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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Dec 2004
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Nov 2004
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Oct 2004
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Aug 2004
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Jul 2004
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Manufacturing Technology of High-Quality Superalloy Alloy 718 Billet
Yeom Jong Taek ; Park Nho Kwang ; Lee Chong Soo ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 653~662
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.653
Hot Metal Extru-Bending Process for Curved Aluminum Tube Products with Circular or Rectangular Sections
Park D. Y ; Jin I. T ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 663~670
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.663
The bending phenomenon has been known to be occurred by the difference of velocity at the die exit. The difference of velocity at the die exit section can be obtained by the different velocity of billets through the multi-hole container. The difference of velocity at the die exit can be controlled by the two variables, the one of them is the different velocity of extrusion punch through the multi-hole container, the other is the difference of hole diameter of muliti-hole container. In this paper the difference of hole diameter is applied. So it can bend during extruding products because of the different amount of two billets when billets would be bonded in the porthole dies cavity. And the bending curvature can be controlled by the size of holes. The experiments with aluminum material for the curved tube product had been done for circular or rectangular curved tube section. The results of the experiments show that the curved tube product can be formed by the extru-bending process without the defects such as distortion of section and thickness change of wall of tube and folding and wrinkling. The curvature of product can be controlled by shape of cross section and the difference of billet diameters. And it is known that the bonding and extruding and bending process can be done simultaneously in the die cavity by the experiments that rectangular hollow curved tubes could be extruded by porthole dies with four different size billets made of aluminum material. And it shows that bending phenomenon can happen during extruding with for different billets from the analysis by DEFORM-3D.
Drawing Strain Distribution Model for the Two-Pass Drawing Process
Lee D. H ; Chung U. C ; Moon Y. H ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 671~677
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.671
For the large reduction in tube cross section, the tube drawing process is usually performed by two successive passes, so called first drawing and second drawing. In multi-pass drawing process, the reduction balance is important to prevent drawing cracks. Therefore in this study, the model for uniform reduction distribution in two-pass drawing process has been developed on the basis of cross sectional variation of drawn tube. For the given product geometry the model provides optimal diameter and thickness that can evenly distribute drawing reductions. The capability of model is well confirmed by finite element analysis of tube drawing process. Criteria curves at various limit strains to determine whether the drawn tube would fail during drawing process are also proposed by using newly developed model.
A Simplified Approach for Predicting Springback in U-Draw Bending of Sheet Metals
Chang S. H ; Seo D. G. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 678~688
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.678
The U-draw bending operation is known as a representative test method for springback evaluation of sheet metals since the sheet in U-draw bending operation undergoes stretching, bending and unbending deformations occurred at the stamping process. In this study, a simplified approach was proposed for predicting springback and side-wall curls of tailor-welded blank in U-draw bending operations, using moment-curvature relationships derived for sheets undergoing stretching, bending and unbending deformation. Two different welded strips were adopted to compare the effects of weld-line locations on the springback. One (type A) was welded along the centerline of the strip-width and the other (type B) was welded along the centerline of the strip-length. To investigate the effect of different thickness combination on the springback, the tailor-welded strips were joined by the laser welding process and consisted of three types of thickness combinations of sheets, SCP1 0.8t ＊ SCP1 1.2t, SCP1 0.8t ＊ SCP1 1.6t and SCP1 0.8t ＊ TRIP 1.0t. Some calculated results by the simplified formula were compared with experimental results.
Characteristics of Forming toad in Forward and Backward Can Extrusion Processes
Choi H. J ; Ham B. S ; Ok J. H ; Shim J. H ; Kim S. H ; Hwang B. B ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 689~695
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.689
This paper is concerned with the analysis of the forming load characteristics of a forward-backward can extrusion process. The analysis in this paper is extended to the selection of press frame capacity for producing efficiently final product at low cost. The possible extrusion processes to shape a forward-backward can part with different outer diameters are categorized to investigate quantitatively the forming load, forming energy and maximum pressure exerted on the die-material interface. The categorized processes are composed of combined and/or some basic extrusion processes. After the analysis of the forming load characteristics, the frame capacity of press suitable for a selected process could be determined along with securing the load capacity and with considering productivity. In addition, it is also suggested that different load capacities be selected for different dimensions of a part such as the wall thickness in forward direction. The work in this paper could be a good reference for analysis of complex extrusion and selection of proper frame capacity of press to achieve low production cost and thus high productivity.
Deformation Behavior of Bulk Amorphous Alloys During Hot Forming Process
Lee Yong-Shin ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 696~703
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.696
The purpose of this study is to examine the bulk/sheet forming characteristics of bulk amorphous alloys in the super cooled liquid state. Recently it is reported that amorphous alloys exhibit stress overshoot/undershoot and non-Newtonian behaviors even in the super cooled liquid state. The stress-strain curves with the temperature-dependences as well as strain-rate dependence of Newtonian/non-Newtonian viscosities of amorphous alloys are obtained based on the previous experimental works. Then, those curves are directly used in the thermo-mechanical finite element analyses. Upsetting and deep drawing of amorphous alloys are simulated to examine the effects of process parameters such as friction coefficient, forming speed and temperature. It could be concluded that the superior formability of an amorphous alloy can be obtained by taking the proper forming conditions.
