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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Physiological Response of parrot fish (Oplegnathus fasciantus) and bivalve (Gomphina melanaegis) by Lowing Water Temperature Exposure
YOON, Sung Jin ; CHIN, Byung Sun ; PARK, Gyung Soo ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.1
Physiological response of fish and bivalve was estimated to identify the physiological changes of test species by lowering water temperature due to the abrupt stop of cooling water discharge from power plant. The experiment was conducted by two conditions; fall and winter by decreasing water temperature (
/2 days) from
for fall scenario and from
for winter scenario, respectively. Test organisms were parrot fish (Oplegnathus fasciantus) and bivalve (Gomphina melanaegis), and end points were mortality for both species, hematocrit and cortisol for fish, and hemolymph and superoxide dismutase(SOD) for bivalve. 48/96hr mortality test revealed no mortality for fish and 47% mortality for bivalve at 96hr/
only. Significant increases of hematocrit and cortisol were found at fishes exposed to
(high temperature) and lower temperature (
), respectively. Hemolymph and SOD for bivalve tended to decrease by lowering water temperature from 15 to
(winter scenario) and no changes from 26 to
(fall scenario). Fall scenario (from 15 to
) showed more significant changes of physiological response than winter cases (26 to
A Study on Decrease of Vertical Accelerations due to Changes in Location of the Habitation Division for Training Ship
HAN, Seung-Jae ; HA, Young-Rok ; LEE, Seung-Chul ; JEONG, Tae-Yeong ; KIM, In-Chul ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 14~21
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.14
Research on ship motion and seasickness is recognized as the important research area to ensure the pleasant operative environment in addition to the research of operation safety of ship. In this paper, the motion performance in waves for the training ship Kaya of Pukyong National University is obtained by using the computer program based on Strip Method. To guarantee the pleasant seafaring in ocean, the vertical acceleration of ship motion is calculated according to the habitation division location in the ship. The results of calculation by changes of location of habitation division are compared with the guideline of MSI(Motion Sickness Incidence). The degree of motion sickness is shown and discussed through the comparison between calculated vertical acceleration spectrum and MSI guideline. To improve the safety of ship in motion and the pleasant seafaring in waves, the downtrend of seasickness ratio is needed by the decrease on vertical acceleration of the ship. Through the results in this paper, the relocation of both bridge and accommodation toward the aftship reduced the vertical acceleration and MSI.
Effect Factors on Subjective Well-being of the New-elderly People
JANG, Jae-Yong ; KANG, Shin-Beum ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 22~33
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.22
The purposes of this study were to examine the characteristics of friendship among the elderly, particularly the relationships between the functions of friendship, the degree of satisfaction with friendship, and subjective well-being. Written questionnaires completed by 244 the new-elderly(95men, mean age 60.02 years/ 149women, mean 62.04 years) were analyzed. As a result, the main findings of our study were: First, Among men, the duration of friendship was longer than among women. The most common initial acquaintance among men were co-workers, followed by schoolmates and old playmates, while friends made through leisure and volunteer activities or in the neighborhood were more common for women. Second, Factor analysis revealed the following two factors: `trust and support`, and `companionship`. Among both men and women, the degree of satisfaction with friendship was positively correlated with subjective well-being, and the study suggested that the level of `trust and support` influenced the degree of satisfaction with friendship. And expand the scale, because the future looked at the gender gap in the center is considered that there is a need for comparative studies specific age groups.
A Study on Ships of KRS Registered the analyses of Detentions for Port State Control
IM, Myeong-Hwan ; LEE, Chang-Hyun ; SIN, Ho-Sig ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 34~46
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.34
This study analyzes inspection results of ships by Port State Control. Particularly, this research focuses on a detention trend of vessels that registered to Korean Register of Shipping. In order to conduct this research, we have searched 170 ships that got a detention with a Code-30 within recent 46 months period. The deficiencies of the detentions are inspected by ship types, ship years, flags, ports inspected, and criteria. Moreover, we categorized the deficiencies for the detentions into 17 types for internal and external inspections. As the results of the comparison study, bulk and general cargo carriers dominate the portion of detentions by almost 66 percent. Self-induced detention due to a lack of preparation by crews and company support are the main reasons of repeated detentions from the same type ships. Ships between six and ten years old show the lowest detention rate by 4 percent whereas ships less than five years old generate the highest detention rate by 22 percent. The main categories of the detentions from ships less than 5 years old are a lack of documentation and certification, and the clues support our opinion that owners and crews may neglect to prepare the inspections because their strong confidence for the ship condition due to young ship age. As a result of a great effort of Korean government and shipping companies to reduce a detention rate, the detention rate has been recently reduced to 0.3 percent. The results also require companies with the flag of convenience ships to spend more effort to reduce the detention rate, too. We expect that using social networking service by Korea Register will lower the detention rate by sharing relevant information real-time to ships and owners.
