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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Kwang Duk Moon
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Effects of Storage Gas Concentrations on the Transpiration Rate of Fuji Apple during CA Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 261~266
A transpiration model was selected and tested experimentally to predict transpiration into of Fuji apple stored in a normal air and controlled atmospheres (l∼3% O
+ l∼3% CO
) at 0
and 98% RH for 6weeks. CA storage decreased the respiration rate of Fuji apple by 50% when compared with normal air storage. The transpiration rates of apple showed 50∼70% higher in normal air storage than those in CA storage and were decreased by increasing CO
concentration under same concentration of O
. The transpiration rates estimated by the selected model were in good agreement with experimental data for Fuji apples under controlled atmosphere conditions and normal air. When the respiratory heat generation rate u of Fuji apple increased with storage conditions, the evaporating surface temperature and transpiration rate also increased. But since some portion of respiratory heat was used as latent heat in the evaporating surface, the change of u value had a little effect on the determination of the evaporation temperature and the transpiration rate.
Effects of Storage Temperature and Packaging Methods on the Quality of Raw and Boiled Vegetable Peanut
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 267~270
This study was carried out to establish storage methods and to keep high quality of the raw and boiled vegetable peanut. After boiling at 100
for 20min at 7% saline water far 40min the pods were packaged with 80
Ny/LDPE film in vacuum, 80
LDPE film and Gauge-bag, and stored at room temperature and 4
. The moisture content of pods in room temperature were decreased than pods at 4
. After 21days storaging with Gauge-bag, texture of pods were toughen because moisture content of pods reduced severely. Colour of raw pods in packaging 80
Ny/LDPE film vacuum was severely browning but boiled pods was browning little after opening a seal. After 2days storage at room temperature and 21days storage at 4t, pods were deteriorated. The hardness was much lower in boiled kernels than raw kernels and decreased when the storage period elapsed.
Preservation of Strawberries and Cucumbers Packaged by Low density polyethylene film impregnated with antimicmbial agent, Scutellariae baicalensis extract
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 271~276
To develop a wrapping film, which suppresses the microbial decay through the storage and prolongs the selflife of fruits and vegetables, the antimicrobial packaging films were prepared and applied to the preservation of strtwberries and cucumbers. Low density polyethylene(LDPE) film of 50㎛ thickness was faricated with 1% of Scutellariae baicalensis extract. The LDPE film impregnated with Scutellariae baicalensis extract showed antimicrobial activity on the disk test against Bacillus cereus, Escherchia coli and Fusarium sp.. The antimicrobial film changed the color and light transmittance, but did not affect heat shrinkage, mechanical tensile strength and wattability. Strawberries and cucumbers were separately wrapped with packaging films in the state of closely-adhered packaging as well as modified atmosphere packaging(MAP). The wrapped strawberries and cucumbers were stored for 21 days at 5
and for 40 days at l0
, respectively. For the packaged strawberries and cucumbers at 5
, the LDPE film impregnated with Scutellariae baicalensis extract showed the reduced growth of total aerobic bacteria, molds and yeasts and did not give any negative effect on other quality attributes during storage in comparison with conttrol film without any additive.
Effects of Pre-drying Methods on Onion Bulb Rot During Storage
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 277~281
To decrease the rot of onion bulb during storage in simple house, later cultivar 'Changnyeungdaego' was dried after harvest on the field, ventilation house and non-ventilation house during 1 to 3days in 1997 and 1998. The maximum air temperature during pre-drying maintained highest in the non-ventilation house and lowest in the field, especially higher than 41.6
at second and third day in 1997 and second day in 1998 on the non-ventilation house. Water content of onion bulbs showed 90.3∼89.5% at harvest and reduced 0.3∼l.8% in 1997, 0.2∼2.6% in 1998 after pre-drying, the rate of reduction was highest on the field and lowest on the ventilation house. Mean of maximum air temperature was 39.2
in 1997 and 37.1
in 1998 and relative humidity was 79.3% and 72.7% in July of 1997 and 1998, 78.2% and 79.1% in August of 1997 and 1998 during storage on the simple house after pre-drying. Rotting ratio of onion bulb showed higher in 1998 than 1997, but rotting appeared earlier 1997 than 1998. Total rotting rate as influenced by place and days of pre-drying was the lowest on the ventilation house, and highest on the non-ventilation. As the days of pre-drying increase, rotting rate of onion bulbs were lower. As above results, 1 or 2days of pre-drying on the ventilation house and 2 or 3days of pre-drying on the field were recommended to decrease the rotting onion bulb during storage.
