of ′Fuyu′ Persimmon Fruits and Cucumbers
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 126~130
Optimal storage conditions were investigated for 'Fuyu' persimmon fruits and cucumbers were stored under conditions of 70% relative humidity(RH) at 25
, 80% RH at l0
and 90% at 5
of relative humidity, respectively and their qualities in microbial counts, decay ratio, surface color difference and chemical attributes were monitored during the storage period. 'Fuyu'persimmon fruits and cucumbers stored under 90% of relative humidity showed the minimal change in weight loss, decrease of ascorbic acid content, surface color difference and decay by putrefactive microorganisms. As the results of this experiment, 'Fuyu' persimmon fruits and cucumberf stored under 9% of relative humidity were best fer maintaining their freshness.
Quality Changes of Satsuma Mandarin during Storage by Storage Warehouse
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 131~136
Quality changes of satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc. var. miyagawa) during storage by storage warehouse were investigated. Citrus were treated with 2000-folds diluted iminoctadime-triacetate solution and 1.5% chitosan with 0.5% CaCl
solution, and were at 30
for 24 hr before storage. The citrus of about 12kg/26L plastic container were stored at room temperature, and at 4
with 87% relative humidity. Decay ratio of citrus with precise temperature and humidity control were lower than the others during storage. Penicillium italicum Monilia candida Alternara citri, Mucor hiemalis, Phomopsis citri Botrytis cinerea, Phoma citricarpa Clomererella cingulata, Penicillium digitatum were identified as putrefactive microorganisms in citrus storage. Weight loss, moisture content of peel and flesh were decreased slowly during storage. 24% of original acid content were decreased at room temperature on 120 days storage, compared to 15∼18% loss on cold storage. Total sugar of citrus was decreased rapidly after 90 days, and vitamin C content were also decreased rapidly after 60 days during storage.
Development of Fuzzy Controller for Air Conditioning of Grain Bin
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 137~143
Temperature and humidity are the most important factors and should be effectively controlled for the cold storage of graius. Fuzzy logic can be easily implemented to the MIMO(Multi-Input Multi-Output) control systems. For the cold storage in grain bin, fuzzy logic was applied to an air conditioning system. The capacities of the grain bin and the air conditioner are 80 tons and 30㎾, respectively. Also, the target values of temperature and relative humidity in outlet duct of the air conditioner were 8
and 75%, respectively. In order to control temperature and relative humidity of air, a damper in inlet duct was manipulated for temperature control and a heater was used for humidity control. Temperature deviation and change of temperature deviation were used as input parameters for the fuzzy system. Humidity was only considered as a load. The experimental results showed that the controlled temperature of exhausted air was maintained at 8
. Relative humidity of the air was also controlled at the target relative humidity of 50∼80%.
Effect of Kimchi Materials on the Gas Formation and Vessel Pressure during Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 144~147
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of sub-ingredients of kimchi on the formation of carbon dioxide and vessel pressure. The pH, titratable acidity, formation of carbon dioxide and vessel pressure of kimchi prepared with different sub-ingredients were determined during storage at 10
. In the kimhi without GA, the pH decrease and acidity increase was slow during storage, but those of the kimchis without Gl, RP and SA were began to higher from 3th day after storage showed maximum values and was maintained 9th day after storage. The main sub-ingredient for formation of carbon dioxide was garlic and the gas formation was low in the kimchi without garlic. Vessel pressure in kimchi of the latter term of storage generally showed sub-atmospheric pressure and the more formation of carbon dioxide showed the more degree of sub-atmosphere.
Changes in Physicochemical Characteristics of Mature-Green Mume (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc) Fruits as Influenced by the Thickness of Packaging Material
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 148~153
Effect of the thickness of low density polyethylene(LDPE) Film as packaging material on changes in physicochemical characteristics of mature-green mume (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc) fruits during storage at different temperatures(0, 10 and 25
) were investigated. Fruit samples stored in pouches with 30㎛ thickness of LDPE film maintained well not only external qualities such as Shape and firmness, but also internal chemical properties such as pH, acidity, the content of soluble solid and chlorophyll, and color, comparing with samples stored without packaging material or in other pouches with different film thickness(20 and 40㎛). From the results, it was found that the maintenance of quality of mature-green mume fruits during storage at 0, 10 and 25
closely related to the changes in respiratory conditions for fruits affected by the film thickness of the packaging material.
