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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Dec 1998
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Oct 1998
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jul 1998
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 13, Issue 1 - May 1998
Selecting the target year
Dietary Survey in Kyunggido Area
Lee, Hyo-Gee ; Choi, Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 393~403
This study was conducted to investigate the contemporary dietary life of residence in Kyunggi province. People living in Kimpo, Yoju districts(farm villages), Kapyung districts (mountain villages) and Hwasung districts (fishing villages) were selected for this research as subjects from August S to 19,1997. The results of the survey are summarized as follows: 1. Cooked rice was a staple food. However nuddles and soojaebees(soup with dough flakes) was taken as lunch or snacks but Juk(rice guel) or Dduk(rice cake) was not treated as a meal. 2. Dishes were consisted with soup or chigae, kimchi and namul(seasoned vegetables), and fishes, meats, salted sea foods, dried fishes, jangacchi(dried seasoning radish) were also taken by sometimes. 3. Soy sauce, bean paste, red pepper bean paste were made by every home even if they were very busy. 4. Festival days such as New Year's Day, daeborum(the 15th day of January), chusok(mid-autumn festival), and kosaa(October ceremony) and dongee(one of 24 seasons by lunar calendar) are skipped oftenly and slowly forgotten by people. They do not celebrate Samgin-nal(the third day of March), Buddha's birthday(the 8th day of April by lunar calendar), danoh(the 5th day of May), yoodoo(the 15th day of June), chilsok(the 7th day of July), Jungyang(the 9th day of September) and the last day of the year either 5. Due to improved kitchen system, we couldn't see the old kitchen devices.
A Comparative Study on Dietary Attitudes and Nutritional Status of Preschoolers in Different Income Levels in Seoul and Kyunggido - 1. Focusing on Preschoolers' Amthropometry, Dietary Attitudes and Mother Factors -
Nam, Hae-Won ; Um, Young-Sook ; Chung, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 405~414
This study was to evaluate the anthropometry, dietary attitudes and the other factors of 201 children in day-care centers according to their parents' income levels. The evaluation was conducted using anthropometric measurements such as height, weight, skinfold thickness, blood pressure, and questionnaire survey which was completed by the children's mothers. The results are summarized as follows: Overall growth of children was normal according to Korean standard. There were no significant differences in anthropometry according to the income levels. The scores of eating habits of children were different significantly according to income levels. That is, the score was the lowest in the low-income group. Children generally prefer one-dish meal or snacks, while the preference levels of kimchi, seasoned vegetable and beans broiled in soysauce were lower than those cf other foods. In the questions to know mothers' nutrition knowledge, we could see that they didn't know well about protein, breast-feeding, weaning and balance in nutrients. Nutrition knowledge score of mothers was significantly lower in the low income group, which shows close relationship with low-score eating habits of their children. The score of nutrition knowledge was affected by the mother's education level. The higher the mother's nutrition knowledge and education level, the better children's eating habits. These findings emphasize the planning and application of nutrition education programs for mothers especially in the low income group.
Effects of Antioxidants and Preservatives on Growth of Selected Microorganisms in Soy Sauce and Paste
Chang, Hak-Gil ; Kwon, Kyoung-Soohn ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 415~422
Butylated hydroxyanisole(BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene(BHT), butyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate(POBB) and sodium benzoated(SB) were evaluated for their effects on the growth of three Aspergillus strains and two yeast strains(Torulopsis etchellsii and Candida diddensii). The growth of Torulopsis etchellsii and Candida diddensii was completely inhibited by 100 ppm of BHA or POBB. As little as 50 ppm of BHA and POBB significantly inhibited the cell growth. The growth of Torulopsis etchellsii and Candida diddensii was not inhibited by 100 ppm of BHT or SB. BHT and SB did not inhibit the growth and sporulation of three Aspergillus strains, whereas, in the presence of BHA and POBB, the growth of all three strains was affected. The higher the amounts of antioxidants were applied, the greater the inhibitory effects were observed.
