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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Ceramic Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 1995
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 1995
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 1995
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 1995
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 1995
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 1995
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 1995
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 1995
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 1995
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 1995
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 1995
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 1995
Volume 1, Issue 4 - 00 1995
Volume 1, Issue 3 - 00 1995
Volume 1, Issue 2 - 00 1995
Volume 1, Issue 1 - 00 1995
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Preparation and Characterization of Water-Soluble Glass through Melting Process (I) : Dissolution Characteristics, Bactericidal Effects and Cytotoxicity
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1093~1102
Water-soluble phosphate glasses containing Ag or Cu ion were prepared through melting process. Then the powdered glass samples were dissolved in D.I. water at room temperature with changing the dissolution time. In terms with the glass composition, dissolution characteristics, bactericidal effects and cytotoxicities were investigated. Dissolved amounts increased uniformly with dissolution time, and the dissolution rate was higher for ternary glass than for binary glass and with less metal oxide amount. And the dissolution rate of the glass with Ag ion was higher than that with Cu ion, and the bactericidal effect of the glass with Ag ion was also greater. Solution with more than 25 ppm of Ag was observed to have strong cytotoxicity to L929, and solutions of lower Ag concentration or with Cu seemed to have little cytotoxicity.
Effects of Preferred Orientation and Microstructure on Mechanical Properties of Chemically Vapor Deposited SiC
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1103~1110
Silicon carbide (SiC) films have been deposited on the isotropic graphite by chemical vapor deposition. Change of deposition parameters affected significantly the microstructure and preferred orientation of SiC films. Preferred orientation of SiC films was (111) or (220), and microstructure showed the startified structure consisting of small crystallite or faceted columnar structure depending on the deposition parameters. For microhardness, (111) oriented film and stratified structure were superior to (220) oriented film and faceted columnar structure, respectively. Surface of (111) oriented films was less rough than that of (220) oriented films. Adhesion force between graphite substrate and SiC films was above 100N for crystalline films and 49N for amorphous film.
Dependence of Physical, and Electrical Properties of
on Sintering Temperature and Composition
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1111~1116
To use dielectric material of high power multilayer capacitor, the composition of the commercial CaTiO3 was changed to decrease the sintering temperature, and the physical and electrical properties were investigated. Series of experiments showed that CaTiO3 with sintering additives had the highest density, the highest shrinkage, the lowest dielectric constant, the lowest loss factor, and the lowest temperature coefficient of capacitance (TCC). These properties had the constant values at sintering temperature of above 120
Chemically Induced Zigzag Migration in Alumina Bicrystals
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1117~1122
The effect of grain boundary structure on zigzag migrtion has been studied. Five kinds of a(2110)-m(1010) diffusion couples with different twist angles by 30
from a  common direction of each plane were prepared. When chromia (Cr2O3) was added to the diffusion couples by a vapor phase, zigzag migration of the grain boundary occurred. The fraction of zigzag migration did not essentially vary with the twist angle, but the magnitude and migration distance of individual migrating segment varied. The variation of CIGM morphology thus appears to result from the change in grain boundary mobility due to microscopic deviation of grain boundary structure out of a macroscopic grain boundary orientation.
Effect of pH on the Preparation of Manganese Zinc Ferrite Powder by Alcoholic Dehydration of Citrate/formate Solution
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1123~1130
In the preparation of manganese zinc ferrite powders by alcoholic dehydration of citrate/formate solution. The effect of pH change on precipitation was investigated. The pH range for obtaining stable precipitates was studied. The glassy phase was obtained when the pH value of solution is higher than 5, and the formation mechanism of glassy phase was suggested. Below pH 5, the stable precipitates were formed, and the optimal pH was 2. Formation of glassy phase was accounted for the change of surface charge by pH change. The change of surface charge is caused by the interparticular agglomeration. The precipitate was redissolved into the water on the surface of precipitate itself and through the polymerization, it agglomerated. This mechanism is tought to be similar to that of viscous flow.
