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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Business Adminidtration
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Jun 2000
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Theoretical Considerations on Fisheries Resource Management and Public Choice
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~12
The experience of many countries strongly suggests that bad governments and institutions have been a serious, if not the most serious, obstacle to economic growth and industry-structural adjustments. All public sectors pursue a mix of both predatory and productive activities-bad governments emphasizing the former, while good governments finding a way of promoting the later. In fishery public policy studies, much confusion exists about the roles of policy illustration and prescription. In general fishery public sectors involve collective actions by numerous individuals under conditions of uncertainty, complexity, bounded rationality, and imperfect information structure. All collective fisheries action organizations consist of a center(e.g., government), which leads fishery group actions, and peripheral participants(e.g., fishermen), which are controlled by the government. A paradigm is developed that gives both theoretical and empirical meaning to the constitutional determination of fisheries political preference function or fishery public sector governance structures. Three relevant spaces are specified: policy instrument, results, and constitutional. The collective-choice rules of the constitutional space structure the tradeoff between public and special fishery interest groups. Fishery public sectors seeking sustainable reductions in wasteful rent-seeking fishing activities should select constitutional principles and institutional structures that tend to promote resource sustainability. In particular, the effects of internal and external events on fisheries may result in a greater or lesser concentration of interest group power. Thus, the structure of the fishereis political power must be assessed in any prescriptive evaluation of alternative fishery governance weights.
Economic Effects of Early Voluntary Sectoral Liberalization on the Korean Deep-See Fisheries : Focused on the Effect of the Tariff Elimination
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 13~32
This study tries to give an insight for fisheries policy makers to prepare policy proposals for Early Voluntary Sectoral Liberalization(EVSL) in the fisheries sector of APEC. To do so, the paper assesses the impact of EVSL on the fisheries sector, especially, Korean Deep-See Fisheries in quantitative way using the partial equilibrium analysis of Feenstra(1995). For the use of simple analysis, the paper focuses on the impact on trade flows and welfare of the elimination of tariffs on Korean Deep-See Fisheries among several measures of EVSL. The results from the quantitative analysis of the impact of EVSL on the Korean Deep-Sea Fisheries indicate that the increase of export is moderately higher than that of import and the total welfare effect is positive, even though a certain Deep-Sea Fisheries confronts a reduction of domestic supply basis.
A Study on Improving the Fisheries Products Distribution Structure
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 33~54
This study intends to examine the distribution channel of the most popular ten species caught in Korean coastal and off-shore fisheries with the aid of interviewing fish brokers and cooperative staffs in fish landing markets. This paper finds and emphasizes the following three suggestions, in order to improve the present scheme of fish distribution system. Firstly, annual catch of 10 kinds of fishes is successively decreasing in quantity from 1994 to 1998. Moreover annual catch shows larger variations than fish price and cooperative sales quantity. Except sea eel and sole, cooperative sales accommodates more than 90% of the fish landed, accounting for the small variation in cooperative sales, which invalidates the effectiveness of the free distribution system adopted by the government. Secondly, diversified distribution channels are exposed according to the nature of the fish, the method to harvest, and the quantity caught. Large retailers such as discount stores, super chains and home shopping institutions are actively involving themselves in direct purchase in fish landing markets. Through the analysis of distribution routes, the general distribution channel of fresh fish has been found such as producers longrightarrow fish brokers in landing markets longrightarrow fish brokers in central wholesale markets longrightarrow wholesalers longrightarrow retailers longrightarrow consumers. In order to reduce distribution margin through the analysis of distribution function and distribution margin, this paper presents a new distribution channel such as producers longrightarrow fish brokers in landing markets longrightarrow wholesalers longrightarrow retailers longrightarrow consumers. Thirdly, to improve the fish landing markets, this paper suggests the M&A of uneconomical fish landing markets or renovating toward wholesalers, introduction of processing services and improvement of processing facilities, subsidizing fish brokers in landing markets, revitalization of marketing divisions in cooperatives and improvement in fish auction system.
A Study about the Strategies of Building the Fisheries Information Systems
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 55~71
Being Changed the international fisheries situation to begin the WTO, it is important to increase the international competition power in fisheries environment to related our country. One of most important work is to build the Fisheries Information Systems(FIS), FIS should give to increase the efficiency of fisheries policies, to share the fisheries informations, and to increase the competitive power of international fisheries environment. On the conclusion, this paper has four expect effects to build the FIS. First, fisheries information will be supplied the clean fisheries policies based on FIS. Second, The Data Warehouse of FIS will be contributed to improve the criterion and statistics of fisheries data. Third, Fisheries Administration will increase the service between fisheries institutes using the FIS. Finally, fisheries administration will use the fisheries data efficiently as integrating the fisheries data into information systems.
