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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Volume 5, Issue 5 - 00 1999
Selecting the target year
Stamping of Side Panel Using the Laser Welded Tailored Blank
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 7~13
In this study, side panels were developed using the laser-welded tailored blank (T.B.) of both the same thickness and different thickness. At first, the formability of the same thickness T.B. was investigated to compare with one of the non-welded panel with respect to weldline movement and strain distribution in blank during the stamping process. Based on these results, we determined the weld line positions and the die step for T.B. forming of the blanks composed of different thickness combination. Then we made some stamping tryouts with selected types of blanks to investigate the formability of T.B. of the different thickness. During the tryouts, wrinkles were found in the a-pillar lower region which is under the deformation mode of the shrink flange. In the b-pillar region, fractures were also found. These defects have been reduced and corrected by controlling the blank design, the die faces and process parameters.
A Study on the Effect of corner Angle on Cup Drawing
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 14~21
Trapezoid cups and square ones have been deep-drawn to 45mm in depth. Displacements and strains have been analysed by FEM and experiment. Strains and effective strains in the corner flanges of trapezoid cups have been compared with those in square cups. The results have shown that because of shear strains on the corner flange, it is necessary to adopt effective strain for comparing strains, mean vale of effective strains in the corner flange with a corner angle of 72 degrees is narly equal to those with a corner angle of a right angle and mean value of effective strains with a corner angle of 102 degrees is smaller than those with a corner angle of a right angle.
Springback Analyses in Sheet Metal Stamping Processes and Industrial Applications
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 22~28
The explicit and implicit time integration methods are applied effectively to analyze sheet metal stamping processes, which include the forming stage and the springback stage consecutively. The explicit time integration method has better merits in the forming stage including highly complicated three-dimensional contact conditions. By contrary, the implicit time integration method is better for analyzing springback since the complicated contact conditions are removed and the computing time to get the final static state is short. In this work, brief descriptions of the formulation and the factor study for springack simulations are presented. Further, the simulated results for the S-rail and the roof panel stamping processes are shown and discussed.
Development of Analysis System for Sheet Metal Forming
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~37
An analysis system for sheet metal forming(SAT_STAMP) has been developed to improve the design and tryout process by predicting the deformation behavior more precisely. This analysis system consists of forming analysis, springback analysis and post processor modules. The more accurate prediction of stress history can be achieved due to the improved contact algorithm. Continuous simulation of sequential processes can be carried out conveniently without interruption by the improved data management of the developed system. The error of data transfer between forming analysis and springback analysis is minimized using the proper shell element. Several benchmark test results and practical results are presented to show the effectiveness and reliability of this program.
A Study on Shape Fixability of Press Formed Parts
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 38~46
This paper deals with the shape fixability of press formed parts through the use of a V-bending process and a U-bending one. The influence of material properties on the shape fixability in forming processes was investigated. A V-bending process had on optimum ben radius for each combination of parameters which caused maximum shape fixability. In the U-bending process the blank holder force could control the degree of shape fixability. A ha호 blank holding force resulted in a uniform strain distribution and increased shape fixability.
A Comparative Study of the Incompressibility Constraint on the Rigid Plastic Finite Element Method
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 47~56
The governing functional in plastic deformation has to satisfy the incompressibility constraint. This incompressibility constraint imposed on velocity fields can be removed by introducing either Lagrange multiplier or the penalty constant into the functional. In this study, two-dimensional rigid plastic FEM programs using these schemes were developed. These two programs and DEFORM were applied in a cylinder upsetting and a closed die forging to compare the values of load, local mean stress and volume loss. As the results, the program using Lagrange multiplier obtained a more exact and stable solution, but it took more computational time than the program using the penalty constant. Therefore, according to user's need, one of these two programs can be chosen to simulate a metal forming processes.
Evaluation of Weldability and Formability of Tailor Welded Blank by Using Upset Weld
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 57~64
The press formability analysis of welding parts was studied in the current work by the tailor welded blank. As the body panel is used in the press forming of welding parts by a weld method of the tailor welded blank, the following conditions are demanded: 1) The strength of welding parts must be the higher than base metals. 2) After the welding, severe welding deformatins must be avoided. 3) The press formability of welding parts is similar to that of many base metals. 4) The productibility of a welding has to be higher. There are many welding methods satisfying these conditions, but the purpose of this study is to inbestigate the upset weldability and formability of the material (SPCC). SPCC steel sheet showed good weldability and formability under some welding conditions. The experimental results were discussed by the evaluation of the results obtained from tensile tests, hardness tests, micro-structures and Erichsen cup test was a little lower than that of parent material.
