Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Ceramic Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 12 - Nov 2000
Volume 37, Issue 11 - Nov 2000
Volume 37, Issue 10 - Oct 2000
Volume 37, Issue 9 - Sep 2000
Volume 37, Issue 8 - Aug 2000
Volume 37, Issue 7 - Jul 2000
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Jun 2000
Volume 37, Issue 5 - May 2000
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Apr 2000
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Mar 2000
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Feb 2000
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Pressure on the Abnormal Grain Growth in Alumina
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 617~624
Abnormal grain growth in alumina was investigated during sinter-HIP process for better understanding of pressure effect on microstructural development. Abnormal grain growth of monolithic alumina was observed near surface region rather than interior region of specimen. Finite element analysis was used to estimate the pressure distribution developed in the specimen. Pressure distribution analysis was in good agreement with grain size distributjion in the specimen. The results of finite element analysis provided that abnormal grain growth monolithic alumina was resulted from the inhomogeneous pressure distribution in the specimen. MgO addition in alumina was effective for the suppression of abnormal grain growth in alumina under inhomogeneous pressure distribution during sinter-HIP process.
Preparation and Sinterability of Nano-Size
Powders Using Supercritical Fluids
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 625~631
In this study, the characteristics and sinterablities of TiO2 powders which were fabricated on sol-gel process and supercritical fluid process were examined. The powders fabricated on sol-gel process were amorphous. The particle size and shape were changed with the amount of water used for hydrolysis of titanium ethoxide. The powders were changed from amorphous to crystalline by heating at 400℃. The crystalline anatase TiO2 powders were directly prepared in ethanol supercritical fluid condition that temperature was 270±3℃ and pressure was 7.3 MPa. It's primary crystalline size was 20 nm and agglomerated as spherical shape whose size was 0.7∼1㎛. The powders prepared on sol-gel process were not sintered densely at 900℃ because of abnormal grain growth. However, the powders which prepared on supercritical fluid process were sintered densely at the comparatively low temperature of 800℃ by ideal growth of grain, which are fired at 900℃.
The Thermoelectric Properties of Fe-Si Alloys Prepared by RF Induction Furnace
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 632~637
Thermoelectric conversion properties of commercial Fe-Si2 and Fe-Si alloy ingots prepared by RF inductive furnace were investigated. As sintering temperature increased, density of the specimen increased and the phase transformation from metallic phases (
-Fe2Si5) to semiconducting phase (
-FeSi2) occurred more effectively. The FeSi phase was detected even after 100hrs of annealing treatment. For the Fesi1.95∼FeSi2.05 specimens prepared by RF inductive furnace, the thermoelectric property improved as the composition of the specimen approached to stoichiometric composition FeSi2. Electrical conductivity of the specimen increased with increasing temperatures showing typical semiconducting behavior. From the electrical conductivity measurements, activation energy in the intrinsic region (above about 700 K) was calculated to be approximately 0.46 eV. In spite of non-doping, the Seebeck coefficient for every specimen exhibited p-type conduction due to Si deficiency. Its maximum value was located at about 475 K, and then decreased abruptly with increasing temperatures. The power factor was governed by the Seebeck coefficient of the specimen more significantly than by electrical conductivity.
Effects of Volume Fraction & Particle Size of Alumina on Sintering Behaviors of the Glass-Alumina Composites for Low Firing Temperature
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 638~644
The sintering behaviors of the glass-alumina composites for low firing temperature were investigated as functiions of the volume fraction of alumina powder and the particle size with respect to porosity and pore shape. As the volume fraction of alumina powder was increased or the particle size of it was decreased, the sintering temperature of open pore-closing was raised. When the volume fractions of alumina which had 2.19
median diameter were increased with 20, 30, 40, and 50%, the sintering temperatures of open pore-closing were 425, 450, 475, and 500
. And when the median particle size of alumina was diminished from 2.19
, the sintering temperature of open pore-closing was increased from 450
. Especially, the sintering temperature, which showed maximum density, was corresponded with the stage of open pore-closing and after achieving maximum density over heating resulted in dedensification of specimen, so called, over-firing behavior.
Effect of Atmosphere and Composition on the Fabrication of
-AlN-BN Composites by Reactive Hot Pressing
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 645~650
Effects of the chemical composition and sintering atmosphere on the formation of reaction phases and physical properties of reactive hot-pressed TiB2-AlN-BN composites were investigated. At N2 atmosphere, TiN was formed by the reaction between Ti and N2, which inhibited the densification and results in inferior mechanical-and electrical properties of the composites. However, at Ar atmosphere, enhanced densification and physical properties of composites were obtained due to that the TiN formation reaction was excluded. Densification of the composites was also hindered by BN, therefore, inferior mechanical-and electrical properties of composites were obtained with amount of BN in the starting materials. At Ar atmosphere, TiB2-AlN-BN composites having 318 MPa of flexural strength, 3.5 MPa.m1/2 of fracture toughness and 276
Ω.cm of electrical resistivity were fabricated from mole ratio 1:2:1.6 of Ti-Al-BN mixtures.
