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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ceramic Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Aug 1990
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Jul 1990
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Jun 1990
Volume 27, Issue 5 - May 1990
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 1990
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Mar 1990
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Feb 1990
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 1990
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The Mortar Properties of Portland Cements Blended with Modified Coal Ashes
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 833~840
For the development of multi-functional materials which has water reducing power, air entraining power and waterproofing power as well as blending additive in cement mortar the coal ash was modified with asphalt-stearic acid or asphalt-boiled oil mixtures by mechanical treatment. And the physical properties of cement mortar blended with modified coal ashes were compared with those of the water-tightness-cement mortar and the ordinary-portland-cement mortar added with AE.water reducing agent. The mortar of coalash-blend-cement modified with asphalt-stearic mixture was increased acid about 20% in initial strengths and decreased about 20% in water absorption ratio than those of ordinary coalash-blend-cement. The mortar of coalash-blend-cement modified with asphalt-bolied oil mixture was similar to the cement mortar added with AE.water reducing agent in water reduction ratio, air entraining conents and the initial strengths, also was similar to the water-tightness-cement mortar in water absorption and water permeability ratios.
Electrical Conductivity and Defect Structure in
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 841~850
The electrical conductivity of SrTiO3 thick films, which has been prepared by screen printing and sintering on polycrystalline Al2O3 substrates, was determined as a function of oxygen partial pressure and temperature. The data showed that electrical conductivity was proportional to the -1/4th power of the oxygen partial pressure for the oxygen partial pressure range from 10-4-10-8 to 10-20 atm and proportional to Po2+1/4 for the oxygen partial pressure range from 10-6-10-4 to 1atm. And then n-p transition region of electrical conductivity moved to lower oxygen partial pressure region as the sintering temperature of thick film specimens increased under about 140
. These data were consistent with the presence of small amounts of acceptor impurities in SrTiO3 thick film which have been diffused from Al2O3 substrate in the range of solid solubility limit.
Preparation and Characteristics of Ceramic Composite Powders Coated with
: (I) Hydrolysis of Mixed Aluminum Salt Solution for Coating
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 851~860
The hydrolysis-precipitation reaction of mixed aluminum salt solutions of aluminum sulfate, aluminum nitrate, and urea has been investigated to obtain narrow-sized and unagglomerated fine spherical precipitates of aluminum hydroxide required for coating core particles. The hydrolysis-precipitatin reaction could be controlled to be appropriate to coating processes by usign urea as a pH control-agent. As the concetration of total Al3+ ion and the molar ratio of SO42-/Al3+ in starting solutions became smaller and also as the vol. ratio of water/solution for hydrolyzing mixed aluminum salt solution became larger, the morphology of precipitates tended to be more unagglomerated and spherical, while their size(0.5longrightarrow0.05
) to be smaller. The optimum hydrolysis condition for coating processes was to hydrolyze the mixed aluminum salt solution, in which the molar ratio of SO42-/Al3+ was 0.75, while the amount of water corresponding to the vol. ratio of water/solution of 15. The precipitate was the aluminum hydroxide which sulfate ions were strongly adsorbed on and the maximum yield in the hydrolysis-precipitation reaction was about 20%.
Effect of Microstructure on the Properties of High Strength Hardened Cement Paste(I)
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 861~868
Investigation for the preparation of high strength hardened cement paste using ordinary portland cement, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose(HPMC) with SiC powder was carried out. The cement paste was mixed with 0.1 of water cement ratio by twin roll mill and cured 60 days in humidity chamber. The hydration degree of cement paste cured with W/C=0.1 in 60 days was about 30% and most pores in the paste were found to be existed as gel pores of diameter less than 0.01㎛. The maximum flexural strength of hardened cement paste was about 960kg/㎠. When the SiC powder was added to the paste, the flexural strength was 1000∼1100kg/㎠ and the Young's modulus was 8∼9×105kg/㎠.
