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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Business Adminidtration
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Dec 1998
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Jun 1998
Selecting the target year
Framework and Legal Character of the New Korea-Japan Fisheries Agreement
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 1~19
A Comparative Study of the Co management of Fishery Right by Fisheries Cooperatives - Centered on the Management of Fishing Ground through Eochon-gye -
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 21~46
The government is largely responsible for preventing “the tragedy of the common property”, but fisherman's effort fer an autonomous fishery control is equally required. Especially in these days of EEZ such self- regulated fishery management system should be developed and cared for as well. This study aimed to explore a proper management system for coastal fishing ground that now requires the responsible fisheries management by investigating and analysing more drastically the managerial functions of fishery right by Eochon-Gye(the smallest unit of fisheries cooperative based on a fishing village), a typical fishery producer's organization in Korea. This study also included such contents as (1) an understanding of fishery producer's organization, (2) the utilization and management system of coastal fishing ground, (3) the actual condition of fishing right distribution in Korea, (4) the fishery right management and activity of Eochon-Gye, (5) the operation and distinctive feature of fishery right in Japan, (6) the intervention and limit of fishery producer's organization for fishing ground management function, and (7) summary and proposal. We made all Eochon-Gye of the whole country an object of this study and carried out an investigation into Eochon-Gye through a questionnaire. We extracted 359 Eochon-Gye, 20% of the total 1,719 Eochon-Gye as a random sample and investigated these regions through a questionnaire by mail. The contents of the questions consist of 40 items, including six categories about the organization of eochon-gye, and fishing ground management and activities.
Hayek′s Spontaneous Order and Korean Fisheries Regulatory Reform
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 47~64
This paper seeks to find out possibility of introducing market order into Korean fisheries regulatory system. Hayek tells us that market order is equivalent to spontaneous order, while regulations are man-made order created based on incomplete knowledge. He also sees market competition as a discovery procedure of knowledge and information. From this perspective is discussed Korean fisheries regulatory reform-particularly issues of establishing property right on fishery resources. It appears that there is quite a large room for substituting market functions for the regulations regarding fishery resources management, even though fishery resources have a very nature of common pool. Advanced fisheries suggest that successful regulatory reform require a well-prepared strategic plan and check list. In addition, the government should be able to secure sufficient monitoring and surveillance power and to play an important role as a fair supervisor.
Designing and Building the Model of Fisheries Information Systems with Information Technology.
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 65~76
This paper tries to suggest the Model of Fisheries Information Systems(FIS) with information technology. The paper shows the analysis and design of FIS. FIS consists of three inportant parts. They are database system, modelbase system and networking. Database systems report to infer the statistic, institute, maket of fisheries. Modelbase systems are used to forecast and plan the automation of fisheries. Networking is needed to develop the Value-Added Networking(VAN). FIS will be highly possible to develop the biggest VAN in Korea.
A Study on the Long-run Equilibrium Relationship and Causality between the Prices of Fisheries Products at Different Levels of Distribution -Focused on Hairtail and Squid in Pusan-
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 77~96
Fisheries products in Korea generally go through three markets, namely the wholesale market at production site (Market A), the wholesale market at consumption site (Market B), and the retail market (Market C), from producers to end consumers. As the products move from Market A through Market B to Market C, the marginal gap of prices asked in these markets demonstrates an apparent relationship. The producers, middlemen, consumers, and governmental departments concerned may influence the marketing prices of fisheries products. This study employing the cointegration theory tries to investigate whether causality of the price-setting among these markets exists and, if any, what it is. The authors have focused their attention on fisheries markets in Pusan, analyzing the long-run equilibrium relationship and causality between the prices of hairtail and squid among markets at different levels. Data used in this study cover the period f개m August 1984 to December 1997 fer hairtail, and the period from May 1989 to December 1997 for squid. The main findings of the study may be summarized as follows: First, regardless of the price time-series of hairtail and squid in individual market, the first difference is necessary fur satisfying the stationary conditions since each time-series is a first integration. This means homogeneous integration of time-series, which is a requirement of the long-run equilibrium of prices at different markets, is satisfied. Second, the study of the long-run equilibrium relationship between the prices at Market A and Market B shows that a long-run equilibrium relationship does exist for selling prices of the two species at Market A and Market B. Third, the ECM (error correction model ) used here to describe the long- and short-run dynamics of price change demonstrates that, in the case of squid, the price change in Market A will lead to a corresponding price change in Market B in the long-run period. In the short-run, however, the price at Market H is not only influenced by the price change in Market A but influence the price at Market A as well, that is, the Prices between Market A and Market B have a feedback effect. It should be stressed that the limitation in data collection, which cover only two species of hairtail and squid, is likely to cause a sampling bias. Nonetheless, we may conclude that a dynamic relation in the formation of prices does exist in view of the transaction amount of species at different markets. It is believed that the conclusion drawn from this study would not only contribute to a long-lasted debate on the direction of causality of price-setting among academic circle and fishing community, but would provide a useful standard for the policy makers in charge of the price-setting of fisheries products as well.