Development of Hot Rolling Process Analysis Simulator and Its Application(I)
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 65~77
In recent years, the quality requirements from the customers of hot rolled steel strip have been steadily increasing in diversity and strictness. To meet these quality requirements as well as to improve productivity, steel mills have been doing their efforts for developing high performance Automatic Gauge Control (AGC) system. However, it is very time consuming and also needs a lot of money to develop the new technologies of AGC in actual mill. So, there has been a demand for developing the Dynamic Hot Rolling Simulator since late 80's. It is a kind of software packages and can analyze the dynamic behaviors of hot finishing rolling process without laborious experiments in actual mill. It can also be used as a designing tool of Automatic Gauge Controller. In this work, the Dynamic Hot Rolling Simulator which is applicable to 6 sands hot strip mill rolling was developed. The MATLAB with SIMLINK was used as a software developer for making the main part of simulator because it is very powerful tool for modeling, integrating, controller design, and simulation. In this paper, the structures and the mathematical models of the simulator were briefly described and the results of simulation on the transient phenomena of hot rolling process with actual mill data were also presented.
Development of Hot Rolling Process Analysis Simulator and Its Application(II)
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 78~91
The endless hot rolling has been focused as an innovative process technology for increasing the productivity drastically and reducing the imperfection of quality in hot rolled steel strip. To realize it in actual mill, a lots of new facilities such as bar coiler, movable LASER welder and high speed strip shear should be equipped. And also it is necessary to develop the control technique for changing the roll gap and rolling speed during rolling, which is named as Flying Gap and Speed Change control technology. To prevent a strip rupture caused by excessive tension, it is very important to minimize fluctuations in strip thickness and intension during FGSC control. In this paper, the mathematical model for FGSC control algorithm was suggested and dynamic simulation is performed to accertain the effect of suggested control method on fluctuations in strip thickness and tension. For endless hot rolling simulation, a lots of FGSC control situations, for instance - strip thickness change from strip to strip - strip width change from strip to strip - carbon content change from strip to strip are considered.
Blank Design for Optimized Thickness Distribution for Axi-symmetric Superplastic Blow Forming
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 92~100
A procedure is proposed for determining the initial thickness distribution in oder to produce a specified final thickness distribution for the axisymmetrical superplastic blow forming processes. Weighted parameter is introduced to improve the simple ad
traction method and the initial blank thickness distribution is obtained by optimizing the weighted parameter. This method is applied to superplastic free bulging process with the uniform thickness distribution of final shape to confirm its validity. The optimum initial blank thickness distributions is obtained from arbitrary axisymmetrical superplastic blow forming processes such as dome, cone and cylindrical cup forming with die contact. It is concluded that the ad
traction method with weighted parameter is an effective method for an optimum blank thickness distribution design.esign.
A Parametric Study for the Upset Forging of Large Ingot
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 101~107
The upset forging stage is the initial work in the forging process. It is used to remove the segregation and cavities of the ingot. Specially in handling large sized ingot, an improper upset forging can cause serious surface tearing. However, there is no detail reference for stable upset forging work. To resolve this difficulty, we studied several factors such as upset forging time, temperature varation of ingot, damage, load and stain rate etc., by using the rigid-plastic finite element approach available in the DEFORM code. Numerical simulation results indicated that: the load value of upset forging works shows severe decreasing trend at a certain point, same as strain rate. Also defects were found to be concentrated around the upper and lower portions of the ingot. With these results, we can estimate a guideline for stable upset forging work.
An Analysis of Cold Foging at Final State Using Rigid-Plastic FEM
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 1, 1999, Pages 108~115
In this paper, the analysis of cold forging in final state has been performed by using rigid-plastic FEM. For the analysis, the geometry and flow stress of the workpiece are required. One method to obtain the geometry is measurement of that made from experimet. To evaluate the flow stress, average effective strain is calculated from the load-stroke diagram by using energy method. The numerical test performed to show the validity of propose method. The analysis of PFIR, the precision forging of spurgear with inside relif, is performed.