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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Ceramic Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 12 - Nov 2000
Volume 37, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 37, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 37, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 37, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 37, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 37, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
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Upconversion Mechanisms in
-doped Glasses under 800 nm Excitation
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 111~116
700nm red emission(3F3longrightarrow3H6) in Tm3+ ion with 800 nm(3H6longrightarrow3H4) excitation via upconversion process has been reported only in host materials which have low phonon energies such as halide crystals. However, we observed 700nm and 480nm(1G4longrightarrow3H6) upconverted emission with 800nm excitation in several oxide glasses which has never reported. With spectroscopic analyses and lifetime measurements of each nergy level of Tm3+ ion doped in various oxide glasses, following mechanisms are suggested. For red upconversion, upconversion mechanism changed with Tm3+ concentration. While direct excitation up to 3F3 level via anti-Stokes excitation was dominated at low concentration, two-step excitation via 3H6longrightarrow3H4 and 3F4longrightarrow3F3 transitions was dominated at high concentration. For blue upconversion, two step excitation mechanism up to 1G4 level was suggested as follows : electrons are exciated up to 3H5 with direct excitation with pumping light up to 3H4 followed by multiphonon relaxation, and then additional reabsorption of pumping light excites electrons up to 1G4.
Fabrication of Er-doped Sodium Borosilicate Glass Films Using Aerosol Flame Deposition Method
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 117~121
Er-doped sodiumborosilicate glass films for waveguides amplifier were fabricated by Aerosol Flame Deposition(AFD) method. Al2O3 was added to sodium borosilicate glass films to suppress the formation of crystalline phase and control the refractive index. the formation of crystalline phase was suppressed above Al2O3 of 6 wt%. As the amount of Al2O3 increased from 2 to 12 wt% the refractive index of glass films increased lineary from 1.4595 up to 1.4710. After the core of 77SiO2-15B2O3-8Na2O＋6 wt%Al2O3＋8wt%Er2O3 was coated on the buffer layer of 77SiO2-15B2O3-8Na2O＋6 wt%Al2O3, the core was etched by reactive ion etching. The absorption spectrum of 3 cm waveguide amplifier showed two peaks of 1530 and 1550 nm.
-Clay Composites for Infrared Radiator
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 122~127
The thermal expansion, thermal stability, mechanical strength and infrared radiative property of Al2TiO5-clay composites, prepared from synthesized Al2TiO5 and clay, were investigated to develop a material for far infrared radiators. The emittance of composites containing 10~50 wt% clay, heated at 1,20
for 3 h, increased with increasing clay content and emittance was about 0.3 and 0.92 in the ranges of 3,400~2,500 cm-1 and 2,500~400cm-1, respectively. The bulk density and bending strength of the Al2TiO5-clay composites increased with increasing clay content. 50 wt% Al2TiO5-50 wt% clay composite, heat-treated at 1,20
, had an adequate strength for infrared radiators; 80 MPa. The degree of thermal expansion hysteresis decreased with increasing clay content and the mean thermal expansion coefficient increased with increasing clay content. The thermal expansion coefficient of 50 wt% Al2TiO5-50 wt% clay composite heated at 1,20
Study on the Characteristics of Cell Reactions for Petroleum- and Coal Tar Pitch-based Carbons as a Negative Electrode for Li-iion Batteries
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 128~133
In this work, soft carbons produced by pyrolysis of petroleum and coal-tar pitch were used as the negative electrode for Li-ion batteries. We studeid the charge/discharge capacity and the interfacial reaction of these electrodes by constructing a half cell. Charge/discharge property was studied by a constant-current step and the interfacial reaction between the electrolyte and the surface of a carbon electrode was studied by the cyclic voltammetry. The initial charge/discharge capacity for the coal-tar pitch carbon increased exceedingly with the heat treatment temperature. On hte other hand, the capacity of the petroleum pitch carbon increased with temperature up to 1000
, thereafter decreased continuously. While the charge capacity decreased with the cycle number, the reversibility increased above 90%. In addition, the thermal stability and crystallization of petroleum and coal-tar pitches were analyzed by TGA and XRD, respectively.
Synthesis of Barium Hexaaluminate Phosphros Using Combinatorial Chemistry
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 134~139
The main objective of the present investigation is to show the feasibility of combinatorial chemistry by applying this method to phosphor syntehses. In this respect barium hexaaluminate phosphor was prepared by the split-pool combinatorial method, which enabled much more rapid search of optimum compositions of target phosphors than conventional synthetic methods. Barium hexaaluminate phosphors doped with Eu2+ exhibit blue emission while those co-doped with Mn2+ and Eu2+ exhibit green emission. Basically, the phosphor doped with 1.3 mole of Ba and 0.06~0.15 mole of Eu2+ exhibit the maximum value of emission intensity at 435
. Under the UV and VUV extitations, the barium hexaaluminate phosphor co-doped with Mn2+ and Eu2+ shows strong green emission.