Relation between the Help Seeking Behaviors, Self-disclosure and Self-consealment in Female College Women
PARK, Jeong-Eon ; PARK, Euna ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 47~58
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.47
The college students were faced with not just technical challenges that require skill acquisition but adaptive challenges that require transforming one`s mindset to a more complex way of making meaning. The purpose of this study was confirmed the relations among the help-seeking behavior, self-disclosure and self-concealment of 343 female college students`. As a result of data analysis, positive help seeking attitude was higher when the level of self-concealment was lower and self-disclosure, but regarding help-seeking intention, consultation intention was shown to be higher in the case of lower self-disclosure and higher self-concealment. Therefore, female college students need to visit college consultation centers more often while attending college and it needs to provide those students with mediation so that they can use mental health consultation services easily.
Characterization of Tetracycline-Resistant Genes of Staphylococci isolates from Human and Marine Environment
CHO, Ki-Taek ; KIM, Young-Chul ; KWON, Woo-Ju ; JEONG, Hyun-Do ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.59
For comparison of tetracycline-resistant (
) genes, we obtained 21 and 14
Staphylococcus spp. from marine environment and human patient, respectively. Although all isolates from human were identified as Staphylococcus aureus, higher proportion of
isolates (12 out of 14) from human were utilizing tet(M) gene compared to that of
isolates (6 out of 21) from marine environment. Additionally, collaborated utilization of tet(M) and erm(A) in
S. aureus in human patient, but not in
Staphylococcus spp. isolates from marine environment was also characterized. Based on the nucleotide sequence of transposon related to
gene, we confirmed the origin of tet(M) gene in
Staphylococci isolated from marine environments and human are derived from Tn916/1545-like and Tn5801 transposon, respectively. It is the first report showing the presence of Tn5801 in all
S. aureus carrying tet(M) in human patient. Alignment of the fully sequenced tet(M) from marine environmental isolates was also agreed with the determined transposons by showing the genomic mosaic structure composed with three genomic parts from Tn916/1545 and unknown transposons. Genetic characteristics of these tet(M) in environmental isolates were similar to each other but different from those in isolates from human showing only tet(M) from Tn916/5801 type. It may imply the presence of less dramatic communication of antibiotic resistant genes between Staphylococci isolated from marine environment and human.
Development and Application of Education Program Art Area Subject-based STEAM for Improvement of Elementary Students` Creativity: With a Scratch Programming Language
SEO, Youngho ; JUNG, Seungbum ; KIM, Jonghoon ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 69~82
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.69
In this study, Art area -based STEAM education programs that take advantage of the Scratch was to analyze the effect of the development of elementary school students` creativity. The winter break of
university education donation application students 3, 4, 5th grader was verified two research hypothesis to the target. First, Art area -based STEAM education programs will be effective on the development of elementary school students` creativity. Second, Art area -based STEAM education programs will be more effective on the development of the elementary school girls` creativity than the elementary school boys` creativity. Art area -based STEAM education programs is to show a significant difference on the development of elementary school students` creativity, mean change of elementary school girls were remarkable than boys.
