Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ceramic Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 12 - Nov 2000
Volume 37, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 37, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 37, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 37, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 37, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 37, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Synthesis of ZnO:Zn Phosphors with Reducing Atmosphere and Their Luminescence Properties
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~5
Cathodoluminescence(CL) properties of ZnO:Zn green phosphor were investigated. ZnO:Zn phosphor was synthesized by varying reducing agents and firing temperatures. ZnS, charcoal and 5% H2 gas mixed with 95% N2 gas(5H2-95N2) were used as the reducing agent and atmosphere. The highest CL intensity of ZnO:Zn phosphor was observed under the condition of 5H2-95N2 atmosphere and firing temperature of 90
for 1h. Charocal and ZnO as reducing agents in the syntehsis of ZnO:Zn phosphor exhibited about 60% and 40%, respectively, of the CL intensity obtained with 5H2-95N2 atmosphere.
Electron Emission from
Ferroelectrics by Pulsed Electric Field
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 6~11
Electron emission from the Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O3 ferroelectrics by pulsed electric field has been investigated as a function of Zr/Ti ratios such as 35/65, 50/50 and 65/35 below 250kV/cm. Electrons were emitted regardless of the applied field polarity to the rear electrode. When the negative field was applied to the rear electrode, the electron emission charge was more stable. It was proved that the electrons were emitted at the edge of the upper electrode. The emission charge increased in order of 65/35>50/50>35/65. The electron emission characteristics were dependent on the ferroelectric properties such as polarization and coercive field. The emission charge and emission threshold field were affected by the polarization change and the coercive field, respectively. This result explains that the electron emission is a field emission with polarization induced surface potential by a modified Fowler-Nordheim plot of emission charge.
Field-induced Strain and Polarization Switching Mechanisms in Ba-modified PMN-PT Ceramics
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 12~20
Dielectric property of Ba-modified 0.65Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.35PbTiO3 ceramics having compositions near the morphotropic phase boundary was investigated. For the specimens having Ba contents between 0 and 20 at%, the average transition temperature was decreased linearly with increasing Ba contents and the degree of hysteresis was also decreased with increasing Ba contents. The maximum dielectric constants (K), electric field induced polarization(P) and electrically-induced strain(S) were found to exihibit a maximum value at∼3 at% of Ba. The increase of S and the decrease of hysteresis by minor additions of Ba impurities indicated the development of new higher perfomance actuator materials. The composition of Ba-PMN-PT (10/65/35) may be appropriate for capacitor materials because of low hysteresis and high polarization.
Effect of Sintering Additives and Sintering Temperature on Mechanical Properties of the
Composites Containing Aligned
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 21~25
Gas pressure sintered silicon nitride based composites with 5 wt%
-Si3N4 whiskers were prepared, and the variations depending on sintering additives and sintering temperature were studied. Sintering additives were 6 wt% Y2O3-1 wt% MgO(6Y1M), 6 wt%Y2O3-1 wt% Al2O3(6Y1A), 6 wt% Y2O3-1 wt% SiO2(6Y1S), and whiskers were unidirectionally oriented by a modified tape casting technique. Samples were fully densified by gas pressure sintering at 2148 K and 2273 K. As the sintering temperature increased, the size of large elongated grains was increased. Three point flexural strength of 6Y1M and 6Y1M samples was higher than that of 6Y1S sample, and the strength decreased as the sintering temperature increased. The indentation crack length became shorter for the sample sintered at higher temperature, and the difference between the cracks length parallel to and normal to the direction of whisker alignment was decreased. In case of cracks 45
off the whisker alignment direction, the crack length anisotropy disappeared.
Preparation and Characteristics of a Matrix Retaining Electrolyte for a Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Using Non-volatile Solvent, NMP
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 26~32
Preparation and characteristics of a matrix retaining electrolyte using SiC whisker, PES binder, and NMP(n-methyl-2-pyrrolidone) as a non-volatile solvent for a phosphoric acid fuel cell were investigated. The conditions of binder and plasticizer, and the effects of substituting a volatile solvent by a non-volatile solvent were also studied. The minimum amount of the binder was about 17 wt% for the proper bubble pressure and surrounding SiC whiskers. And the maximum amount of the plasticizer was about 10wt% to be fitted into the polymer chain of the binder. The matrix prepared by using a non-volatile solvent needed longer time to dry, and its pore size was smaller compared with that of the matrix prepared by using volatile solvent. The small pore size resulted in decrease of the overall pore volume. The ionic conductivity in the condition of the same thickness was decreased due to decrease of phosphoric acid absorbancy. As the internal resistance of the electrolyte increased, the fuel cell performance slightly decreased.
