Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Nov 2012
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Aug 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Jul 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Behavior and Reduction of Spring-back in a Thin Cold-Forged Product
Kim, D.W. ; Shin, Y.C. ; Choi, H.J. ; Yoon, D.J. ; Lee, G.A. ; Kim, Y.G. ; Lim, S.J. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 397~402
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.397
The flange hub is a main component in an automotive steering system. In general, the flange hub are fabricated by mechanical machining, which is a process where material waste is inevitable. It is well-known that a net-shape cold forging cannot only reduce material waste but can also improve the mechanical strength of the final product. Thus, a forging process design was conducted for production of a flange hub. Significant spring-back occurs around the flange due to its small thickness in conjunction with the residual stresses after forging. In order to achieve the required dimensional accuracy, a process design with appropriate spring-back control is needed. In this study, a modification of the forging die was designed based on FE analysis with the purpose of spring-back compensation. Four kinds of different die designs were evaluated and the optimum design has two times less spring-back than the initial design. The compensation angle of the optimum design is 0.5 degrees. The results have been experimentally confirmed by cold forging of a flange hub and comparing the amount of spring-back between the actual component and the FE analysis.
Finite Element Analysis of Superplastic Forming Considering Grain Growth-II. Superplastic Behavior of AZ31 Alloy
Kim, Y.G. ; Kim, S.H. ; Kwon, Y.N. ; Kim, Y.H. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 403~411
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.403
The aim of this study was to predict the results of superplastic forming on magnesium alloy, by considering the grain growth using numerical simulations. Superplastic behavior of AZ31 alloy was investigated through a set of uniaxial tensile tests that cover the forming temperatures ranges from 375 to
. All the material parameters in the model, which consists of a constitutive equation and a grain growth equation, were determined. The model was used in the finite element analysis for uniaxial tensile tests and superplastic blow forming, through a user-subroutine available within ABAQUS. From this study, the effect of grain growth during forming was evaluated. The results show that it is essential to include the effect of grain growth in predicting the behavior during superplastic forming of this magnesium alloy.
Ingot-Breakdown Design of Tower Flange Material for Offshore Wind Turbine
Yoo, G.Y. ; Kang, N.H. ; Kim, J.H. ; Hong, J.K. ; Lee, C.S. ; Lee, J.M. ; Kim, N.Y. ; Yeom, J.T. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 412~419
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.412
The ingot-breakdown scheme of a tower flange material (low-alloy steel) for offshore wind turbine was investigated using finite element (FE) simulations and experimental analyses. Based on compression test results of the low-alloy steel, a deformation processing map was generated using the superposition approach between the dynamic materials model (DMM) and Ziegler's instability criterion. The deformation processing map allowed determination of the optimum process conditions for the tower flange material. Within the FE simulations of the ingot breakdown process, the Cockcroft-Latham criterion, which considers ductile fracture, was used to predict the possibility of forming defects during the hot working process. In general, the critical value for the ductile fracture of steel is 0.74. During the ingot-breakdown under optimum process conditions, the actual tower flange forgings exhibited a relatively uniform shape without any forming defects.
An FE-based Model for the Prediction of Deformed Roll Profile in Multi-high Rolling Mills - Part I : Development of the Model
Cho, J.H. ; Hwang, S.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 420~425
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.420
A new model is suggested for the prediction of radial displacements of a roll in order to analyze multi-high rolling mills. The model was developed from predictions based on finite element simulations. This model utilizes the compliance coefficient, which is expressed as a function of three dimensionless parameters, and is approximated by using the same interpolation function as used in the finite element method. The prediction accuracy of the model is demonstrated through comparison with the predictions from the FE model.
