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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Dec 1997
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Nov 1997
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Oct 1997
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Aug 1997
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jun 1997
Selecting the target year
Perception of Traditional and Prohibitive Foods in Yanbian Area
Park, Young-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 103~136
The purpose of this study was to investigate the kinds and way of using traditional foods for korean traditional days, and to identify prohibitive foods for pregnant and lactating women, and sick people taking into account the cultural aspects and the belief of korean housewives in Yanbian. The data were collected from August to December of 1995 in Yanbian area of China. The questionaire was designed to find traditional and prohibitive foods for them. The results provide some implications regarding the impact of cultures in understanding the perceptions to traditional foods as well as prohibitive foods. The perception on the development of traditional fast food and traditional food and menu is higher in Yanbian area than in korea but the frequency to use traditional fast food is similar in two areas.
Study for Relations Among the Dietary Behavior, Physical Status, and the Degree of Study Achievement of the Secondary School Students
Lee, Gun-Soon ; Rhie, Seung-Gyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 137~147
The purpose of this study was to determine the influences on physical status and study achievement by the dietary behavior of the youth in Korea. The survey was carried from June to July, 1995 by way of questionnaire to 397 students. The students' study achievement records and physical status were analyzed by the factor of dietary behavior. The results were as follows: 1 The average physical status of male students was lean, but females were standard. 76ft of mothers of the subjects were working in specialty farming. The monthly income of their family was
thousand Won and students' pocket money was
thousand Won per month. 2. The aspects of meal behavior included the general idea that the meal was thought to relieve hunger, and preference of taste was spiciness The most important factor of the meals for the students was taste. Their bad meal habits were quick eating and irregularity of meals. 3. There was a significant difference in the comparison of the study achieving records with the frequency of supper However, there was no one meaningful difference between study achievement records and the attendance rate to school, health status, and living conditions. However, there was a significant difference between their study records and eating with family. The students, who had the breakfast and/or supper with family, remarked better study records than other groups. 4. Also, there was a significant difference of study records with physical status. The overweight or obese students had a lower degree of study score (p<0.1). Adolescence is considered a period of setting up dietary behavior, so it is necessary to educate good nutrition and dietary habits for students to keep in healthy physical condition and with high study achievements.
Variation of Free Sugar and free Amino Acid Contents of Apples During the Ripening Period
Choi, Ok-Ja ; Park, Hye-Ryoung ; Chough, Sung-Hyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 149~153
A variation of free sugar and free amino acid contents of apples during the ripening period was determined by HPLC and amino acid analyzer. The research results are as followes: Fructose, glucose and sucrose were present in the apples. The contents of fructose was the highest, followed by the order of sucrose and glucose. The contents of total sugar in Red fuji was relatively higher than that of Fuji. During the ripening period, the contents of fructose increased conspicuously for the harvesting season and then it decreased gradually. The contents of glucose increased gradually for the harvesting season and then it somewhat decreased. The contents of sucrose increased continually, while, the contents of total free sugar reached the maximum for the harvesting season and then it decreased gradually. A variation in the contents of free amino acid and composition during the ripening period didn't make a significant difference. The major free amino acid of the apples was in the order of aspartic acid, serine, threonine, glutamic acid, histidine, arginine, and alanine. During the ripening period, aspartic acid, threonin, serine, alanine, histidine, and arginine increased gradually. Especially, alanine, histidine, and arginine increased remarkably after the the harvesting season. Glutamic acid, valine, isoleucine, and leucine didn't show much change. The contents of total amino acid increased little by little as the apples ripened, dranstically increased during the harvesting season and slowly increased or slightly decreased after the harvesting seasom.
Study on the Dietary Culture of Confucism - Sauge-Zeuhn Rites in Korea, China and Japan -
Kim, Chon-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 155~172
In the age of the three Kingdoms, Silla, Kokuryu and Baekjae were built Confucian Shrine (Kukhak or Taehak) after BC 2-4 century Confucism propagated from China. It means 1600years' history of Saugc-Zeuhn Rites of an Imperial ceremony to honor Confucius in Korean peninsula. For Chosen dynasty age passed by Koryo dynasty carried out mainly Confucian policy, in Sungkyunhwan of Mun-Hyo (Confucian Shrine) traditional rites in memory of Confucius are observed twice a year in spring and autumn for 600 years of the 112 memories Tablets to Confucius and the other famous Confucius scholars. (his disciples and Korean Confucian scholars) Wine, food, and silk are offered, and incense burnt before the tablets of confucius and the other scholars while traditional music is played and ceremonial dances performed. Traditional rites are observed primarily for the purpose of reminding students and other attendats of the teaching of Confucius. It is to have got it firmly into young Korean head that humanim, family, courtesy, order modesty and practical morality are more important than any thing else. And also now we need to reappraise, fundermently recognize rehabilitute and transmission the traditional foods Korean sacrifical rituals culture by Korean characteristics culture, Through the historical background we can recognize how much the Confucius thought and education effect deeply Korean sociaty even upto now to Korean popular life. At the same time confucism became fixed to Korean traditional thought and culture. Specially Sauge-Zeuhm Rites is based on Korean sacrificial rituals culture and Korean dietary life generally through this study we can see and presume the changes and transmmision of foods and cookey methods from BC ages.
