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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Preservation
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Preservation
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Current Status of Post - harvest Management of Barley(Hordeum vulgare L.)
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 357~361
This study was carried out to understand the problems, and find out the solution of post - Harvest related procedures for barley in Korea. Consecutive post - harvest procedures in harvesting, drying, milling, packaging and marketing methods were collaborately surveyed at Bujeok (Chungchongnamdo) and Kunsuh (Cholanamdo) agricultural cooperative federation where Chalssalbori (waxy barley) and Ssalbori (non waxy barley) were collectively cultivated in a group farming area, respectively. An early harvesting and relatively short harvesting period within 15 to 20 days to transplanting rice plants as a succeeding crop lead to produce undergrade barley and 2 to 3％ harvesting loss were considered as the problem that should be improved. In drying of barley, wide moisture content range of harvested barley among the different farmers and cultivation land was made difficult barley drying unifomly when they were dried in same dryer and drying temperature was slightely higher with 50 to 70
than that of optimum temperature (under 50
) fer barley drying for producing the high quality barley. Dried barley packaged in ton-bag or 3P bag and put into the rectangular grain bin were stored in ambient temperature warehouse and milled for marketing through whole you. The physico-chemical properties and taste of stored barley were fairly maintained until May next year.
Quality Change of Garlic during Storage by Stem and Root Cutting Treatments
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 362~368
Physicochemical properties of garlic bulb during storage with different cutting treatments were estimated. Garlic harvested in early June was used in this experiments. Various physicochemical factors of garlic bulb such as weight loss rate, rotten rate, sprouting rate, moisture content, reducing sugar content and total pyruvate content were investigated. Bulbs with roots, bulb without roots and bulb with stem length of l cm, 3 cm, 5 cm were stored at 2
for eight months. The weight loss increased sharply after 8 months for all treatments. Weight loss occurred most severely in treated garlics with bulbs with 5 cm stem length and progressed steadily at low rates in bulbs with 1 cm stem length. Also, less decay and internal sprouting were observed in bulbs with 1 cm stem length. Cutting treatments of roots were not significant for internal sprouting. Incidence of other chemical properties of bulbs, contents of total sugar, reducing sugar and pyruvic acid were not significant statistically. Moisture contents of treated garlics was remarkably reduced in longer leaving stems. As a result, top-clipped leaving stems fur long, seemed to have a beneficial effect on physicochemical properties of garlic stored at 2
for 8 months possibly due to reduced weight loss, rotten decaying and sprouting rates. Utilization of such results in the processing industry can be effective.
Inhibitory Effect on Tyrosinase and Xanthine Oxidase, and Nitrite Scavenging Activities of Schizandrae Fructus Extract by Gamma Irradiation
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 369~374
This study was performed to investigate the effects of tyrosinase inhibition, xanthine oxidase inhibition and nitrite-scavenging effects of gamma-irradiated Schizandrae Fructus extracts from different solvents. Schizandrae Fructus was extracted by hot water, ethanol, acetone and methanol, and the extracts were irradiated 10, 20 and 30 kGy with gamma rays. All extracts from Schizandrae Fructus showed inhibition effect against tyrosinase. Tyrosinase inhibition effect of Schizandrae Fructus were higher in solvent extracts than hot water extracts by irradiation. The Schizandrae Fructus extracts had a higher inhibitory effect against xanthine oxidase, and the effect was not changed by irradiation. Nitrite scavenging activity, which was measured at various pH conditions (1.2, 3.0, 6.0), was the highest in Schizandrae Fructus extracts at pH 1.2 and 3.0. Hot water extracts provided higher nitrite scavenging effect than those of the methanol, ethanol and acetone extracts. Gamma-Irradiation may not influence on biological activites of the extracts when irradiated up to 30 kGy.