Comparison of Shelf-life on Peeled Taro(Colocasia antiquorum SCHOTT) Stored in Various Immersion Liquids
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 154~160
This study was carried out to investigate the efficacy of electrolyzed oxidizing(EO) water, electrolyzed oxidizing water with 0.5% citron juice and 0.1% aluminium potassium sulfate (APS) solution as the storing liquids to maintain quality and extend shelf life of peeled taro. Water content of peeled taro increased from 80.55% to 82.12∼84.24% after 25 days storage due to moisture absorption. However, there were no significant difference between treatments. In case of color value of peeled taro, L value was slowly decreased and a, b value was generally increased. Texture of peeled taro decreased from initial 4,520
75 g to 4,160
80 g after 25 days storage in EO water with 0.5% citron juice, which is the least reduction value in all treatments. Treatment of EO water with 0.5％ citron juice maintained 6.99 mg%(57%) of total vitamin C after 25 days storage which showed highest total vitamin C content between treatments. In most treatments, total sugar was decreased in fast rate for 15 days storage and slowly decreased after 15 days storage. Free sugar content was not changed significantly during storage. In case of sucrose content which is the major portion of free sugar, reduction continued until the midst of storage. and after that it increased to 1.5∼2 times of initial contents. However, there were no differences between treatments and storage days in contents of fructose, glucose and maltose. Major amino acids in peeled taro were aspartic acid and glutamic acid with 1,084.8 and 691.8 mg/100g respectively. At 25 days of storage, aspartic acid content in treatment of EO water was increased about 13.9%. Treatment of EO water with 0.5% citron juice was the most effective in respect to the reduction ratio of total amount of essential amino acids.
Changes in Organoleptic Properties of Chinese Cabbage Kimchi Adding Pinemushroom during Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 161~167
The response surface methodology was used for monitoring the changes in organoleptic properties of chinese cabbage kimchi adding pinemushroom during storage at l0
. The sensory score of kimchi were high from 4th to 8th days and low at around 12th day. At the 1st day of storage, the more pinemushroom was added, the lower showed the score of sensory evaluation. But in case of the score for taste and flavor, the more pinemushroom and red pepper powder were added together, the higher it showed. At the 4th day, the score of color, flavor, taste and overall palatability increased. Especially, the score was the highest when kimchi was added with 5.0∼6.0% of pinemushroom and 3.0∼3.5% of red pepper powder. At the 8th day, the score of mouth-feel was high. The kimchi adding pinemushroom showed the highest scores of sensory evaluation during the storage period from 4th to 8th days at 10
Growth Characteristics of Soybean Sprouts Cultivated with Extract of Korean Herb Medicines
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 168~173
Growth characteristics and crude protein content of soybean sprouts cultivated with extracts of some Korean herb medicines for 4 days were investigated. Extracts of Korean herb medicines were utilized and adjusted to 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm and 400 ppm as culturing water of soybean sprouts. Of Korean herb medicines tested, extract of Panax ginseng was most effective to increase of weight and length of soybean sprouts, followed by Glycyrrhiza glabra. Extracts of Angelica gigas and Cnidium officinale were similar with that of control group. Extract of Coptidis japonica inhibited the growth of soybean sprout. Optimal concentrations of extracts of Glycyrrhiza glabra and Panax ginseng for growth of soybean sprout were 100 ppm and 200 ppm, respectively. Weight of soybean sprout cultivated with extract of Panax ginseng (PGE) was increased to 7.2%(wet basis) as compared with that of control group. Length of soybean sprouts cultivated with 200 ppm of PGE was accelerated to 32% and increased to 50% in soybean sprout cultivated for 3 days. Crude protein contents of soybean sprout cultivated with extract of Angelica gigas or Panax ginseng was slightly increased according to cultivation period. In Cnidium officinale group, crude protein contents was increased at a 300∼400 ppm concentration and 4 days of cultivation.
