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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Institute of Forest Science, kangwon National University
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 30, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Assessment of Timber Harvest in Tropical Rainforest Ecosystem of South West Nigeria and Its Implication on Carbon Sequestration
Adekunle, Victor A. ; Lawal, Amadu ; Olagoke, Adewole O. ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.1
Timber harvest in natural forests and its implications on carbon sequestration were investigated in the Southwestern Nigeria. Data on timber harvest from forest estates for a 3-year period were collected from the official record of States' Forestry Department. The data registered the species, volume and number of timbers exploited during the study period. The data were analyzed accordingly for rate of timber harvest and carbon value of the exploited timbers using existing biomass functions. Values were compared for significant differences among states using one way analysis of variance. The results showed that the most exploited logs, in terms of volume and number of trees, have the highest amount of carbon removal. There was a variation in type of timber species being exploited from each state. The total number of harvested trees from Oyo, Ondo, Ogun, Ekiti and Osun were estimated at 100,205; 111,789; 753; 15,884 and 18,153 respectively. Total quantity of carbon removed for the 3-year period stood at 2.3 million metric tons, and this translated to 8.4 million metric tons of
. The annual carbon and
removal therefore were estimated at 760,120.73 tons and 2.8 million tons/ year respectively. There were significant differences (p<0.05) in the amount of
removed from the five states. Based on our result, we inferred that there is increasing pressure on economic tree species and it is plausible that they are becoming scarce from the forests in Southwestern Nigeria.. If the present rate of log removal is not controlled, forests could become carbon source rather than carbon sink and the on biological conservation, wood availability and climate change may turn out grave. For the forest to perform its environmental role as carbon sink, urgent conservation measures and logging policies are needed to be put in place.
Present State of Community Forestry (Hutan Kemasyarakatan/HKm) Program in a Protection Forest and Its Challenges: Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia
Kaskoyo, Hari ; Mohammed, Abrar Juhar ; Inoue, Makoto ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 15~29
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.15
This article discusses the state of a community forestry program in a protection forest in Indonesia, which has been running for almost two decades. We found that the program did not achieve its objective mainly because of frequent changes in regulations. There are also activities such as: measuring and mapping working area boundaries, drawing up a work plan, planting, maintenance and security, paying royalties to those who harvest forest resources, and submitting annual reports on land use to the district government head, which have not worked as expected. We also found that the major incentives for local people to participate in the program are getting certificates of management and the program's effectiveness in minimizing land-use conflicts. Participants perceived that their major role on the program is to follow farmer-group directives or government rules. To achieve the program's purposes, farmer groups need technical assistance related to protection-forest management and opportunities for financing.
Description of Two Wolf Spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae) from Korea
Yoo, Jung Sun ; Lee, SueYeon ; Lee, Joon-Ho ; Im, Jae Seong ; Kim, Seung Tae ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 30~35
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.30
Arctosa yasudai (Tanaka, 2000) and Pardosa isago Tanaka, 1977 belonging to Lycosidae were captured by pitfall trap in rice field and apple orchard during the intensive survey of arthropod fauna of agricultural ecosystem in Korea. Taxonomic descriptions for two species are presented with diagnostic illustration.
A Consideration of the Possibility of Planting Cryptomeria japonica and Chamaecyparis obtusa on the East Sea Area in Gangwon-Province by Tree Ring Dating and Climatic Factor Analysis
Son, Ho-Jun ; Kim, Young-Sol ; Kim, Nam-Young ; Lee, Hak-Bong ; Park, Wan-Geun ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 36~44
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.36
We measured radial growth of Cryptomeria japonica and Chamaecyparis obtusa growing in Gangneung, Boseong, Yangsan and Ulleung-do, respectively and analyzed its relationship with temperature and precipitation. We found from the result of tree ring counting that forest stands of Cryptomeria japonica in Gangneung and Boseong was 40 to 50 years old and 50 to 70 years old in Yangsan and Ulleung-do. According to climate change, the mean temperature in Gangneung was found to be
which was similar to that of Boseong and Yangsan 40 to 50 years ago. While the result of the radial growth measured from Cryptomeria japonica in Gangneung showed a slightly decreasing tendency compared to the other areas, Chamaecyparis obtusa showed an increasing tendency. In the case of Cryptomeria japonica, a strong negative correlation between radial growth and climate related variables including both mean temperature and mean precipitation existed in Ulleung. There was a strong negative correlation between radial growth and mean temperature for Chamaecyparis obtusa in Yangsan, although there was a positive correlation in Gangneung and Yangsan.
