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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Culture
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Dec 1999
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Oct 1999
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jul 1999
Volume 14, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Meals Students Consumed in College Foodservice
Song, Yoon-Ju ; Park, Jung-Sook ; Paik, Hee-Young ; Lee, Yeon-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 14, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~15
A survey was conducted in 591 college students using 8 different cafeterias serving 31 meals. The information was obtained about the name and amount of dishes they consumed from the menu offered by college foodservice. Mean nutrient contents per meal in offered menu were higher than 1/3 of RDA for their age, sex in offered menu. The mean energy content was 466kcal from rice, 113kcal from soup, 141kcal from side dish and 21kcal from kimchi. When side dishes were classified by cooking methods, side dishes using grilling, frying, roasting methods had high energy content and fat percent above 200kcal, 40% per dish. By main ingredients, side dishes with animal food were higher energy than with plant food. Students consumed 94% of the energy provided in offered menu. When compared to proportion of foods consumed by sex, there was 43% of female and 22% of male consumed less than half in soup and 31% of female and 12% of male in kimchi. The most prevalent menu patterns of subjects included rice, soup, 2 side dishes, kimchi and were the same in both sexes. Mean energy intakes per meal were 989kcal for males and 842kcal for females which were enough to meet 1/3 of RDA for their age and sex. Most nutrient intake except fat and vitamin B1 were higher in set menu than in cafeteria. Nutrient adequacy ratio(NAR) were above 0.9 except calcium and vitamin A. The mean energy intake was 542kcal from rice, 70kcal from soup, 164kcal from side dish and 20kcal from kimchi. In conclusion, intake of most of the nutrients of students obtained from males in college foodservice were sufficient but calcium intake was insufficient and fat content was above 20% of energy. High fat consumption was due to side dishes from frying, grilling, roasting with animal food. To provide desirable meals in college foodservice, use of fat in cooking must be decreased.
Physicochemical Characteristics of Traditional Vinegars in Andong province
Lee, Young-Chul ; Jang, One-Young ; Kim, Hyeon-Wee ; Choi, Chun-Un ; Yoon, Sook-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 14, issue 1, 1999, Pages 17~20
Three kinds of traditional Andong vinegars, manufactured from Songwhaju which was a traditional rice alcoholic beverage in Andong province, were investigated on the physicochemical characteristics compared with commercial rice vinegar speciality and on the factors affecting their flavor components. Traditional Andong vinegars had a low level of total acids
and more soluble solids than rice vinegar speciality. Lactic acid contents were also high and it came from lactic acid fermentation in the early stage of the vinegar manufacturing process. Other organic acids such as malic, citric and succinic acid were also detected. Free amino acid analysis showed that alanine, arginine and leucine contents, which were known as a main characteristics of rice vinegar, were especially high. In addition, a considerable amounts of glutamic acid and aspartic acid which were known as a mild effectors of acidic taste in rice vinegar products were detected.