Co-doping Effects on the Blue Up-conversion Characteristics of Fluoride Glasses
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 33~43
Up-conversion of rare-earth element added glass is promising area for short wavelength laser source by utilizing high power semiconductor infra-red laser if the efficiency can be increased by proper method. In this study, relatively low phonon energy fluoride glasses were prepared by co-doping rare-earth elements to realize the high efficiency up-convertor. The physical, chemical, andoptical properties of co-doped fluoride glasses were measured. 10 combinations of 5 different rare-earth fluoride elements doped samples were prepared and their transition temperatures, chemical durability, density, hardness, refractive index, absorption, fluorescence, and fluorescence lifetime were measured. 480nm wavelengths blue up-conversion was found in the Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped glass sample with 800nm laser source and the optimum composition for the most efficient blue up-conversion was found from the glass sample with 0.3 mol% TmF3 and 1 mol% YbF3.
Synthesis of Ultrafine Silicon Nitride Powders by the Vapor Phase Reaction
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 44~49
Silicon nitride powders, were synthesized by the vapor phase reaction using SiH4-NH3 gaseous mixture. The reaction temperature, ratio of NH3 to SiH4 gas and the overall gas quantity were varied. The synthesized powders were characterized using X-ray, TEM, FT-IR and EA. The synthesized silicon nitride powders were in amorphous state, and the average particle size was about 100nm. TEM analysis revealed that the particle size decreased with increasing reaction temperature and gas flow quantity. As-received amorphous powders were annealed in nitrogen atmosphere at 140
for 2h, then the powders were completely crystallized at 0.2 ratio of NH3 to SiH4.
A Study of Crystallization and Fracture Toughness of Glass Ceramics in the
Systems Prepared by the Sol-Gel Method
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 50~56
Precursor gels with the composition of xZrO2·(100-x)SiO2 systems (x=10, 20 and 30 mol%) were prepared by the sol-gel method. Kinetic parameters, such as activation energy, Avrami's exponent, n, and dimensionality crystal growth value, m, have been simultaneously calculated from the DTA data using Kissinger and Matusita equations. The crystallite size dependence of tetragonal to monoclinic transformation of ZrO2 was investigated using XRD, in relation to the fracture toughness. The crystallization of tetragonal ZrO2 occurred through 3-dimensional diffusiion controlled growth(n=m=2) and the activation energy for crystallization was calculated using Kissinger and Matusita equations, as about 310∼325±10kJ/mol. The growth of t-ZrO2, in proportion to the cube of radius, increased with increasing heating temperature and hteat-treatment time. It was suggested that the diffusion of Zr4+ ions by Ostwald ripening was rate-limiting process for thegrowth of t-ZrO2 crystallite size. The fracture toughness of xZrO2·(100-x)SiO2 systems glass ceramics increased with increasing crystallite size of t-ZrO2. The fracture toughness of 30ZrO2·70SiO2 system glass ceramics heated at 1,100℃ for 5h was 4.84 MPam1/2 at a critical crystaliite size of 40 nm.
Fabrication of Barrier Ribs for PDP by
Laser Scribing Method
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 57~62
In this study, an attempt was made to demonstrate the possibility of using laser scribing method in manufacturing the barrier ribs of plasma display panel. The scribing with a CO2 laser was conducted on the green tape produced by the doctor blade tape casting method. Among the processing parameters, the quenching gas pressure, shape of mask, and laser power were found to affect the depth and angle of the scibed barrier ribs.
Field-Induced Strains and Polarization Switching Mechanisms in La-Modified
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 63~69
Electrically-induced strain(S) and polarization(P) for Pb(Sc1/2Nb1/2)O3-PbTiO3(1-x)PSN-xPT) crystalline solutions were studied. From the compositional dependence of S and P we could observe two maximum values at x=0.10 and x=0.425. It is considered that PSNT10(x=0.10) composition is the structural phase boundary to indicate the variable order-disorder[VOD] region. PSNT(x=0.425) composition is the morphotropic phase boundary[MPB] to indicate the rhombohedral to tetragonal phase transition. Higher S (0.437%) and P (0.3974
) values were attained by the La substitution (5 wt%) at Pb site in the MPB composition of 57.5PSN-42.5PT.