Effects of loading method to Improve Storage Quality under Room Temperature in Onion(Allium cepa. L)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 282~286
This study was conducted to improve the storability of onion bulbs by loading method under room temperature and to reduce the rot caused by field open storage. Allium cepa cv. Changnyungdeago, late strain, was used for the test at the storage condition of 1-row-6-stairs, 2-rows-6-stairs, 4-rows-6-stairs, 1-rows-8-stairs, 2-rows-8-stairs, and 4-rows-8-stairs. The results obtained art as follows: The mean temperature was maintained lowly 1.6∼3.2
in 1-row-6-stairs and 1.3∼2.6
in 2-rows-6-stairs in contrast to 4-rows-8-stairs and the relative humidity was high when loading rows increased. The rotting rates in 1-row-6-stairs, 2-rows-6-stairs, 4-rows-6-stairs, 1-rows-8-stairs, 2-rows-8-stairs, and 4-rows-8-stairs were 11.4%, 11.6%, 12.4%, 14.6%, 13.9% and 16.6%, respectively, and became higher with increased rows and stairs of loading. Total weight loss of onion bulbs were l2.2%, 12.7%, 13.8%, 15.5%, 15.2% and 18.0% in 1-row-6-stairs, 2-rows-6-stairs, 4-rows-6-stairs, 1-row-8-stairs, 2-rows-8-stairs, and 4-rows-8-stairs, respectively. The rot of onion bulbs was caused mainly by Fusarium sp., Aspergilus sp., Botrytis sp., and bacteria.
Changes on the Physical Properties and Components of Export Eggplants According to Cultivar and Harvesting Season
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 287~291
This study was carried out to analyze the physical peroperties and components according to kinds and harvesting season for the Quality improvement and arangement of e99plants exporting in Japan. The size and weight of chukyang eggplants were larger than those of shikibu, and those of eggplants harvested in winter were smaller than those of eggplants in summer. The pH and brix were not different between cultivar of eggplants and were small different between harvesting seasons. The contents of glucose and fructose was 115.4∼155.4, 64.2∼102.1mg/100g-fr.wt., respectively. And total contents of free sugars was 211.4∼351.1mg/100g-fr.wt. and those of chukyang was higher than those of sikibu. Total contents of free amino acids were from 73.4mg/100g-fr.wt. to 111.8mg/100g-fr.wt and was higher in chukyang than shikibu. The contents of ascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid was 90.0∼118.3, 28.3∼32.3mg/100g-fr.wt., respectively. And total contents of ascorbic acids were 149.4, 119.9mg/100g-fr.wt., in eggplants harvested at summer. The content of potassium and sodium was 229.97∼233.59, 135.98∼156.28mg/100g-fr.wt., respectively. The total contents of minerals was 89.35∼420.2mg/100g-fr.wt., and those of chukyang was higher than those of shikibu.
Effects of prunus mume Sie. extract on growth of lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi and preservation of kimchi
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 292~297
This studies were carried out to investigate the effect of Prunus mume Sie. extract on growth of lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi and preservation of kimchi. Prunus mums Sie. extract inhibited the growth of homofermentative lactic acid bacteria and heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi. In early storage stage, the pH of Prunus mume Sie. extract added kimchi(PEAK) was lower than that of control. The pH of PEAK was higher than that of control after 25 days of fermentation. Titratable acidity, viable cell of total bacteria and lactic acid bacteria of the PEAK were lower than that of control during fermentation. The sensory quality of 1% PEAK was similar to control at 10 days of fermentation But overall acceptability of 3% PEAK decreased compare with l% PEAK.