Variations of Piezoelectric Properties and Compressive Strength of PZT Ceramics with Poling Directions
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1131~1138
Variations of piezoelectric properties and compressive strength of Sr-doped PZT ceramics were investigated with poling direction. The electro-mechanical coupling constants (k31 and k33) were increased linearly with increasing poling strength. The volume fraction of intergranular fracture also increased with incresing poling strength due to weakening of grain boundaries by domain rearrangement during poling process. The internal stresses induced from the poling at 2.5 kV/mm parallel and perpendicular to the poling direction poled were 405 MPa and 89 MPa, respectively. The compressive strength of the specimen poled parallel to the poling direction was higher than that perpendicular to the poling direction.
-SiC Whiskers by Decomposition-Carbonization of Mullite
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1139~1146
-SiC whiskers could be formed from a system of mullite-carbon-hydrogen by VLS mechanism at elevated temperatures. It was considered that methane gases were generated from the reaction of hydrogen gases with carbon black, and were reacted with mullite to produce two kinds of gases; silicon suboxide (SiO) and carbon monoxide (CO) of precursors of SiC. With increasing the synthesizing temperature up to 146
, the formation of
-SiC whisker increased from 0.58 mg/
to 3.98 mg/
on the basis of unit area of carbon block, and the diameters of whiskers had their uniformity due to the reduction in stacking faults.
A Study on Fabrication of
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1147~1161
When ceramic membrance was made from metal salt solution in place of metal akoxide solution, crack free and good adhesion to supporter was optimized for sol stability and good adhesion force. A starting sol was prepared from aluminum oxychloride aqueous solutjion in order to inhibit the grain growthof Al2O3 during heat treatment. The crack free dip coating can't be achieved in 1mol/ι zirconium oxychloride solution because of the high viscosity which interferes with the hydration copolymerization between Al3+ ion and Zr4+ ion. Thus Al2O3-ZrO2 sol stability and viscosity for dip coating was effective when 0.01 mol/ι zirconium oxychloride was added. The minimizing of crack and achieving better adhesion to the supporter wa obtained by microwave drying, surfactant addition and ultrasonic dip coating in wet atmosphere. The result seems to minimize the capillary force and improve the adhesive ability to supporter during the process. Where the average pore size of Al2O3-ZrO2 ultrafilter ceramic membrane measured 17 Å by the BET method and observed γ-Al2O3 phase with tetragonal zirconia after firing at 700℃.
Liquid Phase Sintering of Silicon Carbide
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1162~1168
Systematic studies of the effects of additives and processing variables on the sintered density and the effect of crystalline forms of starting powders on the microstructure of pressureless sintered silicon carbide are described. Oxide additives were effective for the densification of SiC up to 96% of theoretical density at temperature as low as 185
. Use of embedding powder increased the sintered density, up to 98% of theoretical density, by decreasing the weight loss during sintering. Composite type duplex microstructure has been developed due to the
phase transformation of SiC by sintering at 185
and heat treatment at 195
Effects of Yittrium and Manganese on the PTCR Barium Titanate Synthesized by Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1169~1177
Barium nitrate and yittrium nitrate were dissolved into distilled water. Titaium hydroxide precipitated from titanium chloride with NH4OH was dissolved into nitric acid. Each aqueous solution was mixed for 12 hr in the composition of Ba1-xYxTiO3 (x=0.1∼0.6) and the concentration of mixed solution was 0.1 mol/ι. The mixed solution was sprayed with an ultrasonic atomizer and carried into an electric furnace which was kept at 900∼1000
and pyrolyzed. Pyrolyzed powders were collected on the glass filter with vacuum pump. Aqueous Mn solutiion was added into the synthesized powders, mixed with ultrasonic vibration and sintered at 1300∼1400
. Synthesized powders were characterized with SEM, XRD, DT-TGA, and BET. Microsture and resistivity of sintered body were investigated with SEM and multimeter. The results of this experiment were as follows; 1) Yittrium dooped BaTiO3 powders were synthesized above 950
. 2) The average particle sizes of powders from BET specific surface area and SEM were 0.045
respectively. The particle size distribution was narrow in the range of 0.1∼1.0
from SEM. 3) Room temperature resistivity and pmax/pmin of 0.4 mol% Y doped specimen which was sintered at 1375
were 102∼3 (Ω
cm) and 102∼3 respectively. 4) Room temperature resistivity and pmax/pmin of 0.4 mol% Y and 0.04 at% Mn added specimen which was sintered at 1375
were 102∼3 (Ω
cm) and 106∼7 respectively. 5) Grain growth was inhibited with addition of Y2O3 and enhanced in addition of Mn by 0.05 atm%.