Quality Characteristics of Soybean Sprout Cultivated with Extract of Korean Glycyrrhiza glabra
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 174~178
Changes in amino acids, organic acids and free sugars of soybean sprouts cultivated with extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra(GGE) during growth of 4 days were investigated. GGE was utilized as sprouting water of soybean and adjusted to 100 ppm, 200 ppm, 300 ppm and 400 ppm. Content of total amino acids of soybean sprouts cultivated with GGE was the most abundant, when soybean sprouts were cultivated for 3 days with 100 ppm of PGE. Content of aspartic acid was increased according to culturing days, but glutamic acid was shown to be a opposite trend. Content of total free sugar of soybean sprouts cultivated with GGE was lower than those of control group, and then increased by increasing of culturing days within GGE groups with same concentration. Sucrose of all groups during growth of soybean sprouts was decreased, but the other sugars were increased. Content of total organic acids was increased by increasing of culturing days and was the most abundant in soybean sprouts cultivated with 200 ppm of GGE among same groups. In conclusion, GGE as sprouting water of soybean was effective to increase of contents of amino acids and organic acids in soybean sprouts, indicating that GGE accelerated the quality of soybean sprouts.
Monitoring of Alcohol Fermentation Condition of Corn Using Raw Starch Enzyme
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 179~183
This study was carried out to set up alcohol fermentation condition for uncooked corn. Response surface methodology(RSM) was applied to optimize and monitor the alcohol fermentation condition with uncooked corn. The optimal yeast strain for fermentation of uncooked corn was Saccharomyces cerevisiae GRJ. The polynomial equation for alcohol contents, brix, pH and total acidity showed 0.8852, 0.9202, 0.8806 and 0.9940 of R
, respectively. The optimal rendition for maximum alcohol contents were 0.18%(w/w) of enzyme concentration and 180%(v/w) of added water content. Predicted values at optimum alcohol fermentation condition agreed with experimental value.
Optimization for Hot Water Extraction Process of Cordyceps militaris using Response Surface Methodology
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 184~188
This study was conducted to optimize hot water extraction process of cordyceps militaris for development beverage. Optimal condition for hot water extraction was investigated with changes in extraction concentration and temperature by response surface methodology. The content of soluble solid was effected with concentration. The efficiency of extraction for turbidity, total sugar, reducing sugar and protein increased with low concentration. The response variables had significant with concentration and the established polynomial model was suitable (p>0.05) model by lack-of-fit analysis. Optimal extraction conditions as the limited renditions of 2.0∼2.4% extractable solids, 1.5∼2.0% brix, l14∼120
/g total sugar, 10.5∼11.0
/ｇ reducing sugar and 110∼l15
/g protein were 95∼100
and 4.0∼4.1% of concentration.
Effects of the Proportions of Wall Materials on the Characteristics of Spray Dried Vinegar
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 189~193
This study was conducted to evaluate the quality and the quantity for manufacturing vinegar powder using spray drying. The
-cyclodextrin(CD) and gum arabic(GA) were used as well materials and the mixing ratio of CD and GA was ranged from 10:0 to 0:10. The moisture content of the vinegar powder of 2.5 of CD and 7.5 of GA was lowest among the other mixing ratios. At this proportion, the titratable acidity was highest as it had much included vinegar. The heat stability was not varied much with mixing ratio. However the stability of heat was maintained. Further the water absorption of powder was comparatively low. The manufactured powder vinegar shape was smooth round particles and stable structure by SEM and the particle size was small enough to form capsulation. In sensory evaluation, under these conditions the sourness was highest at 3.5. Therefore, the optimal mixing ratio at 2.5 of CD and 7.5 of GA in wall material was selected.