An Estimation of Korea's Import Demand Function for Fisheries Using Cointegration Analysis
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 97~110
This paper tries to estimate Korea's import demand function for fisheries using cointegration analysis. The estimation function consists of one dependent variable-import quantity of fisheries(FTIW) and two independent variables-relative price(RP) between importable and domestic products and real income(GDP). As it has been empirically found out that almost all of time series of macro-variables such as GDP, price index are nonstationary, existing studies which ignore this fact need to be reexamined. Conventional econometric method can not analyze nonstationary time series in level. To perform the analysis, time series should be differenciated until stationarity is guaranteed. Unfortunately, the difference method removes the long run element of data, and so leads to difficulties of interpretation. But according to new developed econometric theory, cointegration approach could solve these problems. Therefore this paper proceeds the estimation on the basis of cointegration analysis, because the quartly variables from 1988 to 1997 used in the model is found out to be nonstationary. The estimation results show that all of the variables are statistically significant. Therefore Korea's import demand for fisheries has been strongly affected by the variation of real income and the relative price.
A Study on the Auction Schemes of Fish Commodities in the Koheung Region
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 111~141
Why are auctions so prevalent in fisheries fields\ulcorner One answer is, perhaps, that fisheries products have no standard value. The price of any catch of fish (at least of fish destined for the fresh fish market) depends on the demand and supply conditions at a specific moment of time, influenced by prospective market developments and prices must be remade for each transaction. There are various auction schemes including written-bid method in Korea. It is difficult to make decision the application of auction selling in market distribution. One reason is the absence of adequate data on which to base firm statements. There is very little precise information about the relative volume handled by auction scheme as compared with other sales schemes Because of the paucity reliable data, one must depend largely on qualitative in attempting to above this problem. This paper is designed to examine which auction scheme is more efficient as a economic tool by introducing the three auctions, as samples, utilized in Koheung peninsula. Koheung coast with abundant fisheries resource, locates on the Middle-South part in Korea and has three auction firm operating by fisheries cooperatives. fur selling of dry fish included sea weed, live fish and fresh fish respectively, As a result, 1 found that there are three interesting auction schemes as follow : 1. More than one winners are selected as buyers. The highest bidder can at first get fishes he wants to buy, second winner can get surplus fishes after the highest bidder employes one's privilege with the highest pay, and next winner would be a buyer if fishes would be left in sequence after being sold with higher price. Every fisherman can sell one' s fishes with equal unit price if he delivery it to the winner within one day. Therefore, all the vendors feel they are equal members of fisheries cooperation. 2. Written-bid pricing on the cover of handy book. It is easy to write and to erase the figure more than on the small black board, and is convenient also to keep in the pocket. 3. Auctioning on the fixed platform with fixed fish tank is a very fast auction scheme in spite of short displaying time. Auctioneer presides bidding at one place on the fixed platform, instead of moving, vendors should carry a container of live fishes in the fish tank into showing table in front of would-be buyers and auctioneer. Although the applicability of the auction system to a marketing problem depends in part on subjective considerations by those making decision, basically it is a matter of comparative economic efficiency. In general, if the scheme maximizes returns in relation to the effort expanded by both buyers and sellers, it will be utilized. If it does not, a more efficiency may take place over a period of time, but, even more important, those making decisions may become aware of the potentialities of new schemes. Therefore, in order to applicate the three interesting auction schemes introduced in this paper to other fisheries market, it is necessary not only to analyze many other auction schemes but also to compare the economic efficiency those schemes utilizing in other fisheries market.
