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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Business Adminidtration
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
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Recent Developments and Policy Directions in Fisheries Finance in Korea
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 32, issue 2, 2001, Pages 1~22
In recent years Korea fisheries have been much more influenced than ever before by domestic and foreign environmental changes such as market liberalization, sustainability, efficiency and effectiveness of domestic fisheries, fisher's welfare etc. Under the wide range of environmental changes, government is carrying out various fisheries policies. However, it seems insufficient to accomplish policy goals under the existing policy instruments. The main focus of the paper is to investigate structural changes and policy directions of fisheries finance in Korea after asian economic crisis. The results of the study are as follows; Fisheries sector in whole economy has been lowering in its proportion. To survive in emerging global competition, fisheries sector is needed structural reformation. In particular the strategy that increases operative efficiency and effectiveness on government financial policy in fisheries sector is much expected. Also, it is necessary to minimize costs, to reform institution and management for increasing efficiency and effectiveness.
A Study on the Model of Measuring Expost Cummulative Fisheries Damages : Focused on the Sedentary Fisheries
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 32, issue 2, 2001, Pages 23~50
The study tries to suggest one kind of method for measuring expost commutative fisheries damages caused by a large scale coastal reclamation. The situation of fisheries damages which the paper is considering is different from those of general cases:the latter is a priori investigation but the former is a posteriori one. Therefore we need a different approach for exact measurement of such kind of fisheries damages. The key contribution of the paper is to try to estimate a decreasing production function using the results of present investigation and several statistical data about our coastal fisheries productivity and environmental deterioration. Using the function, the paper tries to derive the expected catch amount and damage amount.
Reorganization of the International Fisheries Regime in the East Sea - Case by Korea and Japan Squid Angling Fisheries -
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 32, issue 2, 2001, Pages 51~72
This study intends to review the development of Squid Angling Fisheries of Korea and Japan and subsequent changes in the fisheries regime as well as management conditions and to examine reorganization directions. Although catches and productivity are all increasing in Korea and Japan as the squid resource in the East Sea is improving, the number of fishing vessels and the conditions of fisheries management are showing a symmetrical relationship. The former is increasing in Korea and decreasing in Japan while the latter is aggravating in Korea and rather stable in Japan. And while the competition between the two countries for more fishing grounds and catches are not that serious since the resource is relatively increasing, the catch and price competition with other domestic fisheries is a more significant problem. Furthermore, even though light restriction is implemented in both countries in order to suppress over-competition, it is adopted as a means to curtail management costs and block over-investment rather than to adjust international or inter-fisheries circumstances. Japan has been implementing the TAC system on squid resources since 1998. However, it has a different meaning than as a resource management method in its original sense because it is based on the highest catch level of the past and takes into consideration the fishermen's management conditions. In case of Korea, it is necessary to establish a plan to strengthen its fisheries management competence to address its shrinking catch in the Japanese waters. The developments mentioned so far have appeared amidst the increase of squid resources, and if such conditions disappear, problems such as international allocation of catches and fishing seasons, access to fishing grounds, and domestic conflicts among different fisheries will emerge.
A Study on the Production Adjustment and Price Support Program of Sea Mustard Aquaculture
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 32, issue 2, 2001, Pages 73~89
The market conditions of sea mustard is changing by overproduction, decreasing price, Import of blanched and salted sea mustard from China into Korea domestic market and increasing market share of sea mustard of China in Japan. In addition, the price support program in sea mustard aquaculture must be modified due to the restriction of domestic support by international organization such as WTO. There are two ways to solve those problems. First is that finding a way to solve the overproduction of sea mustard. One of possible ways is the production adjustment by Marketing Order. Second is that finding an alternative way to replace price support program. The possible way is Direct Payment instead of purchase stockpile system. To introduce marketing Order, outlook center, organization of self-management, production adjustment through output control measure, improvement of market structure, and education/publicity arc necessary. Also, to implement marketing order, setting a model business by government is required. There are two steps for implementation of marketing order. First step is to construct Order Committee including organization of producer, people related marketing. However, this committee must run by government for certain short-term. Second step is to improve quality of product and acceleration of demand. At visual point that enforcement of the first step is completed, government has process that government transfers Order Committees self-correcting. It is desirable that government only conduct the support acts such as quality improvement and acceleration of demand. Also, at early stage it is necessary to have aid system for marketing order For example, we can expect that income increase by production adjustment in long run. However, in short run the income of producer may decrease so, it is required to compensate his economic lose. For compensation, The useful means that can be utilized is direct payment. Direct payment is not continued policy. Also, when production adjustment policy such as Marketing Order has effective results, Direct Payment as an assistant measure must be reduced or abolished. Therefore, when production adjustment acts as an effective tool to control overproduction, Direct Payment system.
On Institutional Arrangements of Quota-Based Management for China's Marine Capture Fisheries
Mu, Yong-Tong ; Choe, Jeong-Yoon ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 32, issue 2, 2001, Pages 91~125
The Research on the Korean Distant Water Trawl Fisheries
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 32, issue 2, 2001, Pages 127~148
Korean distant water trawl fisheries were sector of most important distant water fisheries with tuna long liner fisheries during the development age in Korea. Nevertheless Korean distant water trawl fisheries have suffered from catches and Income problem. It was caused to the strengthen regulation of costal countries, the rapid liberalization trend of trade on the fishing products and the shortage of cheap manpower, etc. In this situation, Korean government is inclined to convert big adjacent trawl fisheries of distant water trawl fisheries for structure adjustment In domestic fisheries. that is analyzed to incorrect method because the efficiency of management indicator in adjacent trawl fisheries was bad than distant water trawl fisheries. Then this policy of Korean government needs to convert anything else. Also it was compared with one of Japan to the efficiency of management indicator of Korean distant trawl fisheries. The result of analysis, Korea was better than Japan in some factor, especially labor cost Then if Korean government will put weighted policy on this viewpoint, Korean distant water trawl can more grow.