Benthic algal community of Ulleungdo, East coast of Korea
KIM, Sung-Tae ; HWANG, Kangseok ; PARK, Gyu-Jin ; CHOI, Chang Geun ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 83~90
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.83
A subtidal marine benthic algal vegetation at Ulleungdo Island, the eastern coast of Korea was investigated to clarify the community structure and vertical distribution by quadrat method at seven stations in May and August 2014. The total number of marine algal species was 148 species composed of the green algae of 12 species, the brown algae of 40 species and the red algae of 96 species. Mean biomass in dry weight was
in study sites,
in upper tidal level, and
in middle level. The R/P and (R+C)/P value reflecting flora characteristic were 1.9 and 2.3, respectively. Three groups produced by cluster analysis, one including sites Neunggeol, Daepung, Jukdo, second including sites Gongam, Ssangjeongcho and the other including sites Gwaneum, Hangnam, showed meaningful difference in similarity (about 40%), each other. The number of marine algal species and biomass in Ulleungdo Island area were markedly reduced comparing that in the previous studies. This result may suggest probably change of algal vegetation in future, considering the physical and chemical pollutions loaded in the coastal marine environment of this area.
Awareness of Elementary School Teacher about Educational Technology through metaphor
HONG, Kwang-Pyo ; AHN, Young-Sik ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 91~105
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.91
The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of elementary teachers about educational technology. Educational technology that is embodied at school was the form of "systemic structure" whose components are complex and exert close mutual influence on one another, rather than of "systemic assembly" that relationship of components were well controlled. A qualitative epistemological method was used to look into educational technology instead of existing empirical ones. Metaphor analysis was utilized among various qualitative research methods to find out what elementary teachers thought of educational technology. Six elementary teachers were asked to draw a picture to describe what came into their mind when they heard term of "educational technology," and they were interviewed in depth to check what their pictures meant. As a result, elementary teachers expressed their point of views about educational technology as "a scientific, technical and systemized instrument to stir up the learning interest and joy of students," "an action to mechanically fit together every part of education(curriculum)," "educational technology as a teaching and learning method," and "an integrated and overall system." This finding seemed to have something to do with media theory, teaching and learning theory and system theory that have been used in educational technology. This study was expected to be significance in that it investigated the way of looking at educational technology in the field, and confirmed the close relationship between theory and practice, and finally provided an opportunity to reflect on the ontological nature and epistemological method of educational technology.
A Study on Solomon Islands` Fisheries College in Solomon Islands National University Establishment Plan
JANG, Jong-Won ; KIM, Min-Ho ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 106~117
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.106
Solomon Islands located in South-pacific. So, this country has much fishery resources. But Solomon Islands can`t exploit efficiently and effectively this resources because of delay of national industrial development. Therefore, if developed fishery industry`s technology of the Korea pass to Solomon Islands, there are lots of contribution to nation`s foods and industry development. If the established fisheries in the Solomon Islands College of the National University in order to train them in the veteran of fishery curriculum and processes fit the Solomon Islands, advancing the national development of the Solomon Islands it would be the occasion. Moreover, it may be a great contribution to development of Solomon Islands and relationship of Korea through the continuous education.
The Effect of Lower Weight Training on Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition in Old-Aged Women
SHIN, Koun Soo ; JANG, Byung Ho ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 118~126
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.118
The purpose of this study is for old-aged women to analysis variation of Body composition and BMD so that help to keep healthy life by doing low-intensity workout. the subjects for this study consist of 20 persons being aged over 65 women, doing not regular workout, living in P metropolitan, and do workout for 12 weeks by catergorizing into 2 groups in half depending upon whether doing workout or not. Two-way Repeated Measures ANOVA of SPSS 18.0 was used for data processing. the statistical significant is set as p<.05. In result, there`s none of dramatical difference in radius, ulna`s BMD. there is dramatical difference in (%)Fat, WHR in workout group but none difference in LBM.
A Comparative Study on Volatility Spillovers in the Stock Markets of Korea, China and Japan
LEE, Jin-Soo ; CHOI, Tae-Yeong ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 127~136
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.127
The purpose of this research is to conduct a comparative study on the characteristics of daily volatility spillovers across the stock markets of Korea, China, and Japan. We employ generalized spillover definition and measurement developed by Diebold & Yilmaz (2009, 2012). The sample period is January 5, 1993 to September 25, 2015. From a static full-sample analysis, we find that 8.60% of forecast error variance comes from volatility spillovers. From a 250-day rolling-sample analysis, we discover that there exist significant volatility fluctuations in the stock markets of Korea, China and Japan, expecially during the Asian Financial Crisis (1998-1999) and the US Credit Crisis (2008-2009) after the collapse of Lehman Brothers. From the net directional spillovers across three countries, we come upon that there is neither a definite leader nor a significant follower during the sample period.
