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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fisheries Business Adminidtration
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Dec 2004
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Jun 2004
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Acceptors′ Attitudes toward the Board of Directors System of the National Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives(NFFC)
Jung Man-Hwa ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 35, issue 2, 2004, Pages 1~29
This paper aims to understand the points which the Board of Directors of the National Federation of Fisheries Cooperatives System has proposed, and to find some improvement. This Fisheries Cooperatives previously had a single board system operating two small board rooms which became independent within the two sectors of credit and .provision in addition to the existing board of directors. This is a very unique board of directors system which is not found in cooperatives in our country nor in the business world. This change of the board of directors of the Fisheries Cooperatives is ascribed to the reorganization of the system into a completely independent division system, which operates business separately based on each sector as opposed to the previous multiple cooperatives system. However, a plural board of directors system does contribute to the improvement of managerial efficiency by strengthening the self-control of each independent business section, but deepens conflicts between its internal organizations, and brings about a reverse function which might deteriorate both the controlling power of a systematic organization and the coordinating power between sectors. This paper made an analysis of acceptors' attitudes toward the board of directors of the fisheries cooperatives system by regulating all the staff directly related to the operation of the board of directors of the fisheries cooperatives system as a group of acceptors and by selecting one hundred and fifty persons among the staff as a sample. The inquiry into acceptors' attitudes was made using questionaries, and the data for this investigation was processed and analyzed using a statistical method. The contents of this paper are composed of I. an introduction, II. the findings of the questionary investigation, III. the overall opinion for the improvement of the board of directors system, and IV. a summary and conclusion.
A Study on Policies to Increase the Income of Fishing Villages Focused on Non-fishing Income
Kim Sung-Gwi ; Hong Jang-Won ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 35, issue 2, 2004, Pages 31~51
The reduction of fishing grounds due to the establishment of EEZ system among China, Japan and Korea together with the depletion of fish resources by pollution of waters and successive reclamation projects along the east and the south coastal lines has made many problems in coastal communities including the decrease of population, the deepening aging phenomenon in the fishery society and the fall of relative income level compared with those of rural and urban residents. Especially, the income level of a fishing household is 90%. of a rural resident and 70% of a urban resident. The income of a fishing household consists of 55% of fishing income, 20% of a agricultural source, 20% of income from non-fishing areas, and 10% of transferred income. Compared with that of a Japanese fishing household which has more diverse income sources such as 62% of income coming from non-fishing areas through being hired in manufacturing firms, etc., that of Korean ones is highly dependent upon fishery and agriculture, so that the diversification of income sources is urgently needed, especially in non-fishing areas. This paper shows that as a model to upgrade fisherman's income level, firstly, it is necessary to enhance the value-added of fishing products through processing and new innovation of distribution process and, secondly, to promote tourism in fishing villages. To ascertain this model, a questionnaire survey to fishermen was carried out and showed that they expressed a strong support for the increase of income by the value-added process through processing and innovative distribution system and the active introduction of tourism in fishing villages. A case study on Gosan cooperative in Jeju was also introduced to identify the rationale of the suggested model and this study proved the validity of the model again. Conclusively speaking, to level up the fisherman's income requires the value- added activities through the introduction of product processing and new distribution system together with the introduction of marine tourism in fishing villages.
The Third Fishery: Enjoyable Fishery
Kim Soo-Kwan ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 35, issue 2, 2004, Pages 53~69
While the life in the fishing villages in old days was characterized by accepting the sea as destiny by birth, it became an industrial one nowadays with industry - scale fisheries as the mainstream. It is expected, however, that nature - friendly life will be prevailing in the fishing villages in the future In these days, the status of fishing village is on a very terrible situation due to the decrease in population, low income, environment destruction, and so on. However, the fishing village should be revitalized because of its public benefits at least. Recently, a kind of affirmative appearance in fishing village is that people who are willing to visit fishing village are increasing. The fishermen are supposed to use this opportunity for its economic and social interests. This paper suggests a kind of way, enjoyable fishery after catching and farming fishery, to use it. Enjoyable fishery consists of watching (learning by observation) fishery and doing (experience) fishery. The example of watching fishery is inspecting the fixed net fishery, doing fishery is experience of small dragnet fishery. The activation devices of the enjoyable fishery are suggested as follows; 1) fixing the identification of regional tourism 2) the development of regional enjoyable 3) opening of one day's fisherman school. 4) networking with fishing village amenity improvement 5) driving sisterhood system with urban area.
