Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ceramic Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 34, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 34, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 34, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 34, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 34, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 34, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Volume 3, Issue 3 - 00 1997
Volume 3, Issue 2 - 00 1997
Volume 3, Issue 1 - 00 1997
Selecting the target year
The Preparation of Bi-2223 Superconducting Powder and Tape by Emulsion Drying Method
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 115~122
The powder preparation by using emulsion drying method, one of the chemical powder fabrication methods has the advantages; easy to control the chemical stoichiometry and to fabricate homogeneously fine particles. In the present study, the initial morphology and size distribution of the powder fabricated by using emulsion dry-ing method were controlled and were improved the homogeneity. By carefully controlling the mixing ratio of oil phase and aqueous solution and surfactant of preventing emulsion separation, the Bi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O su-perconducting powders were prepared. The properties of the superconducting powder fabricated by this method and the microstructures and superconducting properties of the pelletized samples were investigated. The microstructures and electric properties of the tapes prepared by oxide powder-in-tube method were in-vestigated. The fabricated powder was spherical with less than 1
m but most of them was agglomerated with 2~5
m in size. The critical temperature of the pelletized sample annealed at 84
for 72 hours in oxygen par-tial pressure of 1/13atm in Ar atmosphere was 108K. And the critical current of the first and second annealed tapes in air prepared by oxide powder-in-tube process were 0.4A and 1.5A, respectively.
The Dielectrical Properties of
system affected by
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 123~130
In this study, (Sr.Pb.Ca)TiO3-Bi2O3.3TiO2(SPCT) systems were investigated to develop a new material which has a high dielectric constant, a low dielectric loss and a small TCC(Temperature Coefficient of Capa-citance), and are suitable for high voltage applications as a function of the additions of Bi2O3.3TiO2 from 5 mol.% to 9 mol.%. The result obtained from our investigation showed that up to 6 mol.% Bi2O3.3TiO ad-dition the dielectric constant increased and it deteriorated at higher concentrations with increasing amount of the acicular grains. As a result of some dopants (SiO2, Nb2O3, MnO2) addition to SPCT, the specimens with MnO2 showed good dielectric properties. The dielectric constant decreased, but the TCC was improved with the addition of MnO2 from 0.15 wt.% to 0.45 wt. %.
The Effect of Diluent Gases on the Growth Behavior of CVD SiC
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 131~138
Silicon carbide films were chemically vapor deposited onto graphite substrates using MTS(Ch3SiCl3) as a source and Ar or H2 as a diluent gas. The experiments were performed at a fixed condition such as a de-position temperature of 130
, a total pressure of 10 torr, and a flow rate of 100 sccm for each MTS and carrier gas. The purpose of this study is to consider the variation of the growth behavior with the addition of each diluent gas. It is shown that the deposition rate leads to maximum value at 200 sccm addition ir-respective of diluent gases and the deposition rate of Ar addition is faster than that of H2 one. It seems that these characteristics of deposition rate are due to varying interrelationship between boundary layer thick-ness and the concentration of a source with each diluent gas addition, when overall deposition rate is con-trolled by mass transport kinetics. The preferred orientation of (220) plane was maintained for the whole range of Ar addition. However, above 200 sccm addition, especially that of (111) plane was more increased in proportion to H2 addition. Surface morphologies of SiC films were the facet structures under Ar addition, but those were gradually changed from facet to smooth structures with H2 addition. Surface roughness be-came higher in Ar, but it became lower in H2 with increasing the amount of diluent gas.
