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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 1999
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 1999
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 1999
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 1999
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1999
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Volume 5, Issue 5 - 00 1999
Selecting the target year
A Comparative Analysis and Process Design among the Gear Blank Forging Process
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 541~553
Cold forging is a special type of forging process in which metal is forced to flow plastically under compressive force into a variety of shapes in room temperature. Gear blank, which is produced by cold forging, is concerned with the production method of transmission gear. Based on the results of simulation of the current four-stage process, the gear blank forging process for improving the conventional process sequence is designed. The rigid plastic finite element analysis for improving the conventional process. The new process consists of three stage operations with one annealing treatment after first operation. Based on the results of simulation of the proposed process, a required equipment could be selected. The new designed process appears to be more economical in producing the gear blank.
Thin Steel Sheet Roll Forming and Load Analysis
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 554~562
In this paper, the stress and strain behavior in near homogeneous isotropic matrix of metal like steel was studied during roll forming of thin steel sheet for cylindrical pipe. Analytical result reveals a body which is on the area of square thickness along and perpendicular to the width of thin steel sheet is in the state of plane strain during roll forming. As a result, construction of analytical method for calculating deformation load and stably deformed length along the width of strained steel sheet was established. Also, loads applied during roll forming were analyzed using two typical thin steel sheets. 12.3mm thick steel sheet with 42.5kg/㎟ yield strength of pipe and 5.3mm thick steel sheet with 32.5kg/㎟ yield strength of pipe. Through this analysis, applicability of the analytical method for deformation load during roll forming of cylindrical thin steel pipe was evaluated with a study of necessary production technology for roll forming and design technology for roll forming machine.
Study on the Deformation of Die and Product in Closed Die Upsetting
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 563~568
The study has been performed for the relation between die and product in closed die upsetting by the experiment. The strain of die has been given by the simple experiment using the strain gauge located at the outer surface of die and the deformation history of die and product has been given by the experiment and Lame's formula. The inner pressure of die causes the deformation of die that affects the accuracy of dimension and shape of product. The product with accurate dimension and shape can be obtained by analysing elastic deformation of die during upsetting process. The deformation of die during metal forming process has been usually predicted by the experience of industrial engineers or finite element analysis. But it is difficult to predict the dimension of product at unloading and ejected states. The study has given useful result for the deformation history of die and product through the experiment and Lame's formula at closed die upsetting, and can be applied in the die design for product with accurate dimension.
Development of Die Design System for Turbine Blade Forging
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 569~575
Computer programs have been developed to design the forging dies of turbine and compressor blades. The design of forging dies is based the side force and the filling of die cavity. In this study, slab method has been applied to simulate forging processes numerically. the program composed of Visual Basic also provides the informations of mean stress, total forging load, distribution of temperature, position of neutral line, total volume and volume of flash in the final stage to users. The preform position is predicted by the reverse slab method. The program has been successfully applied to various types of turbine blades.
Prediction of High Temperature Plastic Deformation Variables on Al 6061 Alloy
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 576~582
The high temperature behavior of Al 6061 alloy was characterized by the hot torsion test in the temperature ranges of 400∼550℃ and the strain rate ranges of 0.05∼5/sec. To decide optimum deformation condition, three types of deformation maps were individually made from the critical strain (εc). deformation resistance(σp) and deformation efficiency (η). The critical strain(εc) for dynamic recrystallization (DRX) which was decided from the inflection point of strain hardening rate(θ) - effective stress (σ) curve was about 0.65 times of peak strain (εp). The relationship among deformation resistance (peak stress, σp), strain rate (ε), and temperature (T) could be expressed by ε=2.9×1013[sinh(0.0256σp]7.3exp (-216,000/RT). The deformation efficiency (η)which was calculated on the basis of the dynamic materials model (DMM) showed high values at the condition of 500∼550℃, 5/sec for 100% strain. The results from three deformation maps were compared with microstructures. The best condition of plastic deformation could be determined as 500℃ and 5/sec.
Development of High Precision Forward Slip Model By Using Roll Torque in Hot Strip Finishing Mill
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 583~590
New forward slip model has been developed for the precise prediction of rolling speed in the hot strip finishing mill. Besides those influential factors such as neutral point, work roll diameter, friction coefficient, bite angle and the thickness at each side of entry and delivery of the rolls, roll torque was specifically taken into account in this study. To consider the effect of width change on forward slip, calibration factors obtained from rolling torque has been added to new prediction model and refining method has also been developed to reduce the speed unbalance between adjacent stands. The application of the new model showed a good agreement in rolling speeds between the predictions and the actual measurements, and the standard deviation of prediction error has also been significantly reduced.