Phase Formation and the Sintering Behavior of Mn-doped ZnO-Bi₂O₃-Sb₂O₃Varistor System
Hong, Yeon U ; Kim, Jin Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 651~651
Effects of Additives on the Characteristics and Microstructure of
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 660~664
Effect of various kinds of additive such as AlOOH, Al(OH)3, Al2Si2O5(OH)4, Nb2O5, TiO2 and MgO on the properties and microstructures of UO2 pellet has been examined. All the tested dopants had played a role to reduce sintered density and open porosity. It was revealed that the addition of TiO2 made pellet more stable thermally. UO2 pellet doped with 0.2wt% TiO2 was swelled rather than densified after annealing for 24 hrs at 1
. It was attributed to large pore with spherical shape. Titinia and silicon coexisted with Al element were more effective to increase grain size than other additives. It could be also revealed that the formation of liquid phase was the main cause of grain growth.
Preparation of Ferroelectric
Thin Films by Metal-Organic Decomposition Process and their Characterization
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 665~672
The ferroelectric YMnO3 thin films were prepared by MOD(metal-organic decomposition) method with Y- and Mn-acetylacetonate as starting materials. Thin films were grown on various substrates by spin-coating technique. The crystalline phases of the thin films were identified by X-ray diffractometer as a function of heat-treatment temperature, pH of coating solution and substrate. In addition, the effect of Mn/Y molar ratio(0.8~1.2) on the formation of hexagonal-YMnO3 phase was investigated. In forming highly c-axisoriented hexagonal-YMnO3 single phase, the Pt coated Si substrate was more effective than the bare Si substrate, and the optimum heat-treatment condition was at 82
for 30 min. Higher Mn/Y molar ratio within 0.8~1.2 and pH of YMnO3 precursor solution within 0.5~2.5 favored formation of ferroelectric hexagonal phase rather than orthorhombic phase. Leakage current density of the hexagonal-YMnO3 thin film formed on Pt(111)/TiO2/SiO2/Si substrate was low enough as 0.4~4.0
) at 5 V and its remanent polarization(Pr), calculated from the P-E hysteresis loop, was 3 nC/
Effect of Excess PbO on Grain Growth and Densification of (65)Pb(
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 673~680
The effect of excess PbO(0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 mol%) on grain growth and densification of (65)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-(35)PbTiO3 [mol%] ceramics has been investigaetd. With increasing the amount of excess PbO and sintering time, densities of sintered samples decreased gradually. The samples containing less than 1 mol% of PbO showed normal grain growth behavior, however abnormal grain growth was observed to occur in the samples with more than 2 mol% of PbO. In the samples with more than 2 mol% of PbO, the number of abnormal grains decreased and thus the average grain size became smaller with increasing the amount of excess PbO. These results demonstrated that the abnormal grain growth started to occur when a critical amount of excess PbO was added to a (65)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-(35)PbTiO3 sample. Since PMN-PT grains in a liquid matrix were angular, the observed abnormal grain growth was explained to proceed through the two dimensional nucleation process.
A Study on the Influence of ZinC Chloride In Portland Cement Hydration Reaction
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 681~685
The influence of ZnCl2 in portland cement hydration was studied. The hydration reaction was progressed with ZnCl2 solution to observe the adiabatic hydration exothermic and hydration products. To compare with cement hydration, Ca(OH)2 solution reacted with ZnCl2 was carried out. The addition of ZnCl2 solution to the portland cement was retarded hydration quantitatively. Because ZnO which was produced in certain pH adsorbed with unhydrated cement made retarded the hydration reaction.
Relationship between Film Density and Electrical Properties on D.C. Magnetron Reactive Sputtered Sn-doped
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 686~692
Tin-doped In2O3 (ITO) films were fabricated using a d.c. magnetron reactive sputteirng of a In-10 wt% Sn alloy target in an Ar and O2 gas mixture. To understand the behavior of the carrier mobility in ITO films with O2 partial pressure, the resistivity, carrier concentration and mobility, film density, and intrinsic stress in the films were measured with O2 partial pressure. It was found experimentally that the carrier mobility increased rapidly as the film density increased. In the ITO film with the density close to theoretical one, the mean free path was the same as the columnar diameter. This indicated that the mobility in ITO films was strongly influenced by the crystall size. However, in the case where the film density was smaller than a theoretical density, the mean free paths were also smaller the columnar diameter. It was analyzed that the electron scattering at pores and holes within the crystalline was the major obstacle for electron conduction in ITO films. The measurement of intrinsic stress in ITO films also made it clear that the density of ITO films was controlled by the bombardment of oxygen neutrals on the growing film.
