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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Ceramic Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 12 - Dec 1995
Volume 32, Issue 11 - Nov 1995
Volume 32, Issue 10 - Oct 1995
Volume 32, Issue 9 - Sep 1995
Volume 32, Issue 8 - Aug 1995
Volume 32, Issue 7 - Jul 1995
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Jun 1995
Volume 32, Issue 5 - May 1995
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Apr 1995
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Mar 1995
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Feb 1995
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jan 1995
Volume 1, Issue 4 - 00 1995
Volume 1, Issue 3 - 00 1995
Volume 1, Issue 2 - 00 1995
Volume 1, Issue 1 - 00 1995
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Abnormal Grain Growth Behaviors of
Ceramics with Controlling of Particle Size Distributjion of Calcined Powder
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 147~154
Abnormal grain growth behavior of BaTiO3 ceramics with controlling of particle size distribution of calcined powder was investigated. The particle size distribution was controlled by changing the calcining temperature or by using of classification and regrinding process. With broadening of the normallized size distribution in calcined powder, it showeda normal grain growth behavior in sintered body due to an increase of volume fraction of seed grain in the calcined powder. It was supposed that the seed grains could easily contact each other for the rapid grain growth during sintering process and resulted in fast switching-over from abnormal to normal grain growth stage.
Investigation on the Preparation and Electrical Conductivity of
-System Solid Electrolytes
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 155~162
Solid oxide electrolytes of the MCe1-xGdxO3-x/2 (M: Ba, Mg. x=0.0-0.20) system were prepared using powders synthesized by the "liquid mix" method and calcined from the cross-linked polyacrylic polymer. The specimens were analyzed using XRD and SEM with EDX, and the sintering behavior of the electrolytes and their electrical conductivity were also studied. Although Mg-cerate is relatively inferior to Ba-cerate in the sinterability and chemical homogenity(EDX analysis data), both the Ba- and the Mg-cerate electrolytes at 80
show their maximum conductivities at x=0.10 and their values are in the same order of magnitude, i.e., 3.5
A Study on Sample Size Dependence of Ferromagnetic Resonance in Polycrystalline Magnesium Ferrites
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 163~170
Sample size effect on ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) in polycrystalline MgFe2O4 has been investigated. The signal intensity (SI), resonance field (Hres) and line width (ΔH) were found to increase proportionally to r3 with the increase of sample radius. The r3-depencence of SI means the complete penetration of rf-field into the sample, and the broadening of ΔH due to the sample size appears to be closely related to the amount of scattering sources like pores. Meanwhile, the values of Hres (0) and ΔH (0) obtained by extrapolating the data of Hres (r) and ΔH (r) measured at several sizes to r=0, were in good agreement with those calculated using the Schlomann's equations for internal field and ΔH, respectively. This result indicates that the discrepancy between the measured FMR parameters and those calculated by Schlomann's equation could be ascribed to the effect of sample size. Thus it is suggested that the size effect on FMR should be removed for the analysis of the FMR parameters. Meanwhile, our result for the size dependance of ΔH was found to be contradictory to those reported by Dionne, where ΔH 1/r at a given surface roughness. This discrepancy appears to arise from the difference in the definition of reading the line width.
The Study on Fabrication of LAS System Ceramics for Thermal Shock Resistance from Silicate Minerals (III) Sintering Characteristics of Eucryptite and Spodumene
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 171~182
Five eucryptite and ten spodumene compositional powders were syntehsized from three sillimanite group, two kaolin group, and five pyrophyllite group silicate minerals. Those powders were isotatically pressed and fired at 1200~135
for 2 hrs, and then the sintered bodies were characterized. Silicate minerals with molar ratio of Al2O3 to SiO2 correspond to those of eucryptite and spodumene are kaolin and pyrophyllite group silicate minerals, respectively. Sintering characteristics of eucryptite from kaolin group and spodumene from pyrophyllite group mineral were superior to those from other silicate minerals. Eucryptite sintered bodies with 95~97% relative densities and densified microstructures can be obtained using Hadong pink kaolin as starting materials by sintering over broad temperature zone(1250~135
). The eucryptite sintered bodies which were fired at 130
for 2hrs, from Hadong pink kaolin had within 3.0wt% microstructural compositional variations compaired with stoichiometric compound, and had good negative thermal expansiion property with -3.55
thermal expansion coefficient. Spodumene sintered bodies which were prepared from pyrophyllite group silicate minerals, had dense microstructures and high densities by densification through liquid phase sintering with enlarged temperature range. The specimens which were fired at 130
for 2 hrs from Gusipyrophillite, had dense microstructure with crystallines mainly, and low thermal expansion property with 0.62
thermal expansion coefficient. The porous texture and residual glass phase in LAS system ceramics which were prepared from silicate minerals, tend to increase the thermal expansion properties of sintered bodies to positive direction.