A Study on the Applicability of Decision Support System for the Permission of Forest Land-Use Conversion
Choi, Sang Hyun ; Kim, Eun Jin ; Nam, Joo Hee ; Woo, Jong Choon ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 45~49
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.45
This study was tried to find out the applicability of decision support system for forest land use conversion, which developed based on algorithm for forest land-use conversion. Decision support system developed by Ministry of Safety Administration is free from the existing licensed laws omission. And it made the input requirements for each value of the final result so that you can determine whether the permit was available by the laws and regulations related to the algorithm for forest land use conversion. Also, in order to do field surveys, equal sampling interval method is used to extract samples for the operability by comparing and analyzing the actual area. As a result, 88 areas of total 100 areas are able to get permission by the decision support system for forest land use conversion, and it means if there is enough data with sufficient research, it can make the availability permits easily.
An Idea on Increasing Income of Residents in DMZ Area Using FGI and SWOT Analysis -Focused on Haean-myeon in Yanggu-gun of Gangwon Province-
Choi, Sang Hyun ; Lee, Jae Hwan ; Lee, Sang Min ; Choi, In Hwa ; Chai, Du Song ; Woo, Jong Choon ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 50~55
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.50
DMZ has a lot of natural resources. Also there is very important position as a ecological and geographical. Meanwhile, development schemes and plans were established but that was development to only simple plan such as a tourism and income without communication with local residents. This study was tried to exhibit increasing income of residents in DMZ area using FGI (Focus Group Interview) and SWOT analysis. First of all, analyzed the status of forest resources and carried out a Focus Group Interview targeting residents who live in around DMZ, and then suggest an alternative to increasing income and regional development in Yanggu-gun by SWOT strategies. As a result, realistic plan for achieving regional development is deregulation of the laws related to forest land use conversion for the forest product in DMZ area. Military experts and forest experts have to inspect the area for considering the practical application of the regulation in protected areas directly. National or local government has to effort pursuing future business for regional development through the communication with residents in DMZ area.
Anatomical Characteristics of Yellow-Hearted Pine (Pinus densiflora for. erecta Uyeki)
Lee, Ae-Hee ; Jang, Jae-Hyuk ; Park, Byung-Ho ; Kim, Nam-Hun ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 56~61
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.56
Macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of Yellow-hearted pine and Red pine were investigated. Wood color, annual ring width and latewood percentage were observed by the naked eye. Anatomical properties as the structure of three sections and cell dimensions were examined by an optical microscopy. As a result, the color of bark in Yellow-hearted pine was Reddish-grey, and Red pine showed brown or gray. The color of heartwood and sapwood in Yellow-hearted pine was deep-yellow to brown and creamy-white. And the color of heartwood and sapwood in Red pine was light-brown and light-yellow. The annual ring width of Yellow-hearted pine was narrower than that of Red pine, and the latewood percentage of Yellow-hearted pine was a little higher than that of Red pine. There was no significant difference in the anatomical characteristics between Yellow-hearted pine and Red pine.
Effects of Inhalation of Wood Essential Oil (Chamaecyparis obtusa) on the Change of Concentration and Mood States
Seong, Hyeon Su ; Goh, Eurah ; Choi, In Hwa ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 62~70
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.62
The principle purpose of this research is to figure out whether the inhalation of Wood Essential oil (Chamaecyparis obtusa) affect not only human beings' concentration for surroundings but also change as to status of feelings. total number of subjects for this experimental are determined to be 66 (men 44 and women 22) among 85 adults who agreed to participate in this experiment after excluding 19 participants who were not able to smell scent due to flu and nasal inflammation. After both experimental group and control group being measured referring to their status of mood such as concentration, depression, vigor, fatigue, confusion, tension and anger, the experimental group is offered to get a piece of cotton that includes Wood Essential oil and they are asked to inhale it for 5 min. On the other hand, control group is offered to wait for the experimental group finishing inhaling wood Essential oil for 5 min. After 5 min, the status of mood from both groups were measured again. simultaneously, I conducted a survey targeting experimental group to see what their preferences are like regarding scent of wood essential oil. The experiment shows that the status of experimental group's concentration is improved about 0.94 point when compared to control group's. Moreover, Total mood disturbance is lower than control group's. Therefore it is proved that the inhalation of wood Essential oil alleviates overall status of mood. according to the analyses result of favor to scent for wood essential oil from experimental group, some of them who were positive got much better improvement when it comes to concentration and far more relieved on their feelings than those who weren't. Based from this result, it is definitely confirmed that there is a Phytoncide's psychophysiological effect which transcends the Placebo Effect generated by Phytoncide's positive image.
