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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 4 - Dec 1986
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Jun 1986
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1986
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Investigation on Daily Life and Consciousness of Longevous People in Korea - (II) On Social Life and Daily Life Habit of Longevous People in the Past -
Choi, Jin-Ho ; Pyeun, Jae-Hyeung ; Rhim, Chae-Hwan ; Yang, Jong-Soon ; Kim, Soo-Hyun ; Kim, Jeung-Han ; Lee, Byeong-Ho ; Woo, Soon-Im ; Choe, Sun-Nam ; Byun, Dae-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 183~196
This study was designed to be link in the chain of the investigation on daily life and consciousness of longevous people in Korea, and to investigate the social life and daily life habit in the past of longevous people. The social life and daily life habit were surveyed on 379 subjects (male 121, female 258) of the aged who were above 80 years of age, from June to November in 1985. 1. 'Generally regular' in the rising time and bedtime between 40 and 60 years of longevous people had the highest figures of 81.8% and 63.1%, respectively. The longevous peoples of 59.4% got up by before 6 a.m., and 61.3% of these aged went to bed from 9 to 11 p.m. But there was no significant difference between male and female. 2. Of the occupation engaged in the longest term of longevous people, the self-management (86.3%) included farming, fishing and household affairs was the highest, whereas administrative position, small-scale management and white-collar worker were only 0.8%, 0.8% and 1.8%, respectively. Therefore, their work involved mainly physical labor (heavy 48.5%, light 47.2%), and mental work was only 2.8% of longevous people. It is believed that this fact was deeply related to the educational degree of them. 3. The longevous people of 58.3% retired from the occupation and household affairs abover 70 years of age, and especially 24.3% of them is including the aged above 80 years of age. 4. The longevous people of 57.2% were shared the role in the home after retirement from the occupation and household affairs, whereas 35.9% of them didn't share. Of the way in killing time in case having no role in the home, 'at home'(50.0%) was the highest, and decreased in the order of 'old people's home' (30.9%), 'ill in bed' (10.3%) and 'asylum for the aged' (8.8%). 5. The acquaintance frequency before retirement from the occupation and household affairs of longevous people showed in the order of 'wide' (38.5%), 'common' (38.0%) and 'narrow' (19.0%), and 56.5% of them had the acquaintance after retirement. 6. Only the longevous people of 38.5% had the hobby and recreation activities of 'more than once' after retirement from the occupation and household affairs, but 53.0% of them was none. Of the kinds of hobby and/or recreation, 'TV-watching' (79.2%) was the highest, and decreased in the order of 'talking with grandchild' (54.2 %), 'working at home' (35.4%), 'religion' (25.0%) and 'chess etc.' (18.1%).
An Analysis of Korean Desserts in the Royal Parties of Yi Dynasty
Lee, Hyo-Gee ; Yoon, Seo-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 197~209
This study was conducted to establish Korean food culture by analizing in sets of Jinyounigue (進宴儀軌), Jinchanuigue (進饌儀軌), and Jinjarkuigue (進酌儀軌) which were the records of royal party procedures in Yi-Dynasity. Korean desserts were 141 kinds and could be classified into 8 groups such as Yoomilkwa(油蜜菓)16, Gangjung(强精) 51, Dasikl(茶食) 13, Jungkwa(正菓) 22, Suksilkwa(熟實菓) 7, Byung(餠) 8, Dang(糖) 28, Junyak(煎藥) 1. Food materials were fruits, fruit vegetables, roots, cereals, wine, pepper, cinnamon, ginger powder, pine spike, maximowiczia chinensis, fruit of buckthorn, cape jasmine, japanese touchwood, green bean, sesame oil, honey, salt, sesame, rouge and so on.
A new Type of the Doma (Cutting Board) for Kimchi
Kim, Joong-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 211~218
The doma (cutting board) is an essential kitchen utensil. The general doma used at present is not sultable for cutting kimchi-like juicy foods, because It is a nat flat structure. Kimchi juice contains vitamins, organle acids, and lactic acid bacteria, and inhibits Oxidation of flavor of kimchi. In addition, if the juice flows down on the doma during cutting the doma work-table and kimchi bottom is contaminated. In this studies a new type of doma for kimchi. was made in order to minimize the Juice Iou during cutting. This new one baa a two-dimensional function of low due to length slope face and slanted gutter of width. No this new type has been developed worldwide, as far as the present writer is aware. The new one has various effectivenesses: minimixing loss of kimchi juice and contamination of doma work-table and kitchen bottom by kimchi juice, saving water and time to water contaminated cutting board, work-table and diahtowel (hangju). preventing round from falling down frorr doma duing cutting, decreasing damage of cutting the user's finger, cutting by the fixed size and shape. Draining and drying is easy and it is convenient to cut all juicy food.
The Positive Study on Consumer Behavior of Korean Housewives about Meat Processing Products - I. Consummer's Recognition on Meat Processing Products -
Yun, Maeng-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 219~229
The consumption of meat processing products in was creased in Korean recently. Morever the demand of tasted meat processing products being gradual increase in general tendency, and so we expect that in the continuing of westernizing for food life and universalizing of urvanism, the demand of meat processing products. In order to improve the marketing strategies for the meat processing industries, consummeris particular behaviors were analyzed as for consummer's recognition, recognition of problem, the evaluation of substitutional proposal, the decision of purchasing intention an purchasing behavior and the evaluation of post-purchasing to the meat processing products.