Food Nutritional Composition in Dried Powder of Root of Acorus calamus L. ( I ) Pyoximate Compositions, Sugars, Free Sugers and Amino Acids
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 375~379
This study has been carried out to investigate the food chemical composition in dried powder of main and lateral root of Acorus calamus L. Content of crude protein and crude fat in dried powder of main and lateral root were 12.76% and 9.84%, 7.43% and 3.42%, respectively. Total and reducing sugar of main and lateral root were 21.99％ and 7.67%, 24.12% and 0.65%. Major free sugars of root were sucrose, stachyose, raffinose, glucose and fructose. Sucrose of main and latent not were found to be the most predominant free sugars, contained 10.85 ％ and 1257%. Content of total amino acid were 427 mg% of main mot and 470 mg% of lateral root. Major total amino acids of root were arginine, glutamic acid, major free amino acids of main and lateral root were detected asparagine, arginine, glutamic acid and phenylalanine, respectively. Among the essential amino acids, the content of threonine was the highest (15.62 mg%) in main root and phenylalanine was the highest (12.67 mg%) in lateral root.
Food Nutritional Compositions in Dried Powder of Root of Acorns calamus L. (II) Fatty Acids, Organic Acids, Minerals, Vitamin C, Total Phenolics and Saponin
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 380~384
This study has been carried out to investigate the composition of fatty Acids, organic acids, minerals, vitamin C, total phenolics and saponin in 30
hot air dried powder of main and lateral root of Acorus calamus L. Major saturated fatty acids were identified caprylic acid, pentadecanoic acid, stearic acid and heneicosanoic acid, etc.. Content of caprylic acid in main and lateral root were 28.35% and 31.44%. Unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid, palmitoeic acid and linoleic acid was highly contented, linoleic acid was highest contented 25.55% in main root and 23.43% in lateral root. Succinic acid was the most abundant organic acid of root content of main and lateral root were 2,790 mg% and 2,630 mg%. Potassium was found to be the mon predominant mineral in root, followed by calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, in a order. Contents of potassium in main and lateral root account for 194 mg% and 454 mg%, respectively. Contents of these minerals in lateral root were higher value than that in main root. Contents of ascorbic acid and total phenolics were 113.8
/g and 463 mg％ in main root, 125.1
/g and 474 mg% in lateral root, respectively. Crude saponin content of main and lateral mot were high level amount, 2.51 ％ and 3.39 %.
Functional Activities of Microwave-Assisted Extracts from Lyophyllum ulmarium
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 385~390
Functional activities of Lyophyllum ulmarium microwave-assisted extracts under different conditions including electron donating ability, tyrosinase inhibition activity and nitrite scavenging effect were examined. Total polyphenol content increased as increasing microwave power up to 90 W in the water extracts. Electron donating ability increased with microwave power up to 90 W in 50% ethanol extract and 99% ethanol extract. Tyrosinase inhibition activity and nitrite scavenging effect in the extract increased as microwave power increased during extraction. Total polyphenol content increased as extending extraction time up to 5 min in the water extract. But the highest electron donating ability and tyrosinase inhibition activity was obtained after 10 min extraction. Significantly higher total polyphenol content and electron donating ability were found in the water extract whereas greater tyrosinase inhibition activity and nitrite scavenging effect were observed in 99% ethanol extract. The maxium nitrite scavenging effect was found at pH 1.2 and decreased as pH increased.
Chemical Components and Physiological Activities of Thinned Apple, Pear and Peach
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 391~395
Thinned fruits, apple, pear and peach were investigated into chemical components and physiological activities. On proximate compositions, crude protein, crude fat and ash of thinned fruits were higher than those of ripe fruits, showing lower carbohydrate in thinned fruits. The contents of inorganic substance were Ca, Mg, P, Na, K and B in order. On heavy metals, As, Cd, Cr and Hg were not detected and Ge, Mo, Ni and Pb were trace. Organic acid in thinned apple and peach were detected as tartaric acid, citric acid, malic acid and succinic acid, but thinned pear did not contain citric acid. Free sugars in thinned pear and peach were composed of glucose, fructose and sucrose but sucrose was not detected in thinned apple. Contents of insoluble dietary fiber in thinned fruits were higher than soluble dietary fiber. The thinned apple extracts showed high antioxidant activity. Nitrite scavenging activity of thinned apple and pear extracts were 71∼80 e/o and 61∼63% at pH 1.2, respectively. Tyrosinase inhibitory activity of thinned pear extracts was 61.0∼89.4 ％, however peach extinct showed no activity.
