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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 8 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 7 - Nov 2010
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Jul 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Process Design on Fabrication of Large Sized Ring by Mandrel Forging of Hollow Cast Ingot
Lee, S.U. ; Lee, Y.S. ; Lee, M.W. ; Lee, D.H. ; Kim, S.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 329~336
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.329
Ring forging process is more appropriate for high-length and thin walled ring, because it utilizes the forging press and hence does not require heavy-duty ring rolling mill. Although ring forging process is very simple and economic for facilities, the process is not efficient because of multi-forging-step and low material utilization. An effective ring forging process is developed using a hollow ingot. When a hollow ingot is used with a workpiece, the ingot can be forged into a final ring without multi-stage pre-forging process, such as, cogging, upsetting, and piercing, etc.. Finally it has advantages of the material utilization and process improvement because a few reheating and forging process are not necessary to make workpiece for ring forging. The important design variables are the applied plastic deformation energy to eliminate cast structure and make uniform properties. In this study, the mechanical properties after forging of hollow cast ingot were investigated from the experiment using circumferential sectional model. Also, the effects of process variables were studied by FEM simulation on the basis of thermo-visco-plastic constitutive equation. Applied strain is different at each position in length direction because diameter of hollow ingot is different in length direction. The different strain distribution become into a narrow gap by additional plastic deformation during diameter extension process.
A Study of Automobile Product Design using Hole Expansion Testing of High Strength Steels
Park, B.C. ; Bae, K.U. ; Gu, S.M. ; Jang, S.H. ; Hong, S.H. ; Kim, Y.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 337~343
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.337
Current need of weight reduction in automotive part increases the application for high strength steel (HSS). The various types of high strength steels have been used to produce chassis part, control arms and trailing arms for weight reduction and increasing of fatigue durability such as dual phase steel (DP) and ferrite bainite steel (FB). But, DP and FB steels have proven to show inferiority in durability as well as press formability. Edge cracking occurred often in flange forming and hole expansion processes is the major failure encountered. This paper discussed the behavior of edge stretchability of high strength steel of DP and FB steels. Experimental works have been conducted to study the effect of punch clearance and burr direction on hole expansion ratio (HER). Also finite element simulation (FEM) has been preformed to clarify the mechanism of flange crack and support the experimental results on HER of DP and FB steels. It was simulated the whole process of blanking process following by hole expansion process and ductile fracture criterion named the modified Cockcroft-Latham model which was used to capture the fracture initiation. From the hole expansion tests and FEM simulation studies it was concluded that ferrite bainite steel showed better stretch-flangeability than dual phase steel. It was attributed to the lower work hardening rate of ferrite bainite steel than dual phase steel at the sheared edge.
Development of Mathematical Model for the Prediction of Roll Force and Tension Profiles in Flat Rolling
Kim, Y.K. ; Hwang, S.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 344~351
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.344
This paper presents a precision on-line model for the prediction of the roll force and tension distributions across the strip in hot strip rolling. The approach is based on an approximate 3-D theory of rolling, and in particular, considers the effect of pre-deformation of the strip, which occurs near the roll entrance before the strip enters the bite zone. The prediction accuracy of the proposed model is examined through comparison with the predictions from the 3-D finite element models.
Fabrication of a Micro Die by LIGA Process and Hybrid Powder Extrusion Process of Micro-spur Gear
Lee, K.H. ; Hwang, D.W. ; Kim, J.H. ; Jang, S.S. ; Kim, B.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 352~356
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.352
This paper was designed to fabricate the micro-spur gear by the LIGA and hybrid powder extrusion process. It is important to manufacture a micro-die with a high aspect ratio and determine appropriate extrusion conditions for a microforming. Ni has been used to fabricate micro-dies. LIGA process was capable to produce micro-extrusion dies with close tolerance, longer bearing length and adequate surface quality. Superplastic Al-78Zn powders have the great advantage in achieving deformation under low stresses and exhibiting good micro-formability with average strain rate raging from
and constant temperature ranging from 503 to 563K. Al-78Zn powders were compacted into a cylindrical shape (
h10mm) under compressive force of 10kN and, subsequently, the compacted powders were extruded by the hybrid powder extrusion process controlling of the temperature holing time for a improvement on formability of Al-22Zn powder. Micro-extrusion has succeeded in forming micro-gear shafts.