Optimization of Spray Drying Process for Manufacturing Dried Vinegar using Response surface methodology
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 194~199
This study was conducted to develop processing method for vinegar powder from natural vinegar for encapsulation applications. To optimize the spray drying process, experiment was designed by central composition method to find optimal conditions for manufacturing vinegar powder. The acidity, water absorption, solid content and heat stability of vinegar powder were selected as response variables. The optimal concentration of inclusion complex which was made with vinegar and
-cyclodextrin was determined on 30。bx. On increasing the concentration of
-cyclodextrin as a wall material, the quality of the vinegar was decreased. The optimum conditions of spray drying process for manufacturing vinegar powder were 188∼192
and 500∼600 Lh
-1/ as inlet temperature and flow rate, respectively.
Effects of Safflower Seed Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Kimchi
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 200~204
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of safflower powder on the characteristics of kimchi. Quality indexes were pH, titratable acidity, reducing sugar content, microbial counts, and sensory evaluation. Safflower powder enhanced the decrease in pH and increase in titratable acidity during fermentation at l0
, and the changes were more conspicuous until 15 days. Stabilized levels in pH was attained, but steady increase in titratable acidity was shown after that time. Microbial loads of total and lactic acid bacteria showed a faster stationary phase for kimchi samples with safflower powder than control. Control was better scores in sensory evaluation, but there were no significant differences in aroma and taste except sample with 3% safflower powder.
Quality of 4-Recommended Soybean Cultivars for Meju and Doenjang
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 205~211
In order to selection of the suitable soybean varieties, the quality characteristics of meju and doenjang on 4 domestic soybean cultivars(Daeweon, Sodam, Jinpeum and Hwangkeum) were evaluated. Crude protein and lipid content was 26.7∼30.5% and 16.89∼19.31%. The content of total free sugar among 4 soybean cultivars were 4.99∼5.26% and composed mainly stachyose(2.59∼3.51%), raffinose and sucrose. The content of total free sugar of meju were the highest in Jinpeum among 2.10∼2.66% and composed mainly glucose. The lightness of meju lump in Hwangkeum was larger decrease than the others, the redness were higher in Daeweon and Hwangkeum, the yellowness was the highest in Sodam. The lightness of meju powder was the highest in Sodam, the redness was the lowest in Sodam, the yellowness was the highest in Hwangkeum. The chemical composition of doenjang were that : was the highest in Jinpeum among the 7.90∼9.71% crude lipid, in Daeweon among 9.67∼13.50% crude protein, in Sodam among 2739∼3825 mg% Formol nitrogen and in Daeweon among 6.88∼8.36% crude saponin, respectively. The content of total free sugar of doenjang were the highest in Hwangkeum among 1.88∼2.22% and composed mainly fructose and glucose. The lightness and yellowness of doenjang was the highest in Sodam, the redness was the highest in Hwangkeum. Doenjang by Hwangkeum had good score for taste, texture and overall quality in sensory evaluation.
Microencapsulation of Aster scaber and Aster glehni by Spyay Drying
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 212~220
Spray drying was used a means for microencapsulation of Aster scaber and Aster glehni. The optimum conditions of spray drying were found to be 210
for the inlet temperature and 5
/min for the feeding rate. The color difference decreased by 12∼25 % far the herb extracts depending on storage temperatures. With an increase in storage temperature, color of the control changed considerably compared to microencapsulated powders. This is due to the fact that wall materials minimized effect of oxygen on the herb extracts. Microencapsulated powders in the amounts of 50 ppm and 250 ppm added to hydrogenated soybean oils led to lower acid values and conjugated diene values during 6 day storage. Compared to the control, the herb extracts displayed 16∼48% increase in antioxidation effect, while the microencapsulated powders exhibited 46∼88% increase. Extracts also showed lower conjugated dienoic acid contents than those of the control. Although antioxidation effect of the microencapsulated powders did not prevail on the significant level in the early stage of storage of oils tested, it became predominant after one week of storage as wall materials were gradually degraded under the high temperature thereby releasing core material from the microcapsule.
