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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Volume 5, Issue 5 - 00 1999
Selecting the target year
Forming Limits for the Welded Sheets
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 429~436
In sheet metal forming , forming limit diagram is very important to design and analyze of sheet metal forming process. Recently tailor welded blanks of different thickness and different material and strength combinations are used widely in automobile industry to reduce car manufacturing cost. In order to analyze the forming characteristics of tailored welded blanks, we have investigated the forming limit dia-grams for 3 kinds of different material using mash seam and laser welding experimentally and dis-cussed for the characteristics of forming for tailor welded blanks. It is concluded that forming limit dia-gram for the different material combination TWB locates between FLD of the thinner base material sheet and the thicker ones.
Reheating of Semi-Solid Aluminum Alloys and Mechanical Properties of Thixoforged Product
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 437~448
The reheating of the billet in the semi-solid state as quickly and homogeneously as possible is one of the most imposrtant parts. To obtain a fine globular microstructure in cross section of billet, the optimal design of the induction coil for variation of alloys and specimen sizes is necessary. For the thixo-forging process the construction of the reheating data base is very important, because the reheating conditions are different for variation of SSM and billet sizes. So in this study, the optimal coil design of A356 (ALTHIX) and Aι2024 with d×ι=60×90 (mm) to obtain the globular microstructure is theoretically proposed. The suitability of an optimal coil design will be demonstrated by reheating experiments. Finally, the thixoformability of an arbitrarily shaped product is evaluated by its forming variables. The defects and mechanical properties are also investigated.
Experimental Study on the Parameters Affect Cylindrical Cup Drawing Process
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 449~453
Sheet metal forming process is a non-linearity problem which is affected by various process variables, such as geometric shape of punch and die, frictional characteristic, etc.. Therefore, the knowledge of the influence of the process variables is needed in the design of sheet metal working processes. In this paper, cylindrical cup drawing tests for blank holding force, punch speed and lubrication between sheet material and tool were carried out to investigate the influence upon sheet formability. Experimental results were discussed about the defects on the deformation behaviors during the forming process.
Blank Design in Sheet Metal forming Process Using the Rollback Method
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 454~464
A new blank design method is proposed to predict the optimum initial blank shape in the sheet metal forming process. The rollback method for blank shape design takes the difference between the deformed blank contour and the target contour shape into account. the minimization object function R is proposed. Based on the method, a computer program composed of blank design module, FE-analysis module and mesh generation module is developed. The rollback method is applied to square cup, reentrant cross section, L-shaped cup drawing process with the flange of uniform size around its periphery to confirm its validity. The optimum initial blank shape is obtained from an arbitrary blank shape after several modifications. Good agreements are recognized between the numerical results and the published experimental results for initial blank shape and thickness strain distribution. It is concluded that the rollback method is an effective and convenient method for an optimum blank shape design.
Influence of Working Conditions on the Spinnability of Cylindrical Cups of Aluminum Sheet Metal
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 465~470
Many researchers have, nowadays, studied on spinning which can produce highly qualified products by CNC spinning machine equipped with hydraulic devices. The products have continuous metal flow which improves fatigue life, yield point, tensile strength and hardness. This study is to investigate the influence of various working conditions on the spinnability of cylindrical cups such as feed rate(ν), feed pitch(p), angle of roller holder(α), and the inclination angle of first roller path. Through experiments the feed rate of (0.4∼0.7) mm/rev was shown to give the drawing ratio of 2.5 when the angle of roller holder was 5°, However, by increasing the angle of roller holder from 5°to 20°, the range of feed rate which can produce deeper cups became wider and the spinnability was also improved. The optimum working conditions, for the maximum formability of aluminum sheet metal as well as dimensional accuracy of spun cups, are presented and discussed.
Optimal Die Design for Uniform Microstructure in Hot Extruded Product
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 471~481
The properties of deformed products are generally dependent upon the distribution of microstureture. It is, therefore, necessary to make the distribution of microstureture uniform in order to achieve the best balance of properties in the final product. This is often a demanding task, even for conventional materials. It is become essential to achieving mechanical integrity and a desired combination of microstructure and properties. The objective mechanical integrity and a desired combination of microsttucture and properties. The objective of this study is to design the optimal die profile which can yield more uniform microstructure in hot extruded product. The microstructure evolution, such as dynamic and static recrystallization as well as grain growth, is investigated using the program com-bined with yada and Senuma's empirical equations and rigid-thermoviscoplastic finite element method. The die profile of hot extrusion is represented by Bezier-curve to define all available profile. In order to obtain the optimal die profile which yields uniform microstructure in the product the FPS(Flexible Polyhedron Search) method is applied to the present study. To validate the result of present study the experimental hot extrusion is performed and the result is compared with that of simulation.
