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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Dec 1996
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Oct 1996
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jul 1996
Volume 11, Issue 2 - May 1996
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
Traditional and Modern food Use in Korean Adults in Seoul
Lee, Jong-Mi ; Oh, Se-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 147~154
This study examined 'traditional' and 'modern' food use in Korean adults. Using a 24 hour recall method, trained interviewers assessed dietary intakes of 240 subjects aged 20's to 50's living in Seoul. Depending on the cultural characteristics of foods, 495 different kinds of foods eaten by the subjects were classified into 6 (Korean, Western, Eastern, modified Korean, modofied Western, modified Eeatern) types. The foods were also divided into 3 ('main dish', 'side dish', 'others') categories. Based on these categories, the dietary intakes of the subjects were analyzed in terms of proportionate frequencies of individual food items. The most frequenctly eaten food was the Korean food (67.68%), followed by the Western (22.61%), modified Eatern (2.31%), modified Western (1.65%), and modified Korean (1.36%) foods. Regarding the main dish category, the Korean food received the highest proportion due to the Korean's frequent intake of rice. Korean style foods were the most frequenctly consumed side dish (43.97% of total food consumption). In particular, kimchi consisted of 27.4% of the foods consumed as a side dish. In the 'others' category, Western style foods obtained the highest proportion owing to coffee consumption. The results of the study indicates some methodological problems and suggests a need for further studies.
Food of Seoul: 'Traditional' and Contemporary Dietary Constructions among Seoulite - The encounter between nutritional science and anthropology -
Chung, Hae-Kyung ; Lee, Jung-Hye ; Cho, Mi-Sook ; Lee, Jong-Mi ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 155~167
This study presents a sociocultural study of 'traditional' as well as contemporary dietary construtions among Seoulites. It also represents the first interdisciplinary study of food between nutritional science and anthropology in Korea. This study was performed a case study based on in- depth interviews with those who were born around the Japanese occupation period and raised in Seoul experiencing radical social changes modern Korean history. The participants were mostly in their late sixties and very knowledgeable of 'traditional' foods of Seoul and the ways they were made and consumed. This interview data show the historicity of foods were used and understood differently in past and represented different understandings of, for instances, 'nature' and 'culture' of Seoulites. This study not only provides new approaches to food study but also identifies the common ground on which an interdisciplinary study of food between nutritionists and anthropologists can develop.
A Study on the Job Attitude of Cook at Deluxe Hotel in Pusan (I) - An analysis on the general characteristics of the cook -
Shin, Ae-Sook ; Lee, Jin-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 169~178
The purpose of this study was to get an information on hotel cook. So the food and beverage (F and B) enterprise is one of the most promising industry on post-industry society, and the cook is real agent to lead the F and B enterprise, we need to have a data, information and knowledge on cook to improve a culinary art training program and working environment. This study was surveyed by 216 cook to work for deluxe hotels at Pusan. The results were summarized as follows: 1. The almost cook worked with restaurant for
hours/day, and a half of cook earned a million won in a month. A higher grade cook worked longer hours and earned more money than a lower grade one. 2. The most popular workplace of the cook was Western restaurant, the male cook working at a Western restaurant were more than female, the more female cook and novices worked at a Korean restaurant. 3. The most popular qualification that the cook take were a western culinary art one, and next were Korean one and Japanese one. The 77.8% cook worked at the place that fitted in with their culinary art qulification. 4. A half of cook insisted that they were a expert of western culinary art, and the next was the Korean, Japanese one in order. 5. The cook were unsatisfied with pay, work environment, human relation and promotion, and if they change their workplace, a lot of cook wished to manage their own restaurant. 6. The 63.4% of cook changed their workplace more than a time. The male cook got a more chance to change workplace than female one. The higher grade cook got a more chance to charge workplace. Almost cook got a no chance to study a culinary art at overseas. The most favorite place that the cook want to visit for studying was Europe, and next were Japan, America, Southeast Asia in order.
The Study for Consciousness, Dietary Life Behaviors on Korean Traditional Food
Jang, Eun-Ju ; Lee, Yun-Kyung ; Lee, Hyo-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 179~206
Generally, the culture of dietary life in a country is closely related to the heritage of racial culture, and it is very important to inherit and develop the culture of the traditional dietary life. This research is to investigate consciousness and behaviors of dietary life using a questionnaire survey for 521 housewives living in Seoul and Kyonggido. The data was analyzed with frequency, percentage, T-test,
(Chi-square)-test, dispersion analysis, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple-regression analysis. The results of the survey are summarized as follows; 1. Consciousness of Traditional Foods. They thought that traditional foods were Sinsollo, sorts of beverage, Dduk (Korean cake), Kim-chi, Hankwa (Korean cookies), and Kujolpan, and that traditional foods were proud for its various tastes. But they thought the cuisine of the traditional food is very complicated, accordingly the frequency of traditional food was decreased. Therefore they thought that its tastes was important to develop and spread traditional foods. 2. Dietary Life Behaviors for Traditional Food. They take traditional foods on big holidays and religious service days. It is their mother who taught them the traditional cooking method. Most ftequently used cooking method is boiling. They gave their children a traditional snack such as 'Dduk (Korean cake), noodles, and fried food. Frequency of taking beverage, Hankwa (Korean cookies), Juk (guel) and Dduk (Korean cake) have been decreased. 3. The Correlation of General Environment and Consciousness, Knowledge, Dietary Life Behaviors of Traditional food. The older they are, the more eager to teach traditional food cooking, to preserve the traditional table setting, to give their children traditional snack and the more traditional dietary life behaviors are.