Laser Cutting of Thick Diamond Films Using Low-Power Laser
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 140~144
Laser cutting of thick diamond films is studied using a low-power(10 W) copper vapor laser. Due to the existence of the saturation depth in laser cutting, thick diamond films are not easily cut by low-power lasers. In this study, we have adopted a low thermalconductivity underlayer of alumina and a heating stage (up to 500
in air) to prevent the laser energy from consuming-out and, in turn, enhance the cutting efficiency. Aspect ratio increases twice fromm 3.5 to 7 when the alumina underlayer used. Adopting a heating stage also increases aspect ratio and more than 10 is obtained at higher temperatures than 400
. These results show that thick diamond films can be cut, with low-power lasers, simply by modifying the thermal property of underlayer.
Rheology Properties of Belite-rich Cement Mortar Added Blastfurnace Slag and Polycarbonate-based Superplasticizer
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 145~151
In order to investigate the rheological properties of belite-rich cement(BRC) added polycarbonate-based superplasticizer and blastfurnace slags which have different blaines at 4500, 6000 and 8000
/g, the change of minislumps and mortar slumps are measured with time. The rheological properties improve as specific surface area of added slag decreases or amount of polycarbonate-based superplasticizer increases. The slump loss can be controlled effectively by the steric hinderance effect of polycarbonate-based superplasticizer. According to the results, when mix proportion of the mortar is 1.5% mass content of superplasticizer and 30% mass addition of blastfurnace slag which blaine is 4500
/g, the best mortar slump can be achieved without any significant segregation of materials.
Effect of SiC Particle Size on Microstructure of
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 152~157
Si3N4/SiC nanocomposite ceramics containing 5 wt%dispersed SiC particles were prepared by gas-pressure-sintering at 200
under nitrogen atmosphere. SiC particles with average sizes of 0.2 and 0.5
were used, and the effect of the SiC particle size on the microstructure was investigated. The addition of SiC particles effectively suppressed the growth of the Si3N4 matrix grains. The effect of grain growth inhibition was higher in the nanocomposites dispersed with fine SiC. SiC particles were dispersed uniformly inside Si3N4 matrix grains and on grain boundaries. When the fine SiC particles were added, large fraction of the SiC particles was trapped inside the grains. On the other hand, when the large SiC particles were added, most of the SiC particles were located on grain boundaries. Typically, the fraction of SiC particles located at grain boundaries was higher in the specimen prepared from
-Si3N4 than in the specimen prepared from
Mechanical Properties of Hot-Pressed SiC with Rare-Earth Oxide
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 158~163
Six different SiC ceramics with SiO2-Re2O3 (Re=Yb, Er, Y, Dy, Gd, Sm) as sintering additives have been fabricated by hot-pressing the SiC-Re2Si2O7 compositions at 1850
for 2 hr under a pressure of 25 MPa. The room temperature strneth and the fracture toughness of the hot-pressed ceramics were characterized and compared with those of the ceramics sintered with YAG (Y3Al5O12). Five SiC ceramics (Re=Yb, Er, Y, Dy, Gd) investigated herein showed sintered densities higher than 94% of theoretical. Tthe SiC-Re2Si2O7 compositions showed lower strength and comparable toughness to those from SiC-YAG composition, owing to the chemical reaction between SiO2 and SiC during sintering. SiC ceramics fabricated from a SiC-Y2Si2O7 composition showed the best mechanical properties of 490 MPa and 4.8 MPa
m1/2 among the compositions investigated herein.
Synthesis Processing of the Fine (Ni, Zn)-ferrite Powder for
Decomposition of the Flue Gas in the Iron Foundry
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 164~167
Flue gases in the iron foundry consist of 15~20% CO2 as an air pollution gas whose emission should be mitigated in order to protect the environment. In the present study, ultrafine powders of NixZn1-xFe2O4 as a potential catalyst for the CO2 decomposition were prepared by the coprecipitation methods. Oxygen deficient ferrites (MeFe2O4-
) can decompose CO2 as C and O2 at a low temperature of about 30
. The XRD result of synthesized ferrites showed the spinel structure of ferrites and ICP-AES and EDS quantitative analyses showed the composition similar with initial molar ratios of the mixed solution prior to reaction. The BET surface area of the (Ni, Zn)-ferrites was about 77~89.5
/g and their particle size was observed about 10~20 nm. The CO2 decomposition efficiency of the oxygen deficient (Nix, Zn1-x)-ferrites was the highest at x=0.3, and the ternary (Ni, Zn)-ferrites was better than that of binary Ni-ferrites.
