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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of Materials Processing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Nov 2000
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Volume 6, Issue 1 - 00 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Hydroforming Technology of an Automotive Bumper Rail
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 561~566
Recently, the hydroforming technology has been recognized as a general technique in manufacturing industry, especially in automotive industry. Hydroforming is applied to increase strength, and to decrease weight, cost and parts. Hydroforming is based on the inflation of, for Instance, a tube, coupled with axial or radial compression and by subsequent expansion and sizing against the die wall. Expansion, axial feeding, calibration are important parameters in this process. In this paper, the effects of various parameters such as internal pressure, axial feeding and friction on hydroforming of automotive bumper rail have been considered.
Design Analysis System for Dieface of Stamping Press Dies
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 567~573
An analysis system for evaluating the design of dieface of stamping press dies is developed. The die design analysis system interfaced with CATIA via universal or NASTRAN data format provides the design information such as binder-wrap, punch contact status, section length change ratio, wrinkle symptom etc., which are crucial in predicting the defects of initial shape of the sheet in the dieface design stage. The graphic post-processor of developed system which displays 3-dimensional shapes of tool and die and analysis results, helps the interpretation of design evaluation. The dieface design analysis system was tested in draw dies of front floor panel and quarter panel of auto-body in order to verify the usefulness and validity of the system The examples show that the developed system would be a good tool in evaluating dieface designs.
Finite Element Springback Analysis of Vertically-Walled Auto-Body Part
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 574~581
A vertically-walled auto-body part is one of the most difficult stamping parts because of angle change, wall curl, and twisting of the blank after springback as well as fracture and wrinkle. In this study, computational simulations of the vertically-walled auto-body part are carried out focusing on angle change, wall curl, and twisting after springback. Binderwrap blank shape is used in forming analysis for precise initial contacts between punch and blank. An adaptive mesh method is used in springback analysis for precise calculation of bending moments. In springback analysis, the differences of 2 and 3 dimensional analysis are compared and the effects of blank holdig force and friction coefficient are evaluated. In order to verify the validity of simulation results, they are compared with measured ones. The predicted thickness distribution and formed shape are agreed well with those of the measurement. The Predicted springback amount is less than that of the measurement.
An Experimental Study for Forming Characteristics of Mash Seam Welding Sheets
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 582~589
In recent automotive industry, vehicle weight can be reduced by one-step forming of tailored blanks welded with two or more sheets of metal blanks. Mash seam welding shows an overlap joint, a much wider welding area, and heat affected zone(HAZ) than a laser welding. This paper deals with the forming characteristics of mash seam welded tailored blanks. Mash seam welded blanks of same or different thickness combinations were prepared, and tensile, hardness, erichsen, and dome stretching tests were done.
Finite Element Simulation of Axisymmetric Sheet Hydroforming Processes
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 590~597
A finite element formulation lot the simulation of axisymmetric sheet hydroforming is proposed, and an implicit program is coded. In order to describe normal anisotropy of steel sheet, Hill's non-quadratic yield function (Hill, 1979) is employed. Frictional contacts among sheet surface, rigid tool surface, and flexible hydrostatic pressure are considered using mesh normal vectors based on finite element of the sheet. Applied hydraulic pressure is also considered as a function of forming rate and time and treated as an external loading. The complete set of the governing relations comprising equilibrium and interfacial equations is approximately linearized for Newton-Raphson algorithm. In order to verify the validity of the developed finite element formulation, the axisymmetric bulge test is simulated. Simulation results are compared with other FEM results and experimental measurements and showed good agreements. In axisymmetric hydroforming processes of a disk cover, formability changes are observed according to the hydraulic pressure curve changes.
Blank Design for Sheet Metal Product Based on Direct Design Method
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 598~603
In order to improve trial-and-error based conventional practices for optimizing forming processes, a direct design method to guide iterative design practices, called the ideal forming theory, has been previously developed. In the theory, material elements are required to deform following the minimum Plastic work Path. The theory can be used to determine the ideal initial blank shape needed to best achieve a specified final shape while resulting in optimum strain distributions. In this work, the direct design method based on the ideal forming theory was applied to design initial design shape for VCR deck chassis. Based on the solution of the ideal forming theory, FEM analysis was utilized to evaluate an optimum blank shape to be formed without tearing. Simulation results are in good agreement with experimental data. It was shown that the proposed sequential design procedure based on direct design method and FEM can be successfully applied to optimize the die design Procedure of sheet metal forming processes.
Evaluation of Tube Hydroformability
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 604~614
In this paper, the mechanical characteristics and fundamental mechanism of a roll-formed tube during the hydroforming process are investigated in order to obtain the ewly localization of the tube hydroforming skills which are the core production techniques for the super light weight and high safety of the car body. Also, the theoretical influences of the material variables and the processes on the formability in the tube hydroforming are studied. In addition, the techniques to evaluate the forming limit of the bulging process of a tube are developed.
Effect of Process Parameters on Hydroforming
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 615~623
The industrial application of hydroforming has a great potential in saying cost and achieving dimensional accuracy in automotive industry presently. The aim of the following article is to investigate the effect of process parameters on hydroformed part. Firstly, we have to investigate the change of mechanical properties for sheet and pipe material according to various radius/thickness ratio(r/t). The change of mechanical properties affects the yield stress more than the total elongation. Increase of yield stress for pipe has a bad influence on formability of hydroforming. Among the roll-forming process, the sizing process didn't change mechanical properties. The process parameters such as the initial pressure, mandrel shape and friction have seriously influenced on formability of hydroforming. Therefore we need to check formability of given material through the FE analysis in the beginning stage of process design and the predicted hydroforming process parameters ate generally a good starting point for the prototype tryout stage. The results of pretending, hydroforming analysis using FE model are good agreement with experimental results.