Characteristics on Stabilization Measures for Cutting Slopes of Forest Roads
Baek, Seung-An ; Ji, Byoung-Yun ; Lee, Joon ; Cha, Du-Song ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 71~75
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.71
Forest roads failure is one of the most common problems caused by heavy rainfalls. This study investigated the characteristics on stabilization measures installed for cutting slopes failure of forest road resulted from heavy rainfalls. Three primary factors (slope length, slope gradient, soil type) affecting cutting slope failure were considered and stabilization measures were classified into two types (A type: wooden fence, vegetation sandbag, stone masonry; B type: wire cylinder, gabion, concrete retaining wall) through discriminant analysis based on their capacity of resistance to slope failure. Results showed that A type was mainly installed in such conditions as cut slope <8 m, cut slope gradient
and soil type with soil while B type occurred in locational conditions as cut slope length >8 m, cut slope gradient <
, and soil type of gravelly soil and rock.
Effects of Water Level Change on Wetland Vegetation in the Area of Riparian Forest for Dam Construction Period -Focused on the Hantan River Dam-
Park, Hyun-Chul ; Lee, Jung-Hwan ; Lee, Gwan-Gyu ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 76~84
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.76
This study was performed to monitor the effects of water level change on changes of landscape, vegetation community, and species diversity of riparian forest. Hantan river dam, study area, has been constructed in the area of Chansoo-myeon, Pocheon-si and Yeoncheon-eup, Yeoncheon-gun, Gyeonggi-do, which is a dam for flood control only in flooding season. Landscape changes were notable after the construction of coffer dam, and the changes were caused by water level increase in areas of riparian forests which consisted of mainly withered willow as a dominant species in the flooding season. It changed vegetation communities of riparian forest from Phragmites japonica and Salix koreensis to Phragmites japonica. Species diversity index was lowest in 2010 when the coffer dam was constructed and showed an increasing trend later. Thus, this study is well in agreement with a previous report that plants of the genus Salix wither by muddy water during flooding and also suggests, controlling water level of river and prediction of water level change's effects should be considered when any facilities are planned.
Simple Determination Method on Optimal Dosage of Polymer for Papermaking Wastewater Treatment
Cho, Jun-Hyung ; Kang, Mee-Ran ; Jin, Hai-Lan ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 85~90
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.85
Dewaterability, one of the important properties of wastewater sludge, was investigated using a simple capillary suction time (CST) measurement method. CST and SRF have a very close co-relation. It was convinced that CST method was quite effective, and compensating the time-consuming SRF of conventional drainage measuring method. It turned out that one could use the results of CST to find optimum flocculants ratio to improve drainage in wastewater treatment for the tissue paper production at a mill. Since the optimum ratio of flocculants could be determined with the value of CST and COD removal efficiency could be improved with precise ratio of flocculants. Thus, using CST for determining the optimum ratio of flocculants could be economical by reducing the amount of flocculants. Dewaterability might be measured within several seconds using the values of CST in a precise way. The dewaterability could also be useful in investigating the optimum ratio of flocculants.