An Analysis on the Age Specific Characteristics in Korean Diet
Lee, Jung-Hwan ; Cho, Duck-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 231~247
Age specific characteristics in Korean diet and their changes were analyzed with the demand model including the number of family members by age group as independent vasiables Urban household budget data, 773 household data in 1977 and 947 household data in 1983, was applied to the demand model. A series of F-test was carried out to set up the age groups by food item. The main results can be summarized as follows; 1. Food consumption patterns are remarkably different between 0-13 years old age generation and over 40 years old generation. The 0-13 years old generation reveals higher preference for milk, wheat product, fruit and milk and lower preference for rice and vegetable than any other age generation. This characteristics of the childhood diet has been formed In the generation born after 1970's and thus will be reserved as their generational characteristics. On the other hand, over 40 years old age group prefers rice and fish to fruit, milk and wheat product. Therefore we can conclude that over 40 years old age group maintains the traditional Korean diet pattern. 2. The preference for fish is low. in 20-30 years old age group than in any other age group and wheat product is Preferred highest in 6-13 years old age group of all age groups. Meanwhile the most remarkable change In food consumption pattern is shown in meats and vegetables. Namely in 30 40 years old age group the preference for meat has increased substantially and that vegetable has decreased to a great extent. 3. The declining per capita consumption of rice spreads like a wave to higher age. groups, but over 40 years old age group bas played an important role in reducing the decreasing rate of rice consumption. In order to restrain the declining rice consumption a special integrated food policy is required to induce rice consumption in less 30 years old generation.
Studies on the Kitchen God of 'Cho-Wang' and the Charms in Korea
Kim, Min-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 249~265
Korean peoples have been the god of 'Cho-Wang' and believed the god that control the food in the kitchen and well-being of home. There were many charms related to the kitchen. The striation of 'Kama' was especially peculier in the charms. The word of 'Kama' means hair striation of head and also means cooking kettle. Other charms related to food were also reviewed.
Characteristics of Korean Fish Fermentation Technology
Lee, Cherl-Ho ; Lee, Eung-Ho ; Lim, Moo-Hyun ; Kim, Soo-Hyun ; Chae, Soo-Kyu ; Lee, Keun-Woo ; Koh, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 267~278
The evolution of Korean fish fermentation technology was reviewed from the old literatures and the on-going processes were surveyed. The principles involved in the traditional fermentation methods were explained by the recent scientific findings. The fish fermentation technology be classified into two groups; jeot-kal process, where. salt is the only material added to the fish for fermentation, and sik-hae process, where cooked cereals, garlic and red pepper powder are added to the salted fish. A total of 46 kinds of jeot-kal was identified in a survey, depending on the raw materials used. The characteristic feature of Korean jeot-kal process is to produce fermented products which still has original shape after 2-3 months of fermentation to be used for side-dishes of rice meal, as well as fish sauce by keeping these products for longer time (over 6 months) for severe ansymematic hydrolysis to be used for the subingredient of Kimchi (Korean fermented vegetable food). The taste of jeot-kal is formed by the protein hydrolymates due to the action of salt-tolerant Pediococcus, Bacillus, Halobacterlum etc. When the taste of jeot-kal deteriorates, yeasts appear to dominate. In ski-hae fermentation, the safety of preserved fish is kept by the rapid decrease in pH resulting from the acid fermentation of added cereals. The roles of cid forming bacteria and proteloytic bacteria are important. The fermentation is completed in 2 weeks and the excess production of acid during prolonged storage limits the taste acceptability. The fish fermentation technology in Korea stands at important position in Korean food science and technology. since the processes of jeot-kal and soysauce have same root in the principle of microbial proteolysis and the processes of sik-hae and Kimchi in the microbial acid production principles.
Salt Production on the Young-Hea of Eastern Coast in Yi-dynasty
Choi, Sung-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 279~294
In order to survey the traditional salt production at the eastern coast, Young-Hae, in Yi-dynasty, data of salt production were collected through interviewing with whom had received the skill from ancestors and analyzed the data. The results obtained were as follows. Salt-producer take the salt water containing much salt and then he transported the salt-water by having water buckets an back in with using the water-toting device (Mul ji ge). Finally he carried out the irrigation (Mul dae gi) to a ditch (Dorang). It is noteworthy that the East-sea salt production method was not selecting a method of salt-pond style with a bank for salt production but using the salt water transportation fashion without a bank for that. Judging from these facts, we could conclude that traditional salt production method was handed down into the Yi-dynasty from ancient times.
A Study on Dining out Behaviours of Fast Foods - Focused on Youido Apartment Compound in Seoul -
Mo, Su-Mi ; Kim, Chang-Im ; Lee, Sim-Yeol ; Yoon, Eun-Young ; Lee, Kyung-Sin ; Choi, Kyung-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 1, issue 3, 1986, Pages 295~309
To determine dining out behaviours of fast foods at five different fast food restaurants of Youido apartment compound in Seoul, a survey was conducted of 460 customers ranging in age from 7 to 29 year, from October 1 to 5th, 1986. Findings are summarized follows: The reasons the customers the fast food restaurants by the highest percentage were the following in the order: 'the atmosphere in which fast food is eaten is enjoyable for the companionship', 'convenient to dining', 'the surroundings and dining equipment are pleasant and hygienic', and 'to be able to stay as long as I want'. The majority of the customers visited the fast food restaurants with their friends between 1pm and 5pm. The fast foods purchased by the customers were mostly for snack rather than a full meal. Preference was a major factor in food selection from available meun items. Ice cream, Kentucky fried chicken, rolled rice with laver I rice cake stew, fried Mandoo were ranged high on the list of liked foods, in contrast, lower preference was for noodle soup, small red bean porridge, pinenut porridge, and persimmon punch.