A Study on the Extraction Time and Component Analysis of Goat Meat with Bone Extract
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 396~399
An attempt was made in this study to investigate the optimum extracting time from meat with bone of goat and the nutritional component of its extract. for the trials, the mixtures of meat with bone and water were adjusted to the ratios of five to four by weight and extracted for 6, 9 and 12 hours at 120
under autoclave. Judging from the content of mineral and amino acid, nonenzymatic browning and yield, the optimum extracting time was 9 hours. The major components of mineral were composed of 47.7mg％ potassium, 12.7mg% calcium, 150.0mg% sodium, 105.3mg% phosphorus and 0.5mg% iron, and of amino acids composed of 1,308.0mg% glutamic acid, 1,464.2mg% glycine, 750.2mg% alanine and 828.lmg% proline in extract. The yield of extract was 32.1 percentage by dry basis.
Characteristics of Mixed Tea Prepared with Several Herbs Cultivated in Korea
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 400~405
Herbs are widely used as a source of tea and otherwise such as botanical medicine, essential oil for perfumes, cosmetics, and food spices. This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of herb tea prepared with lavender, rosemary, mint, thyme and sage cultivated in korea. Approximate composition were as follows : crude protein 1.4∼17.5%, crude fat 6.1∼15.8%, sugars 43.5∼61s%, crude ash 7.7∼10.7%. Minerals contents of Ca ranged 707∼1763mg%, P 234 ∼513mg%, K 2,391∼3,430mg%, and Mg 361∼573mg%. Vitamins were
-Carotene 6.9∼27.7mg%, B
, 0.34∼0.62mg%, B
1.37 ∼2.52mg%, niacin 5.3∼8.8mg%, and C 102∼111mg%. The changes of chromaticity a and b, pH, and sugar content of the herb tea at the different temperatures were decreased 80
in comparison to 60
but increased chromaticity L. In the result of sensory test of the processed herb tea was more preferred than the market goods.
Effect of Addition Methods of Green Tea on Fermentation Characteristics of Kimchi
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 406~410
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of addition methods of green tea on the fermentation characteristics of kimchi. Kimchis were prepared to 3 methods such as Chinese cabbage soaked in brine containing 1％ of green tea extracts(Ⅰ), salted the cabbage soaked in water containing 1％ of green tea extracts(II), salted the cabbage mixed with seasonings containing 1％ of green tea extracts(Ⅲ), and fermented at l0
. pH of Ⅰ∼Ⅲ kimchis were higher than that of control kimchi during fermentation and its acidity showed the same tendency. Total microbe(5.40∼8.38 log cfu/mL) and the number of lactic acid bacteria(4.99∼8.07 log cfu/mL) in Ⅰ∼Ⅲ kimchis were lower than those of control kimchi(6.16∼9.29 and 4.59∼8.42 log cfu/mL). Lightness of kimchi tissue showed the order of Ⅰ＜II＜control＜Ⅲ. Sour taste and fishy taste of Ⅰ∼Ⅲ kimchis were lower than that of control kimchi. Overall quality was best in II estimated by sensory evaluation and fermentation characteristics.
Extraction of Citrus Bioflavonoid with Vinegars and Effect on Blood Pressure
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 411~417
Effect of temperature(room temperature and boiling) and content of citrus peel(0.1∼6.0%) on the extractable hesperidin and naringin in the vinegars(apple, brown rice and persimmons) and also, dietary effect in hyperpiesia rats on blood pressure, biochemical changes were investigated. Extractable amounts of hesperidin and naringin in persimmons and brown rice vinegar were higher than those of apple vinegar in the both extraction of room temperature and boiling. Hesperidin and naringin contents showed highest in the one day extraction at room temperature when citrus peel was below 1% but, 3∼5 days extraction was optimum when the peel was above 2%. Hesperidin and naringin contents showed maximum at 2 hours extraction in case of boiling. Neutral lipids, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in blood, and blood pressure(reduction of 10.7∼33.2 mmHg) of the hyperpiesia rats took in 0.5% apple vinegar with 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6% citrus peel powder for 4 weeks were lower or reduced than those of control groups. But HDL cholesterol was higher than that of control groups.