Inestigation on the Structural Transition of n-type Ceramic Superconductor,
System of CBED
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 139~144
Structurally, the rare earth cuprate superconductor of Nd2-xCexCuO4-
has T' structure and has been known as having a quite complicated microstructural phenomena, so far. In order to be superconductivity, both small amount of cation substitution of Nd3+ by Ce4+ and oxygen reduction are required. In the present study the crystallographic study on the structural transition for the Nd2-xCexCuO4-
crystal has been con-ducted by observing the CBED (Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction) pattern with STEM(Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope). Three different samples of Nd2CuO3,Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO4 and Nd1.85Ce0.15CuO3.965 were prepared by solid-state sintering and their CBED patterns were observed by STEM to study the structural transition accompanying the substitution of Ce and the reduction of oxygen. Experimental HOLZ lines of these samples were compared with those plotted by a computer-programmed simulation to de-termine the lattice parameter of Nd2-xCexCuO4-
Phase Transformation of 2 Components(CaO-,
) and 3 Components(MgO-
Zirconia by X-ray Diffraction and Raman Spectroscopy
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 145~156
ZrO2 phase transformations depending on the type and amount of dopants and the sintering temperatures were studied for the 2 components (CaO-, Y2O3-, MgO-ZrO2) and the 3 components(MgO-ZrO2-Al2O3)ZrO2 powder by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. In the CaO- and Y2O3-ZrO2 systems, as the CaO and Y2O3 contents increased to 6~15mol% and 3~15mol% respectively, we were not able to identify between tetragonal and cubic in the X-ray diffraction patterns. On the other hand, all Raman modes shifted to lower wavenumbers, decreasing in intensity and the number of bands, markedly. These phenomena were caused by tetragonallongrightarrowcubic phase transformation and interpreted by the breakdown of the wave vector selection rule(k=0) and the structural disorder associated with the formation of oxygen sublattice which was caused by the substitution between Zr4+ ion and Ca2+ or Y3+ ion in ZrO2 matrix. The monoclinic to cubic phase transformation occurred in 10mol% MgO-ZrO2 system. As the Al2O3 content increased from 0 to 20mol% in the MgO-ZrO2-Al2O3 systems, cubic phase transformed to monoclinic phase, this is because the MgO didn't play a role in a stabilizer because of the formation of the spinel(MgAl2O4) by the reaction between MgO and Al2O3, Also, the ZrO2 phase transformation was explained by the change of it's lattice parameters depending on the type and amount of dopants. Namely, as the amount of dopant increased to 10~13mol%, the axial ra-tio c/a came close to unity with increasing the lattice parameter a and decreasing the lattice parameter c. At that time, the tetragonallongrightarrowcubic phase transformation occurred.
Study on the Reliability of Engineering Ceramics
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 157~162
Silicon Nitride samples with different microstructure were prepared by hot pressing and subsequent heat treatment under N2 gas pressure. The fracture toughness (KIC)of Si3N4 increased with the increase of grain size, but the bending strength of plain specimen(
F) decreased. The relation between fracture stress(
c) and equivalent crack length(ae) agreed well with the calculated values by process zone size failure criterion. A probabilistic failure assessment curve is proposed based on both statistical character of
F and KIC.
The Effects of Hydration Retarding of Portland Cement by
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 163~170
The retarding effects of MgSiF6.6H2O on the hydration of portland cement were studied. The setting time, flow value and compressive strength of mortar were measured and the mechanism of retardation was also studied by ion concentration in solution, SEM, BET, and X-ray diffraction. The results are as follows ; 1. Setting time was delayed by the addition of MgSiF6.6H2O. 2. The flow value of mortar decreases depending upon the amount of MgSiF6.6H2O. 3. The compressive strength was almost same or some increase on 28 days hydration. 4. The main retardation mechanism of MgSiF6 on the hydration of portland cement may be explained by the following hypothesis. MgSiF6 depressing the Ca++ and K+ ion concentration of cement paste solution be-cause of the recrystalization of K2SiF6 and CaF2 phase. The new products of K2SiF6 and CaF2 deposit on the surface of unhydrated cement powder and harzard the mass transfer through these layer. The low con-centration of Ca++, K+ ion in solution was decreasing the hydration rate of portland cement.
Low Temperature Degradation Behavior of
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 171~174
It was experimentally identified, for the first time, that oxygen phonons play an important role in the low temperature degradation(tetragonallongrightarrowmonoclinic phase transformation) of yttria stabilized tetragonal zir-conia polycrystals (Y-TZP). The degradation accompanied by immersing the samples in the boiling water were markedly reduced by substituting of 18O for 16O in Y-TZP. This was attributed to the heavier mass of 18O which leads to the smaller probability to find oxygen atoms beyond certain critical displacements.
Analysis of cation ordering and lattice distortion of
complex perovskite solid solution using powder x-ray diffraction
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 175~180
Electrical properties of layered
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 181~187
The layered BaTiO3 thin films with a high dielectric constant of polycrystalline BaTiO3 and a good in-sulating property of amorphous BaTiO3 were prepared. And their electrical properties were characterized with stacking methods. The BaTiO3 thin films were prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering technique using a ceramic target on Indium-doped Tin oxide coated glasses. A new stacking method resulted in higher dielec-tric constant, capacitance per unit area, and breakdown strength than those prepared by a conventional stacking method; the new method continuously decrease the substrate temperature after initial deposition of a polycrystalline BaTiO3 layer. The observed high dielectric constant could be explained only by a mul-tilayered amorphous/microcrystalline/polycrystalline structure, which was confirmed indirectly by AES depth profile.
Synthesis of Silica Aerogel and Thin Film Coating at Ambient
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 188~194
Wet gel with surface modification by TMCS was redispersed in EtOH and redispersed silica sol for coat-ing was prepared. After spin coating of redispersed sol was conducted on silicon substrate, processes of drying(8
) and heat treatment(>25
) were, followed at ambient pressure. The influence of heat treat-ment of properties of film was observed, changing temperature at heat treatment. The optimum redisp-ersion condition for stable silica sol was wet gel:EtOH=1g:110
and the concentration and viscosity of redispersed silica sol with average particle size of 30nm were 0.11 M, 2.0-2.2 cP respectively. Crack-free thin film with the refractive index of 1.14 and thickness of 400 nm was obtained through drying at 8
and subsequent heat treatment at 45
for 2 hrs respectively after spin coating of 1500rpm, 10 times.