Effects of Annealing Atmosphere on Crystallization and Electrical Properties in
Ferroelectric Thin Films
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 168~173
YMnO3 thin films were prepared on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate by chemical solution deposition method. The films were crystallized by heat-treatment at 85
for 1 hour. Effects of an annealing atmosphere(O2, Ar, vacuum) on the crystallization behavior and electridcal properties were investigated. YMnO3 thin films annealed under Ar atmosphere showed a superior crystallinity and a very strong c-aix preferred-orientation which was a polar axis. Leakage current density of the films decreased with lowering oxygen partial pressure of the annealing atmosphere. C-V and P-E ferroelectric hysteresis were observed only in the thin film heat-treated under Ar atmosphere.In order to prepare YMnO3 thin films having both low leakage current and ferroelectricity, the annealing atmsphere should be kept under a proper oxygen partial pressure which was about 1 Pa in this work. Leakage current density at 1 volt, dielectric constant(
r), remanent polarization(Pr), and coercive field(Ec) were 1.7
, 25, 1.08
, and 100 kV/cm, respectively.
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Infiltrated Zirconia-Mullite Composite
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 174~180
Y-TZP/mullite composites were prepared by the infiltration of Y-TZP precursor into partially reaction-sintered mullite. The addition of Y-TZP(~7.2 wt%) increased the bend strength(207 MPa), fracture toughness(4.6MPa.m1/2) and Vickers microhardness(853kg/
) of the uninfiltrated mullite sintered at 162
for 10h by more than 75, 70 and 105%, respectively. Residual alumina-rich glass was observed at a mullite/mullite junction, due to the mullitization reaction of silica melt with crystalline
-Al2O3 during a final sintering. Although ZrO2 inclusions improved the final sintered density of mullite they did not effectively prevent its grain growth.
Crystallization of Ferrite Powder Using Ultrasonic Wave
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 181~185
A new technique capable of accelerating the crystallization of ferrite powder at low temperature is developed. Effects of the ultrasonic waves on the crystallization were studied for ferrite powders prepared using the co-precipitation method. The crystallization of the ferrite powders exposed to the ultrasonic waves were characterized by the XRD. The amorphous ferrite powders prepared using the co-precipitation method were crystallized as a result of the exposure to the ultrasonic waves for 5h and the crystallization of the ferrite powders became more enhanced in proportion to the time exposed. The ferrite powder exposed to the ultrasonic waves for 25h had higher crystallinity a larger specific surface area than the ferrite powder calcined at 500
Sintering and the Electrical Properties of Co-doped
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 186~193
Effects of 1.0 mol% CoO addition on sintering and the electrical properties of ZnO-Bi2O3-Sb2O3(ZBS) varistor system with 3.0 mol% co-addition of Sb2O3 and Bi2O3 at various Sb/Bi ratio (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0) were investigated. Cobalt had little influence on the liquid-phase formation and the pyrochlore decomposition temepratures of ZBS, while densification was mainly dependent on Sb/Bi ratio: when Sb/Bi=0.5, excess Bi2O3 irrelevant to the formation of pyrochore(Zn2Sb3Bi3O14) forms eutectic liquid at ~75
which promotes densification and grain growth; with Sb/Bi=2.0, the second phase Zn7Sb2O12 formed by excess Sb2O3 irrelevant to the formation of the pyrochlore retards densification up to ~100
. These phases caused the coarsening and uneven distribution of the second phase particles on the grain boundaries of ZnO above the pyrochlore decomposition temperature(~105
), which led to broad size dist-ribution of ZnO; the specimen with Sb/Bi=1.0 showed homogeneous microstructure compared with the others, which enabled improved varistor characteristics. Doping of Co increased the nonlinearity and the potential barrier height of ZBS, which is thought to stem from improved sintering behavior such as homogenized microstructure due to size reduction and even distribution of the second phase and suppressed volatility of Bi2O3, as well as the improvement in the potential barrier structure via increased donor and interface electron trap densities.
Deposition Behaviors and Electrical Properties of Sb-doped
Films by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 2, 2000, Pages 194~200
Sb-doped tin oxide films were deposited on Corning glass 1737 substrate by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition(PECVD) technique using a gas mixture of SnCl4/SbCl5/O2/Ar. The deposition behaviors of tin oxide films by PECVD were compared with those by thermal CVD, and effects of deposition temperature, r.f. power and Sb doping on the electrical properties of tin oxide films were investigated. PECVD technique largely increased the deposition rate and smoothed the surface of tin oxide films compared with thermal CVD. Electrical resistivity decreased with doping of Sb due to the increase of carrier concentration. However, large doping of Sb diminished carrier concentration and mobility due to the decrease of crystallinity, which resulted in the increase of electrical resistivity. As the deposition temperature and r.f. power increased, Cl content in the film decreased.