Evaluation of Biodiversity Based on Changes of Spatial Scale -A Case Study of Baekdudaegan Area in Kangwondo-
Sim, Woodam ; Park, Jinwoo ; Lee, Jungsoo ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.91
This research was conducted on the conservation area of Baekdudaegan, Kangwondo under the purpose of evaluating bio-diversity according to the changes of spatial scale, using GIS data and spatial filtering method. The diversity index was calculated based on the information of species of The
forest type map using Shannon-weaver index (H'), evenness index (
) and richness index (
). The diversity index was analyzed and compared according to the changes of 12 spatial scales from Kernel size
and basin unit. As for H' and
, spatial scale increased as diversity index decreased, while
decreases gradually. H' and
was highest; each 1.1 and 0.6, when the Kernel size was
was 0.2, the lowest. When you look at according to the basin unit, for large basin unit, 'YeongDong' region shows higher diversity index than 'YeongSeo' region. For middle basin unit, 'Gangneung Namdaecheon' region, and for small basin unit, 'Gangneung Namdaecheon' and 'Gangneung Ohbongdaem' region shows high diversity index. When you look at the relationship between diversity index and Geographic factors, H' shows positive relation to curvature and sunshine factor while shows negative to elevation, slope, hillshade, and wetness index. Also
was similar to the relationship between H' and Geographic factor. Meanwhile,
shows positive relationship to curvature and sunshine factor, while negative to elevation, slope, hillshade, and wetness index. macro unit diversity index evaluation was possible through the GIS data and spatial filtering, and it can be a good source for local biosphere conservation policy making.
A Study on Stand Structure and Growth Characteristics of Korean White Pine (Pinus koraiensis) in North Central Region of Gangwon Province
Lee, Daesung ; Choi, Jungkee ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 101~106
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.101
The purpose of this research was to figure out the stand structure and growth characteristic with relation to DBH, height, and volume in sixteen Pinus koraiensis plantations of Gangwon province region. Age class was diversely distributed from age class II (16 yr) to age class VIII (77 yr), and, in terms of site index, sixteen regions were superior: nine regions 'high', seven regions 'middle'. The distribution of DBH by sites appeared a bell-shaped curve, and the number of trees was the most in diameter section of 18-22 cm. The dispersion of DBH was various with age and widest ranging from 18 cm to 58 cm in age class VII-VIII. The distribution of height was also a bell-shaped curve with the smaller deviation than the distribution of DBH, and most of trees were in height section of 14-18 m. The correlation of DBH and height was high (r=0.75), and the volume bigger than 1.0
was presented from DBH 35 cm, height 20 m.
Harvesting Productivity and Cost of Whole-Tree Clear Cutting Using a Tower Yarder in a Larix leptolepis Stand
Cho, Min-Jae ; Cho, Koo-Hyun ; Oh, Jae-Heun ; Han, Han-Sup ; Cha, Du-Song ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 107~112
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.107
The productivity and cost of clear cutting operations were examined to broaden our knowledge on the harvesting system in a Larix leptolepis stand of Korea. The harvesting system was divided into tree operations which were chainsaw (STIHL MS440) felling, tower yarder (Koller301-4) yarding and harvester (WOODY H50) processing. The average cycle time of felling, yarding and processing were 98 s/cycle, 245 s/cycle and 150 s/cycle. The total stump-to-pile operational productivity was 43.07
. The highest production activity was the felling 17.93
, followed by the productivity of processing 15.62
and then by the productivity of yarding 9.52
. In addition the total stump-to-pile operational cost was 24,086
. The highest cost activity was the yarding 14,557
(60.4% of the total cost), followed by the costs of processing 8,461
(35.2%) and then by the costs of felling 1,068
Analysis on Soil Reinforcement by Lespedeza cyrtobotrya Roots for Slope Stability
Hwang, Jin-Sung ; Ji, Byoung-Yun ; Oh, Jae-Heun ; Cha, Du-Song ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 113~119
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.113
To examine the soil reinforcement by the shrub with shallow root systems for slope stability, we developed insitu apparatus for direct shear test and conducted the insitu field tests for Lespedeza cyrtobotrya, a representative revegetation species for artificial hillslopes. The insitu field tests were conducted for two different soil conditions (the rooted soils and non-rooted soils) and we then compared the experimental values with those calculated from the Wu model. The results showed that the soil reinforcement derived from the insitu field tests ranged from 0.01525 to 0.1438
while the one calculated from the Wu model ranged from 0.1952 to 0.2696
. Our finding suggests more field tests are needed to collect the related parameters in the model application thereby predicting the reliable soil reinforcement by the shrub root systems.
