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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Dec 2001
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Oct 2001
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Sep 2001
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Sectional Finite Element Analysis of Forming Process of Aluminum Sandwich Sheet by Bending Augmented Membrane Elements
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 91~100
A sectional FEA program is developed lot analyzing forming processes of sandwich sheets, which are intensively used recently as a lightweight material of an automobile body. The aluminum sandwich sheet consists of two aluminum skins and a polyprophylen core in between. The aluminum sandwich sheet is dominantly effected by the bending effects in small radius of curvature, so that an appropriate description of bending effects is required to analyze the forming processes. For the evaluation of bending effects, the bending equivalent forces are calculated from the bending moment computed using the curvature of the tool and are added to the membrane stretch forces. To verify the validity of the developed program the sectional FEA results in stretch/draw forming Processes of a square cup and draw forming Processes of an outer hood panel were compared with the measurements.
The Tensile Characteristics of Steel Sheets at Various Temperature Conditions
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 101~110
The thermal problem of press work is classified into two cases. First, the temperature of forming die passively rises due to the heating effect of plastic deformation. The warm forming is the second case in which the external heating is applied to the die and blank holder. So, the purpose of this study is to provide database for the forming characteristics at various temperature conditions. In this study, the tensile test was carried out for the commercial steel sheets such as SCPI and SCP3C with the thickness of 0.7mm and 1.4mm respectively. The tensile strength, total elongation, Lankford value and the flow curve have been obtained at the temperature of
, respectively. From the results, we can see that both the tensile strength and total elongation decrease as the temperature increases. In the light of anisotropy, the effect of thickness is dominant than the material specs. For the temperature dependency of flow curves, there are only small differences for the work-hardening exponent, and the strength intensity decreases monotonically as temperature increases. The present results we useful as input data for the analysis of sheet metal forming processes with the various temperature conditions.
Practical Determination of the Die Shape Using a Streamline in Axisymmetric Extrusion
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 111~114
A new, simple method to determine the die shape using a streamline in extrusion is presented. This method assumes that a billet deforms naturally to minimize the energy input for the given process condition. Then, an optimal die shape can be determined along a streamline. Extrusion operations with two types of materials, strain-hardening material and strain-rate hardening material, are examined using this method. Predictions with the proposed method are compared with those by the previous optimizing model to show its efficiency.
Development of Numerically Controlled Cushion System for Use in Deep Drawing of Sheet Metals
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 115~122
It is well known, for many years, that deep drawability can be improved by applying variable blank holding force. To apply variable blank holding force during cup drawing, we set up cushion pressure control system on the hydraulic press, and the pressure control system is often called NC(Numerically Controlled) cushion system. A cushion pressure control experiment was carried out using the NC cushion and it was shown that the proposed system produced good performance. The comparison of drawability of square cups with and without NC cushion showed that the drawability could be greatly improved when S-shaped pressure curve was applied. This paper includes design details of the NC cushion system and experimental analysis of drawability with NC cushion system.
Effect of Cold Forming Method on Drawability Trunk Floor Panel
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 123~129
This study is to investigate the effects of cold forming method with steel sheet of SCP3C to improve continuous productivity. Experiments were carried out in various working conditions, such as the number of stamping and the punch temperature. The effects of the punch temperature and the number of stamping on drawability of steel sheet of SCP3C as well as clearance and draw-in in the number of stamping were examined and discussed. More improvement of continuous productivity in case of cold stamping rather than by conventional stamping at room temperature is obtained. The optimum forming condition for drawing trunk floor panel of SCP3C is shown as the punch is cooled by coolant of
and at the same time both the die and the blankholder are heated by stamping and frictional heat.
Development of Set-up Model for Elongation Control in Steel Skin Pass Mill
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 130~136
The mathematical set-up model was developed to reduce the mechanical property deviation in annealed and slightly rolled steel strip. The mechanical peculiarities of skin pass rolling process, such as high friction value and non-circular contact arc, low reduction and non-negligible entry and exit elastic zones as well as central restricted deformation zone are all taken into account. The deformation of work rolls is calculated with the influence function method and arbitrary contact arc shape is permitted. The strip deformation is modeled by slab method and the entry and exit elastic deformation zones are included. The strip restricted deformation zone near the neutral point is also considered. It was revealed that the new model has better accuracy than present regression model by statistical analysis with actual mill rolling data.
Analysis of Hot Forming Process with Flow Softening by Dynamic Recrystallization
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 137~143
The change of flow stress due to dynamic recrystallization during hot forming process is investigated. A series of mechanical tests has been conducted at various temperatures, and constitutive relations and recrystallization kinetics were formulated from the test results. The effect of dynamic recrystallization to the flow stress was implemented to a commercial FEM code by conditioned remapping of state variables. The datum strain of stress compensation was optimized to minimize the overestimation of forming loads. Suggested datum was formulated as an exclusive function of critical strain for recrystallizalion and validated by mechanical tests and microstructural observations.
Tool Design in a Multi-stage Rectangular Cup Drawing Process with the Large Aspect Ratio by the Finite Element Analysis - Part I. Tool Design
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 144~150
Tool design is introduced in a multi-stage rectangular cup drawing process with the large aspect ratio. Finite element simulation is carried out to investigate deformation mechanisms with the initial tool design. The analysis reveals that the difference of the drawing ratio and the irregular contact condition produces non-uniform metal flow to cause wrinkling and severe extension. For remedy, the modification guideline is proposed in the design of the tool and process. Analysis results confirm that the modified tool design not only improves the quality of a deep-drawn product but also reduces the possibility of failure.
Process Design of Piston-Pin for Automobile by the Flow Control
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 151~159
Flow defect of a piston-pin for automobile parts is investigated in this study. In combined cold extrusion of piston-pin, lapping defect, which is a kind of flow defect, appears by the dead metal zone. This appearance evidently happens in products with a thin thickness to be pierced for the dimensional accuracy and the decrease of material loss. The flow defect that occurs in piston-pin has bad effects on the strength and the fatigue life of piston-pin. Therefore, it is important to predict and prevent defects in the early stage of process design. The best method that can prevent flow defect is removing or reducing dead metal zone through material flow control. The finite element simulations are applied to analyze the flow defect. This study proposes processes for preventing flow defect by removing dead metal zone. Then the results are compared with the experimental ones for verification. These FE simulation results are in good agreement with the experimental ones.
Prediction of Sheet Metal Necking with Anisotropic Hardening
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 10, issue 2, 2001, Pages 160~166
Uniaxial necking is studied for steel sheets with initial anisotropy. The state of anisotropy is continuously altered by subsequent tensile deformation at angles to the rolling direction. The orientations of orthotropy axes are changed before the onset of necking. A simple hardening rule which incorporates the rotations of orthtropy axes is proposed and the necking strains are predicted at angles to the rolling direction. Predicted results show good agreement with the experiments.