Manufacture of 7000 Al Alloy with Superior Extrudability and Its Extrusion Limit Diagram
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 482~490
7000 series Al alloy with good mechanical properties has been focused with tendency to reduce the components weight of aircraft and automobile. However, it is difficult to manufacture a sound extruded product because of segregation, grain growth, casting defect, surface defect, decreasing extrudability and so on. The objective of this study is to manufacture a new 7000 al alloy more than the extrudability of A7N01 and A7003 through controlling the weight (%) Mg, Zn, Si. Hot extrusion experiments on the axisymmetric rod are performed in 500℃ and also performed analysis of the same process using unmerical analysis method, a coupled rigid-thermoviscoplastic finite element method. Extrusion limit diagram was obtained for the developed alloy by FE-simulation in order to define the relationship of extrusion speed and initial billet temperature.
Effect of Partial Squeeze on the Quality of Casting Products in the Vacuum Die Casting
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 491~497
The effect of partial squeeze on the quality of casting products in the vacuum die casting was investigated to make defect free casting products with excellent mechanical properties. The partial squeeze and vacuum die casting process was industrially implemented in making reaction shaft support which was made of a hypereutectic Al-15%Si alloy. To combine squeezing and vacuum effects, the plunger injection system was designed and attached on the chill vent type vacuum machinery system. The combination of vacuum effect before injection and partial squeezing effect after injection resulted in defect free die casting products. The uniform distribution of fine eutectic and proeutectic Si obtained from trial process also provided excellent mechanical properties.
An Analysis on the Forging Processes for 6061 Aluminum Alloy Wheel
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 498~506
The metal forming processes of aluminum alloy wheel forging at elevated temperature are analyzed by the finite element method. A coupled thermo-mechanical model for analysis of plastic deformation and geat transfer is adapted in the finite element formulation. In order to consider the strain-rate effects on material properties and the flow stress dependence on temperatures, rigid-viscoplasticity is introduced in this formation. In this paper, several process conditions were applied to the dimulation such as die speed, rib thickness, and depth of die cavity. Simulation results are compared, and discussed with each case. Metal flow, die pressure distributions, temperature distributions, velocity fields and forging loads are summarized as basic data for process design and selection of a proper press equipment.
Study on the Spinning Processes Combined with Shear and Shrinking Deformation
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 507~519
An approach using the energy method has veen proposed for the analysis of cone spinning having the complicated deformation modes mixed by shear and normal deformation. In the proposed method, the corresponding solution is found through optimization of the total energy dissipation with respect to the parameters assumed by the velocity field defined as the variation of the length in longitudinal direction. The sheet blank is divided into three layers to consider the bending effect and the energy dissipated by shear deformation is superposed to the energy consumption due to normal deformation related with the shrinking deformation is superposed to the energy consumption due to normal deformation related with the shrinking deformation of axi-symmetric sheet element for the evaluation of total deformation energy. In order to check the validity of the proposed method, the complex spinning for making the conical cup is analyzed and the computed results are compared with the experimental results. In comparison of the computed results with existing experimental results,, the good agreement is obtained for the variation of outer radius and the distribution of thickness, and it has thus been shown that the present approach is applicable to the analysis of complex spinning.
An Experimental Anlysis in Non-Circular Tube Extrusion Using the Effective Extrusion Ratio
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 5, 1999, Pages 520~526
In this study a practical formula based on the experime수 랙 the estimation of load in the non-circular tube extrusion with the mandrel is proposed by using the effective extrusion ratio. Through some experiments for the several shaped sections, the coefficients of the empirical equation are determined by ticine as a model material at room temperature. The proposed empirical formula for the estimation of extrusion load will be applicable to the non-steady state as well as steady state for the extrusion of various shaped tubes from hollow billets.