A Study for The Taste and Storage of Kimchi
Han, Jae-Sook ; Kim, Myung-Sun ; Song, Joo-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 207~215
This study was carried out to find the effects of salt and other materials on the taste and fermentation of kimchi. Several parameters such as pH, acidity, salt concentration and sensory evaluation during fermentation at
(after keeping at
for 24 hours) were used. The results are as follows: As the fermentation period increases the pH of kimchi decreases. The pH of all samples rapidly decreases to 4.2. During fermentation, the acidity at 3 hours was higher than at 5, 8 and 12 hours. For in the sensory evaluation during fermentation, kimchi salted for 5 hours showed a higher score than those salted for 3, 8 and 12 hours. During the storage period, the pH of kimchi with salted oysters rapidly decreased. A sensory evaluation done during the storage period, showed that earlier on in the storage, kimchi with salted oysters was scored higher than kimchi with other Jeotkals. The leek-added kimchi was also highly scored.
Development of Nutritionally Balanced Weaning Foods for Korean Infants I - Investigating the conditions of lactation and peoples perspectives on breast feeding and formular feeding -
Sohn, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Jin-Sil ; Jeon, Hyung-Joo ; Choi, Jung-Sun ; Min, Sung-Hee ; Park, Hyun-Kyung ; Park, Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 217~228
Infanthood is a crucial period when mental and emotional developments take place along with physical growth. Adequate supply of nutrition is essential during this period and there is an urgent need for proper education and guidance on balanced nutrition. Therefore, this study was designed to assess to current status of lactation and to investigate mothers' perspectives on human milk and formular milk. As random samples for this study, a total of 352 mothers having infant under the age of 4 were surveyed. 27.3% of mother surveyed were breast-feeding, 38.0% were formula-feeding and 34.7% were mixed-feeding. According to the result of this study, the percentage of breast feeding was on the decrease, while the dependence on formular milk was on the rise. The main reason of formula-feeding was insufficient secretion of human milk on mothers part. The major factors that affect to select feeding method were employment status, degree of education, family income and age. Also, the interviewees desired the product fortified with special ingredients that are hot contained in formular milk currently available in the market. The most concerned problem of formula milk was indigestion and the interviewees wanted the formular milk to be improved digestibility.
Analysis of Taste Compounds in Traditional Korean Soy Sauce by Two Different Fermantation Jars
Park, Ok-Jin ; Sohn, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 229~233
This study was carried out to analyze the changes in nitrogen compounds, free-amino acids and volatile organic acids of traditional Korean Soy Sauce with two different fermentation jars and varying Meju concentration. Total nitrogen content in the glass jar was higher than that of the clay jar. However, the glass jar contained more nitrogen in ammonia type nitrogen and less in amino type nitrogen than clay jar, resulting in inferior quality. Total free amino acids content was highest on the 150th day. Among free amino acids, the concentration of glutamic acids, aspartic acid, serine, alanine and lysine, which give sweet and savory taste, were higher than that of the others. Phenylalanine, valine, leucine and isoleucine, which give bitter taste, were also present in significant quantities. Among identified volitile organic acids, acetic acid was present in the hightest concentration, and it's concentration was higher in the jar than in the glass jar. Meju concentration 1:4 showed slow increse while 1.3:4 showed similar trends in the glass jar 1:4 and clay jar 1.3:4, and it's concentration decreased after the ripening period in all samples. In addition valerie acid and capric acid were also present in small quantities.
Relationships between Actual Sanitary Management Practices during Production and Distribution, and Microbiological Quality of Dosirak Items Marketed in CVS
Kwak, Tong-Kyung ; Kim, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 235~242
Sanitary management practices from 8 packaged meals (Dosirak) manufacturing establishments were surveyd during production and distribution and their microbiological quality of dosirak items marketed in CVS were analyzed. Correlation coefficients were calculated to deternine significant relationships between sanitary management practices and microbiological quality of packaged meals. The results of self evaluation on sanitary management practices indicated 'doing practice well' in personnel and equipment sanitation management but time-temperature control management were practiced satisfactorily only about 55% as compared with the managerial standard guidelines. Significant relationships between the status of actual sanitary management practices and microbiological quality of Dosirak items were not found, but general status of microbiological quality of Dosirak items revealed positive relationship with the size of operational structure and the status of time-temperature control management practices.
Assessment of Foodservice management practices and Nutritional adequacy of foods served in child-care centers
Kwak, Tong-Kyung ; Lee, Hye-Sang ; Jang, Mi-Ra ; Hong, Wan-Soo ; Yoon, Gae-Soon ; Lyu, Eun-Soon ; Kim, Eun-Kyung ; Choi, Eun-Hui ; Lee, Kyung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 11, issue 2, 1996, Pages 243~253
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the foodservice management practices in child-care centers in order to provide basic information for the development of a model of a centralized food service information center. This approach was achieved using a variety of qualitative and quantitative information including general foodservice management practices and plate waste. A self-completed questionnaire survey of 651 child-care centers in Korea was undertaken and detailed information was carefully collected at 6 representative child-care centers. The results of the empirical survey were as follows: 1. Child-care centers categorized by location were in large cities (59.9%), medium cities (27.6%) and in provincial areas (12.5). 2. Private sector of child-care centers was 46.4% of the total followed by National/public (44.2%) and licensed home day-care programs (9.4%). 3. Total average number of children in child-care centers was
with a very significant difference (p<0.001) in types of child-care centers. 4. The average space of kitchen and dining room was
). 5. The average cost of interim snack in morning and afternoon in child-care centers were
won respectively. The average cost of lunch was
won. There was a significant difference (p<0.001) by types of child-care centers with a highest cost of 863.9 won in licensed home day-care programs. 6. Only a limited number of dietitian were employed, therefore most of food service management practice was not conducted by professional personnel. 7. The result of nutritional analysis of the food revealed that the level of energy and nutrients contained in the food was below the recommeded level (RDA/3).