A Study on the Main Categories and Educational Influence of Chinese Ancient Humanism
JANG, Jong-Won ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 137~149
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.137
Human development is the important role of education. There were thinkers of China emphasized the importance of education. These are divided into two general point of view. One theory is that as the representative of Mencius, Xuncius. Environment and education will be acquired this means that there is a crucial human development.
dynasty came to the training began to do research for a decisive action. The other is to represent the viewpoint of Dongzhongshu,
. According to their education was not to transcend the inherent limitations. Educator of ancient China have had a perspective that humanity can change. Humans show the progress theory emphasizes the potential of toughness as compared to the effect of the training point of view was divided into three classes emphasize the birth. Debate and the search for the humanity of the ancient educator had left us a valuable ideological material. Their perspective on a variety of personality is judged that there are many still take part in educational as well as the value of exploring far today.
The Effects of Kindergartens` Organizational Culture, Directors` Transformational Leadership and Teachers` Creative Personality on Kindergarten Teachers` Teaching Flow
KIM, Hyun-Jin ; HWANG, Hee-Sook ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 150~161
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.150
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among kindergartens` organizational culture, directors` transformational leadership, teachers` creative personality and teaching flow. The participants of this study were 289 kindergarten teachers in Busan. They completed the survey questionnaire composed of kindergartens` organizational culture scale, directors` transformational leadership scale, teachers` creative personality scale and teaching flow scale. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Cronbach`s alpha, Pearson`s correlation, and multiple regression. The results were as follows: First, there were significant relations among kindergartens` organizational culture, directors` transformational leadership, teachers` creative personality and teaching flow. Second, kindergartens` organizational culture, directors` transformational leadership and teachers` creative personality affected teaching flow of kindergarten teachers. From the findings, it can be suggested that kindergartens` organizational culture, directors` transformational leadership and teachers` creative personality are critical variables to improve teaching flow of kindergarten teachers.
Mediating Effect of Ego-Resilience in the Relationship between Social Capital and Safety Awareness·Safety Pursuit Behavior of Adult Learner : Focusing on Changwon City
PARK, Sin-Young ; EO, Yong-Sook ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 162~171
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.162
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediation of ego-resilience in the relationship between social capital and safety awareness safety pursuit behavior of adult learners in order to provide a basis for planning safety education to improve the safety behaviors. The participants were 162 adult learners who participated in the "Go to find safety classroom of citizens" in Changwon city. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analyzed with the SPSS-WIN 20.0 program. As a results, first, the mean score for social capital was 3.36(social confidence 3.38, reciprocal norms 3.29, networks 3.22, democratic citizen awareness 3.56), ego-resilience 3.57. Second, social capital was significant correlation ego-resilience(r
Mobile MGIS Study for the Seomjin River Estuary
PARK, Sang-Woo ; KIM, Jung-Hyun ; KIM, Jong-Kyu ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 172~179
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.172
The study of Mobile MGIS (Marine Geographic Information System) based on the Android Mobile Platform is mainly performed on effective methodologies which transform real world data to computing world data. Mobile GUI system has its own target on reliable data service by acquisition of geometric information using EFDC (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code) Model, accurate measurement and graphical visualization. Even simple visualizations can aid in the interpretation of complex hydrodynamic relationships that are frequently encountered in the marine environment. The Mobile MGIS provides an easy way for hydrodynamics geoscientists to construct complex visualizations that can be viewed with free software. This study proposes a Mobile GUI MGIS using EFDC Model result of Seomjin River estuary. Finally, we design a Seomjin River estuarine Coastal Waters Mobile MGIS integrating above data models. It must adds more ecological information and the various service item for approach more easily in order to user.
Food Organisms of Juveniles of Tridentiger trigonocephalus from the Intertidal Zone in the Western Coast of Korea
KIM, Jong-Yeon ; YOON, Jong-Man ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 180~185
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.180
To investigate the feeding habits of Tridentiger trigonocephalus juveniles captured in the intertidal zone of Dodun-ri, Seocheon-gun from the end of May to early June 2012, the gut contents were observed. Feeding incidence of the juveniles increased twice a day, first in the morning and second in the afternoon. The major food organisms of the juveniles (6.5~10.0 mm NL) were composed of copepods (65.4%), amphipods (2.0%), shrimp larvae (14.5%), polychaete larvae (22.6%), and etc. These food items held more than 2 percentage in the dry weight of the total food items.