Studies on Mixing Conditions of Sub-ingredients of Kimchi Tablet by Response Surface Methodology
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 298~303
Optimal mixing renditions of sub-ingredients(citron, apple, carrot and mushroom) for preparation of kimchi tablet were investigated by response surface methodology. Hardness of kimchi tablet was low with the addition of 0.75 g carrot powder but increased as increasing of mushroom amount. Hue angle of kimchi tablet was 83 ∼86 degree when the amount of citron, apple, carrot and mushroom was lower than 0.5 g. Solubility in artificial bile acid of kimchi tablet was not affected by the addition of carrot and was high in the group with 1.0 g mushroom added and the group with 0.75 g apple added. Flavor of kimchi tablet was better as increasing of the amounts of apple and carrot added. The results of investigating the effects of independent factors on each response variable showed that only carrot affected on the hue angle of tablet and other sub-ingredients not affecting on response variable. Therefore, carrot, apple and mushroom could be added in a wide range of concentration around 0.75 g.
Effects of Rot Water Extract from Roasted Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.) Seed on Quality of Cookies
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 304~308
Quality characteristic of cookies processed with hot water extract powder from masted safflower seed(RSHE) was investigated. Proximate compositions of RSHE were 4.7% of moisture, 32.6% of crude protein, 6.5% of crude ash. Composition of fatty acids(91.4%) were 77.14% of linoleic acid and 12.12% of oleic acid in RSHE. Glutamic acid, aspatic acid, arginine and glycine were major amino acids. Asparagine(12.69 ㎎/g) and arginine(1.13 ㎎/g) were contented high level in free amino acid of RSHE. The major minerals of RSHE were K(41.95 ㎎/g) and Mg(4.63 ㎎/g). 'L' value of cookies with RSHE were decreased, but 'a' value were increased. The breaking force and hardness of cookies with RSHE were higher than those of control. Thickness of cookies with RSHE were thicker than those of control and RSP(powder from roasted safflower seed). By sensory evaluation of cookies, appearance, taste, texture and overall acceptability score of cookie with 0.1% RSHE recorded first rank.
Effect of Addition of Various Mesh Sifted Powders from Safflower Seed on Quality Characteristic of Yangeng
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 309~314
Safflower Yangengs were prepared with composite dried powder of small red bean(Phaseolus radiatus L.) containing various ratios of safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.) seed powder sifted through 20, 35, 45 and 60 mesh size and kinds of mixed water, their cooking characteristics were evaluated. Water content and water activity of cooked products were increased as the content and sieve mesh number of safflower seed powder increasing from 5%, 20 mesh to 20%, 60mesh, respectively. Color values of yangeng were increased in green tea extract mixed water. Rheological properties of yangengs were measured by compression test with texture analyzer, as results, hardness and fracturability increased that were shown in high content and high mesh number sifted safflower seed powder, but adhesiveness and springiness decreased, respectively. From the sensory evaluation test for yangeng, sensory scores were good scores in more mesh number sifted powder addition, especially overall acceptance, texture and fracturability. The 45mesh and 15% powder added yangeng was noted as having high sensory scores and preferable acceptability in sensory evaluation.