Antioxidant Effect of Tryptophan and Arginine on Soybean oil Rancidity
Cho, Hee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 14, issue 1, 1999, Pages 21~28
This study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant and synergistic effects upon different concentration(0.02, 0.1, 1%) of tryptophan and arginine of soybean oil during incubation at
. Peroxide value(POV), acid value(AV) and thiobarbituric acid(TBA) value of each oil were monitored. Tryptophan and arginine showed antioxidative effects in all concentration. In case of incubating antioxidative effect of tryptophan was similar to that of TBHQ that of arginine was considerably higher than that of
, but was lower than that of tryptophan. Synergistic effects among tryptophan, arginine and some food antioxidant were shown to be available in all substrates and the best effect was shown in substrate added compound of tryptophan and
A Survey on Elementary, Middle and High School Students' Attitude and Eating Behaviors about Kimchi in Seoul and Kyunggido Area
Moon, Hae-Jin ; Lee, Young-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 14, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~42
This study was performed with 482 subjects(278 boys and 204 girls in Seoul and Kyunggido area) to find out the attitude and eating behaviors about Kimchi on Korean young generation. General characteristics about subject and attitude and eating behavior were surveyed by self-developed questionnaires. 85.9% of the subjects were nuclear family type and 49.9% of respondent's mother had full-time job and 96.1% of subjects were middle or upper economic status. The preference for Kimchi, 60.4% of respondents answered that they liked Kimchi. According to grade, the rate of preference about Kimchi was significantly different, higher grade students were found higher preference on Kimchi : 64.4% of middle and 70.4% of high school students liked Kimchi. The eating patterns of Kimchi, up to 60% of respondents answered they ate Kimchi in every meal time, which suggested that it was still an important side dish in Korean meal among teenagers. The eating behaviors on Kimchi,
of respondents answered that they preferred Kimchi in meal time. Baechu Kimchi(chinese cabbage Kimchi) and Gakdugi(radish cube Kimchi) was highly preferred. And their preference of food which made from Kimchi (such as Kimchi fried rice, Kimchi stew, Kimchi pancake) was highly evaluated. 65.6% of residents pointed out that 'Kimchi is very nutritious food'. The respondent's structure of value on Kimchi were not significantly difference between sex and age. But it was significantly difference(p<0.01) between the groups with preference and familiarity on Kimchi. The group had higher preference and familiarity on Kimchi agreed to the positive values about Kimchi. These result suggested that various kinds of Kimchi should be developed for young generation to meet their taste and also continuous nutrition education about traditional food especially Kimchi should be promoted at home and school.
Antioxidative Effectiveness of Phenolic Acids in Defatted Sesame Meal on the Soybean oil
Cho, Hee-Sook ; Ahn, Myung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 14, issue 1, 1999, Pages 43~48
The antioxidative effects of phenolic acids extracts from defatted sesame meal were investigated on the soybean oil. The free, ester and insoluble bound phenolic acids in the extracts from defatted sesame meal were isolated and their antioxidative activities were evaluated with commercial synthetic antioxidants such as BHA, AP and TBHQ. The patterns of these extracts were compared by using gas chromatography. Ether extracts from the defatted sesame meal showed a higher antioxidative effectiveness than BHA and AP. Among phenolic extracts, free phenolic acid and soluble phenolic acid ester were found most effective in the sesame meal. Each phenolic extract was confirmed to be composed of six or three individual compounds.
Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Snack Using Cham chwi(Aster scaber)
Lee, Jong-Mee ; Chung, Hye-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 14, issue 1, 1999, Pages 49~55
This study was to investigate the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of snack with various amounts Cham chwi and oil. This result was used to determine the optimum condition of adding levels of Cham chwi and oil. Flavor, crispness, greasiness, oil absorption, expansion rate were selected as the physicochemical and sensory characteristics to determine the optimum conditions of the amount of Cham chwi and oil. The predicted values were obtained by the regression method of RSM(response surface methodology). Conditions were standardized with maximum range of expansion rate when expected value of crispness was more than five and expected value of greasiness was less five. The optimum conditions of Cham chwi snack was established as the 8.6% of Cham chwi and 7.6% of oil.
A study on the present situation of utilization of broth materials for the development of broth product
Lee, Jong-Mee ; Shin, Kye-Sook ; Choi, Sung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, volume 14, issue 1, 1999, Pages 57~65
This study was examined the current situation of utilization of meat broth materials for the development of various broth products. The 500 housewives living in Seoul were asked. The results obtained as follows; Beef(93%) was used most frequently for making broth. In order to reduce rancid smell of broth, garlic(72%), ginger(68%), green onion(60%), onion(58%), black pepper(44%), radish(25%) were used. Most housewives used beef three or four times a month and hardly used chicken or pork for making broth. Commercial broth materials were used two or three times a month. For making broth the bricket of beef, a whole or half chicken and bones of pig were consumed most frequently. Before making broth, from flesh only blood was removed. Also housewives slightly boiled bone blood-removed in water. The older age is, the longer marriage duration is, the higher monthly income and education level is, the more beef was consumed. The higher the education level is, the more vegetables like garlic, ginger, green onion, onion, radish were used. It is suggested that in order to develop various broth products made of natural materials, the characteristics of preferred broth materials should be defined and it is necesarry to accomplish the preference test of preferred broth products.