Effect of Seawater Concentration on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Artemisia fukudo
Ko, Myoung-Suk ; Bae, Kee-Hwa ; Lee, Mi-Hyun ; Kim, Nam-Young ; Lee, Yeon-Kyung ; Han, Myoung-Soo ; Song, Jae-Mo ; Song, Gwanpill ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 120~125
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.120
Halophytes are plants of saline habitats that grow under conditions that may vary in extremes of temperatures (freezing to very hot), water availability (drought to water logging) and salinity (mild to almost saturation). Halophytes may also face sudden micro-environmental variations within their habitats. In this study, we examine some of the factors that determine the ability of seeds of Artemisia fukudo to germinate when conditions are optimal for seedling growth and survival. Germination percentage was the highest at 77.5% when treated in 0% seawater and seedling growth was best in 0% seawater plug cell tray. Physiological quality (chlorophyll contents) and mean germination time were best in the condition in which seeds were treated with 0% seawater (control). Germination performance index in the control group showed the highest value to 3.8. Seedling growth, seedling vigor index in the length of seedling growth andthe relative growth rate were the highest values of 0.76 cm, 1.43, 0.0099, respectively.
In vitro Propagation and Protocorm-like Body Formation of Endangered Species, Dendrobium moniliforme
Bae, Kee Hwa ; Kim, Nam Young ; Song, Jae Mo ; Song, Gwanpil ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 126~132
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.126
This experiment was conducted to establish the in vitro propagation of Dendrobium moniliforme through protocorm like body (PLB) induction from the culture of leaf, stem and root explants. Frequency of PLB formation from root explants was higher than those of leaf and stem explants. PLB's proliferation in MS medium including 1.0 mg/L NAA was better than 1.0 mg/L IBA. Frequency of PLB's proliferation on medium with various concentrations of BA, Kinetin, Tidiazuron (0. 1.0, 3.0 mg/L) and NAA (0, 1.0 mg/L) was tested. The maximun proliferation of PLB's was obtained on MS medium supplemented with 3.0 mg/L BA and 1.0 mg/L NAA after 6 weeks of culture. Addition of 200 mg/L activated charcoal (AC) and 30 g/L sucrose was effective on PLB proliferation for D. moniliforme.
A Review of Forest Development Patten by the Length of Protection Period in Gangwondo Baekdudaegan Mountains
Chung, Sang Hoon ; Hwang, Kwang Mo ; Lim, Seon Mi ; Kim, Ji Hong ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 133~144
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.133
This study was carried out to review the pattern of forest stand development for six Gangwondo Baekdudaegan Mountains which experienced different type and duration of intensive legal protection. Vegetation data from point sampling method were employed to classify community types by cluster analysis on the basis of the importance values of canopy tree species for the study areas. The names of classified communities were given by the composition of dominant tree species. The communities were also compared one another in terms of stand structure by species diversity index. The results indicated that National Parks (Seoraksan and Odaesan) had greater proportion of mixed mesophytic forest type which was supposed to progress further forest succession process so as to have more complex and diversified stand structure. On the other hand, ordinary forest areas (Seokbyeongsan and Deokhangsan) had greater proportion of the forest types which was dominatively composed of Quercus mongolica and Pinus densiflora. The forest types with large amount of these two species would tend to develop for relatively short period of time of 40-50 years after artificial disturbances. Hyangnobong of Natural Protection Area and Hambaeksan of Natural Ecosystem Conservation Area showed intermediate stand development pattern in between National Parks and ordinary forest areas. The period of intensive legal protection of the forest area was positively correlated with species diversity index (R=0.736), and noted that the forest which received intensive protection regulation for longer period tended to show more complex and diversified stand structure.
Feasibility Analysis on the International Wood Industry EXPO held in Jeollanam-do
An, Ki-Wan ; Choi, In-Hwa ; Park, Kyung-Seok ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 145~151
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.145
The study examines the feasibility of hosting the International Wood Industry EXPO as a part of the effort to establish Wood Industry Cluster in Jeollanam-do. The provisional EXPO period suggested by the study is 30 days between July 23 (Saturday) and August 21 (Sunday) 2016 and the proposed venues are Namdo International Education Center, Woodland, and Woodcraft Center, Jangheung-gun, Jeollanam-do, and so on. According to the study, it is calculated that the expected investment cost amounts to around 4.5 billion won and the number of total potential visitors reaches 1,627,478. The study also predicts that the EXPO generates various economic effects and outputs that can be quantified as following; a production inducement effect equivalent of 344.5 billion won, an income inducement effect of 77 billion won, an employment inducement effect corresponding to 3,899 jobs, a value-added inducement effect equivalent of 143 billion won, and an indirect tax inductive effect of 32 billion won. Then, emphasizing the need for the organizing committee that can play an important role in managing the overall EXPO events, the study, based on the figures, concludes that the International Wood Industry EXPO 2016 is to be promoted at the regional and national level.
