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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 8 - Dec 2008
Volume 17, Issue 7 - Nov 2008
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Oct 2008
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Aug 2008
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Jul 2008
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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Thixoforging Process of Rheology Materials Fabricated by Spiral Mechanical Stirring Equipment
Jung, I.K. ; Han, S.H. ; Bae, J.W. ; Kang, C.G. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 5~8
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.005
As the semi-solid forming technology has a lot of advantages compared to the die casting, squeeze casting and hot/cold forging, it has been studied actively. This paper focuses on the thixoforging of the rheological materials fabricated by the spiral mechanical stirring equipment with A356 casting aluminum alloy and A6061 wrought aluminum alloy. Formability tests of rheological materials fabricated by spiral mechanical stirring were carried out and the microstructures of forged sample were observed. After thixoforging experiment, the heat-treated conditions of forged samples are investigated to improve the mechanical properties. These results are able to suggest the possibility of commercialization for rheological materials fabricated by spiral mechanical stirring.
Manufacture of Aluminum Alloy Rheology Materials Using Spiral Stirring Equipment
Bae, J.W. ; Han, S.H. ; Kang, C.G. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 9~12
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.009
Recently, industries and academic institutes have been interested in the rheology forming technology for light weight materials. However, this rheocasting process has advantages such as the high initial investment cost and the lower mechanical properties than thixocasting. In this study, the continuous fabrication of rheological material with a spiral stirring equipment(mechanical stirring system) was newly devised to overcome the disadvantages of rheocasting process. The experimental parameters were stirring time(
), stirring velocity (
) and stirring temperature(
). The optimal conditions for fabricated rheological material of A6061 alloy were stirring time at 300sec, stirring velocity at 60rpm and stirring temperature at
. At these results, the equivalent diameter was
, mean roundness was
and Vickers hardness was 60Hv.
Effect of Equal Channel Angular Pressing Temperature on the Fracture and Mechanical Properties of Magnesium
Yoon, S.C. ; Bok, C.H. ; Kwak, E.J. ; Jeong, Y.G. ; Kim, T.S. ; Kim, H.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 13~18
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.013
Mg and Mg alloys are promising materials for light weight high strength applications. In this paper, grain refinement of pure Mg using severe plastic deformation was tried to enhance the mechanical properties of the hard-to-deform metallic material. The microstructure and the mechanical properties of Mg processed by equal channel angular pressing(ECAP) at various processing temperatures were investigated experimentally. ECAP with channel angle of
and corner angle of
was successful at
without fracture of the samples during the processing. The hardness of the ECAP processed Mg decreased with increasing ECAP processing temperature. The effect of temperature on the hardness and microstructure of the ECAP processed Mg were explained by the dislocation glide in the basal plane and non-basal slip systems and by the dynamic recrystallization and recovery.
Simulation of Ratcheting Behavior under Stress Controlled Cyclic Loading using Two-Back Stress Hardening Constitutive Relation
Hong, S.I. ; Hwang, D.S. ; Yun, S.J. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.019
In the present work, the ratcheting behavior under uniaxial cyclic loading is analyzed. A comparison between the published and the results from the present model is also included. In order to simulate the ratcheting behavior, Two-Back Stress model is proposed by combining the non-linear Armstrong-Frederick rule and the non-linear Phillips hardening rule based on kinematic hardening equation. It is shown that some ratcheting behaviors can be obtained by adjusting the control material parameters and various evolutions of the kinematic hardening parameter can be obtained by means of simple combination of hardening rules using simple rule of mixtures. The ultimate back stress is also derived for the present combined kinematic hardening models.
An Experimental Study on Incremental Roll Forming Process for Manufacturing Doubly Curved Ship Hull Plates
Shim, D.S. ; Jung, C.G. ; Seong, D.Y. ; Han, M.S. ; Chung, S.W. ; Yang, D.Y. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 27~34
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.027
In order to manufacture a doubly curved sheet metal, the incremental roll forming process which adopts advantages such as the flexibility of the incremental forming process and continuous bending deformation of the roll forming process has been experimentally investigated. An experimental equipment was developed which was named as unit roll set (URS) consisting of two pairs of support rolls and an upper center roll. The upper roll equipped with the servo control unit is motor-driven and can be positioned in the vertical direction according to the user`s commands. Four support rolls are idle, and they freely rotate only along the axis so as to transfer the plate more stably in the tangential direction of the rotation of the driving roll. In the process, the plate is deformed incrementally as deformation proceeds simultaneously in longitudinal and transverse directions. Through the experiments using URS, information regarding to forming schedules is found out to fabricate curved hull plates. This study demonstrates the further application of the incremental roll forming process in shipbuilding industries.