Properties of Blended Cement Using Ground Blastfurnace Slag with Low Blain Value
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 70~76
In order to investigate the properties of the blended cement using coarsely ground blasturnace slag blended coements which were substituted from 10 to 70 wt% low Blaine slag powder (2,000 and 3,000 cm2/g) for porland cement clinker were prepared and Cal(OH)2 contents in hydrates hydration heat the fluidity and the compressive strength were measured. As the content of slag was increased the hydration heat and the early strength was decreased and the fluidity of the cement paste was improved. The heat evolution of the cement with 2,000cm2/g slag was lower than that of 3,000 cm2/g slag blended cement. Especially the heat evolution of 60wt% or above slag blended cement was similar to that of belite rich cement.
Fabrication of Borophosphosilicate Glass Thin Films for Optical Waveguides Using Aerosol Flame Deposition Method
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 77~81
Silica glass films to utilize optical waveguides was fabricated by Aerosol Flame Deposition(AFD) method. As the amount of B2O3 increased in the sol solution of (92-x)SiO2-xB2O3-8P2O5, the thermophoretic deposition rate onto Si substrate was markedly lowered due to vaporizing out of B2O3 and P2O5 during the vaporization and reaction of the aerosol in the flame. GeO2 was added to 62SiO2-30B2O3-8P2O5 in order to control easily the refractive index of glass films. As the amount of GeO2 increased from 2 to 12 wt%, its refractive index increased from 1.4633 up to 1.4716.
The Fabrication of Micro-framework Using Photosensitive Glass-ceramics
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 82~89
In lithium silicate photosensitive glass-ceramics, the relationship between lithography time and crystallization, and the effect of addition of mineral acid in etching rate and pattern shape were investigated. Irradiation times for micropatterning were less than 5 minutes in which Ce3+ ions in glass were changed rapidly to Ce4+ with ultra violet light. Overexposure to ultra brought about blot of pattern by diffiraction of light. Addition of mineral acid to HF enhanced etching rate as compared with HF solution only. The addition of H2SO4 especially increased the etching rate by 70%. But the mixed solution also increased the etching rate of the noncrystallized portion of the glass and this resulted in heavy etching. Etching with ultrasonic wave showed higher etching rate than that with the static or fluid method.
with Ferrite Powders for Hydrogen Generation
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 90~95
The ferrites, CuFe2O4 and SrFe12O129, were applied to decompose H2O for H2 generation. The ferrites prepared by the coprecipitation were reduced by CH4 gas to make the oxygen deficient ferrite. H2O was decomposed to form H2 by the oxygen deficient iron oxide, and the decomposition reactions were accelerated by the addition of divalent metals such as Cu and Sr in the ferrites. The spinel type CuFe2O4 containing a relatively large amount of divalent metals was more effective to H2 generation than magnetoplumbite type SrFe12O19 in H2O decomposition.
Effect of Si on Mechanical and Anti-oxidation Properties of Ti-Si-N Coating
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 96~101
Comparative studies on microstructure, and mechanical and anti-oxidation properties between TiN and Ti-Si-N films were performed. The Ti-Si-N films were deposited on high-speed steel and silicon wafer substrates by plasma-assisted chemcial vapor deposition(PACVD) technique. The Si addition to TiN film caused to change the microstructure such as grain size refinement, randomly multi-oriented microstructure, and nano-sized codeposition of silicon nitride in the TiN matrix. The Ti-Si-N film, contains Si content of ∼7 at.%, showed the micro-hardness value of ∼3400 HK, which was higher than the pure TiN film whose hardness was ∼1500HK. The Ti-Si(7 at.%)-N film also showed much improved anti-oxidation properties compared with those of the pure TiN film. These properties were also related to the microstructure of Ti-Si(7 at.%)-N film was formed and retarded further oxidation of the nitridelayer. These properties were also related to the microstructure of Ti-Si(7 at.%)-N film which was characterized by nano-sized precipitates of silicon nitride phase in the TiN matrix and randomly oriented grains.
Grain Boundary Migration and Grain Shape Change Induced by Alloying of
in PZT Ceramics
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 1, 2000, Pages 102~109
When PbZrO3 (PZ) and PbTiO3 (PT) particles were scattered on polished surfaces of sintered Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT; Zr/Ti=1.08) and then annealed, the PZT grain boundaries migrated. Near the scattered particles, grain boundaries were corrugated and thus the grain shape changed from a normal one to irregular ones. Especially, near the scattered PZ particles, fast grain growth occurred. In the regions swept by moving grain boundaries, the Zr/Tiratio was measured to be about 1.35 for of PZ scattering and about 0.8 for PT scattering, respectively. This result indicates that the grain boundary migration was induced by alloying of Zr and Ti ions in PZT grains, as in usual diffusion induced grain boundary migration(DIGM). A calculation showed that higher coherency strain energy was induced for PT scattering because of higher alloying of Ti than of Zr.