Preparation of Hexagonal Boron Nitride from Boron Oxide and Sodium Amide
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 869~876
Hexagonal boron nitride was synthesized from boron oxide and sodium amide in ammonia gas stream. The reaction mechanisms and characteristics of as synthesized boron nitride was investigated by means of TG, DTA, IR, XRD, SEM and PSA. The results are ; 1) hexagonal boron nitride was synthesized from reactions at temperatures above 40
2) Sodium metaborate was present as by-product after reaction so that the reaction mechanism is reduced as follows : 2B2O3＋3NaNH2longrightarrowBN＋3NaBO2＋2NH3. 3) boron nitride obtained at the reaction temperature below 40
is found to have random layer strudcture but the structure transits to ordered layer structure rapidly with increasing reaction temperature, showing separation of (101) differaction line from (10)band in XRD pattern of the reaction product at 50
Properties of Castable REfractories Containing Metallic Al Powder
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 877~882
Effects of metallic Al powder addition on basic and thermal properties of castable refractories were investigated. Generally, low grade prooperties were obtained by metallic Al powder addition with the increase of temperature, comparing with those of non-addition of Al powder. Especially, Al addtion showed severe shrinkage, corrosiion and low strength above 1000
. As a result of Al addition, lower strength of and higher corrosion resistance were shown for 2% addition, but it was reversed for above 4% addition. It was found that Al addition was excellent in the explosive spalling test regardless of Al quantity.
Complex Formation between 3CaO.
and Sodium Gluconate
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 883~890
Although various theories have been presented on the mechanism of setting retardation of 3CaO·Al2O3, this phenomenon has not yet been defined. The present investigation was initiated in order to solve the mechanism from the view point of coordination chemistry. The solubility of Ca(OH)2 in aquous solution of soldium gluconate was abnormally high, and was proportional to the concentration of sodium gluconate. These phenomena were attributed to the soluble complex formation, that is, (1 : 1)Ca complex formation between calcium ion and gluconate ion. The author's proposal was further confirmed by the results of electrical conductivity measurement. The formation of calcium complex was also supported by IR spectra and DTA. When sodium gluconate was dissolved in 3CaO·Al2O3 suspension, calcium complex and aluminum complex were formed. As an experimental evidence, the asymmetric stretching vibration of carboxyl group in sodium gluconate was observed to be shifted to lower frequency from 1625cm-1 to 1585cm-1 characteristically. The characteristic exothermic peaks of the complexs at 430℃ and 700℃ observed in DTA curve also suggest the formation of the complexs between sodium gluconate and 3CaO·Al2O3.
Study on Manufacturing of High Temperature Insulating Fire Brick from Hwasun Flint Clay(I)
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 891~898
This study deals with the porous sintered body which is obtained by blending solid naphthalene with fine particles of Hwasun flint clay. Apparent porosity is increased, and bulk density, thermal conductivity, strength and thermal expansion are decreased according to the additiion of naphthalene. Pore shape of sintered body showed elliptical form and median size and capilary percentage are increased by adding more naphthalene.
Synthesis and Sintering of Cordierite by using Coprecipitation Method
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 899~906
The cordierite powders were prepared from Mg(NO3)2.6H2O, Al(NO3)3.9H2O and colloidal silica by the coprecippitation method, and the sintering behavior of the powders were investigated. Two different methods were applied for producing the precursor powders. The one was to added the aqueous solution of Mg(NO3)2.6H2O and Al(NO3)3.9H2O to NH4OH to adjust pH at 10 where the colloidal silica of pH 10 was added. The other wa to add the aqueous solution of Mg(NO3)2.6H2O and Al(NO3)3.9H2O to the colloidal silica with NH4OH to control the final mixture to be at pH 10. It was confirmed that more homogeneous powders were obtained from the latter method. The firing linear shrinkage of the powder compacts fabricated from the calcined powder between 90
was found to be larger as the calcination temperature was low. But all of them stopped shrinking around 120
. The powder compacts, fabricated using the calcined powders at 90
for 2hours and sintered at 142
for 2hours, showed relative density of 93-96%, 3-point bending strength of 81-83MPa, KIC of 1.9-2.4 MPam1/2 and thermal expansion coefficient of 0.213-0.732
The Thermal Changes of Precipitated Hydroxyapatite
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 907~915
The hydroxyapatite powder was prepared by the precipitation method. The obtained powder was heat-treated and its products were investigated in order to characterize its decomposition process. The powder was Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite with no relation to the Ca/P mole ratio in the initial solution. The obtained hydroxyapatite was thermally decomposed into tricalcium phosphate [Ca3(PO4)2, TCP] after heat-treatment above 80
and the extent of the decomposition was dependent on the nonstoichiometry of obtained hydroxyapatite, and the resultant hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate maintained stable forms up to 120
. The hydroxyapatite powder had the better stability with the samller the nonstoichinometry of hydroxyapatite. And the quantities of tricalcium phosphate obtained after decomposition were decreased, and also the corresponding decomposition temperatures were increased with decreasing extent of nonstoichiometry in precipitated hydroxyapatite.
