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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Nov 2010
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Jul 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Forging Processes with Back Pressure Exerted by Spring Force
Jang, S.M. ; Kim, M.C. ; Lee, M.C. ; Jun, B.Y. ; Joun, M.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 273~276
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.273
In this paper, back pressure forging processes of which back pressures are exerted by mechanical forces including spring reaction are simulated by three-dimensional finite element method. The basic three-dimensional approach extended from two-dimensional approach is accounted for. An axisymmetric backward and forward extrusion process having a back pressing die, which is exposed to oscillation of forming load due to variation of reduction ratios with stroke and its related frequent variation of major deforming region, is simulated by both two and three dimensional approaches to justify the presented approach by their comparison. A three-dimensional forging process having a back pressing die attached to the punch by a mechanical spring is simulated and the results are investigated to reveal accuracy of the presented approach.
Mechanical Properties of Friction Joint of AZ31Mg Alloy
Kong, Y.S. ; Chun, B.K. ; Kang, D.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 277~282
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.277
Magnesium alloy has been known as lightweight material in automobile and electronic industry with aluminum alloy, titanium alloy and plastic material. Friction welding is useful to join various metals and nonferrous metals that are difficult to join by such as gas welding, resistance welding and electronic beam welding. In this study, friction joining was performed to investigate mechanical properties of Mg alloy with 20mm diameter solid bar. Also the optimal joining conditions for its application were determined on the basis of tensile test, and hardness survey. The joining parameters were chosen as heating pressure, heating time, upsetting pressure, and upsetting time. Heating and upsetting pressure were executed under the range of 10~40MPa and 20~80MPa, respectively. From the experimental results, optimal joining conditions were determined as follows; rotating speed=2000rpm, heating pressure=35MPa, upsetting pressure=70MPa, heating time=1sec, upsetting time=5sec. Also the hardness of jointed boundary showed as HV50 which was similar to that of base metal at the optimal condition, and it was supposed that zone of HAZ was 8mm. Finally two materials were strongly mixed at interface part to show a well-combined microstructure without particle growth or any defect.
Manufacturing Powder Extrusion Die and Experiment for Fabrication of Miniature Helical-Gears
Hwang, D.W. ; Lee, K.H. ; Kim, B.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 283~289
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.283
Extrusion process in the bulk material for fabrication of miniature helical gears has problems such as a high forming load and short tool life because the cross-section is complex and asymmetry. To overcome these problems, in this study, miniature helical gears were fabricated by Zn-22Al powder hot extrusion. The included die angle for minimum extrusion load and improving die filling was determined by FE-simulation. The Zn-22Al spheroidal powder produced by gasatomization were compacted and sintered for extrusion experiment. The dimension of helical-gear is 0.3mm in module, 3.35mm in pitch diameter,
in helix angle and the number of teeth is 12. All of the extrusion experiments were performed with internal helical gear die which was machined by precision electric discharge machining using the electrode. The experiment was conducted at
to obtain extrusive and mechanical properties. The extruded helical gears were analyzed through extrusion load, Vickers hardness and SEM images for each extrusion temperature. The powder hot extrusion process was successfully applied to fabricate a miniature helical gear.
Influence of Working Variables in Simplified Gear Shaving Process
Lee, K.S. ; Jung, J.Y. ; Kim, J.H. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 290~295
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.290
Shaving technology is one of the significant metal forming technologies which can make the smooth and fine sheared surface of products after shearing process. The sheared surface on the side wall of the cutting edge is very important because it functions as a basic surface for measuring the dimensions of product. Effective sheared surface after shaving can be influenced by several working variables such as shaving allowance, shaving clearance, type of material and profile of cutting edge. The influence of these variables on shaving characteristics was investigated in this study. A cut-off die to make the simplified gear-shaped products was manufactured. Three kinds of sheet metals (AL5052, SPCC and SAPH440) of 3mm thickness were firstly sheared and then shaved for four shaving allowances and three sharing clearances. It was shown through experiments that the optimum working condition to give the maximum effective sheared surface in shaving was found ; Shaving allowance is 0.2mm and Shaving clearance is 0.01mm.