A Study on the Design of Hemming Process for Automotive Body Panels
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 624~630
Typical automotive opening parts, i. e. hood trunk lid and door, are made through the press operations such as drawing, trimming, flanging, and hemming. The dimensional accuracy of stamped panels is mainly dependent on the drawing operation. However, the gap between outer panels and opening parts, which is important to the appearance quality of the assembled body, is directly influenced by the flanging and hemming operation. In this study, the relation between the design parameters of the hemming operation and the defect of roll-in is shown. The effects of some design parameters on the gap are examined using CAE. furthermore, the simulated results of the hemmed part of tailgate comer are shown and discussed.
Development of Formability Test for Tube, Hydroforming
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 631~637
The tube hydroforming technology is new key production technologies, which contribute to a light-weight cu. Because the tubes are used for hydroforming instead of the sheet materials formability test for tube is required to measure the formability of materials for hydroforming. In this Paper, a kind of formability test for tube, which can well represent the characteristics of tube hydroforming processes, is developed. Developed formability test method can consider not oかy the influence of material Properties but also contact with die and material. Some investigation was carried out to verify the effectiveness of developed formability test.
A Development of Design Support System for Multistep Deep Drawing Process
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 638~643
This study Is concerned with the development of design support program for deep drawing process. The present support program is designed to generate the layout drawings by utilizing the following key functions: analysis of product shape, generation of key stages by pattern database, determination of layout generation method, generation of layout. furthermore, from the results by process design program input data for simulation Is automatically generated with appropriate process parameters and connected seamlessly to carry out the finite element analysis so that the design can be checked for the possible problems in real manufacturing process. The designer can generate layout drawings and test the design by simulation quickly and conveniently In these system designer can verify and optimize the design. We tested this system for various type of product shape md found that the generated layout is in good agreement with the real cases.
A Study on Optimal Process Design of Hydroforming Process with n Genetic Algorithm and Neural Network
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 644~652
Tube hydroforming is recently drawing attention of automotive industries due to its several advantages over conventional methods. It can produce wide range of products such as subframes, engine cradles, and exhaust manifolds with cheaper production cost by reducing overall number of processes. h successful tube hydroforming depends on the reasonable combination of the internal pressure and axial load at the tube ends. This paper deals with the optimal process design of hydroforming process using the genetic algorithm and neural network. An optimization technique is used in order to minimize the tube thickness variation by determining the optimal loading path in the tube expansion forming and the tube T-shape forming process.
An Efficient Analysis of Wrinkling in the Door Inner Stamping Process by Global Analysis and Subsequent Local Analysis
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 653~662
Wrinkling is one of the major defects in sheet metal products together with tearing, springback and other geometric and surface defects. The initiation and growth of wrinkles are influenced by many factors such as stress ratios, mechanical properties of the sheet material, geometry of the workpiece, contact condition, etc. It is difficult to analyze the wrinkling initiation and growth considering all the factors because the effects of the factors are very complex and the wrinkling behavior may show a wide scatter of data even for small deviations of factors. The finite element analyses of the wrinkling initiation and growth in the sheet metal forming process provide the detailed information about the wrinkling behavior of sheet metal. The direct analyses of the wrinkling initiation and growth, however, bring about a little difficulty in complex industrial problems because it needs large memory size and long computation time. In the present study, therefore, a global-local analysis technique is introduced for the computational efficiency. Through the analysis of wrinkling in the door inner stamping process, the efficiency of the global-local analysis technique is investigated.
Non-uniform Failure in Superplastic Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 663~669
A material model has been presented, at the continuum level, for the representation of superplastic deformation coupled with microstructural evolution. The model presented enables the effects of the spatial variation of distributions of grain size to be predicted at the process level. The model has been tested under conditions of both homogeneous and inhomogeneous stress and strain by carrying out detailed comparison of predicted distributions of grain size and their evolutions with experimentally obtained data. Experimental measurements have shown the extent of the spatial variation of the distribution of grain size that exists in the titanium alloy, Ti-6Al-4V. It is shown that whilst not large, the variations in grain size distributions are sufficient to lead to the development of inhomogeneous deformation in test pieces, which ultimately result in localisation of strain and failure.
Study on the forming Limit Diagram of Steel Sheets for the Oil Pan of Automobile at the Warm Forming Condition
Transactions of Materials Processing, volume 9, issue 6, 2000, Pages 670~680
The purpose of this study is to provide the database of forming limit diagram applicable to the warm forming of oil pan. The test materials are SCP1 and SCP3C with the thickness of 1.4mm which is used for the oil pan of automobile. The testing temperature is 5
which is In the range of practical usage. The results are the forming limit diagram limiting dome height and the maximum punch load at each temperature such as 5
. From these results, we can see that the forming limit curves are translated depending upon the temperature and that FLC at low temperature is higher than at high temperature. Both of limiting dome height and maximum punch load also decrease as the temperature increases. Present results can be useful for die trial and forming analysis as a tool of evaluating the forming severity for the sheet metal forming processes at the warm working condition by comparing the practical strains with FLC.