Preparation of Fine Titanium Nitride Powders from Titanium Trichloride
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 916~924
The preparatin of the fine TiN powders by reduction-nitridation of TiCl3-Al-N2 system was attempted in the temperature range from 350
. The formation mechanism and kinetics of TiN were examined, and the resultant TiN powder was characterized by means of XRD, PSA and SEM-EPMA methods. TiN was formed at temperatrue higher than
. As an intermediate phase, AlTi was obtained. The apparent activation energy for the formation of TiN was approximately 4.2kcal/mole(600
). The crystallite size and lattice constnat of TiN powder obtained in the temperature range from 600
for 2h at the Al/TiCl3 molar ratio of 1.0 were 160~255A and 4.231~4.239A, respectively. According to PSA measurement, the mean particle size ranged from 14.0 to 14.8
Bonding Behavior of Bioglass Coated Alumina
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 925~933
The possible use of bioglass,, which is one of the surface active biomaterials, as implants materials has drawn great attention due to their ability to bond to human living tissue. In the present work, the investigation was carried out to find the bonding phenomena between alumina substrate and bioglass(45S5) or fluorine-containing bioglass(45S5
4F), and the properties of coated bioglass. The stable bonding between alumina and bioglass was formed when heat-treated at 1150
for 120 minutes or at 1250
for 30 minutes for the 45S5, and at 1150
for 30 minutes for the 45S5
4F. When bioglass coated alumina was heat-treated, great amount of Al was diffused into bioglass from alumina substrate. More Al was diffused into fluorine-containing bioglass than into bioglass without fluorine. At early stage of heat-tretment, the diffused alumina content was increased with the square root of time and it was also increased with the thickness of coating layer and heat-treatment temperatures. The alumina content became constant after its saturation for longer heat-treatment time. Coated bioglasses were crystallized to Na2O
3SiO2 when heat-treated at lower temperature, and to CaO
SiO2 at higher temperature.
Sintering and Electric Prooperties of Pb(Zn, Nb)
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 934~942
The quarternary system ceramics 0.5[yPb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-(1-y)Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3]-0.5[xPbTiO3-(1-x)PbZrO3](PZN-PNN-PT-PZ) was fabricated by the columbite precursor method to obtain a stabilized perovskite structure and by conventional method to evaluate the efficiency of the former methd. Dielectric and piezoelectric properties were investigated and the stability of the perovskite phase was studied as a function of PZN and PT contents and firing temperature. In the samples prepared by the columbite precursor method, the pyrochlore phase, which is detrimental to both the dielectric and piezoelectric properties, was not observed in the absence of PZN, and electric properties were improved even when fabricated at low temperature. By adding PZN, some pyrochlore phase appeared and the morphotropic phase boundary of the samples shifted to more Zr-rich composition. The temperature dependence of piezoelectric constant decreased with the addition of PZN, due to the rising of the Curie point.
The Sublimation Pressure and Standard Enthalpy of Sublimation of Bismuth Triiodide
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 27, issue 7, 1990, Pages 943~951
Steady-state sublimation vapour pressures of anhydrous bismuth triiodide have been measured by the continuous gravimetric Kundsen-effusion method from 430.0 to 558.9 K and equilibrium sublimation pressures were obtained from the steady-state data. Condensation coefficients and their temperature dependence have been derived from the effusiion measurement. Condensation coefficients ranged from 0.159 to 0.048(475 to 500K), the activation enthalpy and entropy for condensation have been obtained as -93.38kTmol-1 and -212.70JK-1mol-1. The standard sublimation enthalpy changes derived by both second(modified sigma function) and third(average enthalpy method) law methods were 138.261
0.002kJmol-1 respectively. The standard sublimation entropy change derived by modified sigma function was 191.98
0.047 JK-1mol-1. The reliable standard sublimation enthalpy change based on a correlation of ΔgcrHom(298.15K) and ΔgcrSom(298.15K), a recommended p(T) equation has been obtained for BiI3(cr) ; 1g(p/Pa)=-C/(T/K)＋5.0711g(T/K)-2.838
103(K/T)2＋1.4519 where p is in Pa, T in Kelvin, ΔgcrHom(298.15K) in kJmol-1 and C=(ΔgcrHom(298.15K)-8.7358)/1.9146