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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Dec 2004
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Nov 2004
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Oct 2004
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Aug 2004
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Jul 2004
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Warm Hydroforming Characteristics of High Strength Aluminum Tubes
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 403~408
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.403
Hydroformability of 6061 and 7075 aluminum tube materials was studied by warm hydroforming experiments. A special tooling and heating system was designed and manufactured in order to perform warm hydroforming between room temperature and
. The control of tube temperature for warm hydroforming was made by the control of temperature of oil medium. Warm hydroformability was analyzed by tube appearances, tube elongation and hardness values. Hydroforming characteristics of 6061 and 7075 tubes showed different temperature dependence between room temperature and
. The difference in hydroformabilities of 6061 and 7075 at elevated temperatures was interpreted by the different sensitivity to dynamic strain aging of both aluminum materials.
A Study on the Springback of High-Strength TRIP Steel
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 409~414
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.409
TRIP steel has got attention in automobile industry because of its high strength and high formability. However, the information on deformation behavior of TRIP steel, including bending and springback, is not enough until now. In this research, the V-die bending experiment and analysis have been done to obtain the information of springback of TRIP steel. And a new numerical method, where elastic modulus is varied with the change of the strain, was suggested. Tensile test for TRIP steel was done to get tensile properties as well as strain dependency of elastic modulus of the material. Strain-dependency of elastic modulus was used the numerical analysis of V-die bending and unbending process to predict springback amount. The results were compared with experiment, showing reasonable agreement. Through the analysis of V-die bending as well as draw bending of TRIP steel, the proposed scheme with variable elastic modulus was proven to well predict the deformation behavior of TRIP steel during bending and springback.
Microstructural Factors on Ductility in Steels containing Pearlite
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 415~421
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.415
The effect of transformation temperature on microstructural features and their effects on ductility in 0.55%C steels were investigated, compared with in 0.82%C eutectoid steel. The samples were austenitized at 100
for 30min. followed by quenching in a salt bath in the temperature range of 500 ~
. It was found that reduction of area(RA) increased with increasing transformation temperature and then, decreased after reaching its maximum value in steels containing pro-eutectoid ferrite less than 6%. The thickness of lamellar cementite was found to be the main factor controlling RA. Additionally, the presence of cementite thickness for the maximum ductility in all the tested steels was observed as about 0.015
for tested steels.
A Study on Improvement of Extrudability for Extrusion Process of Heat Sink
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 422~428
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.422
At present, the design of extrusion dies and operation in extrusion companies are primarily based on trial and error. The experience of the die designer, the press operator and the die corrector determine the performance of the extrusion die and the efficiency of the process. In order to produce defect-free products of desirable quality in terms of strength, surface quality and geometrical dimensions, it is important to obtain more knowledge of the processes that occur during extrusion. Recently, to reduce the costs of designing and manufacturing of extrusion dies, and to ensure the quality of the extruded products, numerical simulation for extrusion processes such as FEM (finite element method) is applied increasingly and becomes a very important tool for the design and development of new products. However, most of the studies about FE simulation have been accomplished for simple geometry and low extrusion ratio in the filed of steady metal flow conditions. The extruded products of AI alloy in industrial practice involve complicated sectional geometry. This study was designed to reduce the time of die design and manufacturing in the extrusion process using FEM simulation. FEM simulations of extrusion process were performed in non-steady states conditions by changing weld plate included in extrusion die set. Product which was employed in this study is heat sink that has been used in the parts of heat exchanger of electric circuits. It is generally applied for aluminum or its alloys due to heat efficiency and easy production of complicated shapes, and manufactured by extrusion process. The simulated results showed that weld plate shape in extrusion dies influences meta] flow and dimensional accuracy of products.
Multi-Stage Forming Analysis of a Milli-Component for Improvement of Forming Accuracy
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 429~434
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.429
Manufacturing process for milli components has recently gained researcher's focus with the increasing tendency toward highly integrated and micro-scaled parts for electronic devices. The milli-components need more precise manufacturing process than the conventional manufacturing process since the parts require higher dimensional accuracy than the conventional ones. In order to enhance the forming accuracy and productivity, various forming procedures proposed and studied by many researchers. In this paper, forming analysis of milli-components has been studied with a new micro-former. In modeling of progressive dies, multi-stage forming sequence has been analyzed with finite element analysis by LS-DYNA3D. The analysis proposes the sequential die and part shapes with the corresponding punch force and dimensional accuracy. The analysis also considers the effect of elastic dies on the dimensional accuracy of the formed parts. The analysis result demonstrates that the elastic analysis in the milli-forming process is indispensable for accurate forming analysis. The analysis procedure in the paper will provide good information in design of a new micro-former and milli-component
Temperature-dependence of Mechanical Properties of Die Steel STD61
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 435~440
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.435
The temperature in hot forming of metallic materials, such as hot extrusion and hot forging, ranges from
. Correspondingly, the die also exhibits high temperatures close to that of a work piece and its life is limited generally by high temperature fatigue. Thus, the analysis of high temperature fatigue would need the mechanical properties over the wide ranges of temperature. However, very few studies on the high temperature fatigue of brittle materials have been reported. Especially, the study on the fatigue behavior over such transition temperature regime is very rare. In this paper, the stress-strain curves and stress-life curves of a die steel such as STD61 are experimentally obtained. The wide ranges of temperature from
are considered in experiments and the transition temperature zone is carefully examined.
Development of Heat Transfer Predicting Model for Cold forging Steel(SCM420) During Quenching Process
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 441~448
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.441
Heat treatment is one of the critical manufacturing processes that determine the quality of a product. This paper presents experimental and analytical results for the quench of a ring gear in stagnant oil. The goal of this study is to develop heat transfer predicting model in an overall analysis of the quenching process, Thermal conductivities which are dependant on temperatures and convection coefficients which are obtained by inverse method are used to develop the accurate heat transfer model. The results of heat transfer model have a good agreement with experimental results.
Effect of Annealing Conditions on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of a 5083 Al Alloy deformed at Cryogenic Temperature
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 449~454
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.449
The annealing behavior of a 5083 Al alloy deformed at cryogenic temperature was investigated, focusing on the evolution of microstructures and mechanical properties. Especially, the effects of annealing temperature,
, and time, 3∼60min., on microstructures and mechanical properties of the sheets received 85% reduction at cryogenic temperature were investigated. The optimization of the annealing conditions resulted in a mixture of equiaxed grains and elongated subgrains, exhibiting a good combination of uniform elongation and high strength.
Formation of Ultrafine Grain and Recrystallization in 1050 Al Alloy Rolled at Cryogenic Temperature
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 455~460
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.455
The deformation and annealing behaviors of a 1050 Al alloy deformed at cryogenic temperature were investigated, focusing on the evolution of microstructures and mechanical properties. Especially, the effects of annealing temperature,
, on microstructures and mechanical properties of the sheets received reduction of 88% at cryogenic temperature were investigated. The significant change in mechanical properties with the annealing temperatures of
would be attributed to the variations in the volume fraction of recrystallized grains and coarse equiaxed grains.
Friction Model for Sheet Metal Forming Analysis(Part 2 :Mathematical Model)
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 461~465
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.5.461
Based on the experimental observation, the mathematical friction model, which is an essential information for analyzing the forming process of sheet metal, is developed considering lubricant viscosity, surface roughness and hardness, punch comer radius, and punch speed. By comparing the punch load found by FEM with a proposed friction model with experimental measurement when the coated and uncoated steel sheets are formed in 2-D geometry in dry and lubricant conditions, the validity and accuracy of the developed friction model are demonstrated.