Rheological Changes of Dough and Breadmaking Qualities of Wheat Flour with Additions of Soy Flour
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 418~424
This study was undertaken to develop the optimum baking formular and process in making the improved soy-wheat composite breads furtified with soy flour, which has been known for a source of biologically active phytochemicals and for more vegetable proteins as well. The effects of the addition of soy flour on a rheological properties of dough, on the sensory characteristics of breads, and on the possibilities of commercialization of these functional breads were investigated. As the added amount of soy flour increased, water absorption, development time and the weakness value of dough were increased, but dough stability were decreased in the farinograph. In the extensograph, the more soy flour was added, the less the extensibility and the resistance to extention were shown. As the amount of soy flour increased, gelatinazation point was increased in the amylograph, but the maxium viscosity was decreased. As the added amount of soy flour was increased, b value(yellowness) was obviously increased, L value(lightness) was slightly decreased. However, a value(redness) was not nearly changed in the color of cut loaves. In sensory evaluation, the more soy flour was added, the less the external, the internal characteristics and the eating qualities were shown. Accorting to the addition of soy flour, the toughness and the brittleness tended to be increased proportionally. The dough of 10% soy-wheat composite flour(SF10) was the most favorable on the baking performance.
Growth and Pigment Formation of Genus Monascus on Medium Compositions
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 425~428
Growth and pigment formation in Genus Monascus(M. pilosus and M purpureus) related 15 kinds of culture media(Lin medium, SP medium, YM medium, YE medium, GMIN medium, SMO medium, MY medium, GY medium, Nishikawa medium, sucrose medium, stock culture, Mizutani medium, modified Lin medium, Toya medium and rice medium) were investigated. Mizutani medium and Lin medium among 15 kinds of the culture media showed good growth for M. pilosus, M purpureus, fresh mycelium weight cultivated for 10 days at 30
was each 24.5∼26.9 or 15.9∼17.2 g/100 mL. The culture media which showed higher content of pigment production in two fungi were Lin medium(OD: 1.2 ∼ 1.6 and Mizutani medium(OD: 0.8 ∼ 1.0) that showed higher in M. pilosus.
Purification and Characterization of the D-xylulokinase from Candida sp. L-16
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 429~433
The D-xylulokinase from Candida sp. L-16 was purified through a sequence of ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, Sephadex G-100 and Sephadex G-200 gel filtration. The specific activity of the purified Dxylulokinase was increased to 23.2 fold and the yield was 11.2%. The enzyme was showed to be a single protein band by SDS-PAGE. The molecular weight of the enzyme was 150,000 dalton, this enzyme was identified to be a dimer with two subunits. The optimum conditions of the enzyme were pH 8.0 and 40
, respectively. The enzyme was relatively stable between pH 7.0 to pH 9.0, but it was unstable over 30
. The enzyme showed substrate specificity on D-xylulose, D-arabinose and D-ribose, Km value and Vmax for D-xylulose were 0.042 mM and 117 units/ml, respectively. The activation energy of the enzyme was 4.75 Kcal/mol. The one was inhibited by metabolic intermediates such as 6-phosphogluconic acid, 2-keto-gluconic acid. The enzyme was activated by EDTA and thiol compounds such as cysteine-HCI, DTT and glutathione.
Growth characteristics of pathogens isolated from surface of carcass
Korean Journal of Food Preservation, volume 9, issue 4, 2002, Pages 434~440
The growth characteristics of 5. coli O157:H7 CDFI, A. sobria CDF3 and S. aureus CDF2 isolated from surface of carcass were investigated to improve hygienic quality of beef. The total count of carcass surface before washing was higher than that of after washing. Total count of after cooling decreased about 10
/㎠ compare with before cooling. Total count of carcass surface after transfer increased regardless seasons. The growth E. coli O157:H7 CDF1 occurred at pH 4 and 6% NaCl but A. sobria CDF3 and S. aureus CDF2 did not grow at the same conditions. Although the growth of E. coli O157:H7 CDF1 and S. aureus CDF2 was inhibited by 0.3％ lactic acid, but A sobria CDF3 did not grow in TSB containing 0.3％ lactic acid. E. coli O157:H7 CDF1 grew rapidly after 3 days incubation at 10
but did not grow at 4
. But A. sobria CDF3 grew rapidly after 3 days incubation at 4
. E. coli O157:H7 CDF1 and A. sobria CDF3 were destroyed by heat treatment for 3 min at 60
. S. aureus CDF2 did not detect after heat treatment for 2 min at 70