Quality Characteristics of the Bread Added Dandelion Leaf Powder
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 221~227
Effects of adding of dandelion flour on the quality characteristics of bread were investigated. Dandelion flour was substituted at levels of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0% to wheat flour for bread making, respectively. Quality characteristics of bread such as dough yield, dough microstructure, loaf volume, bread yield, crumb color, mechanical property and sensory evaluation were analyzed. Addition of dandelion flour to wheat flour increased dough yield, loaf volume and bread yield. And, addition of dandelion flour caused a decrease in the lightness and an increase in the redness. The results of texture evaluation revealed that hardness, chewiness, springiness of bread increased as the level of dandelion flour was increased. As the addition level of dandelion flour increased, flavor balance, bitterness, aftertaste, grassy odor of bread increased but overall acceptability, moistness decreased. In conclusion, bread with 0.5% leaf powder was the best quality in bread properties.
Chemical Components and Physiological Activities of Young Mulberry(Morus alba) Stem
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 228~233
In order to exploit as a new functional decocted beverage, chemical components, antioxidative and antimicrobial activities young stems of mulberry(Morus alba) were surveyed. The proximate composition was composed of crude fiber 51.12%, ash 13.46%, total sugar 10.38%, crude fat 9.10% and crude protein 5.01%. The P(295.9 mg%) was the highest mineral found in young stem of mulberry and Ca 289.6 mg%, K 209.6 mg%, Na 58.3 mg%, Mg 45.0 mg% and Fe 4.6 mg% in that order. Free sugars was composed of glucose 1.08%, galactose 022%, sucrose 0.20% and fructose 0.16%. Eight fatty acids in stem of mulberry were identified and the major fatty acids were linoleic acid(46.10%), palmitic acid(27.84%) and linolenic acid(10.85%). Among the 17 amino acids detected, total amino acid was 2,450.5 mg% and proline(313.7 mg%) was the most predominant. Methanol extract and ethyl acetate fraction showed stronger activity of the hydrogen donating activities, each of 77.24% and 80.08%, respectively. The methanol extract from young stem of mulberry showed the strongest antimicrobial activities to Bacillus subtitis and Bacitus cereus. Chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions from methanol extract of young stem showed a inhibition zone of 9.0∼19.0 ㎜ in diameter against pathogen bacteria.
Chemical Component, Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activities of Chestnut(Castanea crenata) Leaves
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 234~239
To study the potential of the chestnut(Castanea crenata S.) leaves, as raw materials for functional food and medicine, chemical components, antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were carried out. The proximate composition was composed of total sugar 11.95%, crude fat 11.50%, crude fiber 10.11%, crude protein 7.50% and ash 1.79% and the components of major minerals were Ca 215.7 mg%, 196.6 mg%. The content of vitamin C wag 12.5 mg% and free sugar was composed of glucose 3.33%, fructose 0.25% and sucrose 0.022%. The major fatty acids in leaves of chestnut were composed of linoleic acid and the amounts of those showed 37.88% area percent. The major amino acids of chestnut leaves were glutamic acid(295.4 mg%), proline(285.7 mg%), aspartic acid(245.5 mg%), arginine(240.8 mg%), phenylalanine(237.4 mg%) and leucine(230.6 mg%). The ratio of essential/total amino acid was 48.3%. Methanol extract and ethyl acetate fraction showed stronger activity of the hydrogen donating activities, each of 72.52 % and 84.12 %, respectively. In solvent extracts using methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, chloroform and hexane, methanol extract showed the most effective antimicrobial activities. Antimicrobial activities of ethyl acetate fraction of methanol extract was higher than those of other fractions.