An FE-based Model for the Prediction of Deformed Roll Profile in Multi-high Rolling Mills - Part II : Application to a Sendzimir Mill
Cho, J.H. ; Hwang, S.M. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 426~431
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.426
The work roll of a Sendzimir mill has a small diameter in comparison to its length, so it is easily deformed by the rolling pressure. It also has a complex back up roll system, so it is difficult to analyze the roll deformation. For this reason in Part I we have developed a model which predicts the radial displacement of the roll. In this paper, we apply the model to a Sendzimir mill and propose a new model for the prediction of the deformed roll profile in a Sendzimir mill. The prediction accuracy of the new model is demonstrated through comparison of the predictions from the FE model.
Numerical and Experimental Study for Improvement of Formability in Flexible Forming Process
Heo, S.C. ; Seo, Y.H. ; Kang, B.S. ; Kim, J. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 432~440
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.432
In this article, the design of the flexible forming process considering die shape compensation using an iterative over-bending method based on numerical simulation was conducted. In this method, the springback shape obtained from the final step of the first forming simulation is compared with the desired objective shape, and a shape error is calculated as a vector norm with three-dimensional coordinates. The error vector is inversely added to the objective surface to compensate both the upper and lower flexible die configurations. The flexible die shapes are recalculated and the punch arrays are adjusted according to the over-bent forming surface. These iterative procedures are repeated until the shape error variation converges to a small value. In addition, experimental verification was conducted using a 2000-kN flexible forming apparatus for thick plates. Finally, the configuration of the prototype obtained from the experiment was compared with the numerical simulation results, which had springback compensation. It is confirmed that the proposed method for compensating for the forming error could be used in the design of flexible forming of thick-curved plates.
Analysis of Electromagnetic Forming Using Sequential Electromagnetic-Mechanical Coupled Simulations
Kim, J. ; Noh, H.G. ; Ko, S.J. ; Kim, T.J. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 441~446
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.441
A sequential coupled field analysis of electromagnetic free bulging was performed by using FEM. A 2D axi-symmetric electromagnetic model based on the magnetic vector potential is proposed for the calculation of magnetic field and Lorentz's forces. The Newmark integration method is used to calculate the transient dynamic plastic deformation of sheet during free bulging. In the finite element model, the effect of sheet deformation on the electromagnetic field analysis is taken into consideration. In order to confirm the sequential electromagnetic-mechanical coupling analysis, an experiment with an electromagnetic forming apparatus was conducted. The results showed that the final bulge height of the sheet predicted from the proposed method is in good agreement with experimentally measured height.
A Study on Forming of Al-Zn-Mg-Sc Aluminum Alloy Bolts
Yoon, D.J. ; Hahm, S.Y. ; Lee, Y.S. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 447~452
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.447
This paper is concerned with forming of Al-Zn-Mg-Sc aluminum alloy bolts, focusing on the effects of heat treatment and age-hardening on the formability and ductile damage evolution. Both experimental and finite element studies were performed. From the experiments, it is observed that the heat treatment or the normalization of Al-Zn-Mg-Sc aluminum alloy increases its formability dramatically resulting in successful bolt forming, while the effects of age-hardening at room temperature on the stress-strain relationship and formability are not very critical. Deformation characteristics such as distribution of effective stress and strain, material flow, and ductile damage evolution during bolt forming are examined using a commercial finite element package, Deform-2D. It should be noted that the extrusion load predicted by the finite element method matches well the experiment results. The finite element predictions on the deformation characteristics support the experimental observations such as fracture of bolt head flange, material flow, and distribution of hardness.
Outer Bending of a Cold Forged Circle Flange
Kim, D.W. ; Shin, Y.C. ; Choi, H.J. ; Yun, D.J. ; Shin, I.C. ; Lim, S.J. ;
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 21, issue 7, 2012, Pages 453~458
DOI : 10.5228/KSTP.2012.21.7.453
The flange hub is a main component of an automotive steering system. Dimensional precision of the flange hub is very important for precise control of the steering force. Consequently, the process design for precision forming of a flange hub is required. The teeth of the flange hub are generally formed by bending. In this study, the formability of flange bending was investigated using FE simulations. For the optimum process conditions, the flange is bent by movement of an insert die, and the die angle and bending length are selected as
and 4mm respectively.