Crystal Chemistry and Dielectric Properties of
by the Substitution of Rare Earth Elements (Y, Nd, Sm, Gd)
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1178~1188
Bi4Ti3O12 (BIT) and its rare earth (Y, Nd, Sm, Gd)-substituted derivatives were synthesized using a sol-gel method to investigate their microstructures, cystal structures and electrical properties depending on the subsituted elemetns. Nd- or Sm-substitution into BIT appeared to be favorable, while Y- or Gd-substitution occurred with a pyrochlore phase. This suggests that a smaller trivalent rare earth ion may not be favorable in the structure of BIT. The rare earth derivatives showed that their particle sizes and shapes were considerably different depending on the kinds of substituted elements. Y-substitution resulted in developing a relatively even particle size and a dense microstructure. In structure, they may be similar to the pseudo-orthorhombic BIT but close to a paraelectric tetragonal phase. Their a (or b) axes were shortened, compared to the one of BIT. Such a distortion may result a decrease in the tilting of TiO6. BIT and the derivatives showed that their dielectric constants and losses were 40~120 and less than 0.03, respectively in the frequency range of 1~10 MHz. The dielectric loss of Y-substituted derivative was the lowest one and changed a little to frequency. Curie points were observed in all the derivatives like BIT to suggest that they would be ferroelectric. The temperature stability of the delectric properties of the derivatives below the Curie points were relatively better than the one of BIT.
Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Hot-Pressed Silicon Carbide-Titanium Carbide Composites
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1194~1202
The influences of TiC additions to the α-SiC on microstructural, mechanical, and electrical properties were investigated. Electrical discharge machinability of SiC-TiC composites was also studied. Samples were prepared by adding 30, 45, 60 wt.% TiC particles as a second phase to a SiC matrix. Sintering of SiC-TiC composites was done by hot pressing under a vacuum atmospehre from 1000 to 2000℃ with a pressure of 32 MPa and held for 90 minutes at 2000℃. Samples obtained by hot pressing were fully dense with the relative densities over 99% except 60wt.% TiC samples. Flexural strength and fracture toughness of the samples were increased with the TiC content. In case of SiC samples containing 45 wt.% TiC, the fracture toughness showed 90% increase compared to that of monolithic SiC sample. The crack propagation and crack deflection were observed with a SEM for etched samples after Vicker's indentation. The electrical resistivities of SiC-TiC composites were measured utilizing the four-point probe. The electrical dischage machining of composites was also conducted to evaluate the machinability.
Fabrication and Characteristics of Bioceramics for Artificial Dental Crowns (II) Mechanical Characteristics, Color and Color difference
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1203~1211
The tests of three point bending and vickers hardness have been carried out to investigate mechanical characteristics of bioceramics for artificial dental crowns. And color and color difference test has been performed to study chromaticity changes after sintering specimens composited with glass and leucite powders. In addition, thermal dilation test has been carried out to examine bonding relations between dental porcelain and metal frame (Ni-Cr alloy). The result of three point bending test showed a maximum strength of about 68 MPa. Thermal expansion coefficient changed from 8.3
with increasing leucite content (0~30wt.%) in glass matrix. Bonding between porcelain (25% leucite-75% glass) and Ni-Cr alloy was excellent.
Synthesis and Properties of
Composites from Alkoxide
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 10, 1995, Pages 1212~1218
Al2O3-coated SiC composite powder and mechanically mixed Al2O3-SiC composite powder were synthesized using Al-isopropoxide and commercial SiC as the starting materials. Experiment results showed that the sinterability of Al2O3-coated SiC composite powder was more improved than the mechanically mixed Al2O3-SiC composite powder by the effect of homogeneous coating of alumina around SiC particles. Hence, the mechanical properties of the former was also much more improved than the latter.