Sliding Wear Behavior of Pure Metal, Fe and Cu Having a Cubic Crystal System
Yi, S.K. ; Kim, Y.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 357~362
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.357
Dry sliding wear behavior of pure Fe and Cu which have BCC and FCC crystal structure, respectively, was investigated. The wear characteristics of the pure metals with different crystal structure were compared. Dry sliding wear tests were carried out using a pin-on-disk wear tester at various loads under the constant sliding speed condition of 0.15 m/s against a silica ball at room temperature. Sliding distance was fixed as 600 m for all wear tests. Wear rate of a specimen was calculated by dividing the weight loss of the specimen after the test by the specific gravity and sliding distance. Worn surfaces and wear debris were analyzed by SEM. The wear of both pure Fe and Cu proceeded with surface deformation, resulting in similar wear rates despite of their structure difference under the current test conditions. Wear rates of both metals were low if the surface deformation due to wear forms thick surface-deformation layer that is strain hardened beneath the wearing surface. The pure Cu specimens showed a lot of oxides on the worn surface when tested at low loads less than 5 N, which resulted in very low wear rate.
Design and Manufacture of Ultrasonic Vibration Drawing Tool
Lee, K.H. ; Kim, B.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 363~371
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.363
In ultrasonic vibration drawing, the drawing forces can be reduced by applying ultrasonically oscillating dies. Ultrasonic vibration drawing has been considered as a means of accommodating high-level drawing processes such as shaped wire, ultrafine wire, and the wire drawing operation in semidry or dry condition. Prior studies were attempted to analyze the mechanism of improved drawing performances, such as reduced drawing force and improved lubrication characteristic. However, researches on design rule for ultrasonic vibration drawing system are not yet carried out. The principal objectives of this work are to design a set of tooling capable to superimpose the oscillations and to observe by experiments the influence of the ultrasonic oscillations on the wire drawing.
Finite Element Analysis of a Burnishing Process for the Inner Surface of a Cylinder
Park, J.J. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 372~377
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.372
Elasto-plastic finite element analysis was performed for a burnishing process for the inner surface of a cylinder by mandrel. Three different configurations in roughness of the inner surface, two different thicknesses of the cylinder wall, and five different diameters of the mandrel were selected for the present investigation. Although the surface roughness was improved with the increase of the mandrel diameter, defects of folding occurred as the mandrel diameter exceeded certain limits. Improvements in the surface roughness, distributions of effective strain, effective stress and residual circumferential stress, and the variation of mandrel force were also investigated.
The Prediction of Interfacial Heat Transfer Coefficient According to Contact Time and Pressure in Forging and Casting Die Materials for the Hot Press Forming
Kim, N.H. ; Kang, C.G. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 378~386
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2010.19.6.378
Nowadays there has been great interest in using heat treated cast material for press dies due to several advantages like reduction in die production costs. However, in hot press forming processes H13 forged tool steel is mostly used. Cooling performance of dies in hot press forming processes is considered as an important factor of study and also the IHTC parameter between cast material die and sheet metal should be considered as an essential. In the present study, the IHTC was calculated for the sheet metal in the hot press forming process with cast and forged material dies. The temperature measurements were performed for the sheet metal, casting and forged material dies by applying various contact pressure in hot press forming. IHTC was calculated and studied by adopting the inverse heat convection method in DEFORM-2D. Each IHTC was considered as a function of contact time and contact pressure. The experimental data were compared with calculated data obtained from the proposed equation and references.