Analysis of the Physical Characteristics and Tranquility of the Valley in Gangwon Province
Kim, Kyoung-Nam ; Han, Gab-Soo ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 152~160
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.152
The purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze the physical characteristics and tranquility of the valleys located in Gangwon region. For this study we analyzed the field survey data 135 valleys using GIS. The elements for measurement of tranquility were divided into visual elements including terrain, objects, forest, water and auditory elements including noise. These elements were divided further into positive and negative factors. The weight of each element and item was calculated by applying the AHP method. The results of this study are as follows. The length of the valley ranged from 126 m to 17 km, and the elevation ranged from 40 m to 1,800 m. Type of mixed forest was common in the valleys. The depth of the water was over 20 cm in 83% of the total area and most of the water was in good condition in visual quality. Regarding the positive factors of tranquility, the weighted scores of the objects, waterfall sounds and visual transparence of the water were of relatively high value. Relatively high values were also shown in closed and curved topography in the landform, forest type and natural forests. In the negative factors, the weights of the objects and forest elements had high values. Within the facility groups, facility of the river produced a considerable negative. After applying the index of tranquility, the natural physical attributes affected the tranquility value, more than the manmade structures to a much greater degree.
Species Distribution and Characteristics of Wild Mice in Mt. Keumwon Recreational Forests
Lee, Chong Kyu ; Kang, Young Min ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 161~166
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.161
To provide basic information for wildlife management, we investigated the distribution and ecology of wild mice in Mt. Keumwon recreational forests. The trapped wild mice were a total of 4 species such as Eothenomys regulus, Apodemus speciosus peninsulae, Apodemus agarius, and Crocidura suaveolens. A total of 79 individuals from four species were trapped. Number of Eothenomys regulus was the highest as 41 individuals followed by Apodemus speciosus peninsulae of 31 individuals, Apodemus agarius of 4 individuals, and Crocidura suaveolens of 4 individuals. Depending on forest type, 51 individuals were captured in broad-leaved forests, whereas 28 individuals were captured in coniferous forests. Average weight of the trapped Eothenomys regulus, Apodemus speciosus peninsulae, Apodemus agarius, and Crocidura suaveolens was 37.13 g, 36.29 g, 31.25 g, and 15 g, respectively. Among the trapped wild mice, vole which has the largest head and ears were Eothenomys regulus and vole which has the longest tail was Apodemus speciosus peninsulae and Apodemus agarius (p<0.5). This study might be valuable to control and predict some damages related to wild mice in Mt. Keumwon for protecting forest trees.
Community Structure and Environmental Factors of the Major Type of Pinus densiflora Populations in Korea
Yoon, Jung Won ; Kim, Yong Shik ; Kim, Gi Song ; Sung, Jung Won ; Park, Ki Hwan ; Lee, Chang Hyun ; Shin, Hyun Tak ; Yi, Myung Hoon ;
Journal of Forest and Environmental Science , volume 30, issue 1, 2014, Pages 167~178
DOI : 10.7747/JFS.2014.30.1.167
The populations of Pinus densiflora in South Korea were grouped into 4 types; Community of Pinus densiflora-Quercus serrata, Community of Pinus densiflora-Quercus mongolica, Community of Pinus densiflora-Fraxinus sieboldiana & Rhus javanica & Quercus mongolica and Community of Pinus densiflora-Prunus sargentii & Rhododendron mucronulatum. The Shannon diversity index was varied between 0.9171 and 1.5016, while the Similarity index was varied between 43.18 and 72.16. The species of Pinus densiflora are correlated positively significant with Carex humilis var. nana, Quercus serrata and Atractylodes ovata and negatively significant with Aster scaber and Sorbus alnifolia in order. According to the Correlation analysis, the relationship between the distribution of Pinus densiflora populations and the environment factors are closely related with the character of forest soil. Thus types for Pinus densiflora are differed. pH, Ex. K and Ex. Ca of Pinus densiflora populations effect No. of species and H'(shannon index). Canopy open effects No. of Individuals of Pinus densiflora community.