Cooling Speed Effects of Fluoride Glasses
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 183~188
The properties of the glasses are not dominantly dependent on the chemical composition, temperature, and pressure but also on the thermal history. For example, electrical, thermal, optical, and mechanical properties are all known to be strongly dependent on the thermal history. Fluoride glasses have received a great deal of attention as candidate materials for an infra-red transmitting medium. A series of fluoride glasses and fibers were prepared under a nitrogen atmosphere. Thermal history effects of the fluoride glass fibers associated with the fast cooling rate employed during the fiber drawing process were discussed in terms of the glass temperatures and the fictive temperatures on the basis of the results obtained from the Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) measurements of the fiber and bulk forms of the same chemical composition.
Characteristics of Matrix Retaining Electrolyte in a Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Analyzed by A.C. Impedance Spectroscopy
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 189~196
Materials retaining electrolyte of a phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) have been prepared with SiC powder to SiC whisker mixing ratios of 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 0:1 by a tape casting method. When 3wt% dispersant (sorbitan monooleate) is added to a matrix, the porosity of the matrix decreases a little while the bubble pressure and area of the matrix increase remarkably in comparison with no dispersant content. Effect of the electrolyte resistance and the polarization resistance on perfomance of a PAFC has been investigated using A.C. impedance spectroscopy. With the increase of whisker content, the electrolyte resistance decreases due to the increase of porosity and acid absorbancy, and the polarization resistance increases due to the increase of surface roughness. The polarization resistance affects current density predominantly at the higher potential than 0.7V becuase the polarization resistance is considrably larger than the electrolyte resistance. Both the electrolyte resistance and the polarization resistance affect current density near 0.7V of the fuel cell operating potential because they have similar values. The electrolyte resistance affects current density predominantly at the lower potential than the fuel cell operating potential because the electrolyte resistance is larger than the polarization resistance.
Preparation and Characteristics of
Fibers by the Sol-Gel Method
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 197~208
-LiAlO2 fibers for fiber reinforced molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) matrix have been produced from LiAlO2 complex polymeric sols using the sol-gel process. The stable and spinnable LiAlO2 sols could be synthesized by mixing LiNO3 alcohol solutions in aluminum complex polymeric sols prepared through the condensationpolymerization reaction of 1 more of aluminum tri-sec-butoxide with 0.55 mole of mixed chelates (mole ratio of acetylaceton/triethanolamine=0.25/0.3). It was found that the viscosity range for fiber-spinning should be higher than 30 poise. The defect-free flexible
-LiAlO2 fibers with the average tensile strength of 350 MPa could be obtained when the spinned fibers were heat-treated to 120
on the specified heating schedule after dried at room temperature.
Effect of Green Microstructure on the Sintering and Properties of Aluminum Nitride
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 209~216
In order to investigate the effect o green microstructure on the sintering behavior and properties of AlN ceramics, samples were prepared by slip casting and dry pressing. The slip cast samples had high green density, fine pore size and narrow pore size distribution. They showed much higher sinterability and more homogeneous sintered microstructure compared to the dry pressed samples. Both increased thermal conductivity and flexural strength for samples prepared by slip casting could be attributed to the improved microstructural homogeneity with isolated second phase(s).
Dispersion and Forming of Alumina Powders via Crosslinkable Organic Molecules
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 217~226
Alumina powders were dispersed using crosslinkable organic molecules by electrosteric stabilization and then consolidated by crosslinking of organic molecules. The effect of processing variables such as the physicochemical properties of both solvent media and organic molecules, the proportions of mixed organic media, etc. were studied. FT-IR was used todeduce the mechanism of organic molecules adsorption on the alumina particle surfaces. The adsorption characteristics and the electrokinetic behavior of alumina suspensions were correlated with the stability of particle in alumina suspension using rheological measurements. The green body of alumina consolidated by the chemical crosslinking of the adsorbed organic molecules after the alumina suspension had been stabilized was tough enough for green machining and the sintered alumina fabricated by this proposed process also showed a high bending strength and a homogeneous microstructure.