Pressure Filtration of Zr(Y,Ce)
TZP/Mullite Suspensions for the Preparations of Functionally Gradient Materials with Multi-layer
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 693~699
Casting behavior of Zr(Y,Ce)O2 TZP/Mullite suspension during pressure filtration was investigated to prepare multi-layered Functionally Gradient Materials(FGM). The dispersion stabilities of each layer suspension were investigated by examination of zeta potential and viscosity. The each suspensions with 20 vol.% solid loading and 100 첸 of viscosity was prepared after fix of the dispersing agent (Sodium hexa-meta phosphate) and the binder (Hydroxyethyl cellulose), and then the cakes were formed at the 2.5 MPa~10.0MPa pressure range. The cake thickness of all suspensions was increased with the square root of time at the constant pressure, and the relations between filtration pressure(P)a nd dehydration rate (Q=dh/dt) showed that the flows of filtrates in the consolidated layers were laminar. The permeabilities were nearly constant during filtration, and kozeny constants(Kc) of the suspensions were 4.8~6.7. These valumes were seen as close to 5, which might be homogeneous particle packing during filtration. On the basis of those data, the multi layered compaction with 9 mm thickness and 52.5% green density was prepared by continuous pressure filtration.
Preparation of Nanotube-shaped
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 700~704
Titanium hydroxide precipitate was obtained by the reaction of 0.5M TiOCl2 and 5M NH4OH solutions, then anatase TiO2 powder with nanotubes was prepared by the digestion of the heat-treated powder in 5M NaOH solution. Nanotube was formed for anatase TiO2 powder digested at 10
above, and the amount and length of nanotube increased with the digestion temperature. In the case of the powder digested at 15
for 12h, the formed nanotube was 100~150nm in length, 10~20 nm in diameter, and 2nm in width of the walls on both sides of the nanotube. The powder digested at 15
for 12h showed the highest specific surface area of 270
The Preparation for Sintered Body of
Based Complex Oxide in Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Using Colloidal Surface Chemistry
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 705~712
In this study, the dispersion stability of CeO2 based complex oxide was studied, and density, porosity, and microstructure of green body were investigated using colloid surface chemistry to manufacture the Gd2O3 doped CeO2 solid electrolyte in an aqueous system. To prepare the stable slurry for slip casting, the dispersion stability was examined as a function of pH using ESA(electrokinetic sonic anplitude) analysis. The dynamic mobility of particles was enhanced with anionic and cationic dispersant were added the amount of 0.5wt% respectively, but pH value in slurries didn't move to below 6.0 because of the influence of dopants. This phenomenon also appeared in the CeO2-Y2O3 and CeO2-Sm2O3 systems, so it could be inferred that rare earth dopants such as Gd2O3, Sm2O3 and Y2O3 not only have the similar motion with changing pH in an aqueous system but also can be dissolved in the range of pH 6.0∼6.5. In CeO2-Gd2O3 system, when the anionic dispersant was added the amount of 0.5wt% and pH value in slurries was fixed at 9.5, the green body density was 4.07g/㎤, and the relative density of sintered body was 95.2%. It could be inferred from XRD analysis that Gd3+ substituted into Ce4+ site because there was no free Gd2O3 peak.
Biaxial Fracture Behavior of Alumina Ceramics : Indentation Effect on Ball-on-3-ball Test
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 713~720
The biaxial fracture behavior of alumina ceramics was studied using ball-on-3-ball test. The polished surfaces of alumina specimens were indented at 0mm, 1mm, 2mm, 3mm apart from the center of the specimen along path A, passing between the two supporting balls from the center of the specimen, and along path B, passing above the three supporting balls from the center of the specimen. The fracture strength of the indented specimens was measured using the ball-on-3-ball test, a kind of biaxial strength test. The fracture strength increased with increasing the distance from the center to indented position. The fracture strength of the specimen indented along path B was higher than that of the specimens indented along path A. It was presented that the fracture caused by tangential stress rather than radial stress when the indented positions are 1mm and 2mm from the center of the specimen. This phenomenon was in good agreement with FEM analysis.
Surface Potential Behavior of Nano
Particles in Aqueous Media
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 721~725
In this study, the dispersion stability of nano-sized CeO2 particles, synthesized by hydrothermal method in aqueous was evaluated from observing the surface potential behavior of CeO2 particle synthesized by solid state reaction. The isoelectric point(IEP) of nano-sized CeO2 synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis was found to be pH 9 contrary to the isoelectric point of micro-sized CeO2 synthesized by solid state reaction at pH 6.7. IEP was shifted to pH 2.0 as the addition of D-3019 from 0.1 to 1.0 wt%. The surface potential of CeO2 particles synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis was reduced as the addition of B-1001 used as a binder without change of IEP because the absorption of B-1001 polymer on the CeO2 particles shifted the shear plane of CeO2 particles outward away from the surface. This surface potential behavior was well correlated with the dispersion stability of slurry.
Comments on "Synthesis of ZnO:Zn Phosphors with Reducing Atmosphere and Their Luminescence Properties"
Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society, volume 37, issue 7, 2000, Pages 726~729
The entitled report revealed that ZnO phosphor samples treated at different temperatures under a given reduction atmosphere show the radiation brightness increase with increase of temperature up to about 900
but become decreasing beyond the temperature. The brightness deterioration with curing temperature at higher temperatures was explained by the decrease of excess zinc ions resulted from their evaporation. The comments will open possibility for different discussions on the experimental result by introducing numerical relationships between the concentration of the native defects and the curing condition.