Measuring Attitude and Satisfaction of Yonsei University Students towards Contracted vs. Rented University Foodservices
Yang, Il-Sun ; Lee, Young-Eun ; Kim, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 423~430
The purposes of this study were to (a) measuring attitude and satisfaction of Yonsei university students towards contracted vs. rented university foodservices, (b) determine university students' overall satisfaction & perception regarding the factors improved towards university foodservice and (c) provide recommendation on marketing strategies for university foodservices. Questionnaires were hand delivered to 600 Yonsei University students by designated coordinators. A total of 549 questionnaires were usable; resulting in an 93% response rate. The survey was conducted between October 12 to October 18, 1995. Statistical data analysis was completed using the SAS Programs for descriptive analysis, T-test,
, ANOVA, Factor Analysis and Stepwise Multiple Regression. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. Performance mean score for contracted foodservice management in terms of food, menu, price, hygiene, facilities was higher than for rented foodservice management. 2. The average satisfaction score for contracted foodservice management in terms of price was lower than for rented foodservice management. There was no gap between contracted foodservice management and rented foodservice management in overall satisfaction score and price satisfaction score. 3. Perception regarding the factors improved of thirteen factors to be improved except operating hours, waiting time, price, food quantity were perceived as better by students. 4. Perception regarding the factors improved have correlation with foodservice qualify attribute's performance. 5. According to multiple regression analysis, 92.05% of the variance in respondents' satisfaction score could be explained by procedure after meal, purchasing procedure, operating hours, availability of breakfast, waiting time, atmosphere, price, facilities, service endeavor to survey satisfaction in foodservice, availability of kitchen and wall space, portion size, taste of food, change of cafeteria name, the number of seats, and variety of menu.
Food Culture Interchange in the Korean-Japanese relations including the Chosun Communication Facilities(correspondents of Chosun) - 3. The path of Chosun Communication Facilities (correspondents of Chosun) and the reception for them in Japan -
Kim, Sang-Bo ; Chang, Chul-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 431~460
After the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, correspondents of Chosun called on Japan twelve times, as a mission, from 1607 to 1811. The suite of Chosun Communication Facilities (correspondents) was composed of nearly 500 people including a senior envoy, a junior envoy, other envoyes, and cooks. After preparing traveling expenses, Sifts, foods, medicinal stuffs, and ginseng, they shipped people and freight in three passenger ships and three freighters. They departed from Pusan for Edo(Tokyo). There were 28 stop-overs on their way to Edo and the banquet was given for them at every stop. The arrangements of the table for each banquet were made up of 753 Seon(tables), 3Jeup(soups) and 15Che(dishes). 753Seon(tables) is Ganban(the table for decoration) and a substantial food reception was composed of 3Jeup(soups) and 15Che(dishes). 753Seon(tables) was called Dadopoong(the food of refreshment) style and this was the standard arrangement of the banquet table in Japan. It was comprised of 3Jeup(soups) and 15Che(dishes). On their way from Edo to Thusima Island, food was afforded to correspondents for later preparation and dining. The banquet that the master of Thusima Island gave was composed of the first and second style banquets. The first one was Chusun style and the second one was Japanese style.
A Study on Korean Traditional Food Use Patterns in Households of Middle Aged Women living in Kyunggido and Incheon Area
Kang, Up-Soon ; Chyun, Jong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 461~474
The purpose of this study is to investigate the patterns of Korean traditional food use in the households of middle aged women living in Kyunggido and Incheon area Four hundred eighty seven housewives whose children were in middle school answered the questionnaire about Korean traditional food use patterns in ordinary days, national festive days and in private celebration or memorial days. Most households have used Korean traditional table setting called Bansang as daily meals(96.7%) and have used home-made Kimchi(97.3%). However, the use of home-made Jang such as soy sauce, soybean paste and red pepper soybean paste was not very high(64.3%). Most households have celebrated New Years day(99.6%) with Ddukguk and Manduguk, Chusuk(95.1%) with Songpyun, and fruits, Full-Moon day(95.1%) with Ogokbap, Namul and Brum. Dongji was celebrated with Patjug by 73.3% of households. However, Samjitnal and Danho were celebrated with Whajeon and Ssukjulpyun by only 18.9% and 43.8% of the households respectively. The households using Korean traditional food to celebrate the birthday, the 1st birthday of child, the wedding or to memorize the passing day of ancestors were 96.0%, 80.7%, 81.3% and 86.7% respectively. Compared to households of urban and nuclear family, households of rural and extended family tended to use significantly more Korean traditional foods in many occasions and showed significantly higher rate of using home-made Kimchi and Jang.
The study of food habit and degree of depression in nursing home and privite home living elderly
Han, Myung-Joo ; Koo, Sung-Ja ; Lee, Young-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 475~486
The dietary habit, health condition and the cognition concerning the health food have been surveyed with the help of the 151 old people living in In-Cheon and Seoul. In this study, the old are classified as an institution for the aged and the old in their own home. The preference and mental health condition influenced on dietary habits have been surveyed as wall. Their dietary habits such s three meals a day and a regular meal time have show) that they have generally good eating habits. Psychologically, the old in an institution for the aged think their health condition is not so good in comparison with the old in their own home. The old in their own home have good condition in that they can go up the stairs, exercise often and walk relatively well. Moreover, men's health condition is better than women. The old generally like meats(especially beef) and prefer sesame oil, perilla oil, soy been oil to Western oil. They like sweat flavor the most and hot, salty taste in order. Thier favorite cooking method is a pot stew, soup and season. The difference between dietary habit and mental health based on an academic career, an allowance and a residential condition shows that the old who live alon have relatively terrible eating habit and the more learned, the better. The more pocket money they have, the better dietary habits they have. The old feel glommy in general and the old in an institution are more depressed and it is statistically significant.