The Estimation of The Productivities of Institutions under Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries
KIM, Tae-Hyun ; KIM, Jong-Cheon ; PARK, Cheol-Hyung ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 186~197
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.186
This study applied the parametric bootstrapping method to analyze whether there was a change in the production efficiency of institutions under Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries. This study used input and output oriented productivity simultaneously. In particular, the productivity was estimated through 95% confidence interval derived by 2000 times re-sampling process. The results of the study showed us a reduction in overall total factor productivity by 24% between 2009 and 2013, and 7% of decreases in productivity annually. A recent conditions of an external economic shocks brought a 28% downward shift of production function. In this study, public institutions were divided into three types, which were public, quasi-government, and other public institutions. There were approximately 13%, 1%, and 5% decreases in total factor productivity per each. In analyzing the productivity each of 14 institutions, approximately DMU4 and DMU6 had 4%, and 5% increases in productivity per each. While DMU14 showed us no changes in productivity, all of the other 10 DMUs were estimated the decreases in productivities.
A Leading Price Estimation of Jeju Flounder Producer Prices by Fish Weight and a Dynamic Influence Analysis of Market Price Impulse
SON, Jingon ; NAM, Jongoh ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 198~210
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.198
This study firstly aims to estimate a leading-price of Jeju flounders with various price-classes by fish weight and secondly plans to provide policy implications of flounder purchase projects by understanding dynamic changes and interactions among flounder producer price-classes caused by price impulses in the market. This study applies an unit root test for stability of data, uses a Granger causality test to estimate the leading-price among producer prices by fish weight, employs the vector autoregressive model to analyze statistical impacts among t-1 variables used in models, and finally utilizes impulse response analyses and forecast error variance decomposition analyses to understand dynamic changes and interactions among change rates of the producer prices caused by price impulses in the market. The results of the study are as follows. Firstly, KPSS, PP, and ADF tests show that the change rate of Jeju flounder monthly producer prices by fish weight differentiated by logarithm is stable. Secondly, the Granger causality test presents that the change rate of the 1kg flounder producer price strongly leads it of 500g, 700g, and 2kg flounder producer prices respectively. Thirdly, the vector autoregressive model indicates that the change rate of the 1kg producer price in t-1 period statistically, significantly influences it of own weight in t period and also slightly affects price change rates of other weights in t period. Fourthly, the impulse response analysis indicates that impulse responses of structural shocks for the change rate of the 1kg producer price are relatively more powerful in its own weight and in other weights than shocks emanating from price change rates of other weights. Fifthly, the variance decomposition analysis points out that the change rate of the 1kg producer price is relatively more influential than it of 500g, 700g, and 2kg producer prices respectively. In conclusion, the change rate of the 1kg Jeju flounder producer price leads the change rates of other ones and Jeju purchase projects need to be targeted to the 1kg Jeju flounder producer price as the purchase project implemented in 2014.
Species Composition and Community Structure of Demersal Organisms Caught by Shrimp Beam Trawl in the Coastal Waters of Gunsan of West Sea
HAN, In-Seong ; EOM, Ki-Hyuk ; KWON, Jung-No ; PARK, Kyeong-Dong ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 211~220
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.211
Species composition of aquatic organism in the marine ranching area of Gunsan, Korea were investigated using shrimp beam trawl from May to December in 2010. A total of 91 species,
of aquatic organism were collected. Among them, species were included 60 species in Pisces, 21 in Crustacea and 10 in Mollusca. The individual dominant species, occupying over 10% of total individuals, were Latreutes anoplonyx(
, 48.23%), Crangon hakodatei(
, 11.80%) and Trachysalambria curvirostris(
, 10.40%). And the biomass dominant species, occupying over 9% of total biomass, were Paralichthys olivaceus(
, 15.4%), Okamejei kenojei(
, 11.2%) and Portunus tribuberculatus(
, 9.6%). From the cluster and MDS analysis based on Bray-Curtis similarity matrix of fourth root transformed data of number of species and individuals per unit area collected more than two times during this survey by each month and station was divided into three different groups. Group A showed seasonal similarity of characteristic of distribution in August and November, Group B in December and Group C in May.