Numerical Simulation of Thin Sheet Metal Forming Process using Electromagnetic Force
Seo, Y.H. ; Heo, S.C. ; Ku, T.W. ; Song, W.J. ; Kang, B.S. ; Kim, J. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 35~45
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.035
Electromagnetic Forming (EMF) technology such as magnetic pulse forming, which is one of the high velocity forming methods, has been used for the joining and forming process in various industry fields. This method could be derived a series of deformation of sheet metal by using a strong magnetic field. In this study, numerical approach by finite element simulation of the electromagnetic forming process was presented. A transient electromagnetic finite element code was used to obtain the numerical model of the time-varying currents that are discharged through the coil in order to obtain the transient magnetic forces. Also, the body forces generated in electromagnetic field were used as the loading condition to analyze deformation of thin sheet metal workpiece using explicit dynamic finite element code. In this study, after finite element analysis for thin sheet metal forming process with free surface configuration was performed, analytical approach for a dimpled shape by using EMF was carried out. Furthermore, the simulated results of the dimpled shape by EMF were compared with that by a conventional solid tool in view of the deformed shape. From the results of finite element analysis, it is confirmed that the EMF process could be applied to thin sheet metal forming.
Microscopic Investigation of the Strain Rate Hardening for Polycrystalline Metals
Yoon, J.H. ; Park, C.G. ; Kang, J.S. ; Suh, J.H. ; Huh, M.Y. ; Kang, H.G. ; Huh, H. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 46~51
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.046
Polycrystalline materials such as steels(BCC) and aluminum alloys(FCC) show the strain hardening and the strain rate hardening during the plastic deformation. The strain hardening is induced by deformation resistance of dislocation glide on some crystallographic systems and increase of the dislocation density on grain boundaries or inner grain. However, the phenomenon of the strain rate hardening is not demonstrated distinctly in the rage of
strain rate. In this paper, tensile tests for various strain rates are performed in the rage of
then, specimens are extracted on the same strain position to investigate the microscopic behavior of deformed materials. The extracted specimens are investigated by using the electron backscattered diffraction(EBSD) and transmission electron microscopy(TEM) results which show the effect of texture orientation, grain size and dislocation behavior on the strain rate hardening.
Evaluation of Formability on Hydroformed Part for Automobile Based on Finite Element Analysis
Song, Woo-Jin ; Heo, Seong-Chan ; Ku, Tae-Wan ; Kim, Jeong ; Kang, Beom-Soo ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 52~58
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.052
Tube hydroforming process is generally consisted with pre-bending, preforming and hydroforming processes. Among forming defects which may occur in tube hydroforming such as buckling, wrinkling and bursting, the wrinkling and bursting by local instability under excessive tensile stress mode were mainly caused by thinning phenomenon in the manufacturing process. Thus the accurate prediction and suitable evaluation of the thinning phenomenon play an important role in designing and producing the successfully hydroformed parts without any failures. In this work, the formability on hydroformed part for automobile, i.e. engine cradle, was evaluated using finite element analysis. The initial tube radius, loading path with axial feeding force and internal pressure, and preformed configuration after preforming process were considered as the dominant process parameters in total tube hydroforming process. The effects on these process parameters could be confirmed through the numerical experiments with respect to several kinds of finite element simulation conditions. The degree of enhancement on formability with each process parameters such as initial tube radius, loading path and preform configuration were also compared. Therefore, it is noted that the evaluation approach of the formability on hydroformed parts for lots of industrial fields proposed in this study will provide one of feasible methods to satisfy the increasing practical demands for the improvement of the formability in tube hydroforming processes.
Development of Multi-Action Die for the Forming Process of Serrated Sheets
Koo, H.S. ; Min, K.H. ; Seo, J.M. ; Noh, J.H. ; Vishara, R.J. ; Hwang, B.B. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.059
This paper is concerned with the development of multi-action die or multiple sliding die for the forming process of serrated sheets. Serrated sheets is used as a toothed or serrated seal for securing together overlapping portions of steel or plastic strapping ligature and have been produced conventionally in several methods such as rolling and indentation. Recently, longitudinally oriented thermoplastic materials have been widely used in the strapping industry, while such materials are quite slippery. Provided projections on a seal biting into the strap should overcome the slipperiness and also the tooth configuration must be closely controlled to avoid too much transverse penetration of the strap which could result in the shredding of the strap when it is placed under tension. The seal includes a central portion with a plurality of teeth which bite into one strap portion and a pair of reversely bent legs with a plurality of teeth which bite into the other strap portion. Forming processes applicable for serrated sheets have reviewed in qualitative sense to find possibility in terms of applicability of one of existing processes to the serrated sheet forming process. Existing seal products have been analyzed with enlarged picture of strap contacting surface of the seal by microscope. Based on the analyses of the existing forming processes and seal products, a new forming process is proposed for serrated sheets. The proposed process requires a multislide die which enables inclined indentation or cut-in into the seal material as well as scratching processes sequentially in a single action press.
Evolution of Strain States and Microstructures During Three-roll Screw Rolling of Copper Rods
Kim, S.H. ; Park, E.S. ; Kim, H.J. ; Bae, J.C. ; Huh, M.Y. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 68~72
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2008.17.1.068
In order to investigate the evolution of strain states during screw rolling, the samples of copper rod were rolled in a three-roll screw rolling mill. Microstructure observations and hardness measurements were carried out for examining the deformation history during screw rolling. The finite element method(FEM) was employed to calculate the evolution of strain states during screw rolling. The strain state in the roll gap is quite inhomogeneous through the rod thickness layers. It turned out that shear strain gradients through the thickness layers are reduced by applying a higher reduction.