Mixed Grinding Effect on Kaolinite-Aluminum Trihydroxide Mixture and Its Influence on Mullite Formation
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 195~201
The present paper describes the effect of dry mixed grinding on kaolinite-aluminum trihydroxide mixture with a planetary ball mill before sintering and its influence on mullite formation during sintering. The size reduction of the mixture is market in the early stage of grinding and the obtained fine particles agglomerate subsequently with an increase of grinding time. The crystal structure of the mixture is collapsed easily into an amorphous one by planetary ball milling, of which amount increases with an increase of grinding time. Only mullite phase except for anatase as an inherent impurity in kaolinite appeared in the sintered body of the mixtures with mixed grinding as relatively lower temperature 1523K, while corundum, cristobalite, and Al-Si spinel phases, besides mullite were formed in the sintered body of the mixture without mixed grinding. Therefore, the mixed grinding treatment is very effective to improve the homogeneous mixing and disp-ersion of the mixture of raw materials on a micro scale and to decrease the thermal decomposition tem-perature by crystal structure change of them so as to obatin direct preparation of mullite with high purity at relatively low temperature.
Characterization of Ferroelectric
Thin Films Deposited by RF Magnetron Sputtering With Various Annealing Temperatures
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 202~208
Bi-layered SrBi2Ta2O9(SBT) films were deposited on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si sibstrates by rf magnetron sputt-ering at room temperature and then were annealed at 75
for 1 hour in oxygen at-mosphere. The film composition of SrBi2Ta2O9 was obtained after depositing at room temperature and annealing at 80
. Excess 20mole% Bi2O3 and 30 mole% SrCO3 were added to the target to compensate for the lack of Bi and Sr in SBT film. 200 nm thick SBT film exhibited and dense microstructure, adielectric constant of 210, and a dissipation factor of 0.05 at 1 MHz frequency. The films exhibited Curie temperature of 32
and a dielectric constant of 314 at that temperature under 100 kHz frequency. The remanent polarization(2Pr) and the coercive field(2Ec) of the SBT films were 9.1
and 85 kV/cm at an applied voltage of 3V, resspectively and the SBT film showed a fatigue-free characteristics up to 1010 cy-cles under 5V bipolar pulse. The leakage current density of the SBT film was about 7
at 150 kV/cm. Fatigue-free SBT films prepared by rf magnetron sputtering can be suitable for application to non-volatile memory device.
Deposition of AIN Thin Films by Single Ion Beam Sputtering
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 209~215
Aluminum nitride(AIN) thin films were deposited by reactive single ion beam sputtering using N2 or NH3 as reactive gas. The structural, compositional and optical properties of AIN thin films were characterized by XRD, GAXRD, TEM, SEM, XPS UV/VIS spectrophotometer, and FT-IR. All the deposited AIN thin films were amorphous by the analysis fo XRD and GAXRD. However, TEM analysis showed that AIN nano-crystallites were uniformly distributed in the films. The presence of Al-N bonds were also confirmed by FT-IR and XPS analyses. The optical bandgap of AIN films increased up to 6.2 eV and the transmittance was a-bout 100% in visible range with approaching the stoichimetric composition. Irrespective of using N2 or NH3 as reactive gas, the deposited AIN thin films had very smooth surface morphologies. Their refractive index ranged from 1.6 to 1.7.
Porous silica ceramics prepared by sol-gel process-Effect of
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 34, issue 2, 1997, Pages 216~224
Porous silica ceramics were prepared(with HCI catalyst) using H2O/TEOS molar ratios of 2.6~59.0, with the EtOH/TEOS ratio fixed. After preparing 9 kinds of sol, the followings were investigated; measurement of the gelation time, thermal analyses by TG/DTA, property analyses of the intermediates by FT-IR and X-ray diffractometry with dried samples, analyses of SiO2 polymer by FT-IR, the investigation of specific sur-face area and pore size distribution by N2-adsorption isotherm, and structural change of SiO2 polymer and pore morphology by TEM observation, with samples heat-treated to 50
. In the concentrations of in-vestigated compositions and catalyst, gelation time showed a minimum at ca. 11 moles of water per one mole of TEOS, the highest degree of polymerization at ca. 8-18 moles, and the largest specific surface area at ca. 11 moles, which means that the polymerization proceeded fastest at ca. 11 moles of water. In con-clusion, the more water used, the faster the polymerization reaction up to ca. 11 moles, but more than ca. 11 moles of water caused retardation of gelation and resultant reduction of specific surface area.