A Study about Legal Issues of Ship Crash in Open Ports Act
LIM, Seok-Won ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 221~234
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.221
Open port has the designated course and traffic jam of ships happens often. This fact may connect to ship crash easily. And the accident happens due to violation of navigation mainly. In ship crash between Neoblue and Shinkwang 7 at incheon open port, the Korean incheon maritime safety tribunal shows that the violation of navigation and duty of attention at the open port would produce ship crash directly. Wherefore, the interpretation and application of navigation are important to protect future ship crash accident. The points of navigation as objects of study are divided into two categories, interpretation and application of navigation on crashing between the ship which navigate the designated course and the ship which enter into the designated course from the another course or outside the course, interpretation and application of navigation on crashing between two or more ships, which navigate violating the navigation every ships and violating agreement rule each other. And as conclusion, I refer the legal responsibility both Neoblue and Shinkwang 7 in detail. The results of this study as follows : First, in case of crashing between the ship which navigate the designated course and the ship which enter into the designated course from the another course or outside the course, public order in open port act can be applied by priority. However, in applying the public order the principle of trust and reasons of crew, cause and effect, the time of navigation application are mandatory considerations. Second, in case of crashing between two or more ships, which navigate violating the navigation every ships and violating agreement rule each other, we should focus on the reasons of crew. Also, the reasons of crew need strict conditions. These means that the awareness of crash danger and recognition of special circumstance including limit state of ships, existence of emergency danger, non escaping crash danger by only observance of navigation. And in case of this state the public order the principle of trust and reasons of crew, cause and effect, the time of navigation application should be considered by priority, too.
Effects of Science Instruction through Social Interactions on Conceptual Changes of Elementary School Students in Electromagnet
KWAK, Soo-Yeoun ; KANG, Beodeul ; YOO, Pyung-Kil ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 235~247
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.235
The purpose of this study is to analyze elementary school students` pre-concept of electromagnet and to investigate effects of instruction through social interactions on conceptual changes of the electromagnet. For the purpose, 108 elementary school students of 3 classes were selected from the 6th grade. They were divided into the control group I, control group II and experimental group. The control group I was treated through traditional instruction on the basis of text book. The control group II was instructed with a modified version of the textbook to help them better understand the concept of electromagnet. The experimental group was treated through instruction on the basis of the above modified version of the text book and social interactions. Conceptual changes on electromagnet before and after the treatment were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed using the identical test. The students` styles of social interaction were qualitatively analyzed with tape records of their discussions and work sheets. Effects of instruction through social interactions based on radical constructivism on the 6th-grade elementary school students` concept of electromagnet were examined here. The results were described as follows. Firstly, after the treatment, the experimental group was statistically significantly higher in mean values of conceptual understanding and academic achievement than both the control group I and II. Secondly, styles of social interaction in the three sub-groups of the experimental group were qualitatively analyzed, among the threes, high- and medium-level sub-groups were higher in the frequency of linguistic social interaction than the low-level sub-group. Those students who were excellent in communication skills actively participated in linguistic social interactions. In discussions among the three sub-groups, students of the high- and medium-level sub-groups provided explanations or information while those of the other sub-group sometimes were passive by just listening, but in large actively participated in communication. In conclusion, instruction through social interactions was effectively changed in the 6th-grade elementary school students` concept of electromagnet.
A Study of International Research Cooperation based on Elsevier Papers of Marine Biodiversity
OH, Hyuntaik ; KIM, Hyejin ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 248~257
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.248
The international collaboration on marine biodiversity increases in the proportion of the world`s scientific papers produced with more than one international author, 2006-2010. The number of scientific papers from 2006 to 2010 describing "marine new species (or spec. nov., n. sp.)" published 401 (international ranking :
) by S. Korea, 824 (
) by China, 1,249(
) by Japan, 1,282(
) by Austrailia, and 3,679 (
) by United States. The papers having an international co-authorship account for 52.0% by S. Korea, 79.0% by China, 67.0% by Japan, 81.0% by Australia at the same period. The proportion of national publication output produced in collaboration with other countries differs proportionately between countries. In S. Korea, the overall numbers of international collaboration were not growing significantly. Both in Japan and China, an overall numbers of international collaboration increased well in accordance with the proportion of national output with international collaboration.