Analysis of Significant Factors in the Flayer of Traditional Korean Soy Sauce (III) - Aroma Compound Analysis -
Park, Hyun-Kyung ; Sohn, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Ok-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 173~182
This study was carried out in order to investigate effective aroma components of Korean traditional soy sauce. Volatile aroma compounds were extracted by solvent extraction, TMS esterification of methyl acetate extracts and SDE, and analyzed by GC/MSD. 140 voltile aroma compounds were detected by three different extraction methods. Most abundant volatile compounds were acids and phenols and identified aldehydes, hydrocarbons, ketones, furans, furanone, alcohols, esters, nitrogen compounds, sulfur compounds and thiazoles, too. In the analytical sensory evaluation of soy sauce aroma, there were significant differences between each soy sauce sample in all test item. To sum up, Sweet odor was high in Kyupjang. Nutty odor and traditional soy sauce odor were similarly high in Kyupjang and high concentration soy sauce. Kyupjang had high score in overall odor preference than Chungiangs. The result of multiple regression of soy sauce odor characteristics and gas chromatography pattern demonstrated that offensive and sour odor was affected by octadecanoic acid. Contributive compounds to sweet odor were 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid and 3,6-dioxa-2,7-disilacotane. Benzoic acid 4-methyl ethyl ester and nonacotane were identified as major compounds of nutty odor. Contribu live variables of traditional soy sauce odor were benzoic acid 4-methyl ethyl ester and 9,12-octadecadienoic acid. The main factors of odor preference were 3-methyl pentanoic acid, acetic acid, 2,6-dimethyl heptadecane and 3,6-dioxa-2,7-disilacotane.
Changes in taste Characteristics of Traditional Korean Soy Sauce with Ripening Period (I) - Analysis of General Compounds and Sugars -
Joo, Myoung-Sook ; Sohn, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 183~188
This study was carried out in order to analyze the changes in general compounds and sugars of traditional Korean soy sauce with varying Meju concentrations (Meju-water ratios of 1 : 4 and 1.3 : 4) and ripening periods (up to 2 years). Along with ripening period, pH decreased and titratable acidity, total acidity and crude protein contents increased, which were higher in 1.3 : 4 than in 1.4. Buffering power increased significantly with increasing ripening period. Crude fat content was higher in 1.3 : 4 than 1 : 4. Moisture content decreased and pure extract content increased significantly with increasing ripening period, which was high in 1.3 : 4. Salt contents increased with increasing ripening period, but decreasd in soy sauce ripened for 2 years. As the result of sugar analysis, reducing sugar showed slow increase with increasing ripening period. Among detected free sugars, galactose was present in the highest concentration and the rest were in the sequence of glucose, fructose. Total free sugar content was highest in soy sauce ripened for 150days in 1 : 4 and 210 days in 1.3 : 4.
Effect of Deodorizing Temperature on Physicochemical Characteristics in Corn Oil (I) Effect of Deodorizing Temperature on fatty Acid and Triglyceride Composition in Corn Oil
Lee, Keun-Bo ; Min, Hong ; Han, Myung-Kyu ; Lee, Mi-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 189~193
A study was conducted to investigate the effects of deodorizing temperature on physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid and triglyceride (TG) composition, and to estabilish the optimal deodorizing conditions in corn oil. Acid value (AV) of
treating group was showed 0.065 as the lowest level, the AV range was
. Lovibond total color was 24 as the lowest level, peroxide values (POV) were zero at
range. But POV was showed 0.42 meg/kg oil at
, according to the optimal deodorizing temperature for the complete removal of peroxides was required more than
. On the other hand, inclose of deodorizing temperature was conducted to the increase of saturated fatty acid content as myristic, palmitic, stearic and arachidic acid etc. Change of TG composition at treated group more than
type TG was appeared. As a result, high temperature deodorizing was induced the undesirable influence at the physicochemical properties in deodorized corn oil.
The Antioxidative Effects of Maillard Reaction Mixtures of Oligosaccharides
Lee, Su-Mi ; Ahn, Myung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 12, issue 2, 1997, Pages 195~200
The purposes of this study were to investigate the Maillard reactions of some oligosaccharides with lysine and the antioxidative effects of the ethanol extracts from their reaction mixtures on the soybean oil. The Maillard reactions were carried out of 2% oligosaccharides such as palatinose (PN), fructooligosaccharide (FO), isomaltooligosaccharide (IMO) with 2% lysine (L) for 24 hours heating at 60, 80,
. The color intensity of Maillard reaction mixtures were determined by UV-VIS spectrophotometer upon reaction time and temperature. And the antioxidative effects on the soybean oil of each ethanol extract from Maillard reaction mixture of each oligosaccharide were measured by peroxide value (POV). POV's of soybean oil including reaction extracts were determined regularly every 2 days during 20 days storaged at
. The results were obtained as follows: 1. The color intensity of the Maillard reaction mixtures were raised highly as the browning temperature and time increased. The color intensity of PN L browning mixture was the highest. The order of high color intensity at
was PN L>FO L>Glu L>IMO L. 2. Comparing the antioxidative effect of Maillard reaction product (at
, for 12 hours) of each oligosaccharide to that of BHT and TBHQ, the order of high antioxidative effect was TBHQ>IMO L>BHT>Glu L>PN L>FO L. 3. From these results, it was known that PN L shown as high brown color intensity was appeared low antioxidative effect, while IMO L shown as low brown color intensity was appeared high antioxidative effect. So, it was recognized that there was no relation between brown color intensity and antioxidative effect.