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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Nov 2012
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Aug 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Jul 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
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Localized Necking in a Round Tensile Bar for a HCP Material Considering Tension-compression Asymmetry in Plastic Flow
Yoon, J.H. ; Lee, J.H. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 285~290
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.285
In spite of progress in predicting ductile failure, the development of a macroscopic yield criterion to describe damage evolution in HCP (hexagonal close-packed) materials remains a challenge. HCP materials display strength differential effects (i.e., different behavior in tension versus compression) in their plastic response due to twinning. Cazacu and Stewart(2009) developed an analytical yield criterion for porous material containing randomly distributed spherical voids in an isotropic, incompressible matrix that shows tension-compression asymmetry. The goal of the calculations in this paper is to investigate the effect of the tension-compression asymmetry on necking induced by void nucleation, evolution and consolidation. In order to investigate the effect of the tension-compression asymmetry of the matrix on necking and fracture initiation, three isotropic materials A, B, and C were examined with different ratios of tension-compression asymmetry. The various types of material had BCC, FCC, and HCP crystal structures, respectively. The ratio between tension and compression in plastic flow significantly influences the fracture shape produced by damage propagation as well as affecting the localized neck.
Effect of Back Tension in Multi-pass Drawing on the Central Bursting Defect
Lee, S.W. ; Kim, M.C. ; Shim, G.H. ; Joun, M.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 291~297
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.291
In this paper, the effect of back tension in multi-pass drawing or wiredrawing on the central bursting defect is investigated using finite element predictions. A rigid-plastic finite element method was used together with the McClintock damage model. Central bursting defects under different back tension stress values ranging from 0% to 20% of the yield strength of the material were predicted and they were compared to understand the effect of the back tension stress values on the central bursting defect. It is found that the level of back tension has a strong influence on the cumulative damage. Thus, higher back tension raises the possibility of the central bursting defect occurring, even though it decreases the interfacial pressure between the die and the work piece.
Simulation of the Forming Process of the Shielded Slot Plate for the Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Using a Ductile Fracture Criterion
Lee, C.W. ; Yang, D.Y. ; Lee, S.R. ; Kang, D.W. ; Chang, I.G. ; Lee, T.W. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 298~304
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.298
The shielded slot plates for a molten carbonate fuel cell(MCFC) have a sheared corrugated trapezoidal pattern. In the FEM simulations for the production of the shielded slot plate, the user material subroutine VUMAT in the commercial FEM software ABAQUS was used to implement a ductile fracture criterion. The critical damage value for the ductile fracture criterion was determined by comparing the experimental results of the shearing process with the simulation results. Using the ductile fracture criterion, the FEM simulation of the three-dimensional forming process of the shielded slot plate was conducted. The effects of the shearing process on the forming process were examined through FEM simulation and experiments. The forming simulation of nine unit cells was conducted. Using the simulation results of the forming process, the deformed shape after springback was calculated. The experimental result shows good agreement with the simulation.
Forming Analysis of A5083 Thick Plate for Moss Spherical LNG Tank and Prediction of Springback
Yoon, J.H. ; Jeon, H.W. ; Lee, J.H. ; Kim, B.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 305~311
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.305
One of the main methods of building LNG tankers uses the Moss spherical tank design since it can be precisely analyzed with respect to reliability and safety of construction by stress analysis. Aluminum alloy 5083 is generally used in the Moss spherical tank design for the wall in constructing the LNG tanker. This aluminum alloy does not have low temperature brittleness, but has good corrosion resistance, good weldability, and excellent material properties for the application. The Moss spherical tank is constructed with several sections of A5083 thick plate with curved surfaces, which are welded together. It is essential to predict the amount of springback for the deformed thick plates in design to insure a reliable construction because the structure needs to be assembled into a perfect sphere. Unless the initial construction meets the design, there are additional processing costs for reworking to meet the specifications as well as a cost penalty paid to a consumer. In this paper, FE analyses were conducted to predict the amount of springback for various forming conditions and forming processes. The various forming processes were evaluated with respect to reducing springback and compared with the conventional forming process used for curved surfaces of thick Al plate.