The Study on the Production of Reaction Bonded Aluminum Oxide by Using Microwave Energy
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 227~233
By using homestyle microwave oven, Al-Al2O3 powder mixture could be oxidized and sintered into Al2O3 body. The differences in powder characteristics among the differently processed raw materials affect the oxidation and sintering behaviours, and these effects were more pronounced in case of microwave oven than of conventional furnace. Al-Al2O3 powder mixture was oxidized and sintered within 2hrs, which could save both processing time and energy.
The Study on Solid-State Reaction Between MgO Single Crystal and
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 234~238
MgFe2O4 formation, grain growth in Fe2O3, Fe solid-solution limit in MgO for MgO-Fe2O3 mixture were studied by means of investigating the distribution of phases and compositions in reaction area between MgO and Fe2O3. The reaction area at equlibrium was composed with MgO-FexO matrix and MgFe2O4 precipitation, MgFe2O4 was formed by precipitating from MgO-FexO matrix dependent on oxygen partial pressure. Fe contents was exponentially decreased with diffusion distance in MgO single crystal, and thus Fe solid-solution limitation in MgO was about 4mol%. The grain growth rate in Fe2O3 base was increased with Mg contents diffused from MgO single crystal.
Properties and Crystallization Characteristics of Ge-Se-Te Glasses
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 239~247
Chalcogenide glasses with compositions of Ge10Se90-xTex(X=0~50 at.%) were prepared in order to investigate the effects of Te substitution on the transmission characteristics of Ge-Se glasses in the 8~12
wavelength region. Absorption coefficients were observed to decrease with Te addition, indicating the improved transmission capabilities of Ge-Se-Te glasses as compared to binary Ge-Se glasses. XRD analysis of crystallized glasses suggested the formation of weaker Se-Te and/or Te-Te bonds with addition of Te substituting for Se in stronger Se-Se bonds. Incorporation of Te in excess of 20at% resulted in the formation of hexagonal Te phases when crystallized. It is speculated that the presence of Te-Te bonds with highly metallic bond character resulted in the enhanced crystallization tendencies of glasses. Fromation of Te-rich chains through gradual replacement of Se-Se with Se-Te and/or Te-Te bonds was further supported by decreases in glass transition and crystallization temperatures.
The Phse Stability and the Electrical Properties of
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 248~256
The electrical conducton in the sintered 3Bi2O3.WO3 solid electrolyte was investigated by measuring the conductivity and ionic transport number. The electrical conductivity was about three to ten times higher than that of YSZ at temperatures between 300 and 80
. D.C. polarization method confirmed that 3Bi2O3.WO3 was predominantly an ionic conductor. Unlike the instability of high conductive fcc phase in the rare-earth oxide-Bi2O3 or Y2O3-Bi2O3 systems at temperature below
, fcc phase in the 3Bi2O3.WO3 exhibited no transformation even after annealing over 900 hrs at 600 and
. Two samples which had different grain sizes showed almost the same conductivity. This result suggests that the electrical properties of grain and grain boundry were very similar.
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of TiC-Co/Al Composites Prepared by Reaction-Bonded Sintering
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 257~269
The TiC-Co/Al reaction-sintered products were prepared by the infiltration of various Co/Al metal mixture into the preform, and their microstructure, phases, and mechanical properties were investigated. With increasing the atomic ratio of Co/Al, tiC grain shape was changed from spherical to platelet particles, and the grain size increased. The crystalline phases found in the liquid matrix formed by the infiltration of Co/Al metal mixture were determined to be Al5Co2 and AlCo by EDS and XRD, and the two crystalline phases were located dominantly between TiC grains, when the Co/Al atomic ratio was lower than an unity. There was a tendency that the density, bending strength and fracture toughness increase with Co/Al atomic ratio until the infiltrated metal was 100% Co. The maximum value was achieved by the composition containing 100% Co infiltrated metal. The Vickers hardness decreased as Co/Al atomic ratio increased.
Growth of Nd : YAl3(BO3)4 Single Crystal for Green Laser
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 32, issue 2, 1995, Pages 270~278
Nd : YAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) single crystal has been developed for green laser. In this experiment, we found K2O/3MoO3/0.5B2O3 to be a suitable flux for NYAB crystal growth, and grew NYAB crystal by TSSG method using this flux. By varying the cooling rate of solution, seed orientation, and rotation speed, the effects of these growth conditions on the crystal quality and its morphology were examined. Suitable growth conditiions were a cooling rate slower than 2.4
/day, the rotation speed of 25~30 rpm, and the <001> seed orienttion. The phases of grown crystal, coexisting and volatile materials were investigated by X-ray diffraction. In addition, the possiblity of laser action was examined by UV analysis.