Effect of Sex and Obese Index on Breakfast and Snack Intake in Elementary School Students
Joo, Eun-Jung ; Park, Eun-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 487~496
The survey was conducted in July first to 15th, among 463 elementary school students, 4th grade to 6th grade in Chonj. The subjects were 252 male and 211 female students. The mean age of the subjects was 9.8 year The percent of relative body weight of the subjects compared to Korean standard was 100.1%, it almost matched to Korean standard. The percent of relative body weight in male students was 100.4%, where as the female's was 99.7%. Thirty six percent of the subjects have breakfast irregularly. The reason skipping breakfast were 'no appetite' 50.5%, 'get up late' 35.8%,' no delicious food' 18.2%. The reason skipping breakfast was significantly different by sex and obese index. The frequency taking snack was significantly different by sex, 34.6% of female subjects took snack more than twice per day, while 16.7% of male subjects did it. The most frequently taking snack were fruits, the points was 4.0 of 5.0. Ramyun, Sundai were taking more frequently among males than females. Females took fruits more frequently than males. Hot dog, ice cream ,and chocolate intakes were significantly different by obese index. The most preference of snack were fruits and ice cream in all subjects. The preference of ramyun, hamburger, egg, chicken, dried squid, milk, peanut, and soft drink were higher in males than in females. Biscuit, ice cream, and chocolate preference were significantly different in obese index.
A study on the preference of Korean Traditional 'Jook'
June, Jung-Hee ; Yoon, Jae-Young ; Kim, Hee-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 497~507
The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception and preference of 'Jook' among people to find the effective way of promoting consumption of Korean traditional 'Jook'. This survey was conducted in Seoul, Suwon, Pyongtaek area. Among 450 questionnaires, 363 responses were collected and were analyzed by SAS program. The results were as follows: 47% was male,33.1% were 20 to 29 years old and 45% were students. Age and sex were main factors influencing the perception and preference of 'Jook' Older generation and women liked 'Jook' the most. 'Potjook', 'Hobakjook', 'Dakjook', 'Hinjook' were mostly preferred in order. 'Jook' was eaten because of 'easy to digest', 'special treat', 'convenience food', and 'therapeutic purpose'. But taste was the most preferred characteristics selecting 'Jook' except 'Hinjook'. In developing 'Jook' to be consumed, diversity and convenience should be placed in the first priority.
A study on the development of 'Hodojook'
June, Jung-Hee ; Yoon, Jae-Young ; Kim, Hee-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 509~518
The purpose of this study was to develop korean traditional gruel 'Hodojook' as a easy-to cook product by modifying cooking method and its concentrations. Physical and sensory properties of 'Hodojook' with various levels of concentration were investigated using viskograph and sensory evaluation panel. The result showed that hydrated rice flour has higher maximum viscosity than instantly ground rice. Addition of walnut lowered maximum viscosity and gelatinization beginning temperature. But gelatinization pattern was not affected by the level of walnut and modified cooking method. Sensory characteristics on the roasted odor, roasted taste, oily odor, oily taste and viscosity were significantly increased as the walnut levels are increased. 'Hodojook' of' with the 1:1:6 ratio (rice flour walnut : water) was recommended.
Changes in Lipid Composition of Korean Red Pepper(Capsicum annuum) during Processing and Storage
Hwang, Seong-Yun ; Cho, Dae-Hee ; Jo, Jae-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 13, issue 5, 1998, Pages 519~528
This study was conducted to investigate the changes in lipid components of red pepper under various processing conditions such as drying, exposing to lights, extraction and storage conditions. The material used in this study were Chungyang cultivars which contained the largest amount of capsaicinoids and Dabok cultivars which is most popular among the various cultivars produced in Korea. Total lipid content of Chungyang was 15.7% and those of Dabok, Udeungsang and Hongilpum were about 17%. The neutral lipid content in free lipid of red pepper was
Phospholipid and glycolipid content in bound lipid were
respectively. The major fatty acids of lipid were linoleic, palmitic and oleic acid. Linoleic acid was presented mainly in pericarp, seed and placenta, whereas the most of palmitic acid was presented in stem. Lipid content of cut and whole red pepper were decreased
by drying for 48hrs at
. And lipid content was also decreased
when the red pepper powder was exposed to 15,000 lux of incandescent light for 30 days at
to fluorescent light. The lipid was extracted the highest content of
by acid solution(pH2) and the lowest content by neutral solution, and the higher the salt concentration, the greater the lipid was extracted. During storage at
, for 30 days the lipid content was not much changed but linoleic acid content was decreased during storage at the same conditions.