Socialization and Health Experiences of Physical disabled Adults in Public Welfare Program
KIM, Jeong-Soo ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 258~265
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.258
This study was to describe and understand the experiences of the physical disabled adult attending in public welfare program. The interview data were collected from seven persons and analyzed by using descriptive phenomenology of Colazzi. The procedural steps were that described the phenomenon of interest, collected participants` descriptions of the phenomenon, extracted the meaning of significant statements, organized the meanings into them clusters, wrote exhaustive descriptions and then incorporated data into an exhaustive description. The finding in 129 re-statements, 63 constructed meanings, 35 themes, 13 theme clusters, and six categories were deduced. The six categories were `Life patterns exclusive health`, `Powerlessness by physical disabilities`, `Social supports`, `Positive motivation`, `Seeking to be holistic health`, and `Sense of accomplishment`. The study identified that social welfare program for the disabled necessities for health, learning, economy and their future in success. Therefore, we suggest there may be a need for supplying professional program for their health and welfare.
Development of Art Therapy Program according to the Personality Type of Student with Intellectual Disabilities
KIM, Kyoung ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 266~278
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.266
The purpose of this research is to derived art therapy program according to the personality type of student with intellectual disabilities. In order to complete the purpose, Focus group interview method by eight experts in order to achieve the objet of the study were done. The interviews were first derived the information about the programs details process, secondary interviews, it obtained the information through primary and a second interview is as follows: First, the program detail interviews activity periods, action steps for activity goals, activity type and activity restrictions material set, the configuration and action programs, time, set a place, whereby the developed final art therapy program.
A Study on the Impact between the Export Education of SMEs in Busan Region and Export Possibility by Logistic Regression Analysis
LIM, Yong-Suk ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 279~288
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.279
The purpose of this research is to examine the impact between the export education of SMEs in Busan Region and export possibility. 62 SMEs in Busan Region were participated in survey. For the empirical analysis, Logistic regression analysis was used with Spss12 to analyze the impact between the involvement on export education and SME`s export possibility. In a result, among 3 variables (support, participancy, importance) of involvement on export education, the importance had the influence significantly on export possibility of SMEs. The results indicated that having the intention about the importance of export education is very notable, and implied that it is necessary to develop the education program emphasizing the importance of export education for SMEs` successful export.
An Exploration on Formative Evaluation Methods for Free Semester System in Middle School
WON, Hyo-Heon ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 289~299
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.289
The purpose of the study was to develop evaluation methods which would measure student achievement and progress without traditional paper-pencil tests such as mid-term and final examinations. More specifically, the main research focus were to establish general directions of student assessment during free semester, to build evaluation models supporting student`s participation and learning, and to report and record various student evaluation results. As research results, we found that student evaluation of free semester should be organized to improve a) experience learning activity, self-regulatory and collaboratory study, b) high-order thinking ability and character-building, and c) teacher-student-parent cooperation. Since traditional paper-pencil tests were restricted in free semester, student achievement should be provided by a way of performance descriptions on transcripts rather than quantitative grade points. Student performance descriptions had to show not only subject knowledge but also students efforts, motivation, and participation. These multiple and educationally meaningful information would be collected by teacher-student-parent communication and collaboration.
The Effects of Discussion on College Students` Communication Capability, Problem-solving Capability and Leadership in a General Education Course
MOON, Sungchae ;
Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, volume 28, issue 1, 2016, Pages 300~314
DOI : 10.13000/JFMSE.2016.28.1.300
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of small-group discussion and panel discussion as teaching and learning methods on college students` competencies of communication, problem-solving and leadership in a general education course. Participants were 52 college students, and they participated in the 13-session lessons. The data from questionnaires collected before and/or after the experiment were analyzed using a paired t-test and percent. The results were as follows. First, each `total` competency in communication, problem-solving and leadership was increased statistically significant after the experiment. Second, in subdomains of each key competency, `directed communication` and `understanding the perspective of others` in communication, and `divergent thinking`, `decision-making` and `assessment` subdomains in problem-solving, and all subdomains in leadership were increased statistically significant after the experiment. Based on the results and students` opinions about discussions, the education implications for small-group discussion and panel discussion were discussed.