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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Dec 2003
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Nov 2003
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Oct 2003
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Aug 2003
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Jul 2003
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Nanoscale Mechatronics & Manufacturing Technology
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 687~692
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.687
A Sensitivity Analysis on Frictional Effect of Backward Impact Extrusion for Rectangular Section Container
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 693~701
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.693
In this paper, the influence of frictional conditions on the backward impact extrusion of aluminum battery casing with large aspect ratio has been investigated. In the simulation, MSC.Superforge, a package based on the finite volume method, is used for the extrusion analysis. The formability and earing problem during the production have been evaluated by studying the sensitivity to frictional effects. During the sensitivity analysis, the friction factor was varied from 0.02 to 0.24. As the friction factor is increased, the forming height of the narrow edge is decreased, and the forming height of the wide edge is increased. When the friction factor becomes 0.2, the earing problem does not occur The experimental results show a good agreement with analytical results.
Improvement of Formability in the Multi-Stage Sheet Pair Hydroforming Process
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 702~709
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.702
In the automotive industry hydroforming of sheet metal pairs have received special attention because materials for various sheet metal components of vehicles have changed into the high strength steel, aluminum, and titanium blank having low formability. Uniform deformation over the whole region is a main advantage in the sheet hydroforming process. Because upper and lower parts could be produced simultaneously with one tool, hydroforming of sheet metal pairs is competitive in reducing the lead-time and development cost. In this paper, the multi-stage hydroforming process of sheet pair is proposed in order to increase the formability of a structural part like the oil pan shape. The upper die for forming oil pan shape is divided into two parts which can move separately. By the finite element simulation, the design parameters such as geometry of the tool and detailed specification of hydraulic pump were calculated and verified. For the strict comparison of the proposed process, the blank holding force is kept to a constant value during deformation by hydraulic valve. The deformed shape and strain distribution of the manufactured parts with the proposed process are compared with the results of simulation. In the multi-stage hydroforming process, maximum thickness strain was improved by more than 30 percent.
Development of Finite Element Program for Analyzing Springback Phenomena of Non-Isothermal Forming Processes for Aluminum Alloy Sheets (Part2 : Theory & Analysis)
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 710~717
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.710
The implicit, finite element analysis program for analyzing the springback in the warm forming process of aluminum alloy sheets was developed. For the description of planar anisotropy in warm forming temperatures, Barlat`s yield function is employed, and the power law type constitutive equation is used in terms of working temperatures for the depiction of work hardening in high temperatures. Also, Jetture`s 4-node shell elements are introduced for reflecting the mechanical behavior of aluminum alloy sheet and the non-steady heat balance equations are solved for considering heat gain and loss during the forming process. For the springback evaluation, Newton-Raphson iteration method is introduced for overcoming the geometric nonlinearlity problem. In order to verify the validity of the FEM program developed, the stretching bending and springback processes are simulated. Though springback analysis results are slightly bigger than experimental ones, they have the same trend of the decreasing springback as the forming temperature increases.
Springback Control in the Forming Processes for High-Strength Steel Sheets
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 718~723
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.718
Tn order to develop springback control technology for high-strength steel sheets, several studies have been conducted: dome stretching test, stepped s-rail forming and springback measurement, and optimally shaped initial blank design. First, to find out the formability of TRIP60, dome stretching test was performed. Next, the stepped s-rail die, which was designed to form a channel type panel with large twist and wall curl, was manufactured and used to evaluate the effect of controlling forming variables, such as blank holding force and flange amount on the springback. Furthermore, new measurement method of the springback was introduced to define wall curl and twist in geometrically complex panels. Finally, the optimally shaped initial blank was employed to verify one of the best ways to control the springback in channel type. high-strength sheet panels.
A Study on the Blanking Characteristic of Anti- Vibration Sheet Metal
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 724~729
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.724
In order to study the shearing characteristic of anti-vibration sheet metal which is used to reduce vibration noise, a blanking die was manufactured to blank a workpiece. The variables employed in this study were clearance, type of stripper plate, position of the rubber layer and type of the die design. These variables were used to study the effects on burr height, blank diameter and camber height. In the case of burr height from experimental investigation, the push-back die, combined with a movable stripper plate, showed greater burr height. The rubber-top position of a workpiece resulted in better qualities regardless of working variables. In the comparison of diameter measurement, the use of the push-back die with a fixed stripper plate, with a 4.5% clearance, showed better accuracy. For comparing camber height, the push-back die resulted in less cambering than the drop-through die. Also, the larger the clearance, the greater was the camber height. Considering experimental results, the shearing of anti-vibrational sheet metal is best achieved when the rubber layer is laying on the top, blanked with a fixed stripper plate in a push-back die, with a 4.5％ clearance.
A Study on the Rotation-Induced Birefringence in Plastic Disk Substrate
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 730~737
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.730
Extensive studies have been conducted for reducing the residual stresses and birefringence in injection-molded optical disk substrate Flow-induced and thermally-induced stresses and birefringence have been found as two main sources during injection molding process. However, high speed rotation also induces extra stresses and birefringence in real operation of disk drives. In the present paper rotation-induced in-plane birefringence has been measured and presented for CD and DVD substrates at different radial position. About 10 - 15 nm of extra retardation in one pass has been measured up to 4,800 rpm. The distribution of extra rotation-induced birefringence will be valuable data for designing an optimal optical disk substrate. Finally, experimental results were compared with the extra stresses calculated from simple formulation.
A Study on Gas-Assisted Plastic Injection Mould of Flat TV Front Cover
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 738~743
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.738
The major problems of a plastic injection mould can be devided into two kinds, one is in mould another in injected parts. Most of defects of the former comes from mould design, such as, structure and working. The latter are weld line, warpage, sink mark, burning, flow mark, scratching, shading, black hole and so on. Most of problems in injection molding are difficult to find the reason because of complexity. The purpose of this paper is to improve the quality of plastic injection mould and parts with inquiring the counter plan and analizing troubles of the part of Flat TV Front Cover by flow control method and gas-assisted injection moulding. For minimizing defects of the injection moulded parts, computer aided simulation method for injection mould filling was used. Based on these numerical results, the guidelines of mould design and injection processing condition were established. As a result, the improvement of quality, such as minimizing surface defects of injection moulding parts and troubles in mould was achieved.
Effect of Tempering Temperatures on Tensile Properties in a Low Carbon Steel
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 12, issue 8, 2003, Pages 744~749
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2003.12.8.744
The effect of tempering temperatures on microstructures and mechanical properties was studied in a low carbon steel. The disappearance of continuous yielding and the formation of an extended region in engineering stress-strain curves at tempering temperatures ranging from 673 to 873K was caused by the reduction of mobile dislocations during tempering and dynamic recovery during tensile deformation. In addition, the occurrence of discontinuous yielding in the sample treated at the tempering temperatures above 923K was attributed to the formation of new strain-free polygonal ferrite grain.