Mechanical Properties of Ultrafine Grained 5052 Al Alloy Produced by Cryogenic Rolling Process
Nam W. J ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 704~709
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.704
The effect of annealing temperature on microstructures and mechanical properties of the 5052 Al sheets rolled 88% reduction at cryogenic temperature was investigated for the annealing temperature of 150 ~
, in comparison with those rolled at room temperature. The presence of equiaxed grains, whose size is about 200nm in a diameter, was observed in the alloy deformed 88% and annealed
for an hour. When compared with the deformation at room temperature, the deformation at cryogenic temperature showed the higher strengths and equivalent elongation after annealing at the annealing temperature below
. However, for annealing above
materials deformed at cryogenic temperature showed the lower strength than those deformed at room temperature. This behavior might be attributed to the higher rate of recrystallization and growth in materials deformed at cryogenic temperature during annealing, due to the lager density of dislocations accumulated during the deformation.
Effect of Microstructural Factors on Ductility of Drawn Pearlitic Steels
Nam W. J ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 710~715
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.710
The effect of microstructural features on ductility of cold drawn pearlitic steels containing 0.52 ～ 0.92 wt%C was investigated. During wire drawing, reduction of area (Rh) increased initially with the progressive realignment of randomly oriented cementite, showed a maximum peak due to the completion of the alignment of most cementite, and decreased with thinning or fragmentation of the aligned cementite. Among factors on ductility, cementite thickness was found to be the most dominant microstructural feature for Rh of drawn pearlitic wires, regardless of transformation temperature and carbon content in steels.
Tribological Behavior of Thin PMMA (Poly Methyl Methacrylate) Coating Layers
Kang S. H ; Kim Y. S ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 716~722
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.716
Effects of sliding speed, applied load, and thickness of PMMA (Poly Methyl Methacrylate) coating layers on their dry sliding frictional and wear behavior were investigated. Sliding wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disk wear tester. The PMMA layer was coated on Si wafer by a spin coating process with two different thicknesses,
. AISI 52100 bearing steel balls were used as a counterpart of the PMMA coating during the wear. Normal applied load and sliding speed were varied. Wear mechanisms of the coatings were investigated by examining worn surfaces using an SEM. Friction coefficient of the coatings decreased with the increase of the applied load. Both adhesion and deformation of the coating determined the coefficient. The thicker PMMA layer with the thickness of
showed lower friction coefficient than the thinner layer under most test conditions. Effects of sliding speed and applied load on the frictional behavior were varied depending on the thickness of the coating layer.
Extrusion Process Analysis for Al Condenser Tube with Multi Hole
Bae J. H ; Lee J. M ; Kim B. M ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 723~730
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.723
This paper describes the analysis of extrusion process and integrity for a condenser tube which is a component of the heat exchanger in automobile and all conditioning apparatus. Recently, according to the development of analysis method using the computer, the numerical simulation have been applied to the 3-dimensional hot extrusion process with complex section area of the non-steady statement and then results of the analysis have been applied to optimal die design and process design. In this paper, firstly, the die design was performed for a condenser tube with a multi-hole section and the rigid-plasticity FE analysis performed of extrusion process. Secondly, we estimated metal flow of billet, extrusion load, welding pressure in chamber etc. and evaluated the pressure and elastic strain of the die land and mandrel tooth profile through a stress analysis of the die. Finally, the extrusion test was performed to estimate the validity of FE analysis. This paper confirmed that the designed extrusion die of the research is satisfactorily designed fur integrity of condenser tube.
Determination of the Mechanical Properties of the Coated Layer in the Sheet Metal Using Load-Displacement Curve by Nanoindentation Technique
Ko Y. H ; Lee J. M ; Kim B. M ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 13, issue 8, 2004, Pages 731~737
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2004.13.8.731
Mechanical properties such as Young's modulus and hardness of thin film in coated steel are difficult to determine by nano-indentation from the conventional analysis using the load-displacement curve. Therefore, an analysis of the nano-indentation loading-unloading curve was used to determine the Young's modulus, hardness. A new method is recently being developed for elastic-plastic properties of materials from nano-indentation. Elastic modulus of the thin films shows relatively small influence whereas yield strength is found to have significant effect on measured data. The load-displacement curves of material tested with a Berkovich indenter and nano-indentation continuous stiffness method is used to measure the modulus and hardness through thin films, and then these are computed using the analysis procedure. The developed neural networks apply also to obtain reliable mechanical properties.