The Effects of Increase in the Oyster Hatchery on Fishermen's Income
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 143~161
The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of increase in the oyster hatchery on fishermen's income. The results of the analysis are as follows : \circled1 The necessary quantities of oyster seed are 18,000 thousand hanging line. The 29.4%, of that has been applied by ana-seed collection and 29.1% of that has been applied by proseed collection. The demage of oyster aquaculture business is estimated about 35 billion won or 83 billion won. \circled2 The production cost per hanging line of the oyster hatchery is 1,974 won. And if it is sold by 2,500 won, return on investment will be 31.9%. Therefore profitability of the oyster hatchery is very good. \circled3 There are four important determinant variables of profitability to the oyster hatchery. In the order of their effects, it is operation number, seed price, production cost, and quantity of production. \circled4 If differences of price between the artificial hardening oyster seed and the natural hardening oyster seed are more less 1,430 won, the former is better. \circled5 The necessarily quantities of the oyster hatchery are estimated 160 units in the scale of 10,000 hanging line production to one operation. \circled6 The effect of increasing income of fishermen are estimated about 85.3 billion won or 124.5 billion won from increase in the oyster hatchery.
A Study on the Alternatives Evaluation of the Fishing Boat in the Small Powered Purse Seine
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 163~175
The decrease of the fishery's business performance is due to the changes of environment-the increase of cost, the reduction of resources, the liberalization of import, the effectuation of the admiralty law Though the government has prepared the alternative policy to strengthen the competitive power of the fishery, fishermen should draw up a plan to improve the business performance. The problems of the small powered purse seine resulting from the small scale of the fishing boat is following. First, its catching activity in the sea is riskful. Second, the space to eat and to work is not enough. Third, the space to put the fish is not enough, it is hard to maintain the freshness of the fish. Therefore it is necessary to solve these problems for the scale of the fishing boat to have to be enlarged. The enlargement of the fishing boat to be required much expenditure of fund is the important investment decision to fishermen. The alternatives evaluation between the existing boat(defender) and the new boat enlarged with the new equipment(challenger) is necessary process to reduce the uncertainty of investment. The profitability of the challenger is better than that of defender due to the reduction of cost and the increase of revenue. Because the net present value of incremental cash flow is positive, it is rational for fishermen to accept the challenger.
A Study on the Economic Effects of Artificial Reefs -In Case of Suwoo-do Artificial Reefs-
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 177~197
Korean fisheries industry is surrounding by domestic and international difficulties due to the effectuation of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and declaration by many coastal states of 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zone and acceleration of ocean pollution in global recognition increasing of the importance of the ocean Resource enhancement policy in Korea fisheries industry is very important strategy fer the fostering of the fisheries resource and proper conservation and management of the coastal and off-shore living marine. Among resource enhancement policy, artificial reefs project has been the most effective strategy. The objectives of this paper are to find the economic effects of artificial reefs. The sampling artificial reefs is constructed at Suiido with 6~7m height. In order to analyze the fishing effect of artificial reefs, a few research have been conducted since 1975. For these analysis focuses on the side of scientific effect of artificial reefs, we analyzed on the side of economic effect. The results of the economic effects of artificial reefs are as follows ; First, the fishing effect analysis by using the NPV method in artificial reefs of Suiido ground prove to be economic feasibility. Second, the major socio-economic effect from artificial reefs include the increasing of recreation fishing, maintenance of fishing community, protection illegal fishing, conservation of coastal environment, and enlargement of advanced fisheries supply. Based on the above results, we conclude that artificial reefs project not only contributes to the welfare of fishermen by increasing of economic income, but enlarges to socio-economic gains by protection of illegal fishing and conservation coastal environment and so on.
Preliminary Evaluation of a Proposed Marine Ranching Project in Korea
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 29, issue 2, 1998, Pages 199~216
An economic appraisal of a proposed marine ranching project is analysed using capital budgeting model such as net present value(NPV) and internal rate of return( IRR) as well as sensitivity analysis and goal seeking model. Of the factors for economic appraisal, direct benefits are to be determined by estimated harvest, prices and costs incurred by catching fishes, and indirect benefits include the additional economic effect of recreational fishing. And judging the worth of these project options depends upon the choice of discount rate of which 8.5% is recommended here. On the basis of estimated production, prices and costs the project is expected to yield NPV=615 million won and IRR=8.8%, which is quite accepted for an economic feasibility, under the first scenario, and NPV= -127 million won and IRR=7.93%, which is rejected, under the second scenario. Sensitivity analysis has been performed by calculating the switching value and sensitivity indicator in respect of the main project parameters. The results suggest that the project NPV and IRR are especially sensitive to fishes(rock fish and other rock fish) prices and fixed costs. Finally goal seeking analysis is carried out in order to reach a desired level of performance like NPV=0 in respect of the amount of hatchery-reared juverniles, the prices and the discount rate.