Cleaning Effect of Electrolyzed Oxidizing Water by Containing Food Additives
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 240~247
This study, to enhance the sterilization, browning inhibition and precooling effect of electrolyzed oxidizing water(EOW) as cleaning water on food industry, was carried out to investigate the efficacy of electrolyzed oxidizing water(EOW) with 0.85% NaCl, 0.5% ethanol, polysorbate 80 of 1 ppm, 0.5% lemon juice and 0.5% citron juice. Escherichia coli KCTC 1039 with initial count of 5.63
8/ CFU/mL were reduced to <10
CFU/mL after 15∼30 sec when it was treated by electrolyzed oxidizing water added with various food additives. Bacillus cereus KCTC 1012 were reduced to <10
CFU/mL after 2 minutes treatment with electrolyzed oxidizing water containing polysorbate 80 and ethanol. Iactobacillus plantarum KCTC 3108 were reduced to <10
CFU/mL after 30 sec treatment with electrolyzed oxidizing water containing polysorbate 80, citron juice and lemon juice, respectively. Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora KCTC 2776 were reduced to <10
CFU/mL after 30 sec treatment with electrolyzed oxidizing water containing polysorbate 80 and lemon juice. Browning inhibition effect was determined by comparison of polyphenol oxidase activity. Inhibition ratio of polyphenol oxidase was approximately 62∼84% in most treatments with the exception of 57% and 25% inhibition by 0.5% ascorbic acid and polysorbate 80, respectively. Sliced potato dipped in electrolyzed oxidizing water containing NaCl and citron juice for 30 minutes showed significantly low PPO activity, 64 units in treatment with NaCl and 91 units in treatment with citron juice. At the same time, changes in color value(△E) of sliced potato was below 3 in most treatments.
Antioxidative and Nitrite Scavenging Activities of Mugwort and Pine Needle Extracts
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 248~252
Mugwort and pine needle were extracted with water and 70% ethanol. Electron donating ability(EDA) of extracts were ranged from 50% to 57% in mugwort water extract(MGW) and ranged from 51% to 64% in mugwort ethanol extract(MGE) at 300-1,000ppm. EDA of extracts were ranged from 52% to 60% in pine needle water extract(PNW) and ranged from 68% 71% in pine needle ethanol extract(PNE) at 100-500ppm. EDA of PNW was 70% and that of PNE was 77% at 1,00(ppm. Nitrite scavenging ability(NSA) of extracts measured at various pH(1.2, 3.0, 4.2, 6.0) was the highest in all extracts at pH 1.2 and decreased with increasing pH, suggesting it is pH dependent. NSA of mugwort extracts at 1,000ppm, water extract was 37% and ethanol extract was 27% at pH 1.2. NSA of pine needle extracts at 1,000ppm, water extract was 65%and ethanol extract was 53% at pH 1.2. EDA and NSA of pine needle extracts were higher than mugwort in both of water and ethanol extract. EDA of ethanol extracts were higher than water extracts while NSA of water extracts were higher than ethanol extracts in both of mugwort and pine needle.
Antioxidative and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Water Extract From Dandelion (Taruaxacum officinale)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 2, 2002, Pages 253~259
The antioxidative and free radical scavenging activity of water extracts of dandelion were investigated. Antioxidative and radical scavenging activity were assessed by means of different tests; inhibition of peroxidation on linoleic acid model system, scavenging DPPH radical, scavenging of hydroxyl radical by chemiluminescence assay, scavenging of superoxide anion radical by EPR spectroscopy and scavenging of hydrogen peroxide. The leaf extract showed strong antioxidant activity in linoleic acid system. The antioxidant activity of water extracts of dandelion increased with increasing concentrations of extracts. The scavenging activity of the dandelion extracts, on inhibition of the DPPH radical, was related to the reaction time. Hydroxyl radical were generated by lenten reaction and dandelion extract was found to scavenge OH˙in a concentration-dependent manner. The water extract of leaf had effective scavenging activities on hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion radical. From the these data, it is evident that water extract of dandelion leaf is an effective scavenger for OH˙, O
¨, DPPH˙, hydrogen peroxide. And, the antioxidative effect observed is believed to be partly due to this radical scavenger activity.