Economic Effects of Korea-Singapore Free Trade Agreement on the Fisheries Sector
Choi Sung-Il ; Choi Hong-Bae ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 35, issue 2, 2004, Pages 71~90
According to this study, overall economic impacts of the FTA between Korea and Singapore upon fish and fishery products of our country were likely to be very small and insignificant. When the tariff on fish and fishery products between the two borders were completely eliminated, if no roundabout exports from other ASEAN countries were practicing, then this study calculated that the increase of imports from Singapore in the 12 chief items was estimated to be only about 250,000kg, which comes to the amount of 1.1 billion won. The 12 items used here account for over 90% imports of fish and fishery products from Singapore. This study also revealed that imports of fish and fishery products from Singapore would be substituted for domestic products more than 100,000kg in the 7 items produced domestically. The substitution effect represents fishermen's demage by replacing domestic products by imports in terms of income which comes to the amount of 438 million won. As the results of the study shows, establishing an FTA between the two countries will not exert so much adverse effects on our fisheries because relative importance of fish and fishery products in both countries are very small. But the contents of the agreement on fish and fishery products between the two countries are very important, as concluding the negotiation and signing the agreement between Korea and Singapore would be a precedent in future negotiations with other asian countries, especially with China and ASEAN countries.
A Political-Economic Study on Cooperative Squid Fishing East to the
Park Seong-Kwae ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 35, issue 2, 2004, Pages 91~115
The main purpose of this study is to analyze the cooperative squid fisheries problems surrounding the
, established by the 1965 Korea - Japan Fisheries Agreement which banned Korean large trawlers' fishing east to the
In fact, the moratorium was put on by Japans request. However, such issue did not occur until the filefish stock in the southern Korean sea, which was a major target fish species of the large trawl fisheries, The filefish stock collapsed completely around 1991 and at the same time most of bottom fish stocks in the East China Sea began to show a symptom of over - exploitation. Thus, the off - shore large trawlers learned to have a little opportunity of finding out alternative fish stocks as well as fishing grounds. Fortunately, at that time squid resource stock and consumption were on the increasing trend. The large trawl fisheries were able to economically exploit squid stock east to the
through cooperative fishing with squid angling light boats in the East and East - South Sea, even though such cooperative fishing activities violate the existing fishery laws apparently. Some important reasons that the large trawlers have continued the cooperative fishing seem to be because (ⅰ) squid resource stock has been on the increasing state over time, (ⅱ) the trawl fisheries have made a significant contribution to meeting domestic and export demands and stabilizing squid prices, and (ⅲ) they have kept domestic squid market from foreign competition. However, the new Korea - Japan fisheries agreement in 1998 provided a momentum of questioning the effectiveness of the
by the squid - related fisheries other than the squid angling. Serious conflicts between squid - related fisheries began to emerge and to be much intensified. Squid angling industries in the East opposed to large trawlers's efforts to formalize such illegal cooperative squid fishing activities. Their main argument was that such formalizing would definitely make the East coast squid prices lower and in turn their business performance would be worse off. The results of quantitative analysis suggest that the trawlers' massive landing may have a significant influence on lowering the east coast squid prices. Now, an important issue that the squid - related fisheries and the government are facing is to solve such complex squid fishing problems through a multi - participatory negotiation process, including price stabilization, total allowable catch level and its operation schemes,
rearrangement, and so on.
Subsidies: Are they really obstacles in achieving a sustainable fisheries development?
Lee Sang-Go ; Kim Do-Hoon ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 35, issue 2, 2004, Pages 117~137
Area-based Management and Virtual Population Units
Lee Jung-Sam ; Gates J. M. ;
The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration, volume 35, issue 2, 2004, Pages 139~156