A Study on the Cooperative Schemes of the fishery manpower in the North East Asian region
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 73~93
This study analyzed and mutually compared the fishery manpower problems in Northeast Asia region including Korea, China, Japan by fishery industry structure, fishery education, fishery manpower and presented fishery cooperative schemes of Northeast Asia. In case of fishery manpower problems, China is still in a better situation whereas Korea and Japan have a hard time of a labor shortage. Korean companies have employed foreign crews to find a way out of the difficulties and the foreign crew rate is growing but the problem is that the reduction of Korean crew could deteriorate the safety of vessel-sailing, efficient operations, and fishery efficiency. Therefore crew management should be placed focus on improvement of working conditions and guarantee positions to foreign crew as assistants in fishery surroundings and systems. Fishery manpower problems are complementary to each nation in Northeast Asia. In consideration of this fact, fishery manpower management needs the mutual fishery manpower and information exchange and for the sake of it, the most urgent task is to build up the international fishery cooperative network through establishing fishery-related information systems of Northeast Asia.
The Competitiveness of the Korean Deep-sea Fisheries Firms : A Qualitative Analysis
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 95~113
This paper aims to analyze the competitiveness of the Korean Deep-sea Fisheries firms in the firm level. The extant researches on this topic have been done mainly in the macro-or industry-level perspectives and depended on the quantitative analyses using the aggregated data. The results of these researches are useful to figure out the main features of the industy, however, hardly give any implications on the strategic or competitiveness-related problems in the firm level. To accomplish the research purposes this study analyzes the competitiveness of the Korean Fisheries firms on the value chain scheme using qualitative tools. Specifically this paper focuses on the industry competition characteristics, key success factors, the competitiveness, and the supporting systems and policies of the Korean Government. Data are gathered by questionaire and analyzed by factor analysis and Kruska-Wallis one-way ANOVA. The results shows that the competitiveness of the Korean Deep-sea Fisheries firms is not behind the foreign competitors. However the resource securing, the market development, R&D investment are the main obstacles to the firms. The governmental supports are kedined to improve the competitiveness of the Korean Deep-sea Fisheries firms.
A study on the Stable Supply of Fishery Oil in Korea
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 115~133
The policy of suppling tax-exempt fishery oil in Korea has a history of almost 40 years, which was initiated by the National Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives in 1965. In 1999 the volume of fishery oil supplied to the earning fishermen and fishing entrepreneurs amounted to 8,390 thousand DM, 500 billion won in total. This paper analyzes the oil supplying system to fishermen in Korea and shows that the structural obstacles to the stable provision of fishery oil lies in the ineffective bargaining power (fixing price). Provided that the NFFC as a buyer, which is not equipped with the storage facilities for oil bids for a unit-price contract of fishery oil, there exists a possibility of collusion among 5 local oil refineries corporations to influence the oil price, making it difficult to reach a resonable price of oil. Though the international bids and direct imports following the liberalization of oil imports would help lower the unit price, purchasing and importing the oil out of season at a lower price would not be guaranteed without the oil storage facilities. Furthermore, the current supply system of oil is quite vulnerable to the extraneous factors and, say when the oil price soars unpredictably, it is almost impossible to supply low - priced fishery oil to fishermen. The National Federation of Fisheries Association of Japan(Zengyoren), for instance, possesses 10 oil storage facilities, which had been built across the country during the last 20 years (1964-1984). The storage capacity of these facilities reaches 0.6million DM(by kind, 0.56million DM for A heavy oil, 38thousand D/M kerosene, 5thousand D/M for diesel fuel oil). Allowing no intermediary of production associations(fisheries cooperatives) the NFFA's capacity for keeping oil in reserve rises much higher. As these storage facilities can keep the oil amounting to as much as of 70 days demand in reserve, a stable supply of fishery oil on favorable terms is secured. In contrast with Japan case, unequipped with the storage facilities for fishery oil, Korea does not have much bargaining power for bringing down the price of fishery oil. To make matters worse, the oil storing capacity of the member cooperatives is the volume of only 8 days demand. In case the oil price rises, it is almost impossible to supply the oil to the fishermen at a price lower than the price risen.
The Conceptual Management Framework for Sustainable Fisheries Development
Mu, Yong-Tong ; Choe, Jung-Yoon ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 31, issue 1, 2000, Pages 135~151