Production and Quality Properties of Capsule Type Meju Prepared with Rhizopus oligosporus
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 315~320
In order to improve some problems such as contamination of undesirable mold, mycotoxin production and excessive drying on the surface of traditional meju. Control meju without koji and capsule type meju(CM) coated with soybean mixture containing 0.5%, 1% and 2%(w/w) R. oligosporus koji were dried at room temperature (10∼15
) for 3 days. Control meju I was fermented in outdoor for 27 days. Control meju IIand CMs were fermented in Korean yellow clay room at 25
for 7 days under 80% relative humidity as first step, and then fermented in outdoor (average temp. 2.7
, December) for 20 days as second step. The moisture content of CMs were higher than that of control meju I to the range of 2.88∼7.55%(w/w). pH and titratable acidity in CMs were similar to control group. Amino type nitrogen content in CMs(800.80, 816.0, 901.60 mg%) were 2.2∼2.6 times higher than that in control meju I (347.2 mg%). Reducing sugar content in CMs(2.78∼3.13%) was similar to control meiu I (2.10%) and control meju H(2.31%). Lightness(L) value of control meju I was higher than that of control meju IIand CMs.
Effect of Soluble Chitosan on the Quality of Paeksulgis
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 321~326
Paeksulkis(Korean rice cake) containing 0-0.5% chitosan were prepared for test the quality of microbiological, mechanical and sensory characteristics. The pH of Paeksulkis was 5.65 without chitosan and that was about 7.0 with 0.05-0.5% level of chitosan. In Hunter's color values of Paeksulkis of control, the lightness(L) was 84.28, redness(a) was -1.56 and yellowness(b) was 7.68. The lightness(L), redness(a) and yellowness(b) were increased with increasing concentration of chitosan in Paeksulkis. In mechanical characteristics of Paeksulkis, cohesiveness and springiness were the highest in control group while strength, hardness, gumminess and brittlenes were higher in chitosan added group than control group. In sensory evaluation of Pasksulkis, control group obtained the highest score in color, texture, after swallowing and overall quality(p<0.05) but chitosan added group obtained higher scores in moisture than control(p<0.05). Total bacterial counts(TBC) of Paeksulgis immediately before storage were 4.2∼9.2
CFU/g and those of control increased for 2 weeks, reached at 7.4
5/ CFU/g and then decreased about 1 log cycle for 2 weeks during storage at 5
. TBC of Paeksulgis added 0.3∼0.5% of chitosan were 2 log cycles lower than that of control at the end of storage at 5
. TBC of Pasksulgis control increased to 10
8/ CFU/g during storage at 20
but that of 0.5% chitosan added group was 1 log cycle lower than control at the end of storage. Shelf-life extension of Paeksulkis by chitosan was more effective during storage at 5
than at 20
Storage Stability of Anthocyanin Pigment Isolated from a Wasted Grape Peels
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 327~331
To develop the use of natural pigment for food, anthocyanins were isolated from grape peels which were wasted much in korea, and their characteristics were as fellows. pH has a marked influences on the color of the grape peels anthocyanin solution(GPAS). At low pH the color of GPAS was more stable than high pH. With increasing pH the color gradually fades as colorless pseudobases are formed. It showed characteristic bathnochromic shift as the solution increased. Among the sugars tested, glucose showed the most protective effect on the color of GPAS to raise the color stability, while fructose showed an adverse effect. Orgarnic acid such as citric acid prevented the degradation of anthocyanin, but ascorbic acid lowered stability of color considerably. The effect of light on GPAS was found to be very deleterious. The pigment degradation can be minimized by shielding the light from the pigment solution.
Changes of Total Polyphenol Content and Antioxidant Activity of Ligularia fischeri Extracts with Different Microwave-Assisted Extraction Conditions
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 332~337
This study was undertaken in order to compare reflux extraction(RE) and microwave-assisted extraction(MAE) in extraction efficiency and establish optimum microwave extraction conditions in obtaining Ligularia fischeri extracts. A considerable reduction in extraction time was accomplished by MAE. When 70% methanol 50% methanol 70% ethanol, or 50% ethanol was used, MAE extract contained equal levels of soluble solid and total polyphenol as obtained by RE. The optimum microwave-assisted extraction conditions for Ligularia fischeri were achieved by 120∼150 watts of microwave energy and 4∼8 minutes of extraction time. No significant changes were found in antioxidant activity with DPPH scavenging method over the variation of microwave energy or extraction time. The use of diluted methanol or ethanol improved soluble solid content(30%), total polyphenol content(2.7%) and antioxidant activity(68%).
