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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Volume 5, Issue 5 - 00 1999
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A Studyon the Drawing of Rectangular Rod from Round Bar by using Rigid Plastic FEM and Neural Network
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 331~339
In this study, to analyze the shaped drawing process from round bar, the practical conical die with considering die radius and bearing was defined by a mathematical expression, and also a simple technique for initial mesh generation to the shaped drawing process was proposed. The drawing of rectangular section from round bar, one of the shaped drawing process, has been simulated by using non-steady state 3D rigid plastic finite element method in order to evaluate the influence of semi-die angle and reduction in area to corner filling. Other process variables such as friction constant, rectangular ratio, die radius and bearing length were fixed during the simulation. An artificial neural network has been introduced to obtain the optimal process conditions which gave rise to a fast simulation.
Circular Drawbead Forming and Drawing Characteristics for Welded Sheets
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 340~346
Circular drawbead forming and drawing characteristics of CO2 laser welded SPC1 blanks are investigated by experiments and numerical analysis. During the drawbead forming process, the distributions of major strain on upper and lower skins of the specimens are measured. During the drawing process, the drawing forces and the strain distributions are investigated. For the numerical analysis. DYNA3D and SGTAS, a developed rigid-plastic finite-element computer program are used. Numerical results predicted the deformation characteristics well in comparison with experiments. It is concluded that the strains and restraining forces during the forming and the drawing processes show different patterns according to the combination of welded blanks.
An Improved Scheme for the Blank Holding Force in Sheet Metal Forming Analysis using the Modified Membrane Finite Element Considering Bending Effect
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 347~355
The paper is concerned with an improved scheme for application of the blank holding force in order to take account of the thickness distribution in the sheet material of the flange region. The scheme incorporates with a modified membrane finite element method for planar anisotropic materials. The new scheme proposed two coefficients α and βto calculate the compressive stress in the sheet metal due to the blank holding force, which should be determined properly for accurate analysis. The effect of αand βon the blank holding force distribution and the deformed shape is investigated with simulation of rectangular cup deep drawing processes by changing parameter values.
A Study on the Optimum Pre-form Design for Multistage Deep Drawing of Oval Shells
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 356~363
This paper discusses some techniques for the determination of optimum blank size and pre-form design for multi-stepped deep drawing of oval shell. The deep drawing process of oval shape has been regarded as more difficult than that of cylindrical shell because of its complicated behavior of plastic deformation. But there is insufficient information in this area to carry out successful deep drawing work of irregular products such as oval, rectangular, and square shapes. In order to find the optimum conditions, the drawing apparatus for two kinds of pre-form design are built, a series of drawing experiments performed, and thickness stain distributions measured. From the results of thess suggested experiments, various optimum process variables are observed and discussed.
A Study on Material Characterization of Semi-Solid Materials (I) -Proposal of New Velocity Field for Upper Bound Analysis of Backward Extrusion-
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 364~373
For material characterization of semi-solid materials, backward extrusion process, which has been used in forming of hollow-sectioned products, was analyzed by the upper bound analysis in the current study. The existing kinematically admissible velocity field was applied to steady state at which there was no change in the assumed regions of velocity field. For unsteady state, new velocity field, as a function of dead zone angle, was proposed. Through the whole analysis, fiction between die and workpiece was also considered. It has been studied how the process variables, such as friction factor and punch velocity, and material parameters, such as strength coefficient, strain rate sensitivity could affect on analysis results. Finally, by the comparison with the finite element analysis, the reliability and efficiency of the proposed velocity field were discussed.
A Study on Material Characterization of Semi-Solid Materials(II) -Determination of Flow Stress For Semi-Solid Materials Using Backward Extrusion Experiment with Model Material and Upper Bound Analysis-
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 374~383
To determine the flow stress of semi-solid materials, a new combined method has been studied by experimental and analytic technique in the current approach. Using backward extrusion experiment and its numerical analysis, the characterization scheme of semi-solid materials according to the change of initial solid volume fraction has been proposed. Because that solid volume fraction is sensitive to temperature change, it is required to precisely control the temperature setting. Model materials can guarantee the establishment of material characterization technique from the noise due to temperature change. Thus, clay mixed with bonded abrasives was used for experiment and the change of initial solid fraction was copied out through the variation of mixing ratio. Upper bound method was adapted to increase in efficiency of the calculation in numerical analysis and new kinematically admissible velocity field was employed to improve the accuracy of numerical solution. It is thought that the material characterization scheme proposed in this study can be applied to not only semi-solid materials, but also other materials that is difficult to obtain the simple stress state.
Study on Precision Cold Forging of helical Gear
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 384~392
In metal forming, there are problems with recurrent geometric characteristics without explicitly prescibed boundary conditions. In such problems, so-called recurrent boundary conditions must be introduced. In this paper, as a practical application of the proposed method, the precision cold forging of a helical gear has been simulated by a three-dimensional rigid-plastic finite element method and compared with the experiment. The application of recurrent boundary conditions to helical gear forging analysis is proved to be effective and valid. the elastic stress analysis of the die for helical gear forging has been calculated by using the nodal force at the final stage obtained from the rigid-plastic finite element analysis. In order to obtain more precise gear products, the elastic analysis of the die after release of punch and the elastic spring-back analysis of product after ejection have been performed, and the final dimension of the computational product has been in good agreement with that of the experimental product.
A Study on the Buckling and Plastic Instable Flow in Upset Forging
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 393~398
The plastic instable flow phenomenon happens in practical forming process, I. e. upsetting, backward extrusion, piercing, indentation. And also, it is difficult to control precisely the shape and dimensions of forming process. It is found that instabilities of the process are mainly connected with imperfections in the lubrication, billet eccentricity, inclined punch alignment. In view of the direct relationship between instable material flow and quality defects of the products and for better control of forming operation, we should necessarily find out their phenomena. In this study, we introduced the friction disturbance due to inclined punch angle. Analysis of upset forging is carried out using the rigid plastic FEM and slab method with eccentricity. Also, we considered the buckling parameters of billet with the large aspect ratio in upset forging.
Prediction of Distribution of Solid Volume Fraction in Semi-Solid Materials Based on Mixture Theory
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 4, 1999, Pages 399~406
It is more appropriate to treat that the semi-solid mixture as a single phase material that obeys incompressibility in the global sense and to analyze the liquid flow only locally than the approach based on compressible yield criteria. In the present study, a numerical algorithm of updating the solid volume fraction based on mixture theory has been developed. Finite element analysis of simple upsetting was carried out using the proposed algorithm to investigate the degree of macro-segregation according to friction conditions and compressive strain rates under the isothermal condition. The simulation results were compared to experimental results available in reference to test the validity of the currently proposed algorithm. Since the comparison results show a good agreement it is construed that the proposed algorithm can contribute to the development of numerical analysis of determining the solid volume fraction semi-solid processing.