A Study on The Change of Birefringence Structure in Injection and Injection/compression Molded Products
Min, I.K. ; Lee, K.B. ; Yoon, K.H. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 296~304
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.296
It is still needed to study the effect of process conditions on the final properties of injection-molded parts for producing precision optical products. Especially, the optical anisotropy, i.e., birefringence, is a significant factor to affect the function of many optical components. In the present study we have focused on the effect of holding and compression processes on the birefringence remaining in the transparent disc by examining the gap-wise distribution of birefringence and extinction angle. As a result, two extra birefringence and extinction peaks near the center in thickness direction showed the effect of holding pressure, which came from the flow in packing stage. However, more uniform birefringence distribution than injection-only cases could be found in injection/compression cases. Depends on the process condition even the flow reversal could be found from the distribution of extinction angle. Finally, graphical representation of optical indicatrix was added for better understanding the final structure of injection-only and injection/compression cases.
Effects of Design Variables on Compression Rate of Wire in Connector Crimping Process of Wire Harness Using FEM
Gu, S.M. ; Choi, H.S. ; Kim, Y.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 305~310
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.305
Recently industry of motor vehicle is making a gradual progress of automotive electric components. According to this step, wire harness equipped at motor vehicle is also increased. The most important component at the wire harness is electric connector. At the manufacturing process of electric connector, exactly at the crimping process, design variables, such as clamping-height, clamping-width and clamping die shape are critical parameters to assure satisfactory harness shape in clamping process of electric connector. In this study we have performed FEM simulation for clamping process and clarified the effect of design variables on compression rate of wire.
The Formation Behavior of Non-metallic Inclusion in the Ce-added Hyper Duplex STS
Hong, S.H. ; Jang, P.Y. ; Park, Y.M. ; Byun, S.M. ; Kim, K.T. ; You, B.D. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 311~319
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.311
Rare earth metal Ce has a relatively low melting point and high specific gravity. Because of its significantly high affinity to oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur, it is highly usable as a steel refining agent. However, because Ce compound has relatively high specific gravity, it is difficult to be separated from molten steel through floatation, and it degrades the purity of molten steel, or may clog the nozzle in continuous casting. Such problem may be solved by using an appropriate deoxidation agent together with Ce and settling molten steel sufficiently after refining. Thus a fundamental study in the formation behavior of non-metallic inclusion in Ce added Hyper Duplex STS melts was investigated. The addition amount of Ce, melt temperature were considered as experimental variables. A main non-metallic inclusion in mother alloy is 51(wt%MnO) - 27.6(wt%SiO
). Non-metallic inclusion was dramatically decreased and the particle size was fined as the amount of Ce increased. Moreover (%MnO) and (%SiO
) of non-metallic inclusion were decreased. But (%
)were relatively increased. The number of non-metallic inclusion were decreased and the large particle size were increased by increasing the temperature of molten steel.
Application of Image Processing Technique to Improve Production Efficiency of Fine Pitch Hole Based on Laser
Pyo, C.R. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 5, 2010, Pages 320~324
DOI : 10.5228/KSPP.2010.19.5.320
Multi-Layer Ceramic Circuit(MLCC) in the face of thousands of fine pitch multi hole is processed. However, the fine pitch multi hole has a size of only a few micrometers. Therefore, in order to curtail the measurement time and reduce error, the image processing measurement method is required. So, we proposed an image processing measurement algorithm which is required to accurately measure the fine pitch multi hole. The proposed algorithm gets image of the fine pitch multi hole, extracts object from the image by morphological process, and extracts the parameters of its position and feature by edge detecting process. In addition, we have used the sub-pixel algorithm to improve accuracy. As a result, the proposed algorithm shows 97% test-retest measurement reliability within 2
. We found that the algorithm was wellsuited for measuring the fine pitch multi hole.