Biological Activities of Ethanol Extracts and Fractions of Black Olympia Grape(Vitis Labruscana L.)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 338~344
This study was conducted to determine biological activities, such as lipid peroxidation inhibition and cytotoxic effect of ethanol extracts of Black Olympia grape seeds and skins, and of organic solvent fractionated ethanol extracts obtained from grape seeds and skins at different temperatures. Among different extraction temperatures, the ethanol extract of grape seed obtained at 30
had the strongest lipid oxidation inhibition of 60.1%, while the strongest lipid oxidation inhibitory effect of 71.2% was observed in the presence of 20
/㎖ ethylacetate fraction obtained from ethanol extract of grape seeds at 30
. The ethanol extract of grape seeds showed more strong lipid oxidation inhibition than that of skin extracts. Similar results were observed in cytotoxic effects. The ethanol extract of grape seeds at 30
exhibited more strong cytotoxicity than that of skin extracts on MCF-7, Hep3B, and A549 cell lines. Among organic solvent fractions extracted from the ethanol extracts of gape seeds and skins, the hexane fraction showed the strongest cytotoxic inhibition of 75.15% and 62.50% on MCF-7 and Hep3B cell in the presence of 1.0
/㎖ respectively. On the other hand, the water fraction showed the strongest cytotoxic inhibition of 65.41% on A549 cell in the presence of 1.0
/㎖. Overall, the ethanol extracts and their fractions of Black Olympia grape seeds showed strong lipid oxidation inhibition and cytotoxicity than those of grape skins.
Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Biological Activity and Color Change of Puerariae radix
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 345~350
This study was carried out to determine the effect of gamma irradiated Puerariae radix extract on color removal, antioxidative, DPPH radical scavenging and antimicrobial efftcts. Puerariae radix were extracted with methanol and acetone and irrdiated 10, 20 and 30 kGy with gamma ray. Hunter color L-value increased by irrdiation in a dose dependent manner, resulting in brighter color. But a and b values decreased by irradiation in a dose dependent manner. Antioxidant activities of the Puerariae radix extract in soybean oil emulsion were higher in methanol extract than acetone extract. Scavenging effect of Puerariae radix extracts on DPPH radical with methanol was not changed by irradiation but acetone decreased Acetone extract from Puerariae radix showed antimicrobial activities in B. subtilis, B, natto, B, megaterium S, aureus, Sal, typhymurium and E. coli methanol extract also had the antimicrobial activities but weaker for Sal. typhymurium and E. coli. Results suggested that Puerariae radix extracts have a potential as a natural food preservatives and cosmetic raw material.
Nitrite-Scavenging and Antioxidant Activities of Wood Vinegar
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 3, 2002, Pages 351~355
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nitrite scavenging, eletron donating activity and antioxidant activity of wood vinegar on soybean oil. Wood vinegar was added to soybean oil in the quantities of 0.5, 1 and 5%. Nitrite scavenging effect of all concentrations diminished at higher pH, while in the case of pH 1.2, it showed a nitrite scavenging effect of more than 80% at concentration above of 100 ㎕/mL. The electron donating activity was about 80% at concentration above of 50 ㎕/mL. Soybean oil without the addition of wood vinegar was used as a control. The oxidation of these samples was determined by measuring the peroxide value(POV), thiobarbituric acid(TBA) value and acid value(AV). When wood vinegar was added 1 and 5%, the peroxide value wag lower than both the control and 0.1% BHT. TBA value were in the 5% wood vinegar tallowed by 1% wood vinegar, 0.1% BHT, 0.5% wood vinegar and the control, respectively. The results showed that the acid values were lowest in 5% wood vinegar, followed by the 0.1% BHT, 1% wood vinegar, 0.5% wood vinegar and finally the control.