A Study on Performance Improvement of Electrical Discharge Machining for Producing Micro-holes Using a Shot Blasting Surface Treatment
Jang, H.S. ; Kim, H.S. ; Shin, K.H. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 312~318
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.312
With an increasing trend toward miniaturization, electrical discharge machining(EDM) has been receiving a lot of attention as a suitable production technology for micro-parts, since it enables the machining of hard conductive materials with a high degree of repeatability and without alteration to the material. When a micro-hole is fabricated by EDM, however, the diameter of the inlet hole is larger than that of the outlet region due to the additional discharge effect caused by the eroded particles. In this paper, a shot blasting surface treatment, in which an abrasive material is accelerated through a pressurized nozzle and directed at the surface of a part, is suggested as an effective method to reduce the tapered shape of EDM micro-hole. In addition, the influence of process parameters such as spark-on time and electrode diameter on the machining performance was investigated. It is shown quantitatively that the difference in diameter between the inlet and outlet holes decreases with the shot blasting treatment and with decreasing spark-on time.
A Study of Multiple Scale FEM Modeling for Prediction of Inner Void Closing Behavior in Open Die Forging Process
Kwak, E.J. ; Kang, G.P. ; Lee, K. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 319~323
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.319
In order to predict the internal void closing behavior in open die forging process, multiple scale modeling has been developed and applied. The huge size difference between ingot and inner void makes it almost impossible to simultaneously model the actual loading conditions and the void shape. Multiple scale modeling is designed to integrate macro- and micro- models effectively and efficiently. The void closing behavior was simulated at 39 different locations in a large ingot during upsetting and cogging. The correlation between the closing behavior and variables such as effective plastic strain and maximum compressive strain was studied in order to find an efficient measure for predicting the soundness of the forging.
Microstructure and Yield Asymmetry Behavior of Indirect-extruded Mg-Sn-Al-Zn Alloys
Park, S.H. ; Kim, Y.M. ; Kim, H.S. ; Yim, C.D. ; You, B.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 324~329
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.324
Mg-(9-x)Sn-xAl-1Zn (x=1, 2, 3 and 4 wt.%) alloys were subjected to indirect extrusion, and the microstructure and mechanical properties of the as-extruded Mg-Sn-Al-Zn (TAZ) alloys were investigated. The TAZ 811 alloy exhibited a finer grain structure than the TAZ 541 alloy due to a larger number of Mg2Sn particles, which pinned the grain boundaries and prevented growth of recrystallized grains. The TAZ alloys showed an unusual yield asymmetry behavior. The tension-compression yield asymmetry increased with decreasing average grain size. The TAZ 811 alloy with a small grain size exhibited a larger yield asymmetry than that of the TAZ 541 alloy having a relatively large grain size, which is mainly attributed to the low Al content and large number of second phase particles in the TAZ 811 alloy.
A Study on the Characteristics of Salt Spray Test of Roll Formed and Zn-Ni Electrodeposited Steel Bolts
Hamrakulov, B. ; Son, Y.H. ; Kim, I. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 330~335
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.5.330
Roll formed steel bolts are electrodeposited with Zn-Ni to protect themselves from corrosion. However, white storage stain or white rust(corrosion) is found on Zn-Ni electrodeposited surface of steel bolts when they are exposed to moisture. In this paper a new process is introduced to protect Zn-Ni electrodeposited steel bolt from white storage stain or white rust for a long time under the salt spray test and high humidity test conditions. The better corrosion resistance could be gotten by the additional process of Ni-P electroless deposition and heat treatment to conventional manufacturing method of Zn-Ni coated steel bolt. The corrosion resistance of Zn-Al powder slurry coated steel bolt showed better than that of Zn-Ni electrodeposited one.