Application of Process Planning System for Non-Axisymmetric Deep Drawing Products
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 591~603
A computer-aided process planning system for rotationally symmetric deep drawing products has been developed. The application for non-axisymmetric components, however, has been reported yet. Therefore, this study investigates process sequence design in deep drawing process and constructs a computer-aided process planning system for non-axisymmetric motor frame products with elliptical shape. The system developed consists of three modules. The first one os a 3-dimensional modeling module to calculate surface area for non-axisymmetric products. The second one is a blank design module that creates an oval-shaped blank with the identical surface area. The third one is a process planning module based on production rules that play the best important roles in an expert system for manufacturing. The production rules are generated and upgraded by interviewing with field engineers. Especially, drawing coefficient, punch and die radii are considered as main design parameters. The constructed system for elliptical deep drawing products would be very useful to reduce lead time and improve accuracy for production.
A Study on the Forming Characteristics of Radial Extrusions
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 604~611
This paper is concerned with the family of parts that generally feature a central hub with radial protrusions. As opposed to conventional forward and backward extrusion, in which the material flows in a direction parallel to that of the punch or die motion, the material flows perpendicular to the punch motion in radial extrusion. Three variants of radial extrusion of a collar or flange are investigated. Case I involves forcing a cylindrical billet against a flat die, Case II involves deformation against a stationary punch recessed in the lower die, and Case III involves both the upper and lower punches moving together toward the center of the billet. Extensive simulational work is performed with each case to see the process conditions in terms of forging load, balanced and symmetrical flow in the flange. Also, the effect of the gap size and die corner radii to the material flow are investigated. In this study, the forming characteristics of radial extrusion will be considered by comparing the forces, shapes etc. The design factors during radial extrusion are investigated by the rigid-plastic FEM simulation.
Process Design to Prevent Internal & External Defects of Cold Extruded Products with Double Ribs
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 612~619
Internal and external defects of an inner pulley for automobile air conditioner are investigated in this study. Inner pulley is a part of compressor clutch assembly of automobile air conditioner. In cold forging of inner pulley, the design requirement are to keep the same height of the inner rib and outer one and to make uniform distribution of hardness in the forged product. At the end of the forging of inner pulley, the piping defect as an external defect begins to form at the back center of the billet. The internal crack as an internal defect also occur at the adiabatic shear band which usually has maximum ductile fracture value. It is important to predict when the internal and external defects occur during the deformation process, in order to minimize the amount of discard that is generated. The finite element simulations are applied to analyze the defects. The validity of the computational results are examined by experiments. These computational results are in good agreement with the experimental ones.
The prediction of grain size of Al-5wt%Mg alloy by FEM
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 620~625
A finite element analysis is performed to predict the recrystallized volume fraction and the mean grain size in hot compression of Al-5wt%Mg alloy. In the analysis, a modeling equation of flow stress is assumed as a function of strain, strain rate, and temperature. And the influence of above varibles on flow stress is quantified by using Zener-Hollomon Parameter. In the modeling equation, effects of strain hardening and dynamic recrystallization on microstructure of Al-5wt%Mg alloy are investigated. The predicted results of recrystallized volume fraction and mean grain size are in good agreement with those of microstructures obtained from hot compression tests.
Bulk Processing of an Amorphous
Alloy Ribbon and Mechanical Properties by Annealing Treatment
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 8, issue 6, 1999, Pages 626~633
(at. %) amorphous alloy ribbons have been produced by rapidly solidification process and consolidated by the conventional powder metallurgy method. The grains with ∼90 nm were obtained in the Al85Ni10Y5 alloy extrudates by hot-pressing followed by hot-extusion. To investigate the effect of heat treatment on microstructural change of the extrudates, heat treatment was carried out from 200℃ to 400℃ at the step of 50℃. In addition, mechanical properties of the extrudates were analysed from torsion test at the temperature range or 400∼500℃ under a strain rates of 0.2, 0.5, and 1.0/sec. The extrudates showed a flow stress of ∼190 MPa and low elongation of ∼150% at 400℃, contributing to the enhancement of ductility and hardness for extrudates. Also, grain boundary sliding was occurred in the
alloy during hot deformation.